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The Electoral Commission's Register of Political Parties[1] lists the details of political parties registered to fight elections in the United Kingdom, including their registered name. Under current electoral law, including the Registration of Political Parties Act 1998, the Electoral Administration Act 2006, and the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000, only registered party names can be used on ballot papers by those wishing to fight elections. Candidates who do not belong to a registered party can use "independent" or no label at all. As of 2 August 2019, the Electoral Commission showed the number of registered political parties in Great Britain and Northern Ireland as 408.[2]

Before the middle of the 19th century, politics in the United Kingdom was dominated by the Whigs and the Tories. These were not political parties in the modern sense but somewhat loose alliances of interests and individuals. The Whigs included many of the leading aristocratic dynasties committed to the Protestant succession, and later drew support from elements of the emerging industrial interests and wealthy merchants, while the Tories were associated with the landed gentry, the Church of England and the Church of Scotland.

By the mid 19th century, the Tories had evolved into the Conservative Party, and the Whigs had evolved into the Liberal Party. The concept of right and left came originally from France, where the supporters of a monarchy (constitutional or absolute) sat on the right wing of the National Assembly, and republicans on the left. In the late 19th century, the Liberal Party began to lean towards the left. Liberal Unionists split off from the Liberals over Irish Home Rule and moved closer to the Conservatives over time.

The Liberals and Conservatives dominated the political scene until the 1920s, when the Liberal Party declined in popularity and suffered a long stream of resignations. It was replaced as the main anti-Tory opposition party by the newly emerging Labour Party, which represented an alliance between the labour movement, organised trades unions and various socialist societies.

Since then, the Conservative and Labour parties have dominated British politics, and have alternated in government ever since. However, the UK is not quite a two-party system as other parties have significant support. The Liberal Democrats were the third largest party until the 2015 general election when they were overtaken by the Scottish National Party in terms of seats and UK political party membership, and by the UK Independence Party (UKIP) in terms of votes.

The UK's first-past-the-post electoral system leaves small parties disadvantaged on a UK-wide scale. It can, however, allow parties with concentrations of supporters in the constituent countries to flourish. In the 2015 election, there was widespread controversy[3][4][5] when the UK Independence Party (UKIP) and the Green Party of England and Wales received 4.9 million votes[6] (12.6% of the total vote for UKIP and 3.8% for the Greens) yet only gained one seat each in the House of Commons. After that election, UKIP, the Liberal Democrats, the Scottish National Party, Plaid Cymru, and the Green Party of England and Wales, together with its Scottish and Northern Ireland affiliated parties, delivered a petition signed by 477,000[7] people to Downing Street demanding electoral reform.

House of Commons chamber
House of Lords chamber
House of Lords chamber

Since 1997, proportional representation-based voting systems have been adopted for elections to the Scottish Parliament, the Senedd (Welsh Parliament), the Northern Ireland Assembly, the London Assembly and (until Brexit in 2020) the UK's seats in the European Parliament. In these bodies, other parties have had success.

Traditionally political parties have been private organisations with no official recognition by the state. The Registration of Political Parties Act 1998 changed that by creating a register of parties.

Membership of political parties has been in decline in the UK since the 1950s, falling by over 65% from 1983 (4% of the electorate) to 2005 (1.3%).[8]

House of Commons Parliamentary parties

Party Founded Political
Ideology Leader House of
House of
Holyrood Senedd Stormont London
Conservative and Unionist Party 1834
Centre-right Conservatism
Economic liberalism
British unionism
Rishi Sunak
357 / 650
261 / 824
[Note 1]
31 / 129
16 / 60
9 / 25
6,777 / 19,187
Labour Party 1900
1917 (Co-op)
Centre-left Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Keir Starmer
196 / 650
[Note 2][Note 3]
168 / 824
[Note 4] [Note 1]
22 / 129
[Note 5]
30 / 60
[Note 6]
11 / 25
5,879 / 19,187
Scottish National Party 1934 Centre-left Scottish nationalism
Scottish independence
Social democracy
Nicola Sturgeon
44 / 650
64 / 129
453 / 19,187
Liberal Democrats 1988 Centre to
Social liberalism
Ed Davey
14 / 650
84 / 824
[Note 1]
4 / 129
1 / 60
2 / 25
2,554 / 19,187
Democratic Unionist Party 1971 Right-wing British unionism
British nationalism
Right-wing populism
Hard Euroscepticism
Jeffrey Donaldson
8 / 650
5 / 824
[Note 1]
25 / 90
114 / 19,187
Sinn Féin 1905 (original)
1970 (current)
to left-wing
Irish republicanism
Democratic socialism
Left-wing nationalism
Mary Lou McDonald
7 / 650
[Note 7]
27 / 90
104 / 19,187
Plaid Cymru 1925 Centre-left
to left-wing
Welsh nationalism
Welsh independence
Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Adam Price
3 / 650
1 / 824
[Note 1]
13 / 60
200 / 19,187
Social Democratic and Labour Party 1970 Centre-left Social democracy
Irish nationalism
Colum Eastwood
2 / 650
8 / 90
56 / 19,187
Alba Party 2021 Scottish nationalism
Scottish independence
Alex Salmond
2 / 650
0 / 19,187
Green Party of England and Wales 1990 Left-wing Green politics
Carla Denyer,
Adrian Ramsay
1 / 650
2 / 824
[Note 1]
3 / 25
560 / 19,187
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland 1970 Centre to
Naomi Long
1 / 650
17 / 90
51 / 19,187

