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This article lists political parties in Denmark.

Denmark has a multi-party system, with two or three major parties complemented by several other significant parties. The government typically consists of a major party in coalition with, or supported by, a number of smaller parties. No party has won an outright majority since 1903. All governments since then have either been one-party minority governments or coalitions between two or more parties.da

The Ministry of the Interior and Housing registers and validates party names and the official party letters for all parties that participate in national elections. On ballots, the parties are sorted alphabetically by party letter.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

Parties represented in the Folketing or the European Parliament

Election
Symbol
Party name Representation (2024) Ideology Leader
Folketing
(175/179 seats)
MEPs
(14/705 seats)

A
Social Democrats,
Socialdemokratiet
50 / 179
3 / 14
Social democracy Mette Frederiksen

V
Venstre,
Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti
(Left, Denmark's Liberal Party)
23 / 179
3 / 14
Conservative liberalism,
Agrarianism (Nordic)
Troels Lund Poulsen

M
Moderates,
Moderaterne
16 / 179
1 / 14
Liberalism Lars Løkke Rasmussen

F
Green Left,
Socialistisk Folkeparti (Socialist People's Party)
15 / 179
2 / 14
Green politics,
Democratic socialism
Pia Olsen Dyhr

Æ
The Denmark Democrats,
Danmarksdemokraterne
or: Danmarksdemokraterne – Inger Støjberg
(The Denmark Democrats – Inger Støjberg)
14 / 179
0 / 14
Right-wing populism Inger Støjberg

I
Liberal Alliance,
Liberal Alliance
14 / 179
0 / 14
Classical liberalism,
Right-libertarianism
Alex Vanopslagh

C
Conservative People's Party,
Det Konservative Folkeparti
10 / 179
1 / 14
Conservatism,
Social conservatism,
Liberal conservatism
Søren Pape Poulsen

Ø
Red-Green Alliance,
Enhedslisten – De Rød-Grønne
(Unity List – The Red-Greens)
9 / 179
1 / 14
Democratic socialism,
Eco-socialism,
Anti-capitalism, Euroscepticism
Collective leadership

B
Danish Social Liberal Party,
Radikale Venstre
(Radical Left)
7 / 179
2 / 14
Social liberalism Martin Lidegaard

O
Danish People's Party,
Dansk Folkeparti
7 / 179
1 / 14
Danish nationalism,
National conservatism
Morten Messerschmidt

Å
The Alternative,
Alternativet
6 / 179
0 / 14
Green politics,
Pro-Europeanism
Franciska Rosenkilde

D
The New Right,
Nye Borgerlige
(The New Bourgeois)
3 / 179
0 / 14
National conservatism,
Right-libertarianism,
Right-wing populism
Vacant

SP
Union Party (Faroe Islands)
Unionist Party, Union Party (Faroe Islands)
Sambandsflokkurin
1 / 179
0 / 14
Conservative liberalism,
Nordic agrarianism,
Social liberalism,
Danish unionism
Bárður á Steig Nielsen

IA
Inuit Ataqatigiit
Community of the People
(Folkets Samfund)
1 / 179
0 / 14
Greenlandic independence,
Democratic socialism,
Enviromentalism,
Left-wing nationalism
Múte Bourup Egede

SIU
Siumut
Forward
(Fremad)
1 / 179
0 / 14
Social democracy,
Greenlandic independence
Erik Jensen

JF
Social Democratic Party (Faroe Islands)
Social Democratic Party (Faroe Islands)
Javnaðarflokkurin
1 / 179
0 / 14
Social democracy,
Danish Unionism
Aksel V. Johannesen


Parties without Folketing or European Parliament representation

Election
Symbol
Party name Recent results Ideology Leader
Folketing European Parliament Municipal

K or KD
Christian Democrats,
Kristendemokraterne
18,276
(0.5%)
did not run
11 / 2,436
Christian democracy, Environmentalism Jeppe Hedaa

Q
Independent Greens,
Frie Grønne
or: Frie Grønne – Danmarks nye venstrefløjsparti
(The Independent Greens – Denmark's New Left-Wing Party)
31,787
(0.9%)
did not exist did not run Green politics Sikandar Siddique

N
People's Movement against the EU,
Folkebevægelsen mod EU
did not run 102,101
(3.7%)
did not run Hard Euroscepticism
Sovereignty
Susanna Dyre-Greensite, collective leadership, collective management

