Swansea Council

Welsh: Cyngor Abertawe
Swansea City Council Logo.svg
Type
Type
History
Founded1 April 1996
Preceded byWest Glamorgan County Council
Swansea City Council
Lliw Valley Borough Council
Leadership
Mike Day,
Liberal Democrats
since 20 May 2022[1]
Rob Stewart,
Labour
since 9 September 2014
Chief Executive
Martin Nicholls (interim)
since May 2022[2]
Structure
Seats75 councillors
Political groups
Administration
  Labour (45)
Other parties (20)
  Liberal Democrats (11)
  Independent (7)
  Conservative (7)
  Uplands (4)
  Green (1)
Length of term
5 years
Elections
First past the post
First election
4 May 1995
Last election
4 May 2017
Next election
5 May 2022
Meeting place
Council chamber in Swansea Guildhall
Guildhall, Swansea
Website
www.swansea.gov.uk Edit this at Wikidata

The City and County of Swansea Council (Welsh: Cyngor Dinas a Sir Abertawe), or simply Swansea Council (Welsh: Cyngor Abertawe), is the local authority for the city and county of Swansea, one of the principal areas of Wales. The principal area also includes rural areas to the north of the built-up area of Swansea and the Gower Peninsula to the west. The council consists of 75 councillors representing 32 electoral wards.

Since 2012 the council has been controlled by the Labour Party.

History

The Guildhall - council headquarters
The Guildhall - council headquarters

Swansea was an ancient borough. The town's first charter was granted sometime between 1158 and 1184 by William de Newburgh, 3rd Earl of Warwick. The charter granted the townsmen (called burgesses) certain rights to develop the area. A second charter was granted in 1215 by King John. The borough was reformed under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 to become a municipal borough.[3]

When elected county councils were established in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888, Swansea was considered large enough to run its own county-level services, and so it became a county borough, independent from Glamorgan County Council. Swansea County Borough Council was the local authority from 1889 until 1974. It gained city status in 1969, allowing the council to call itself Swansea City Council.

In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Swansea became a lower-tier district council, with the new West Glamorgan County Council providing county-level services. The district of Swansea created in 1974 was larger than the old county borough, also covering the area of the abolished Gower Rural District. In 1996, under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, further local government reform saw West Glamorgan County Council abolished and the district of Swansea merged with parts of the Lliw Valley district to form a unitary authority, called the 'City and County of Swansea' (Welsh: Dinas a Sir Abertawe.)

Political control

The first election to the new council was held in 1995, initially operating as a shadow authority before coming into its powers on 1 April 1996. Political control of the council since 1996 has been held by the following parties:[4]

Party in control Years
Labour 1996–2004
No overall control 2004–2012
Labour 2012–present

Leadership

The first leader of the council following the reforms in 1996, Tom Jones, was the last leader of West Glamorgan County Council. The leaders of Swansea Council since 1996 have been:[5]

Councillor Party From To
Tom Jones Labour 1 Apr 1996 1999
Mike Hedges Labour 1999 18 May 2001
Lawrence Bailey Labour 18 May 2001 24 Jun 2004
Chris Holley Liberal Democrats 24 Jun 2004 15 May 2012
David Phillips[6] Labour 15 May 2012 28 Aug 2014
Rob Stewart[7] Labour 9 Sep 2014

Current composition

As at 5 May 2022:

Group affiliation Members
Labour 45
Liberal Democrats 11
Conservative 7
  Independent
5
Uplands 4
  Independent@Swansea
2
Green 1
 Total
75

Party with majority control in bold.

Elections

Since 2012, elections have taken place every five years. The last election was 5 May 2022.