Parties without representation in the House of Commons, but with representation in other UK legislatures

There are a number of political parties in the United Kingdom that do not have representation in the House of Commons, but have elected representatives in the Northern Ireland Assembly and Scottish Parliament These are:

Party Founded Political position Ideology Leader House of
Holyrood Stormont Local
Ulster Unionist Party 1905 Centre-right British unionism
Doug Beattie
2 / 824
[Note 8]
9 / 90
74 / 19,698
Scottish Greens 1990 Centre-left
to left-wing
Green politics
Scottish independence
Scottish republicanism
Patrick Harvie,
Lorna Slater
(job share)
7 / 129
35 / 19,698
Traditional Unionist Voice 2007 Right-wing British unionism
National conservatism
Social conservatism
Jim Allister
1 / 90
6 / 19,698
People Before Profit 2005 Left-wing Socialism
Irish reunification
Eamonn McCann[Note 9]
1 / 90
5 / 19,698

Party descriptions

Party Description
Conservative and Unionist Party A party loosely divided into three categories; the Thatcherites, who strongly support a free market with restrained government spending and tend to be Eurosceptic, the Cornerstone Group, who advocate for the preservation of established institutions and traditional principles, and the liberal conservative One Nation Conservatives.
Labour Party A social democratic party with democratic socialist elements that has its roots in the trade union movement. The party has several internal factions, which include: Momentum, Open Labour, Progress, Blue Labour, and the Labour members on a split ticket with the Co-operative Party.
Scottish National Party Scottish nationalist and social democratic party which supports Scottish independence and membership of the European Union or further devolution for Scotland.
Liberal Democrats A liberal party; its main branches are the social liberals based around groups like the Social Liberal Forum, and the 'Orange Book' grouping, which supports classical liberalism. There is also a social democratic faction and influence within the party. Supports membership of the European Union.
Democratic Unionist Party British Unionist and socially conservative, national conservative political party in Northern Ireland.
Sinn Féin Irish republican party dedicated to the reunification of Ireland and the creation of a new republic based on democratic socialist values.
Plaid Cymru Democratic socialist, social democratic, Welsh nationalist party in favour of Welsh independence or further devolution for Wales.
Social Democratic and Labour Party Irish nationalist and social-democratic party supporting a United Ireland.
Ulster Unionist Party A conservative and Unionist party in Northern Ireland.
Green Party of England and Wales Green political party that favours environmentalism, progressivism and sustainability.
Scottish Greens Green political party in favour of Scottish independence and Scottish republicanism.
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland Liberal and nonsectarian political party in Northern Ireland.
Traditional Unionist Voice Strongly social and national conservative unionist party in Northern Ireland.
People Before Profit A socialist and Trotskyist party that is active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Alba Party A pro-Scottish independence and Scottish nationalist party founded in February 2021.

Local government

Main article: Local government in the United Kingdom


Party Leader Ideology Political position Local authorities Councillors Parish councillors
Liberal Party Steve Radford Classical liberalism, Social liberalism,[10] Euroscepticism[11] Centre Liverpool, Ryedale, Test Valley 12[12] 8
Breakthrough Party Alex Mays Democratic socialism Left-wing Spelthorne 2 6
Official Monster Raving Loony Party (OMRLP) Howling Laud Hope Political satirism 0 7
Reform UK Richard Tice Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism Right-wing Derby, Redbridge, Swale [Note 10] 4[13][14][15][16] [Note 11][17] 3
UK Independence Party (UKIP) Neil Hamilton Euroscepticism,[18][19] Right-wing populism,[19][20] National conservatism,[21] Economic liberalism,[19] British nationalism[22] Right-wing[23] to far-right[24][25][26] BCP, Folkestone & Hythe, South Staffordshire, Tamworth, Tendring 6[27][28][29][30] 0
British Democrats (BDP) James Lewthwaite and Andrew Brons British nationalism, Christian nationalism, Hard Euroscepticism, National conservatism, Right-wing populism, Ultranationalism Right-wing[31] to far-right[32] Epping Forest District Council 1[33] 4
5 Star Direct Democracy Party John Rees-Evans Euroscepticism Right-wing Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council, Hartlepool Borough Council 3[34][35][36] 1
Social Democratic Party (SDP) William Clouston Social democracy, Social conservatism, Communitarianism, Euroscepticism Fiscal: Centre-left
Social: Centre-right
Leeds City Council, Derbyshire Dales District Council 2 0
Animal Welfare Party (AWP) Vanessa Hudson Animal welfare Left-wing 0 1[37]
Climate Party Ed Gemmell Green conservatism Centre-right Buckinghamshire Council 1[38] 0
Harmony Party UK Collective leadership Socialism, Anarchism, Mutualism Left-wing to far-left 0 1[39]
National Flood Prevention Party Ewan Larcombe Single-issue Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council 1 0
The Reclaim Party Laurence Fox Right-wing populism Right-wing 0 1[40]
Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition (TUSC) Dave Nellist Trade unionism, Socialism, Euroscepticism Left-wing to far-left 0 1[41]
Women's Equality Party (WEP) Mandu Reid Feminism, Pro-Europeanism Left-wing 0 1[42]

