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This is a list of mythological places which appear in mythological tales, folklore, and varying religious texts.

Name Description
Aaru The heavenly paradise where Osiris rules in ancient Egyptian mythology.
Adiri Afterlife in Kiwai mythology.[1]
Adlivun, Adliparmiut, and Qudlivun Afterlives in Central Inuit mythology. Adlivun and Adliparmiut are described as lands of misery, whereas Qudlivun is a land of happiness.[2]
Agartha A legendary city at Earth's core.
Akhet An Egyptian hieroglyph that represents the sun rising over a mountain. It is translated as "horizon" or "the place in the sky where the sun rises".[3]
Akilineq Legendary location in Inuit mythology, believed to either be entirely mythical, or possibly Labrador Peninsula, Baffin Island, or even Iceland.
Alatyr A sacred stone, the "father to all stones", the navel of the earth, containing sacred letters and endowed with healing propertiesin East Slavic legends.
Alfheim Land of elves in Norse mythology.
Alomkik A place accessible to the Abenaki peoples' mythological protector Pamola, where he holds those who trespass on Maine's Mount Katahdin.
Amaravati A holy city within another location known as Indraloka where siddhas make their home.[4]
Annwn The "otherworld" of Welsh mythology.
Antillia An island from an old Iberian legend set during the Muslim conquest of Hispania. The legend says that during this time seven Christian Visigothic bishops, who were fleeing Muslim Conquerors, embarked with their flocks on ships and set sail westwards into the Atlantic Ocean, leading them to an island (Antillia or Isle Of Seven Cities) where they founded seven settlements.
Arcadia A vision of pastoralism and harmony with nature, derived from the Greek province of the same name which dates to antiquity.
Asgard The high placed city of the gods, built by Odin, chief god of the Norse pantheon.
Asphodel Meadows In Greek mythology, the section of the underworld where ordinary souls were sent to live after death.
Atlantis The legendary (and almost archetypal) lost continent that was supposed to have sunk into the Atlantic Ocean.
Avalon Legendary Island of Apples, believed by some to be the final resting place of King Arthur.
Axis mundi The center of the world or the connection between Heaven and Earth in various religions and mythologies.
Ayotha Amirtha Gangai An important river in Ayyavazhi mythology.
Aztlán Legendary original homeland of the Mexica people in Mexica/Aztec mythology.
Bald Mountain A location in Slavic folk mythology related to witchcraft.
Baltia An island of amber somewhere in northern Europe.
Benben The mound that arose from the primordial waters Nu upon which the creator deity Atum settled in the creation myth of the Heliopolitan form of ancient Egyptian religion.
Biarmaland A geographical area around the White Sea in the northern part of (European) Russia, referred to in Norse sagas.
Biringan city A mythical city that is said to invisibly lie between Gandara, Tarangnan, and Pagsanghan in Samar province of the Philippines. Biringan means "the black city" or the City of the Unknown in Waray.
Brahmapura The abode of Brahma, the Hindu god of creation.
Brasil or Hy-Brasil A mythical island to the west of Ireland.
Brittia A mythical island off the coast of Austrasia.
Buyan A mysterious island with the ability to appear and disappear using tides in Russian mythology.
Camelot The city in which King Arthur reigned.
Cantre'r Gwaelod A legendary ancient sunken kingdom said to have occupied a tract of fertile land lying between Ramsey Island and Bardsey Island.
City of the Caesars A city between a mountain of gold and another of diamonds supposed to be situated in Patagonia.
Cloud cuckoo land A perfect city between the clouds in the play The Birds by Aristophanes.
Cockaigne In medieval mythology, it is a land of plenty where want does not exist.
Dinas Affaraon/Ffaraon Legendary home to a branch of the Druids called the Pheryllt, who worked as metallurgists and alchemists. Also known as “The City of Higher Powers,” or the “Ambrosial City”, its rumored location is Snowdonia and is said to be the original placename of Dinas Emrys.
Diyu The realm of the dead or Hell in Chinese mythology.
Domdaniel Cavernous hall at the bottom of the ocean where evil magicians, spirits, and gnomes meet.
Eight Pillars A concept from Chinese mythology located in the eight cardinal directions, they are a group of eight mountains or pillars which have been thought to hold up the sky.
El Dorado Rumored city of gold in South America.[5]
Elysium (Elysian Fields) In Greek mythology, the final resting place of the souls of the heroic and the virtuous.
Feather Mountain One of many important mythological mountains in Chinese mythology, particularly associated with the Great Flood.
