This article lists political parties in Spain.

Spain has a multi-party system at both the national and regional level. Nationally, there are five dominant political parties: Podemos (left-wing), PSOE (centre-left), Ciudadanos (centre-right), Partido Popular (centre-right to right-wing) and Vox (right-wing to far-right).

The current makeup makes it difficult for any other formation or coalition to achieve an electoral majority in the bicameral Cortes Generales (consisting of both the national Congress of Deputies and regional representation in the Senate). Regional parties can be strong in autonomous communities like Catalonia and the Basque Country and are often essential for national government coalitions.

National political formations of Spain

Political parties represented in the Congress of Deputies

Parties and coalitions Position Ideology Results (November 2019) Seats in Congress Seats in Senate Status Coalition partners
Logotipo del PSOE.svg
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
Centre-left Social democracy,
Pro-Europeanism
6,752,983 votes, 28.00%
120 / 350
114 / 265
Government PSOE (108)
PSC (12)
PP icono 2019.svg
People's Party (PP),
Partido Popular
Centre-right to
right-wing
Conservatism,
Christian democracy,
Monarchism
5,019,869 votes, 20.82%
89 / 350
100 / 265
Opposition PP (88)
FAC (1)
VOX logo.svg
Vox (Vox),
Vox
Right-wing to
far-right
National conservatism,
Spanish nationalism,
Right-wing populism
3,640,063 votes, 15.09%
52 / 350
3 / 265
Opposition
UPsimbol.svg
United We Can (UP),
Unidas Podemos
Left-wing Democratic socialism,
Left-wing populism,
Republicanism,
Federalism
3,097,185 votes, 12.84%
35 / 350
0 / 265
Government Podemos (26)
IU (5)
Catalunya en Comú (3)
Independent (1)
ERC logotipo compacto.svg
Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí),
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya–Catalunya Sí
Centre-left to
left-wing
Catalan separatism,
Social democracy
869,934 votes, 3.61%
13 / 350
14 / 265
Confidence and supply
Ciudadanos icono 2017 (invertido).svg
Citizens (Cs),
Ciudadanos
Centre-right Liberalism
Spanish nationalism
1,637,540 votes, 6.79%
10 / 350
3 / 265
Opposition
Junts per Catalunya.svg
Together for Catalonia (JxCat),
Junts per Catalunya
Centre-right Catalan separatism,
Liberalism
527,375 votes, 2.19%
8 / 350
5 / 265
Opposition
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV),
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea,
Partido Nacionalista Vasco,
Parti Nationaliste Basque
Centre Basque nationalism,
Christian democracy
377,423 votes, 1.57%
6 / 350
10 / 265
Confidence and supply
EHBildu.svg
Basque Country Unite (EHB),
Euskal Herria Bildu
Left-wing to
far-left
Basque separatism,
Progressivism
276.519 votes, 1.15%
5 / 350
2 / 265
Confidence and supply Sortu (1)
Alternatiba (1)
Más País-Equo logo.svg
More Country-Equo (MP-EQUO),
Más País-Equo
Centre-left to left-wing Green politics,
Progressivism
582,306 votes 2.40%
3 / 350
1 / 265
Confidence and supply MP-Equo (2)
Més Compromís (1)
CUP.svg
Popular Unity Candidacy–For Rupture (CUP–PR),
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
Left-wing to far-left Catalan separatism,
Anti-capitalism
246,971 votes, 1.02%
2 / 350
0 / 265
Opposition
Compromís (isotip).svg
Commitment Coalition (Compromis),
Coalició Compromis
Left-wing Valencian nationalism,
Eco-socialism
173,821 votes, 0.66%
1 / 350
1 / 265
Confidence and supply
Coalición Canaria.svg
Canarian Coalition (CC–PNC),
Coalición Canaria
Centre to
centre-right
Canarian nationalism,
Conservatism
137,664 votes, 0.53%
2 / 350
1 / 265
Opposition
BNG logo.svg
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG),
Bloque Nacionalista Galego
Left-wing Galician separatism,
Socialism
120,456 votes 0.5%
1 / 350
0 / 265
Opposition
NA+SIMBOLO.svg
Sum Navarre (NA+),
Navarra Suma
Centre-right to
right-wing
Regionalism,
Christian democracy, Conservatism
107,619 votes, 0.41%
2 / 350
1 / 265
Opposition UPN (2)
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC),
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria
Centre to
centre-left
Progressivism,
Cantabrian regionalism
52,266 votes, 0.20%
1 / 350
1 / 265
Confidence and supply
Teruel Exists (TE),
¡Teruel existe!
Big tent Regionalism,