Nationalist and regionalist

Party Leader Ideology Political position Local authorities Councillors Parish councillors
Wales Green Party Anthony Slaughter Green politics, Progressivism, Pro-Europeanism Left-wing Neath Port Talbot, Monmouthshire, Newport, Conwy, Powys, Swansea, Denbighshire, Cardiff 8[43] 4
Green Party Northern Ireland Malachai O'Hara Green politics, Nonsectarianism, Pro-Europeanism Centre-left 7 0
Yorkshire Party Bob Buxton Yorkshire regionalism, Social democracy Centre to centre-left East Riding, Selby, North Yorkshire 7 0
Mebyon Kernow Dick Cole Cornish nationalism, Civic nationalism, Regionalism,
Social democracy, Environmentalism, Pro-Europeanism
Centre-left Cornwall Cornwall Council[44][45]
5 / 87
North East Party Mark Burdon Regionalism, Subsidiarity, Progressivism Centre to centre-left Durham 4 0
Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) Billy Hutchinson British unionism, Democratic socialism, Social democracy Centre-left Belfast, Causeway Coast and Glens 4[46][47] 0
Gwlad Gwyn Wigley Evans Welsh nationalism, Welsh independence Centre-right Ceredigion County Council 1 2
Aontú Peadar Tóibín Anti-abortion, Irish republicanism, Irish reunification,
Social conservatism, Soft Euroscepticism
Fiscal: Centre-left
Social: Centre-right
Derry City and Strabane District Council, Mid Ulster District Council Local government in Northern Ireland
2 / 462
Cornish Nationalist Party Androw Hawke Cornish nationalism, Cornish devolution, Pan-Celticism Right-wing 0 1[48]
Independence for Scotland Party (ISP) Colette Walker Scottish independence, Pro-EFTA Left-wing Argyll and Bute Council 1 0
Militant Left Socialism
Far-left Fermanagh and Omagh District Council 1[49] 0
Propel Neil McEvoy Welsh nationalism, Welsh independence, Localism, Sovereignism, Anti-nuclearism Left-wing Cardiff, Gwynedd, Neath Port Talbot 1 0
Scotia Future Charles Brodie Scottish independence Left-wing Renfrewshire Council 1 0