Fortunate Isles Semi-legendary islands in the Atlantic Ocean, variously treated as a simple geographical location and as a winterless earthly paradise inhabited by the heroes of Greek mythology.
Fositesland The kingdom of Forseti, the god of Justice.
Fountain of Youth A place, detailed in many legends around the world, where one may drink of or bathe in its waters to restore their youth.
Four Treasures of the Tuatha Dé Danann (Gorias, Finias, Murias, and Falias) In Irish Mythology the Tuatha Dé Danann get their four magical treasures from four legendary cities: Gorias in the east; Finias, in the south; Murias in the west; and Falias in the north.
Fusang A mysterious land to the east in Chinese legends.
Garden of Eden A paradise where humans were first created according to Abrahamic religions and resided until cast out for disobeying God.
Garden of the Hesperides In Greek mythology, the sacred garden of Hera from where the gods got their immortality.
Gjöll A river that separates the living from the dead in Norse mythology.
Hara Berezaiti A legendary mountain around which the stars and planets revolve from the ancient Zoroastrian scriptures of the Avesta.
Hawaiki The ancestral island of the Polynesians, particularly the Māori.
Heaven In Abrahamic religions, the paradise where good people who have died continue to exist.
Hel (heimr) The underworld in Norse mythology.
Hell In some Abrahamic religions, a realm in the afterlife in which evil souls are punished after death.
Himavanta A legendary forest that locates at the hill of Himmanpan Mountain or the Himalayas
Hitpun a great dividing river separating the World of Darkness from the World of Light in Mandaean cosmology.[6]
Hubur a Sumerian term meaning "river", "watercourse" or "netherworld".
Hvergelmir a major spring in Norse mythology.
Hyperborea A land to the north in Greek mythology.
The Indestructibles Two bright stars which, at that time, could always be seen circling the North Pole by ancient Egyptian astronomers.[7]
Iram of the Pillars The lost city mentioned in the Quran.
Irkalla The underworld from which there is no return in Babylonian mythology.
Islands of the Blessed In Greek mythology, a paradise reserved for the souls of the great heroes.
Jabulqa and Jabulsa Two cities mentioned in Shi'i hadith.
Jade Mountain A mythological mountain in Chinese mythology and the residence of The Queen Mother of the West.[8]
Jambudvīpa Name for the terrestrial universe in Hindu, Buddhist and Jain traditions.
Jotunheim Land of the giants in Norse mythology.[9]
Kalunga line A watery boundary between the world of the living and the dead in religious traditions of the Congo region.
Karshvar Legendary continents according to Avesta.
Ketumati A pure land belonging to Maitreya within Buddhism.[10]
Kingdom of Opona A mythical kingdom in Russian folklore.
Kingdom of Prester John Legendary powerful Christian nation just beyond the Muslim world in medieval romantic literature, first located in South Asia then Central Asia then East Africa.
Kingdom of Reynes A country mentioned in the Middle English romance King Horn.
Kingdom of Saguenay According to the French, an Iroquoian story of a kingdom of blonde men rich in gold and fur that existed in northern Canada prior to French colonization.
Kitezh A legendary city beneath the waters of Lake Svetloyar.
Kolob An astronomical body (star or planet) said to be near the throne of God in Mormon cosmology.
Kunlun Mountain A place where immortals lived according to Chinese mythology.
Kvenland A geographical area referred to in several medieval texts as well as in Norse sagas. The exact location of Kvenland is unknown, though, with several competing theories placing it in either the northern part of the Scandinavian peninsula or the southwestern part of what is now Finland.
Kyöpelinvuori (Finnish for ghosts' mountain), in Finnish mythology, is the place which dead women haunt.
La Canela Also known as the Valley of Cinnamon, is a legendary location in South America.
La Ciudad Blanca "The White city", a legendary city of Honduras.
Laestrygon Home to a tribe of giant cannibals that Odysseus encountered on his way back home from the Trojan War.
Lake Parime An enormous lake in northeastern South America, supposedly the site of El Dorado.
Land of Manu Western abode of the Sun god Ra.[11]
Lemuria A hypothetical "lost land" variously located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Lintukoto In Finnish mythology, a paradise-like place where birds migrate every winter; because it was located near the edge of the sky dome, the sky was very close to the ground and therefore its inhabitants were dwarves.
Longmen A legendary waterfall in Chinese mythology.
Lost City of Z An indigenous city that Col. Percy Harrison Fawcett believed had existed in the jungle of the Mato Grosso state of Brazil.