Localism

246,971 votes, 0.08%
1 / 350
2 / 265
Confidence and supply

Other political parties represented in regional parliaments

Party Position Ideology Regional parliament Results Seats Status
Adelante Andalucía 2021 logo.svg
Andalusia Forward
Adelante Andalucía
Left-wing Andalusian nationalism, Direct democracy, Anticapitalism, Democratic socialism Parliament of Andalusia 167,970 votes, 4.6%
2 / 109
Opposition
PAR logo completo.png
Aragonese Party
Partido Aragonés
Centre[28] Aragonese regionalism
Centrism
Aragonese Corts 33,978 votes, 5.1%
3 / 67
Government
Chunta Aragonesista (logotipo2).svg
Aragonese Union
Chunta Aragonesista
Left-wing Eco-socialism, Aragonese nationalism, Republicanism, Federalism 41,879 votes, 6.26%
3 / 67
Government
Logo Más Madrid.svg
More Madrid
Más Madrid
Left-wing Progressivism, Participatory democracy, Green politics, Regionalism Assembly of Madrid 619,215 votes, 16.99%
24 / 136
Opposition
Foro Asturias logo 2021.svg
Asturias Forum
Foro Asturias
Centre-right Conservatism, Christian democracy, Regionalism General Junta of the Principality of Asturias 34,388 votes, 6.5%
2 / 45
Opposition
Més per Mallorca logo.svg
More for Majorca
Més per Mallorca
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Green politics, Left-wing nationalism, Catalanism Parliament of the Balearic Islands 39,415 votes, 9.2%
6 / 59
Government
El Pi-Proposta per les Illes logo 2021.svg
Proposal for the Islands
Proposta per les Illes
Centre Liberalism, Centrism, Balearic regionalism 31,348 votes, 7.3%
3 / 59
Opposition
MÉS per Menorca logo.svg
More for Menorca
Més per Menorca
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Green politics, Left-wing nationalism, Catalanism, Republicanism, Souverainism, Feminism 6,058 votes, 1.41%
3 / 59
Confidence and supply
Gent per Formentera ( GxF ).png
People for Formentera
Gent per Formentera
Left-wing Environmentalism, Socialism, Catalanism 2,036 votes, 0.5%
3 / 59
Confidence and supply
Regionalist Party of Cantabria
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria
Centre to centre-left Progressivism, centrism, Cantabrian regionalism Parliament of Cantabria 122,479 votes, 37.7%
12 / 35
Government
Unión del Pueblo Leonés.svg
Leonese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Leonés
Centre-left Leonesism Cortes of Castile and León 51,878 votes, 4.30%
3 / 83
Opposition
Por Ávila.svg
For Ávila
Por Ávila
Centre to
centre-right
Regionalism 13,854 votes, 1.15%
1 / 83
Opposition
Logo SoriaYa.svg
Soria Now!
Soria ¡Ya!
Big tent Localism, Regionalism 18,390 votes, 1.53%
3 / 83
Opposition
Junts per Catalunya (2020).svg
Together for Catalonia
Junts per Catalunya
Centre-right Liberalism, Catalan nationalism, Catalan independence Parliament of Catalonia 570,539 votes, 20.07%
32 / 135
Government
CatComú-Podem logo.svg
Catalonia in Common–We Can
Catalunya en Comú–Podem
Left-wing Social justice, Catalan right of self-determination, Left-wing populism, Environmentalism 195,345 votes, 6.87%
8 / 135
Opposition
CUP.svg
Popular Unity Candidacy
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
Left-wing to far-left Catalan independence, Catalan nationalism, Socialism, Environmentalism, Euroscepticism 189,924 votes, 6.68%
9 / 135
Confidence and supply
BNG logo.svg
Galician Nationalist Bloc
Bloque Nacionalista Galego
Left-wing Galician nationalism, socialism, Euroscepticism Parliament of Galicia 311,340 votes, 23.79%
19 / 75
Opposition
Logo vertical UPN 2017.png
Navarrese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Navarro
Centre-right to
right-wing
Conservatism, Regionalism Parliament of Navarre Within the Navarra Suma coalition
15 / 50
Opposition
Geroa Bai (current logo).svg
Yes to the Future
Geroa Bai
Centre-left Basque nationalism 60,323 votes, 17.32%
9 / 50
Government
Izquierda-Ezkerra (logo).svg
Left
Izquierda-Ezkerra
Left-wing Socialism 10,472 votes, 3.01%
1 / 50
Confidence and supply
Coalición Canaria.svg
Agreement of Nationalist Unity

Acuerdo de Unidad Nacionalista

Centre to
centre-right
Regionalism, Canarian nationalism Parliament of the Canary Islands 194,846 votes, 21.82%
20 / 70
Opposition
Nueva Canarias.svg
New Canaries
Nueva Canarias
Centre-left to
left-wing
Canarian nationalism, Left-wing nationalism, Social democracy, Federalism 80,592 votes, 9.03%
5 / 70
Government
Agrupación Socialista Gomera (logo).svg
Gomera Socialist Group
Agrupación Socialista Gomera
Centre-left to
left-wing
Social democracy, Insularism 6,215 votes, 0.7%
3 / 70
Government
Compromís (isotip).svg
Commitment Coalition Compromís Left-wing Valencian nationalism,
Eco-socialism
Valencian Corts 443,640 votes, 16.68%
17 / 99
Government

Political parties without any representation

Communist parties

Nationalist parties

Regionalist parties

Andalusia

Asturias

Basque Country

Cantabria

Castile and León

Catalonia

Extremadura

Galicia

Madrid

Navarre

Defunct parties

Defunct major parties

Defunct minor parties

Historic parties

Reign of Isabella II

Sexenio Democrático

Bourbon restoration

Second Spanish Republic

Francoist Spain

See also

References

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