S
Schleswig Party,
Slesvigsk Parti
Schleswigsche Partei
did not run did not run
10 / 2,436
Regionalism
German minority interests
Rainer Naujeck

Minor parties

Party name Election
Symbol
Party logo Founded Ideology Leader
The Black Register
Det Sorte Register
2011 Tax Reform Ole Eli Christiansen
CenterParty
CenterPartiet
CP 2009 Centrism Per Schultz-Knudsen
The Citizen List
Borgerlisten
E 2018 Populism
Reformism
Klaus Riskjær Pedersen
Communist Party
Kommunistisk Parti (KP)
2006 Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Lotte Rørtoft-Madsen
Communist Party in Denmark
Kommunistisk Parti i Danmark (KPiD)
N 1990 Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Rikke G.F. Carlsson
Communist Party of Denmark, CPD
Danmarks Kommunistiske Parti (DKP)
K or DKP 1919 Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Henrik Stamer Hedin
Puppet Party
Dukkepartiet
2014 Big tent Unspecified
Folkeringen
Folkeringen
2016 Democratic Socialism Steen D. Hartmann
Freedom List
Frihedslisten
Æ 2021 Regionalism
Humanism
Civil libertarianism
Vaccine hesitancy
Liberalism
Flemming Blicher
Hard Line or Tight Course
Stram Kurs
P 2017 Ethnic nationalism
Identitarianism
Anti-immigration
Rasmus Paludan
National Party
Nationalpartiet
N 2014 Centrism Asif Ahmad, Kashif Ahmad, Aamer Ahmad
National Socialist Movement of Denmark
Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Bevægelse, (DNSB)
DNSB 1991 Neo-Nazism Esben Kristensen
People's Movement for Justice and Welfare
Folkebevægelsen Ret- & Velfærd
2006 Individualism
Social Individualism
Kristian Poul Herkild
People's Party JFK21
Folkepartiet JFK21, Folkepartiet - Jorden, Frihed, Kundskab
JFK21 2020 Liberalism
Civil libertarianism
Regionalism
Humanism
Vaccine hesitancy[8]
Mads Palsvig[9][10]
Pirate Party of Denmark
Piratpartiet
P 2009 Pirate politics Ole Husgaard
The Synthetic Party
Det Syntetiske Parti
! 2022 Techno-populism
Transhumanism
Radical democracy
Leader Lars
United Democrats
Forenede Demokrater
2013 Centre-left politics Britta Johansson
Visions-Partiet
Visions-Partiet
2002 Holism
Spirituality
Green politics
Fleming Nielsen, Benny Dyhr Thomsen
Volt Denmark
Volt Europa, Volt Danmark

2018 Social liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
European federalism
Kathrine Richter, Alexander Nielsen
We Local Democrats (Denmark)
Vi Lokale Demokrater
2021 Localism
Workers' Communist Party
Arbejderpartiet Kommunisterne
2000 Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Anti-Revisionism

Local parties

See List of regional and local political parties in Denmark

Defunct parties

Formerly represented

The following lists defunct partiet that were previously represented in national parliament, in either the Folketing, Landsting or European Parliament.[11]