Lukomorye An ancient region in Russian lands.
Lyonesse A country in Arthurian legend, which is said to border Cornwall in England.
Mag Mell A mythical underworld plain in Irish mythology, achievable only through death or glory. Meaning 'plains of joy', Mag Mell was a hedonistic and pleasurable paradise, usually associated with the sea.
Mahoroba A far-off land full of bliss and peace, similar to Arcadia.
Meropis A gigantic island created purely as a parody of Plato's Atlantis.
Mictlan The afterworld of the Mexica.
Mímisbrunnr a well associated with the being Mímir, located beneath the world tree Yggdrasil.
Mount Buzhou An ancient Chinese mythological mountain which, according to old texts, lay to the northwest of the Kunlun Mountains, in a location today referred to as the Pamir Mountains.
Mount Meru The sacred five-peaked mountain of Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist cosmology. It is considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes.
Mount Olympus "Olympus" was the name of the home of the Twelve Olympian gods of the ancient Greek world.[12]
Mount Penglai A legendary mountain in Chinese mythology, said to be situated on an island in the Bohai sea, home to Taoist immortals.
Mount of the Temptation The legendary location of Jesus Christ's Temptation, traditionally placed at Jebel Quruntul or 'Ushsh el-Ghurab near Jericho in the West Bank
Moving Sands One of the obstacles the fictional version of the monk Xuanzang and companions must cross over on their mission to fetch the Buddhist scriptures from India and return them to Tang China.
Mu A hypothetical continent that allegedly disappeared at the dawn of human history.
Muspelheim Land of fire in Norse mythology.
Naraka A realm resembling Hell in Dharmic religions where souls are temporarily punished before reincarnation.
Nibiru A mythological planet described by the Babylonians.
Niflheim World of cold in Norse mythology.
Niflhel Cold underworld in Norse mythology.
Nirvana The ultimate state of soteriological release (liberation from repeated rebirth) commonly associated with Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.
Norumbega A legendary settlement in northeastern North America, connected with attempts to demonstrate Viking incursions in New England.
Nysa A beautiful valley full of nymphs in Greek mythology.
Paititi A legendary Inca lost city or utopian rich land said to lie east of the Andes.
Panchaia /Pangaia A group of islands South of the Arabian peninsula inhabited by several tribes and rich with scented oils. Assumed by some to be the birthplace of the Olympian gods.
Pandæmonium The capital of Hell in John Milton's Paradise Lost.`
Piriawis The sacred life-giving river (yardna) of the World of Light in Mandaean cosmology.
Pleroma Abode of the holy aeons in Gnosticism.
Pohjola The realm of Louhi in Finnish Mythology, literally translated its name means "North".
Quivira and Cíbola Two of the legendary Seven Cities of Gold supposed by Spanish conquistadors to have existed in the Americas.
Rama Setu (Adam's Bridge) Believed to be built by apes for the Hindu god Rama, this is a series of limestone shoals between India and Sri Lanka. Also referred to as Adam's Bridge.
Red River One of the mythological rivers said to flow from Kunlun, a mythological land, with mountainous features.
Rocabarraigh A phantom island is Scottish Gaelic mythology.
Ryūgū-jō The undersea palace of Ryūjin, the dragon kami of the sea.
Samavasarana Meeting place of the tirthankaras in Jainism.
Sanzu River a mythological river in Japanese Buddhism.
Scholomance A legendary school of black magic run by the Devil himself, located in Hermannstadt (now: Sibiu, Romania). Located in the mountains, south of the city Sibiu, near an unnamed lake.
Section 37 Paul Bunyan's legendary camp. So large that it took half a day to walk around, with the kitchen itself being two-mile (3.2 km) long with nine cooks and seventy-five flunkies in its early days.[13]
Sierra de la Plata (Spanish: Silver Mountains), was a legendary treasury of silver that was believed to be located in South America.
Shakdvipa A land mass west of the Ural Mountains in Hindu mythology.
Shambhala In Tibetan Buddhist tradition, a kingdom hidden somewhere in the Himalayas; Theosophists regard it as the home on the etheric plane of the governing deity of our planet, Sanat Kumara.
Shangri-La A mystical, harmonious valley enclosed in the western end of the Kunlun Mountains.
Siniawis A region in the World of Darkness or underworld.[14]
Suddene A country found in the Middle English romance King Horn.