Party Leader Local authorities Councillors Parish councillors
Ashfield Independents Jason Zadrozny Ashfield, Nottinghamshire 41[50][51] 12
Residents for Uttlesford John Lodge Uttlesford, Essex County Council 26[52] 20
Loughton Residents Association Epping Forest District, Essex County Council 14 21
Residents Associations of Epsom and Ewell Keith Lugton Epsom and Ewell, Surrey 35[53][54] 0
Farnham Residents Group No leader Surrey County Council, Waverley 20[55][56][54] 14
Lincolnshire Independents Marianne Overton Lincolnshire 26[57][58] 0
Horwich and Blackrod First Marie Brady Horwich Town Council, Bolton Council 13 11
Aspire Kalam Mahmud Abu Taher Choudhury Tower Hamlets Council Tower Hamlets Council
21 / 45
Mansfield Independents Martin Wright Mansfield, Nottinghamshire 19[60] 0
Residents for Guildford and Villages Jonathan Bigmore[61] Guildford, Surrey 18[62][54] 0
Independents for Frome Richard Ackroyd 0 17[63]
Canvey Island Independent Party David Blackwell Castle Point, Essex 16[64][65] 0
Derwentside Independents Watts Stelling Durham County Council 7[66][67] 5
Ashford Independents Noel Ovenden Ashford 11 0
East Devon Alliance Paul Arnott East Devon 11[68] 0
Devizes Guardians Nigel Carter 0 11[69]
Alderley Edge First Mike Dudley-Jones Cheshire East 1 9
Ecclesfield Parish Independent Councillors Robert John Brownrigg 0 10
Swale Independents Mike Baldock Swale Borough Council 10 0
Independents for Rame and Maker (INFORM) Ian Turpitt 0 9
Our Ryde Michael Lilley 0 9
The Haswells Community Party Chris Hood 0 9
Tunbridge Wells Alliance Nicholas Pope[70] Tunbridge Wells 9[71][72][73] 0
Ashtead Independents Chris Hunt Mole Valley, Surrey 8[74][75][76] 0
Henley Residents Group No leader South Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire 2[77] 6
Residents of Wilmslow No Leader Cheshire East Council 4 4
Hornchurch Residents' Association Stephanie Jane Nunn[78] Havering London Borough Council 7[79] 0
Rochford District Residents No Leader Rochford District, Essex County Council 7 0
Thornaby Independent Association No Leader Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council 7 0
City Independent No Leader Stoke-on-Trent City Council 6[80] 0
Ideal Bradford Dominic Newton 0 6
Molesey Residents' Association Stuart Selleck Surrey County Council, Elmbridge Borough Council 6[81][54][82] 0
Our West Lancashire Adrian Owens West Lancashire Borough Council 6[83] 0
Reform Derby Alan Graves senior Derby 6 [Note 12] 0
Runnymede Independent Residents' Group No leader Runnymede 6 0
Upminster and Cranham Residents' Association Linda Hawthorn Havering London Borough Council 6 0
Alliance for Local Living Felicity Rice Dorset Council, BCP 5 0
Basingstoke & Deane Independents Ian Tilbury Basingstoke and Deane 5 0
Burnley and Padiham Independent Party Mark Payne Burnley Borough Council 5 0
Farnworth and Kearsley First Peter Flitcroft Bolton Council Bolton Council
5 / 60
Morley Borough Independents Robert Finnigan Leeds City Council 5 0
Old Windsor Residents' Association Lynne Jones and Malcolm Beer Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council Local government
5 / 57
Poole Local Group Mohan Iyengar BCP 5 0
Poole People Party Mark Howell BCP 5 0
South Tyneside Independent Group Glenn Thompson 0 5
Thames Ditton & Weston Green Residents' Association Graham Cooke[85] Elmbridge Borough Council 5[86][54][82] [Note 13] 0
Wells Independents Philip Welch 0 5
Barnsley Independent Group Phillip Birkinshaw Barnsley 4[87] 0
Brockworth First No Leader Tewkesbury Borough Council 4 0
Independent Community and Health Concern Dr Richard Taylor Wyre Forest, Worcestershire, Shropshire 4[9] 0
Newport Independents Party Kevin Whitehead Newport, South Wales 4 [88] 0
Nork Residents' Association No leader Reigate and Banstead, Surrey 4[89][54] [Note 14] 0
Nottingham Independents Francesco Lari Nottingham City Council, Gedling Borough Council, Nottinghamshire 3 [90] 1
Tattenhams & Preston Residents No leader Reigate and Banstead, Surrey 4[89] [Note 15] 0
Edlington and Warmsworth First no leader 0 3
Fairfield and Yarm Independents No leader Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council 3 0
Guildford Greenbelt Group Susan Parker Guildford 3[91] 0
H&E Matters No leader Tendring District 3 0
Handforth Ratepayers' Association No leader Cheshire East 1 2
Harold Wood Hill Park Residents Association Darren Wise Havering London Borough Council 3 0
Highwoods Group Beverley Oxford Colchester 3[92] 0
Hinchley Wood Residents Association Saranne Bristow[93] Elmbridge Borough Council 3 [94][82] [Note 16] 0
Ingleby Barwick Independent Society Kenneth Dixon Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council 3 0
Merton Park Ward Residents Association Peter Southgate Merton London Borough Council Merton London Borough Council
3 / 60
Newcastle Independents Jason Smith Newcastle City Council 3[95] 0
People Against Bureaucracy Malcolm Stennett Cheltenham, Gloucestershire 3[96][97] 0
Rotherham Democratic Party Allen Cowles Rotherham 3[98] 0
Swanscombe and Greenhithe Residents' Association Peter Martin Harman Dartford Borough Council 3 0
Teesville Independents No leader Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council 3 0
Thurrock Independents Graham Snell Thurrock 3[99] 0
Independent Union Shane Moore Hartlepool 2[15] 0
Bollington First Amanda Stott Cheshire East 2 0
Chichester and Harbour Independents Louise Goldsmith Chichester District Council 2 0
Esher Residents Association No leader Elmbridge Borough Council 2[100][82] 0
Knowle Community Party Gary Hopkins Bristol City Council 2[101][102][103] 0
Lytham St. Anne's Independents John Raymond Davies Borough of Fylde 2 0
Morecambe Bay Independents Roger Dennison Lancaster 2[104] 0
Orkney Manifesto Group Rachael King Orkney Islands Council Orkney Islands Council
2 / 21
South Woodham Ferrers Independents Keith Bentley Chelmsford City Council 2 0
Tewkesbury and Twyning Independent No Leader Tewkesbury Borough Council 2 0
The Borough First[105] Charles Hollingsworth Windsor and Maidenhead 2[106] 0
The Walton Society No leader Elmbridge Borough Council 2[107][82] 0
Uplands Party[108] Peter May Swansea Council 2 0
West Words no leader Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council 2 0
Weybridge & St. George's Independents no leader Elmbridge Borough Council 2[109][82] 0
Wickford Independents No leader Basildon Borough Council 2[110] 0
East Cleveland Independent No leader Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council 1[111] 0
Hampshire Independents Alan Stone 0 1[112]
Heavy Woollen District Independents Aleksandar Lukic Kirklees Council 1[36] 0
Putting Cumbria First Jonathan Davies Allerdale Borough Council 1[113] 0
Sutton Residents' Party Elizabeth Sarah Parry 0 1
The Rubbish Party Sally Cogley East Ayrshire 1[114] 0
West Dunbartonshire Community Party Drew MacEoghainn West Dunbartonshire West Dunbartonshire Council
1 / 22
West Suffolk Independents Victor Lukaniuk Suffolk County Council 1[115] 0
Wythall Residents' Association No leader Bromsgrove District 1[116][54] 0

