Africa portal |
Departments of Ivory Coast (French: départements de Côte d'Ivoire) are currently the third-level administrative subdivision of the country. Each of the 31 second-level regions of Ivory Coast is divided into two or more departments. (The autonomous districts are containing departments, but have a specific status.) Each department is divided into two or more sub-prefectures. Since 2020, there are 109 departments of Ivory Coast.
Departments were first created in 1959. During their existence, they have been first-, second-, and third-level administrative subdivisions.
There are currently 109 departments of Ivory Coast. The departments are as follows:
Departments were established in 1961 and were the original first-level administrative subdivision of independent Ivory Coast. Initially, there were just four departments: Centre, Nord, Sud-Est, and Sud-Ouest. In 1963, two more departments were created: Est was created by dividing Sud-Est, and Centre-Ouest) was created by dividing Sud-Ouest. As a result of the divisions, Sud-Est was renamed Sud and Sud-Ouest was renamed Ouest.
In 1969, the six departments were abolished and in their place 24 new departments were created. The following table illustrates how the old departments were divided into the new departments:
|Old department||New departments (number corresponds to position on map)|
|Centre||Bouaflé (8), Bouaké (9), Dimbokro (13), Katiola (18)|
|Centre-Ouest||Daloa (11), Gagnoa (16), Sassandra (22)|
|Est||Abengourou (1), Bondoukou (7)|
|Nord||Boundiali (10), Ferkessédougou (15), Korhogo (19), Odienné (21), Séguéla (23), Touba (24)|
|Ouest||Biankouma (6), Danané (12), Guiglo (17), Man (20)|
|Sud||Abidjan (2), Aboisso (3), Adzopé (4), Agboville (5), Divo (14), Sassandra (22)|
Due to a lack of government resources, the 1969 changes were not fully implemented until 1974.
From 1974 onward, new departments were occasionally created through division of pre-existing departments. New departments were created in 1974 (2), 1980 (8), 1988 (15), and 1995 (1). In 1997, when there were 50 departments, regions were created, which supplanted departments as the first-level administrative subdivision. As a result, the 50 departments became second-level divisions.
More departments were created in 1998 (8), 2005 (12), 2008 (11), and 2009 (9). By the time of the late-2011 reorganisation of the subdivisions of Ivory Coast, there were 90 departments in 19 regions.
In the 2011 reorganisation of the subdivisions of Ivory Coast, five new departments were created, bringing the total to 95. More significantly, however, districts were created as a new first-level division. As a result, regions became second-level subdivisions and the 95 departments became third-level subdivisions.
Since the 2011 reorganisation, 14 more departments have been created, bringing the total number to 109. Twelve departments were created in 2012, one in 2013, and one was created in 2020.
Departments are named after the city or town that serves as the seat of the department. In most cases, this is the most populous settlement in the department.
Each department is headed by a prefect, who is appointed by the council of ministers (cabinet) of the national government. For departments that house regional capitals, the prefect of the department is the same individual as the prefect of the region, though the two offices of prefect remain distinct.
Each department is divided into two or more sub-prefectures, which serve as fourth-level administrative subdivisions. There are currently 510 sub-prefectures in the country.
Below are the departments divided by district and region with the establishment year of the departments in parentheses.
There are six departments of Ivory Coast that have been eliminated.
|Map||Years effective||First-level subdivisions||Second-level subdivisions||Third-level subdivisions||Changes|
|1961–63||4 departments||—||—||Four departments created as first-level subdivisions.|
|1963 (February)||5 departments||—||—||One department added (Sud-Ouest and Sud-Est split into Ouest, Sud, and Est).|
|1963–69||6 departments||—||—||One department added (Ouest split into Ouest and Centre-Ouest).|
|1969–74||24 departments||—||—||All previous departments abolished. 24 new departments established as first-level subdivisions.|
|1974–75||25 departments||—||—||One department added (Bouna).|
|1975–79||26 departments||—||—||One department added (Dabakala).|
|1979–85||34 departments||—||—||8 departments added.|
|1985–87||49 departments||—||—||15 departments added.|
|1987–91||50 departments||—||—||One department added (Agnibilékrou).|
|1991–96||10 regions||50 departments||—||Regions established.|
|1996–97||12 regions||55 departments||—||2 regions and 5 departments added.|
|1997–2000||16 regions||59 departments||—||2 regions and 4 departments added.|
|1997–2000||19 regions||59 departments||—||3 regions added.|
|2005–2006||19 regions||70 departments||—||11 departments added.|
|2006–2008||19 regions||72 departments||—||2 departments added.|
|2008–2009||19 regions||89 departments||—||17 departments added.|
|2009–2010||19 regions||94 departments||—||5 departments added.|
|2010–2011||19 regions||95 departments||—||1 department added.|
|2011–2012||12 districts||30 regions||95 departments||Districts created as new 1st level division. New division of regions.|
|2012–2013||12 districts||31 regions||107 departments||1 region and 12 departments added.|
|2013–2014||12 districts||31 regions||108 departments||1 department added.|
|2014–2020||31 regions and 2 autonomous districts||108 departments||—||Districts removed.|
|2020–||31 regions and 2 autonomous districts||109 departments||—||One department added.|