Year Seats Labour Liberal Democrats Conservative Plaid Cymru Green Independent Notes
1995 72 57 6 1 0 0 8 Labour majority controlled
1999 72 45 11 4 3 0 9 Labour majority controlled
2004 72 32 19 4 5 0 12 No overall control, "Swansea Administration" coalition[8][9]
2008 72 30 23 4 1 0 14 No overall control, "Swansea Administration" coalition[10]
2012 72 49 12 4 0 0 7 Labour majority controlled[11][12]
2017 72 48 7 8 0 0 9 Labour majority controlled[13]
2022 75 45 11 7 0 1 11 Labour majority controlled

Party with the most elected councillors in bold. Coalition agreements in notes column.

Between 1996 and 2004, the council was under Labour control. Between 2004 and 2012 there was no overall control and the council was led by a coalition of the Liberal Democrats, Independents and the Conservatives, termed the Swansea Administration. Labour regained control of the council at the 2012 election and retained control at the 2017 and 2022 elections.

Mayoralty

Mansion House, Ffynone
Mansion House, Ffynone

The Lord Mayor of Swansea (Welsh: Arglwydd Faer Abertawe) is a senior member of the elected Council. Swansea has had a Mayor since it became a borough in 1835. The dignity of Lord Mayor was conferred on the city by Queen Elizabeth II on 22 March 1982 to celebrate the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales. The status was confirmed on 1 April 1996 when the Unitary Authority of the City and County of Swansea came into being.

The style of the Lord Mayor is "The Right Worshipful the Lord Mayor of Swansea". The official residence is the Mansion House in Ffynone, which was originally built as the home of a previous mayor, Evan Matthew Richards. It was purchased by the then County Borough of Swansea in 1922 and renamed the Mansion House.

Lord Mayors of Swansea

Municipal Year Mayor Notes
2022–23 Mike Day
2021–22 Mary Jones
2020–21 Mark Child
2019–20 Peter Black
2018–19 David Phillips
2017–18 Philip Downing
2016–17 David Hopkins[14]
2015–16 John Newbury[15]
2014–15 Ceinwen Thomas[16]
2013–14 June Stanton[17]
2012–13 Dennis James died 20 April 2013
2011–12 Ioan Richard
2010–11 Richard Lewis
2009–10 Alan Lloyd
2008–09 Gareth Sullivan
2007–08 Susan Waller (Thomas)
2006–07 Christopher Holley
2005–06 Mair Gibbs
2004–05 Margaret Smith
2003–04 Lawrence Bailey
2002–03 June Burtonshaw
2001–02 Robert Francis-Davies
2000–01 John Davies
1999–2000 Robert J. Lloyd[18]
1998–99 David I. E. Jones[18]
1997–98 Gareth Williams[18]
1996–97 Desmond Thomas/Len Howell
1995–96 Grenville Phillips
1994–95 Walter Dyer
1993–94 Robert Davies
1992–93 Charles Birss
1991–92 Byron Owen
1990–91 Colin Hammacott
1989–90 Lorna Aldron
1988–89 Howard John Morgan
1987–88 Holland William Ayres
1986–87 Lilian Maud Hopkin First female Lord Mayor
1985–86 Trevor Gordon Burtonshaw
1984–85 Michael Murphy
1983–84 Charles Thomas
1982–83 Tyssul Lewis
1982 Paul Valerio First Lord Mayor of Swansea

Electoral divisions

Main article: List of electoral wards in Swansea

Following a local government boundary review, the number of wards in Swansea was reduced from 36 to 32. The changes took effect from the 2022 local elections. The boundaries of 15 wards remained unchanged, but a number of other wards were merged, or radically altered, with new wards such as Mumbles and Waterfront created.[19]

The following table lists the post-2022 county/community wards, the numbers of councillors elected and the communities they cover. Communities with a community council are indicated with a '*':