No elected UK representation

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This is a table of notable minor parties. Many parties are registered with the Electoral Commission but do not qualify for this list as they have not received significant independent coverage. Parties active across Ireland may have representation in the Republic of Ireland but not Northern Ireland.

Party Leader Ideology Political position
4 Freedoms Party (UK EEP) Dirk Hazell Conservatism, Pro-Europeanism Centre-right
Abolish the Welsh Assembly Party Richard Suchorzewski Welsh Parliament abolition
Anarchist Federation Collective Leadership Anarcho-communism, Anarchism Far-left
Britain First Paul Golding British Fascism, Ultranationalism, British unionism, Anti-Islamism, Euroscepticism Far-right
British National Party (BNP) Adam Walker British Fascism, Right-wing populism, White nationalism, White supremacism, Ethnic nationalism, Ultranationalism, Hard Euroscepticism Far-right
Burning Pink Roger Hallam Environmentalism Left-wing
Christian Party Jeff Green Christian right, Euroscepticism, Social conservatism, British unionism Right-wing
Christian Peoples Alliance (CPA) Sidney Cordle Christian right, Social conservatism, Euroscepticism Far-right
Church of the Militant Elvis Party David Bishop Political satire
The Common Good Dick Rodgers Christian democracy, Social conservatism, Anti-Islam Right-wing
Communist League No clear leader Communism, Euroscepticism Far-left
Communist Party of Britain (CPB) Robert Griffiths Communism, Marxism–Leninism Far-left
Communist Party of Britain
No clear leader Communism, Marxism–Leninism, Hard Euroscepticism Far-left
Communist Party of Great Britain
Ella Rule Communism, Marxism–Leninism, Stalinism Anti-revisionism, Anti-Zionism,[117] Hard Euroscepticism[118] Far-left
Communist Party of Great Britain
(Provisional Central Committee)
Collective leadership Communism, Leninism, Anti-Stalinism Far-left
Cross-Community Labour Alternative Owen McCracken Democratic socialism, Trade unionism, Nonsectarianism, Eco-socialism Left-wing
English Democrats Robin Tilbrook English nationalism, English independence, English parliamentary devolution, Euroscepticism Right-wing to far-right
Éirígí Brian Leeson Socialism, Irish republicanism, Anti-imperialism, Euroscepticism, Environmentalism Left-wing to far-left
Equal Parenting Alliance Ray Barry Fathers' rights movement
Fianna Fáil
(Major party in the Republic of Ireland)
Micheál Martin Conservatism, Christian democracy, Irish nationalism, Pro-Europeanism Centre to centre-right
Heritage Party David Kurten Euroscepticism, British nationalism, British unionism, Right-wing populism, Social conservatism Right-wing
Irish Republican Socialist Party Collective leadership Irish republicanism, Marxism-Leninism, Anti-globalisation, Hard Euroscepticism Far-left
Lewisham People Before Profit Patricia Richardson Socialism, Localism Left-wing
Left Unity Sharon McCourt
Joseph Healy
Nick Jones
(Principal Speakers)
Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Environmentalism,
Feminism, Anti-racism, Pro-Europeanism
Libertarian Party Adam Brown Libertarianism, Classical liberalism, Euroscepticism
Llais Gwynedd Owain Williams Gwynedd regionalism
London Black Revolutionaries Unknown Anti-capitalism, Anti-fascism, Anti-imperialism, Revolutionary socialism, Anti-racism Far-Left
National Health Action Party (NHA) Alastair Fischer and Veronika Wagner Re-nationalisation of the NHS, Social democracy,
Environmentalism, Anti-austerity, Reformism
National Front (NF) Tony Martin Fascism, Neo-fascism, British nationalism, White supremacism
Factions: Neo-Nazism, Radical populism, Third Positionism
National Liberal Party Upkar Singh Rai Euroscepticism Far-right
New Communist Party of Britain Andy Brooks Communism, Marxism-Leninism, Anti-revisionism, Hard Euroscepticism Far-left
Northern Independence Party (NIP) Philip Proudfoot and Evie McGovern Northern independence, Democratic socialism Left-wing
Peace Party John Morris Pacifism, Environmentalism Left-wing
Republican Network for Unity Gary McNally Irish republicanism, Socialism Left-wing
Republican Sinn Féin Seosamh Ó Maoileoin Irish republicanism, Irish nationalism, Éire Nua, Socialism, Euroscepticism, Abstentionism, Secularism Left-wing
Revolutionary Communist Party of
Britain (Marxist–Leninist)
Chris Coleman Communism, Anti-revisionism, Hoxhaism, Marxism–Leninism Far-left
Saoradh Collective leadership Irish republicanism, Dissident republicanism, Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Anti-imperialism Far-left
Science Party Michael Brooks Technocracy
Scottish Democratic Alliance (SDA) Robert Lamb Watson Scottish independence, Hard Euroscepticism Centre-right
Scottish Libertarian Party Tam Laird Libertarianism, Classical liberalism, Minarchism, Individualism, Scottish independence, Euroscepticism
Scottish Socialist Party Collective leadership Democratic socialism, Anti-capitalism, Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism Left-wing
Scottish Unionist Party (SUP) Daniel Houston Scottish unionism, British unionism, Anti-Scottish Parliament Right-wing
Socialist Equality Party No clear leader Orthodox Trotskyism Far-left
Socialist Labour Party (SLP) Arthur Scargill Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Fiscal localism,
Republicanism, Hard Euroscepticism
Socialist Party (England and Wales) Hannah Sell Trotskyism Far-left
Socialist Party (Ireland) Collective leadership Democratic socialism, Political radicalism,
Trotskyism, Euroscepticism
Left-wing to far-left
Socialist Party of Great Britain (SPGB) Collective leadership Socialism, Marxism, Impossibilism Far-left
Socialist Party Scotland No clear leader Socialism, Trotskyism, Trade unionism Far-left
Socialist Workers Party (SWP) Collective leadership Trotskyism Far-left
Solidarity Federation Collective leadership Anarcho-Syndicalism, Anarchism Left-wing to Far-left
Something New Dr James Smith Radical centrism, No fixed ideology Centre
Spartacist League of Britain Unclear Trotskyism Far-left
Taking The Initiative Party (TTIP) Charles Gordon and Sasha Johnson Anti-racism Left-wing
Veterans and People's Party (VPP) Robin Horsfall Islamophobia, Right-wing populism, British nationalism, Hard Euroscepticism, Conservatism Right-wing
Volt UK Philipp Gnatzy Pro-Europeanism, European federalism, Social liberalism, Progressivism Centre to centre-left
Wessex Regionalists Jim Gunter Wessex regionalism, Agrarianism
Whig Party Waleed Ghani Pro-Europeanism, Social progressivism, Whiggism Centre
Workers Party of Britain (WPB) George Galloway Conservative socialism, Left-wing nationalism, Social patriotism Fiscal: Far-left
Social: Centre-right
Workers' Party of Ireland Michael Donnelly Communism, Marxism–Leninism, Irish republicanism, Euroscepticism Far-left
Workers' Power National Committee Trotskyism Far-left
Workers Revolutionary Party Joshua Ogunleye Trotskyism, Euroscepticism, Healyism Far-left

