Comarca
CategoryComarca
LocationSpain
Found inautonomous communities
Number83 (as of 20 June 2022)
Government
  • Comarcal council
Subdivisions
Comarcas of Spain
Comarcas of Spain

In Spain, a comarca (Spanish: [koˈmaɾkas], sing. comarca)[a] is either a traditional territorial division without any formal basis, or a group of municipalities, legally defined by an autonomous community for the purpose of providing common local government services.[1][2] In English, a comarca is equivalent to a district, county, area or zone.

Legally defined comarcas

The large majority of legally defined comarcas are in Catalonia (42) and Aragon (33)), and are regulated by law and are governed by a comarcal council with specified powers. There are seven comarcas formally registered in Basque Country and one in Castile and León.[2] In Andalusia and Asturias, comarcas are defined by law but lack any defined function.

Informal comarcas

In other regions, comarcas are traditional or historical or in some cases, contemporary creations designed for tourism promotions. In some other cases (e.g. La Carballeda) a comarca may correspond to a natural area, like a valley, river basin and mountainous area, or even to historical regions overlapping different provinces and ancient kingdoms (e.g. Ilercavonia).[3]

In such comarcas or natural regions municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in mancomunidad (commonwealth), like the Taula del Sénia, the only legal formula that has allowed those comarcas to manage their public municipal resources meaningfully.[citation needed]

There is also a comarca, the Cerdanya that is divided between two states, the southwestern half being counted as a comarca of Spain, while the northeastern half is part of France.

Relationship to other groups of municipalities

See also: Local government in Spain

There are also other groupings of municipalities in Spain including provinces, mancomunidades, metropolitan areas and the major islands of the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands.

Legally defined comarcas have their boundaries and functions defined by the relevant regional government (autonomous community) and so do not necessarily have boundaries consistent with provinces which are defined by the State.[4] The remit of comarcas is very similar to that of the provinces and has been criticised for duplication.[5] However in Catalonia, the comarca (and not the province) has been the traditional territorial organisation.[6]

List of comarcas of Spain by autonomous communities

Comarcas of Andalusia

Comarcas of Andalusia
Comarcas of Andalusia

Comarcas of the province of Almería

Comarcas of the province of Cádiz

Comarcas of Cádiz
Comarcas of Cádiz

Comarcas of the province of Córdoba

Comarcas of the province of Granada

Comarcas of Granada
Comarcas of Granada

Comarcas of the province of Huelva

Comarcas of the province of Jaén

Comarcas de Jaén
Comarcas de Jaén

Comarcas of the province of Málaga

Comarcas of the province of Sevilla

Comarcas of Aragon

Comarcas of Aragon
Comarcas of Aragon

Main article: Comarcas of Aragon

Comarcas of the province of Huesca/Uesca

Comarcas of the province of Teruel

Comarcas of the province of Zaragoza

Comarcas of Asturias

Main article: Comarcas of Asturias

Comarcas of Asturias
Comarcas of Asturias

Comarques of the Balearic Islands

Mallorca

Menorca

Pitiüses

Eskualdeak / Comarcas of the Basque Country

Main article: Comarcas of the Basque Country

Eskualdeak / Cuadrillas of the province of Álava-Araba

Eskualdeak / Comarcas of the province of Biscay

Eskualdeak of Biscay
Eskualdeak of Biscay

Eskualdeak / Comarcas of the province of Gipuzkoa

Main article: List of regions in Gipuzkoa

Comarcas of the Canary Islands

Comarcas of the province of Las Palmas

Comarcas of the province of Tenerife

Comarcas of Cantabria

Comarcas of Cantabria.
Comarcas of Cantabria.

Comarques of Catalonia

Comarques of Catalonia
Comarques of Catalonia

Main article: Comarques of Catalonia

Reference:[7]

Comarques of the province of Barcelona

Comarques of the province of Girona

Comarques of the province of Lleida

Comarques of the province of Tarragona

Comarcas of Castile–La Mancha

Comarcas of the province of Albacete

Comarcas of the province of Ciudad Real

Comarcas of the province of Cuenca

Comarcas of the province of Guadalajara

Comarcas of the province of Toledo

Comarcas of Castile and León

Comarcas of the province of Ávila

Comarcas of the province of Burgos

Comarcas of Burgos.
Comarcas of Burgos.

Comarcas of the province of León

Comarcas of the province of Palencia

Comarcas of the province of Salamanca

Comarcas of Salamanca.
Comarcas of Salamanca.

Comarcas of the province of Segovia

An official classification establishes three comarcas:

or sometimes four:

However, historic approaches (before the national classification into provinces) establish six comarcas:

Comarcas of the province of Soria

Comarcas of the province of Valladolid

Comarcas of the province of Zamora

Comarcas of Zamora.
Comarcas of Zamora.

Comarcas of Extremadura

Comarcas of the province of Badajoz

Comarcas of the province of Cáceres

Comarcas of Galicia

Comarcas in Galicia
Comarcas in Galicia

Comarcas of the province of A Coruña

Comarcas of the province of Lugo

Comarcas of the province of Ourense

Comarcas of the province of Pontevedra

Comarcas of La Rioja

Comarcas of Madrid

Comarcas of Region of Murcia

Main article: Comarcas of Region of Murcia

Comarcas de Murcia
Comarcas de Murcia

Eskualdeak / Comarcas of Navarre

Main article: Comarcas of Navarre

Eskualdeak/Comarcas of Navarre
Eskualdeak/Comarcas of Navarre

Comarques of the Valencian Community

Main article: Comarques of the Valencian Community

Comarcas of the Comunitat Valenciana
Comarcas of the Comunitat Valenciana

Comarques of the province of Alicante

Comarques of the province of Castellón

Comarques of the province of Valencia

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In other languages of Spain:

References

  1. ^ Local Government Act 1985, Article 42.
  2. ^ a b Register of Local Entities.
  3. ^ Cools & Verbeek 2013, Explanatory Memorandum paragraph 33 on page 11.
  4. ^ Cools & Verbeek 2013, Explanatory Memorandum paragraph 221 on page 38.
  5. ^ Cools & Verbeek 2013, Explanatory Memorandum paragraph 221 on page 38 and paragraph 2 of the Summary.
  6. ^ Albet i Mas 2019, p. 27.
  7. ^ "Idescat. Anuari estadístic de Catalunya. Nombre de municipis i població. Comarques i Aran". www.idescat.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2020-07-14.

Bibliography