Borough of Rochdale
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|Ceremonial county||Greater Manchester|
|Admin HQ||Rochdale (Town Hall)|
|Founded||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Metropolitan borough|
|• Governing body||Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Cllr. Aasim Rashid|
|• MPs:||Tony Lloyd (L)|
Chris Clarkson (C)
|• Council Leader||Cllr. Neil Emmott|
|• Total||61.4 sq mi (159 km2)|
|• Total||223,773 (Ranked 79th)|
|• Density||3,521/sq mi (1,359/km2)|
| • Ethnicity |
(United Kingdom Estimate 2006) 
11.4% S.Asian or mixed
1.4% Black or mixed
0.8% Chinese or other
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|Area code||0161 / 01706|
|ONS code||00BQ (ONS)|
|OS grid reference||SD897133|
The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. It is named after its largest town, Rochdale, The borough covers other outlying towns and villages with a population of 206,500 at the 2011 census. It is the ninth-largest district by population in Greater Manchester. 
The borough was formed in 1974 as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of six former local government districts. It was originally proposed that the borough include the neighbouring town of Bury and disclude Middleton; Bury however went on to form the administrative centre for the adjacent Metropolitan Borough of Bury. The borough was formed by a merger of the former county borough of Rochdale and from the administrative county of Lancashire, the municipal boroughs of Heywood and Middleton, along with the urban districts of Littleborough, Milnrow and Wardle.The borough lies mostly within the historic county of Lancashire but a small part lies in the former West Riding of Yorkshire. Prior to its creation, it was suggested that the metropolitan borough be named Chadwick (with reference to Sir Edwin Chadwick), but this was rejected in favour of Rochdale.
The borough lies directly north-northeast of the City of Manchester, to the east of the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, to the north of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham and partly to the east of the county of West Yorkshire bordering near to the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale and the Lancashire borough of Rossendale is to the northwest. There are some rural parts and urban parts of the district including Blackstone Edge and the Pennine hills which form part of the rural areas of the borough. The more urban areas centre around the town and neighbouring boroughs of Bury, Oldham and Manchester. The town of Middleton is contiguous with the northeastern suburbs of Manchester and the towns of Chadderton, Failsworth and Oldham. The towns of Heywood, Littleborough and Milnrow form an urban area with Rochdale.
Aside from the aforementioned town of Rochdale, other towns in the borough include Heywood, Littleborough and Milnrow. Villages, hamlets and suburbs of the borough include Balderstone, Birtle, Clough, Newhey, Summit and Wardle.
The following table shows the religious identity of residents residing in Rochdale.
|Religion not stated||10,366||4.6|
The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale has only existed 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the borough.
|Population growth in Rochdale since 1801|
|Source: Vision of Britain|
The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale has formal twinning arrangements with six places. Three were originally twinned with a place within the Metropolitan Borough boundaries prior to its creation in 1974.
|Country||Place||County / District / Region / State||Originally twinned with||Date|
|France||Tourcoing||Nord-Pas de Calais||County Borough of Rochdale||1956|
|Germany||Peine||Niedersachsen||Municipal Borough of Heywood||1967|
|Germany||Bielefeld||Nordrhein-Westfalen||County Borough of Rochdale||1953|
|Pakistan||Sahiwal||Punjab||Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale||1988|
|Ukraine||Lviv||Lviv||Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale||1992|
|Bangladesh||Sylhet||Sylhet Division||Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale||2009|
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Rochdale.
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