Defunct parties

Party Foundation/
Leader at dissolution Ideology Political position
Advance Together 2017–2020 Annabel Mullin Social liberalism, Subsidiarity, Reformism, Pro-Europeanism Centre
Anti-Federalist League
(Later became what is now UKIP)
1991–1993 Alan Sked Euroscepticism Right-wing
Blaenau Gwent People's Voice 2005–2010 No clear leader Localism, Populism
Borders Party 2006–2020 Frances Pringle Localism
Boston Bypass Independents 2006–2011 Richard Austin Localism
Britannica Party 2011–2020 Charles Baillie British Fascism, Right-wing populism Far-right
British First Party 2007 Kevin Quinn Neo-Nazism, White nationalism, White supremacy Far-right
British Freedom Party (BFP) 2010–2012 Kevin Carroll British nationalism, Euroscepticism, Anti-Islam Far-right
Cannabis Is Safer Than Alcohol (CISTA) 2015–2016 Paul Birch Cannabis legalisation
Class War 2014–2015 No clear leader Anarchism Left-wing to far-left
Community Action Party 2002–2016 Michael Moulding Environmentalism, Localism Centre-left
Communist Party of Scotland 1992–2017(?) No clear leader Communism, Marxism-Leninism, Scottish independence Far-left
The Community Group (Hounslow) 1994–2016 Ian Speed Localism
Countryside Party 2000–2008 No clear leader Agrarianism, Conservatism Right-wing
Democratic Alliance of Wales 1999–2008 Mike German Localism
Democratic Labour 1972–1979 Dick Taverne Social democracy Centre-left
Democratic Party 1998–2010 Geoff Southall Euroscepticism, Direct democracy Right-wing
East Kilbride Alliance 2007–2012 No clear leader Localism Centre-left
Ecology Party 1975–1985 Tony Whittaker Green politics Left-wing
England First 2003–2012 Mark Cotterill Ethnic nationalism, English nationalism,
English independence, Euroscepticism
Fancy Dress Party 1979–2017 Steven Fumpleton Political satire
Fellowship Party 1955–2007 Sidney Fagan Environmentalism, Pacifism, Christian socialism Left-wing
Fishing Party (Scotland) 2003–2004 George Geddes Single-issue
For Britain Movement 2017–2022 Anne Marie Waters Anti-Islam, Right-wing populism, British nationalism,
National conservatism, Hard Euroscepticism
For Darwen Party 2007–2013 Stephen Potter Localism, Hard Euroscepticism Right-wing
Forward Wales 2003–2010 John Marek Socialism, Welsh nationalism Left-wing
Freedom Party 2000–2006 Adrian Davies Anti-immigration, Protectionism Right-wing to far-right
Free Party 1997–2005 No clear leader Political satire "Slack"
Green Party UK
Predecessor of the GPEW, SGP, and GPNI.
1985–1990 Tom Wood Green politics Left-wing
Glasgow First 2012–2015 Gerrard McCue Social democracy Centre-left
Harold Hill Independent[119] 2017–2018 Lorraine Moss Localism
Highlands and Islands Alliance 1998–2004 Lorraine Mann Localism, Regionalism, Soft Euroscepticism
Independence from Europe 2012–2017 Mike Nattrass Euroscepticism, State ownership,
Direct democracy, English devolution
The Independent Group for Change 2019 Anna Soubry Centrism, Pro-Europeanism Centre
Independent Working Class Association (IWCA) 1995–2020 No clear leader Socialism, Localism Left-wing
Islamic Party of Britain 1989–2006 David Musa Pidcock Islamism Third position
Jury Team 2009–2011 Sir Paul Judge Nonpartisan politics, Localism, Direct democracy Big tent
Legalise Cannabis Alliance 1997–2013 Peter Reynolds Cannabis legalisation, Drug policy reform
Left List 2008–2010 Collective leadership Socialism Left-wing
Liberal Party
(Merged with SDP to make Liberal Democrats)
1859–1988 David Steel[Note 17] Liberalism, Classical liberalism, Social liberalism Centre
Liberty GB 2013–2017 Paul Weston Hard Euroscepticism, Right-wing populism,
British nationalism, Social conservatism
Make Politicians History 2005–2009 Ronnie Carroll Anti-Parliamentarianism
MP3 Party 2002–2007 Ruslan Fedorovsky Political satire
National Democrats (ND) 1995–2011 No clear leader British nationalism, Right-wing populism, Third positionism,
Euroscepticism, National conservatism