Ward County
Councillors
Communities (Parishes) Places covered
Bishopstonc 1 Bishopston* Barland Common, Caswell, Bishopston, Clyne Common, Manselfield, Murton, Oldway
Bon-y-maenc 2 Bon-y-maen Pentrechwyth, Pentre Dwr, Winch Wen
Castlec 4 Castle Swansea city centre, Brynmelin, Dyfatty, Mount Pleasant (part) and Sandfields
Clydach 3 Clydach*, Mawr* (Craig-Cefn-Parc ward) Clydach, Craig-cefn-parc, Faerdre, Glais (East) and Penydre
Cockettc 3 Cockett Cadle, Cwmdu (part), Coedweig, Gendros, Gors, Fforestfach
Cwmbwrlac 3 Cwmbwrla Brondeg, Brynhyfryd, Cwmdu, Gendros, Manselton
Dunvant and Killay 3 Dunvant, Killay Dunvant, Killay
Fairwood 1 Upper Killay*, Llanrhidian Higher* (Three Crosses ward) Upper Killay, Three Crosses
Gorseinon and Penyrheol 3 Gorseinon*, Grovesend and Waungron Gorseinon town, Grovesend, Waungron
Gower 1 Llangennith, Llanmadoc and Cheriton*, Llanrhidian Lower*, Penrice*, Port Eynon*, Reynoldston,* Rhossili* Cheriton, Fairyhill, Horton, Knelston, Landimore, Llanddewi, Llangennith, Llanmadoc, Llanrhidian, Middleton, Nicholaston, Oldwalls, Overton, Oxwich Green, Oxwich, Penrice, Port Eynon, Reynoldston, Rhossili, Grovesend, Llanmorlais, Pentrebach, Pont-Lliw, Poundffald, Slade
Gowertonc 2 Gowerton* Gowerton village, Penclawdd
Landorec 2 Landore Hafod, Landore, Morfa, Plasmarl
Llangyfelach 1 Llangyfelach*, Mawr* (Felindre ward) Felindre, Llangyfelach, Tyn-y-cwm
Llansamlet 4 Llansamlet, Birchgrove Birchgrove, Glais, Heol Las, Llansamlet, Morriston, Talycoppa, Summerhill and Trallwn
Llwchwrc 3 Llwchwr* Loughor
Mayals 1 Mumbles* (Mayals ward) Blackpill, Mayals
Morristonc 5 Morriston Caemawr, Cwmrhydyceirw, Morriston town, Parc Gwernfadog, Pant-lasau, Ynysforgan and Ynystawe
Mumbles 3 Mumbles* (Newton and Oystermouth wards) Langland, Mumbles, Newton, Oystermouth, Thistleboon
Mynydd-bachc 3 Mynyddbach Clase, Clasemont, Park View Estate, Penfillia Estate, Treboeth, Tirdeunaw, Pinewood, Mynydd Garnlywd and Bryn Rock
Pen-clawdd 1 Llanrhidian Higher* Blue Anchor, Llanmorlais, Penclawdd, Crofty and Wernffrwd
Penderryc 3 Penderry Penlan, Portmead, Blaen-y-Maes, Fforesthall and Caereithin
Penllergaerc 1 Penllergaer* Penllergaer
Pennard 1 Pennard*, Ilston* Bishopston, Fairwood Common, Kittle, Parkmill, Penmaen, Southgate
Pontarddulais 2 Pontarddulais*, Mawr (Garnswllt ward) Pontarddulais town, Garnswllt, Pentrebach
Pontlliw and Tircoedc 1 Pontlliw and Tircoed* Pontlliw, Tircoed
St. Thomasc 2 St. Thomas Dan-y-graig, Port Tennant, Kilvey Hill and the Grenfell Park Area, St. Thomas
Skettyc 5 Sketty Carnglas, Clyne Valley (Gwerneinon), Derwen Fawr, Hendrefoilan, Killay, Singleton Park, Sketty village, Tycoch, Cwmgwyn
Townhillc 3 Townhill Cwm-Gwyn, Mayhill, Mount Pleasant, Townhill
Uplandsc 4 Uplands Brynmill, St. Helens, Cwmgwyn, Ffynone and The Lons, Uplands
Waterfrontc 1 Waterfront Maritime Quarter, SA1 Swansea Waterfront
Waunarlwyddc 1 Waunarlwydd Waunarlwydd
West Cross 2 Mumbles* (West Cross ward) Norton, West Cross

* = Communities which elect a community council
c = Ward coterminous with community of the same name

Corporate identity

The logo of the City and County of Swansea depicts a stylised Osprey. It is shown with the name of the council written beneath it or beside it, both in Welsh (Cyngor Abertawe) and English (Swansea Council). An older version of the logo displayed the text written in a ring around the Osprey pictogram.

