The number of people living in dangerous and subpar housing has significantly expanded as a result of the economic and financial crisis. The issue at hand no longer solely affects one nation in the world. The majority of nations are attempting to solve this issue in some form. Because of increased unemployment and declining wages, more people are unable to afford housing costs, increasing their risk of being homeless. Spain, which suffered greatly from COVID-19 and the accompanying economic downturn, is likewise grappling with a huge rural population decline problem. Homelessness is a serious socioeconomic issue that affects 40,000 people in Spain (0.09% of the population). Immigrants make up a disproportionate number of the homeless population. There are a lot of young people who are homeless; according to some estimates, 30% of Spain's homeless are between the ages of 18 and 29. Just 5% of the country's population, according to Spain's Research Institute for Depopulation and Development of Rural Areas, resides there. Homelessness and public begging are not officially forbidden under Spanish law.

According to the most recent statistics gathered by the Spanish National Institute of Statistics, the country's homeless population has increased by 25% during the previous ten years. More than 28,500 persons will be affected by this social issue in 2022, up from 22,900 in 2012. In Spain, those in this circumstance are 42.7 years old on average. Statistics in Europe don't appear to be any better. Almost 700,000 people in Europe experience homelessness every day (and night), according to the European Parliament, who draws attention to their insecure living conditions. In just ten years, there has been a 70% growth.

Reasons of becoming homeless:

Changes in the number of individuals living on the streets:

Modification in the characteristics of the homeless:

Strategies and policies

Comments on Important Policy Developments