Summerland The name given by Theosophists, Wiccans and some earth-based contemporary pagan religions to their conceptualization of an (mostly pastoral) afterlife.
Svarga A celestial realm of bliss in Hinduism.
Svartálfaheimr The land of the Dark Elves in Norse mythology.
Takama-ga-hara The dwelling place of the Shinto kami.
Tartarus In Greek mythology, a pit in the underworld for condemned souls.
Tech Duinn A mythological island to the west of Ireland where souls go after death.
Themiscyra The capital city of the Amazons in Greek mythology.
Thule An island somewhere in the belt of Scandinavia, northern Great Britain, Iceland, and Greenland.
Thuvaraiyam Pathi In Ayyavazhi mythology, it was a sunken island some 240 km (150 miles) off the south coast of India.
Tír na nÓg The Celtic Otherworld in Irish mythology.
Urðarbrunnr a well in Norse mythology.
Uttarakuru A dvipa based on Kurus.
Vaikuntha Heavenly abode (dwelling) of Vishnu.[15]
Vaitarna River A river mentioned in the Garuda Purana and various other Hindu religious texts
Valhalla (from Old Norse Valhöll "hall of the slain") is a majestic, enormous hall located in Asgard, ruled over by the god Odin.
Vanaheimr The Land of the Vanir, another tribe of gods, according to Norse legends.
Vineta A mythical city at the southern coast of the Baltic Sea.
Vyraj a mythical place in Slavic mythology, where "birds fly for the winter and souls go after death".
Weak River One of the mythological rivers flowing near Kunlun, home of a Western Paradise.
Westernesse A country found in the Middle English romance King Horn.
Xanadu / Shangdu The summer capital of Kublai Khan's Yuan empire became a mythological place and a metaphor for splendor and opulence, caused by the popular 1816 poem Kubla Khan an Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Xibalba The underworld in Mayan mythology.
Yardna A body of flowing fresh water that is suitable for ritual use as baptismal water in Mandaeism.[16]
Yggdrasil An immense and central sacred tree in Norse cosmology.
Yomi The land of the dead according to Shinto mythology, as related in the Kojiki.
Ys A city located in Brittany, France that was supposedly built below sea level, and demolished when the Devil destroyed the dam protecting it.
Zarahemla A civilization which was constructed in the ancient Americas, according to Mormon belief.
Zerzura Saharan city known as the "oasis of little birds" rumored to be full of treasure.

References

  1. ^ Leech 1984, p. 10.
  2. ^ Leech 1984, p. 25.
  3. ^ Gardiner, Alan H. (1957). Egyptian grammar : being an introduction to the study of hieroglyphs. 1969 printing (3rd ed.). London: Published on behalf of the Griffith Institute, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, by Oxford University Press. p. 489. ISBN 9780900416354. OCLC 229894.
  4. ^ Dalal, Roshen (2014). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6. Entry: "Indraloka".
  5. ^ "El Dorado". nationalgeographic.com.
  6. ^ Al-Saadi, Qais Mughashghash; Al-Saadi, Hamed Mughashghash (2012). Ginza Rabba: The Great Treasure. An equivalent translation of the Mandaean Holy Book. Drabsha.
  7. ^ axcurtis@sprynet.com, Anthony R. Curtis. "Space Today Online -- Solar System Planet Earth -- Ancient Astronomy". www.spacetoday.org. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
  8. ^ Yang, Lihui; et al. (2005). Handbook of Chinese Mythology. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-533263-6. pp. 162, 219
  9. ^ "Jotunheim". norse-mythology.org.
  10. ^ Kim, Inchang (1996). The Future Buddha Maitreya: An Iconological Study. D.K. Printworld. p. 21.
  11. ^ Massey, Gerald (2014) [First published 1907]. Ancient Egypt - Light Of The World. Vol. 1. Jazzybee Verlag. p. 465. ISBN 978-3-8496-4444-4.
  12. ^ Wilson, Nigel (31 October 2005). Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. Abingdon, England: Routledge. p. 516.
  13. ^ "SECTION 37 HIS LOGGING CAMP". www.paulbunyan.org.
  14. ^ Buckley, Jorunn Jacobsen (2002). The Mandaeans: ancient texts and modern people. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515385-5. OCLC 65198443.
  15. ^ Maehle, Gregor (2012). Ashtanga Yoga The Intermediate Series: Mythology, Anatomy, and Practice. New World Library. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-57731-987-0.
  16. ^ The Gnostic Bible (2003) (p. 810). New Seeds Books

Works cited