Coat of arms

The official coat of arms used by the council today were granted by the College of Arms in 1922. The motto is 'Floreat Swansea'.

The Arms are blazoned as follows:

Per Fess wavy Azure and barry wavy of six Argent, of the first a double-towered Castle or, in Chief on an Inescutcheon of the third a Lion passant guardant Gules; And for the Crest, On a Wreath of the Colours an Osprey rising holding in the Beak a Fish proper; Supporters: on the dexter side a Lion Gules gorged with a Mural Crown or, and on the sinister side a Dragon Gules gorged with a Mural Crown or'.

The Arms are symbolic to an extent: the blue and white wavy bars represent the sea, since Swansea is a port town; the Castle represents the Medieval fortifications of the Town; the lion as dexter supporter and on the Inescutcheon commemorates the link with the de Breos family; and the dragon as sinister supporter is the National Emblem of Wales and is a supporter in the Achievement of Arms of the present Lord Swansea.

In April 1974, the City of Swansea was merged with the Gower Rural District to form the new District and City of Swansea. The Arms granted to the Corporation of the County Borough of Swansea in 1922 were transferred unchanged to the new City Council in May 1975. The Certificate of Transfer of the College of Arms dated 11 March 1976 confirmed the re-granting of the Arms. With the 1996 reorganisation of local government, the arms were transferred a second time to the present City Council.[20]

Council premises

Civic Centre overlooking Swansea Bay
Civic Centre overlooking Swansea Bay

See also

References

  1. ^ "Council minutes, 20 May 2022" (PDF). Swansea Council. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  2. ^ "Swansea Council appoints interim Chief Executive". 23 March 2022. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  3. ^ "Swansea County Borough". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  4. ^ "Compositions calculator". The Elections Centre. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  5. ^ "Council minutes". Swansea Council. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  6. ^ "Swansea council leader David Phillips steps down". BBC News. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  7. ^ "Rob Stewart set to lead Labour-ruling Swansea council". BBC News. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Swansea council - Lab lose to NOC". BBC News. 11 June 2004.
  9. ^ "Local Election Results 2004 - Swansea". Local Elections Archive Project (Andrew Teale).
  10. ^ "Local Election Results 2008 - Swansea". Local Elections Archive Project (Andrew Teale).
  11. ^ "Vote 2012 - Swansea". BBC News. 4 May 2012.
  12. ^ "Local Election Results 2012 - Swansea". Local Elections Archive Project (Andrew Teale).
  13. ^ "Labour increases Swansea lead and holds Neath Port Talbot". BBC News. 5 May 2017.
  14. ^ "New Lord Mayor for Swansea". City of Swansea. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  15. ^ "Lord Mayor of Swansea". City of Swansea. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  16. ^ "Ceinwen Thomas installed as the new mayor of Swansea". South Wales Evening Post. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  17. ^ "New Lord Mayor and Deputy Lord Mayor for Swansea". South Wales Evening Post. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  18. ^ a b c "Records relating to the Mayor/Lord Mayor of Swansea". Swansea City Council. Archived from the original on 1 May 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  19. ^ Richard Youle (30 June 2021). "Swansea is to have three more councillors next year as some boundaries change". Wales Online. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  20. ^ The Local Authorities (Armorial Bearings) (No. 2) (Wales) Order 1996 (1996 No. 1930 ) (OPSI website), accessed October 2, 2007