Party name Symbol Founded Dissolved Ideology Representation
Bjørnbakske Venstre, Bjørnbakkerne 1862 1877 Antimilitarism
Women's rights
Folketing: 1870s
Capital's Venstre
Hovedstadens Venstre
V 1947 1947 Folketing: 1947–1950
Centre Democrats
Centrum-Demokraterne
D 1973 2008 Centrism
Liberal conservatism
Folketing: 1973–2001
European Parliament: 1979–1994
Clear Venstre
Rene Venstre
1884 1897 Liberalism Folketing: 1887–1897
Common Course
Fælles Kurs
P 1986 2001 Communism
Euroscepticism
Populism
Folketing: 1987–1988
Free Conservatives
Frikonservative
1900 1915 Conservatism Landsting: 1900–1915
Freedom 2000
Frihed 2000
1999 2001 Right-wing populism
Anti-Islam
Folketing: 1999–2001[a]
Hansen's Venstre Folketing: 1858–1861
Højre (1848–1866)
Højre
1848 1866 Constituent assembly: 1848–1849
Folketing: 1849–1866
Landsting: 1849–1866
Højre (1881–1915)
Højre
H 1881 1915 Folketing: 1881–1915
Landsting: 1882–1915
Independent Party
De Uafhængige
U 1953 Classical liberalism
Anti-elitism
Folketing: 1960–1966
Independent Venstre
Uafhængigt Venstre
Folketing: 1876–1879
Industry Party
Erhvervspartiet
Ep 1918 1924 Populism Folketing: 1918–1924
June Movement
Juni Bevægelsen
J 1992 2009 Euroscepticism European Parliament: 1994–2009
Left Socialists
Venstresocialisterne
Y 1967 2013 Socialism
Revolutionary socialism
Anti-capitalism
Folketing: 1968–1971, 1975–1987
Liberal Centre
Liberalt Centrum
L 1965 1969 Liberalism Folketing: 1966–1968
Mellempartiet 1866 1876 Folketing: 1865–1870s
Moderate Venstre
Det Forhandlende Venstre
F 1877 1910 Folketing: 1879–1910
Landsting: 1878–1910
National Cooperative of Denmark
Nationalt Samvirke
1939 1939 Folketinget: 1939
National Liberal Party
De Nationalliberale
1842 1882 National liberalism Constituent Assembly: 1948–1849
Folketing: 1849–1872, 1876–1881
Landsting: 1849–1882
National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark
Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Arbejderparti
N 1930 1945 Nazism
Fascism
Folketing: 1939–1945
National Venstre
Nationale Venstre
1870 Liberalism
Economic liberalism
Folketing: 1865-1870
Peace Politics People's Party
Fredspolitisk Folkeparti
M 1963 after 1971 Pacifism Folketing: 1964
People's Venstre
Folkelige Venstre
1866 Folketing: 1865–1870
Society of The Friends of Peasants
Bondevennernes Selskab
1846 1872 Agrarianism, liberalism Constituent assembly: 1848–1849
Folketing: 1849–1860s
Landstings: 1849–1860s
The Center Party of Denmark
Centerpartiet
1978 1979 Folketing: 1978–1979
The Moderates of Denmark
De Moderate
1964 1977 Folketing: 1976–1979
Tscherning's Venstre Folketing: 1858–1872
Venstre of the Folketing
Folketingets Venstre
1895 Liberalism
Conservative liberalism
Folketing: 1879–1895
Venstre Reform Party
Venstrereformpartiet
1870 1910 Folketing: 1898–1910
Landsting: 1898–1910

Marginal parties

The following lists defunct parties that were never represented in national parliament.[12][13]

Party name Symbol Founded Dissolved Ideology
Folkeringen 2016 Democratic socialism
Fokus
Miljøpartiet Fokus
M 2010 2015 Green politics
Animals rights
Animal welfare
Forward
Fremad
2019 2020 Liberalism
Classical liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
The Greens of Denmark
De Grønne
1983 2014 Ecology
Local Democracy
The Independent Social Democracy of Denmark
Det Uafhængige Socialdemokrati
The Minority Party of Denmark
Minoritetspartiet
M 2005 2007 Humanism
Pensioners' Party
Pensionistpartiet
1976 1980
Self-Governing Party
Selvstyrepartiet
1926
Social Balance
Social Balance
2012
Socialist Labor Policy
Socialistisk Arbejderpolitik, SAP
1980 2014
Trivselspartiet
Trivselspartiet
1990 1999
Union of Conscientiously Work-Shy Elements
Sammenslutning af Bevidst Arbejdssky Elementer
1979 1998 Political satire
Vegan Party / Green Alliance,
Veganerpartiet / Grøn Alliance
G 2018 2022

See also

Notes

  1. ^ not registered as a party but represented in parliament as a parliamentary group

References

  1. ^ "Overblik: Partierne i Danmark". 3 October 2022.
  2. ^ "Folketingsvalg 2022 | lex.dk".
  3. ^ "Kronologisk oversigt over godkendte partinavne pr. 21. December 2022".
  4. ^ "Meningsmåling | Få seneste meningsmåling Danmark | Politik".
  5. ^ "Dagsordenspunkt 2 – Tildeling af bogstavbetegnelser til godkendte kandidatlister" (PDF) (in Danish).
  6. ^ "Folketingsvalget 1973". danmarkshistorien.dk.
  7. ^ "Partigruppernes bogstaver". Folketinget. December 5, 2016.
  8. ^ "Partiprogram".
  9. ^ "VelstandsPartiet JFK21". jfk21.dk.
  10. ^ "Om JFK21".
  11. ^ "Partier". Folkevalgte.dk. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  12. ^ "Partibogstaver". Folkevalgte.dk. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  13. ^ "Tal og fakta om partier". Ft.dk. Retrieved 3 February 2023.