Nationalist Alliance 2005–2008 Catherine Parker-Brown White supremacy Far-right
Natural Law Party (NLP) 1992–2004 No clear leader Pro-Transcendental Meditation
New Deal 2013–2015 Alan Sked Euroscepticism, Social liberalism Centre-left
New Party 2003–2010 Richard Vass Neoliberalism, Economic liberalism, Internationalism,
Euroscepticism, Right-libertarianism
No2EU 2009–2014 No clear leader Euroscepticism, Socialism Left-wing
No Candidate Deserves My Vote! 2000–2012 Amanda Ringwood Electoral reform, None of the above
Northern Ireland Women's Coalition (NIWC) 1996–2006 Monica McWilliams
Pearl Sagar
Feminism, Nonsectarianism
Northern Party 2015–2016 Michael Dawson Northern England Regionalism
NI21 2013–2016 Basil McCrea Ulster unionism, Social liberalism, Secularism,
Nonsectarianism, Pro-Europeanism
One London 2005–2008 Damian Hockney Euroscepticism Right-wing
Pirate Party 2009–2020 Harley James Faggetter Pirate politics, Civil libertarianism
Pro-Euro Conservative Party 1999–2001 John Stevens
Brendan Donnelly
One-nation conservatism, Liberal conservatism,
Centre to centre-right
ProLife Alliance 1996–2004 Josephine Quintavalle
Bruno Quintavalle
Anti-abortion Single-issue
Protestant Coalition 2013–2015 Robert McKee Irish unionism, Ulster loyalism, British nationalism,
Christian fundamentalism, Christian right
Raving Loony Green Giant Party 1989–1993 Stuart Hughes Environmentalism, Political satire
Referendum Party 1994–1997 James Goldsmith Euroscepticism Single-issue
Renew Party 2017–2022 James Clarke Pro-Europeanism Centre
Respect Party 2004–2016 George Galloway Anti-war, Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Anti-imperialism,
Anti-Zionism, Euroscepticism
Left-wing to far-left
RISE – Scotland's Left Alliance 2015–2020 Jonathon Shafi Anti-capitalism, Eco-socialism, Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism Left-wing
Rock 'n' Roll Loony Party 2000–2007 Chris Driver Political satire
Scottish Enterprise Party
(Now Scottish Democratic Alliance)
2004–2009 Robert Lamb Watson Scottish independence, Hard Euroscepticism Centre-right
Scottish Jacobite Party 2005–2007 &
John Black Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism,
Scottish Voice 2007–2012 Archie Stirling Centre-right
Social Democratic Alliance (SDA) 1975–1981 No clear leader Social democracy, Anti-communism Centre to centre-left
Social Democratic Party (SDP)
(Merged with old Liberal Party
to make Liberal Democrats)
1981–1988 Robert Maclennan[Note 18] Social democracy, Social liberalism Centre
Socialist People's Party (Furness) 1995–2015 Jim Hamezian Socialism Left-wing
Solidarity 2006–2021 Tommy Sheridan Socialism, Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism, Euroscepticism Left-wing to far-left
Tower Hamlets First 2013–2015 Lutfur Rahman Social democracy, Localism Centre-left
Trust Party 2010–2011 Stuart Wheeler Soft Euroscepticism Right-wing
UK European Union Party 2019-2021 Pierre Kirk Pro-Europeanism, Cultural liberalism, Social liberalism,
Fiscal conservatism
UK Unionist Party (UKUP) 1995–2008 Robert McCartney British unionism, Nonsectarianism, Integrationism Centre-right
Ulster Popular Unionist Party 1980–1995 James Kilfedder British unionism, Pro-devolution Centre-right
United in Europe 2014–2015 Charles Cormack Liberalism, Pro-Europeanism Centre-left
United Kingdom First Party 2009-2010 Robin Page Populism, Euroscepticism Right-wing
United Ulster Unionist Party (UUUP) 1975–1984 Ernest Baird Ulster loyalism Right-wing
Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party (VUPP) 1972–1978 William Craig British nationalism, Ulster loyalism Right-wing to far-right
Veritas 2005–2015 Therese Muchewicz Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism Right-wing
We Demand a Referendum Now (WDARN) 2012–2014 Nikki Sinclaire Euroscepticism Single-issue
White Nationalist Party (WNP) 2002–2005 No clear leader White nationalism, Neo-fascism, White supremacy Far-right

Historical parties

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f Including absent, suspended and temporarily disqualified members.
  2. ^ Including 26 as Lab Co-op.
  3. ^ The Speaker, Sir Lindsay Hoyle, is not included in this tally as the speaker stands in the election as "Speaker seeking re-election" and no longer has ties with their original party.
  4. ^ Including 16 as Lab Co-op.
  5. ^ Including 7 as Lab Co-op.
  6. ^ Including 11 as Lab Co-op.
  7. ^ Sinn Fein operate a policy of Abstentionism and do not take their Commons seats
  8. ^ Including absent, suspended and temporarily disqualified members.
  9. ^ Party operates a policy of collective leadership, but Eamonn McCann is listed as the party's leader for the purposes of registration to the UK Electoral Commission.
  10. ^ Two town councillors are on Newquay Town Council, the other a Parish Councillor on the Isle of Sheppey / Swale
  11. ^ 2 sit as Reform Derby and Reform UK
  12. ^ 2 sit as Reform Derby and Reform UK
  13. ^ 1 member sits as a member of the Hinchley Wood Residents' Association and the Thames Ditton & Weston Green Residents' Association
  14. ^ 1 member sits as a member of the Nork Residents' Association and the Tattenham & Preston Residents' Association
  15. ^ 1 member sits as a member of the Nork Residents' Association and the Tattenham & Preston Residents' Association
  16. ^ 1 member sits as a member of the Hinchley Wood Residents' Association and the Thames Ditton & Weston Green Residents' Association
  17. ^ The SDP-Liberal Alliance at dissolution was jointly led by Steel as the leader of the Liberal Party and Robert Maclennan as the leader of the SDP.
  18. ^ The SDP-Liberal Alliance at dissolution was jointly led by David Steel as the leader of the Liberal Party and Maclennan as the leader of the SDP.


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