Borough of Bolton
(Latin: "Overcome delays")
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|Ceremonial county||Greater Manchester|
|Admin HQ||Bolton Town Hall|
|Historic county||Salford Hundred, Lancashire|
|Founded||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Metropolitan borough|
|• Governing body||Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council|
|• Mayor:||Cllr. Akhtar Zaman (L)|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Leader:||Martyn Cox (C)|
|• MPs:||Mark Logan (C)|
Yasmin Qureshi (L)
Chris Green (C)
|• Total||53.98 sq mi (139.80 km2)|
|• Total||287,550 (Ranked 48th)|
|• Density||4,860/sq mi (1,877/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|Area codes||01204, 01942, 0161|
|ONS code||00BL (ONS)|
|OS grid reference|
The Metropolitan Borough of Bolton / /(listen) is a metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, named after its largest town, Bolton, but covering a larger area which includes Blackrod, Farnworth, Horwich, Kearsley, Westhoughton, and part of the West Pennine Moors. It had a population of 276,800 at the 2011 census, making it the fourth-most populous district in Greater Manchester.
The borough was created in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, covering the area of seven former local government districts and part of an eighth; being seven urban districts from the administrative county of Lancashire, and the County Borough of Bolton. The metropolitan districts of Bury, Salford and Wigan lie to the east, south and west respectively; and the unitary authority of Blackburn with Darwen and the non-metropolitan district of Chorley in Lancashire to the north and north-west.
Bolton Metropolitan Borough was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, covering the combined areas of seven former local government districts and part of an eighth, which were all abolished at the same time:
As a county borough, the old borough of Bolton had been administratively independent from any county council, but was deemed part of Lancashire for ceremonial purposes. The other seven districts had all been part of the administrative county of Lancashire prior to 1974, with Lancashire County Council serving as their upper tier authority. When the metropolitan borough of Bolton was created in 1974 it was transferred to the new metropolitan county of Greater Manchester, with Greater Manchester Council providing county-level services. The Greater Manchester Council was abolished in 1986, after which Bolton became a unitary authority, providing all local government services.
Bolton Council unsuccessfully petitioned Elizabeth II for the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton to be granted city status in 1992 (the Queen's 40th year as monarch), in 2000 (for the Millennium celebrations), in 2002 (Queen's Golden Jubilee), and 2012 (Queen's Diamond Jubilee).
Horwich, Westhoughton and Blackrod are now constituted as civil parishes, each having a town council: Westhoughton Town Council, Horwich Town Council and Blackrod Town Council. The rest of the metropolitan borough, covering the town of Bolton itself, Farnworth, Kearsley, Little Lever, and South Turton, have remained unparished areas since 1974.
According to the 2011 census, of the 276,787 people living in Bolton Metropolitan Borough, the following ethnicities have been recorded:
The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton has only existed since 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the borough.
|Pre-1974 statistics were gathered from local government areas that now comprise the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton|
Source: Vision of Britain
The Bolton metropolitan area is served by the following railway stations:
See also: List of schools in Bolton
In 2007, Bolton was ranked 69th out of the 149 Local Education Authorities – and sixth out of ten in Greater Manchester – for its National Curriculum assessment performance. Measured on the percentage of pupils attaining at least 5 A*–C grades at GCSE including maths and English, the Bolton LEA was 111th out of 149: 40.1% of pupils achieved this objective, against a national average of 46.7%. Unauthorised absence from Bolton's secondary schools in the 2006/2007 academic year was 1.4%, in line with the national average, and authorised absence was 6.0% against the national average of 6.4%. At GCSE level, Bolton School (Girls' Division) was the most successful of Bolton's 21 secondary schools, with 99% of pupils achieving at least 5 A*–C grades at including maths and English.
The University of Bolton is one of Greater Manchester's four universities. In 2008, The Times Good University Guide ranked it 111th of 113 institutions in Britain. There are 4,440 students (83% undergraduate, 17% postgraduate); 2.6% come from outside Britain. In 2007 there were 8.8 applications for every place, and student satisfaction was recorded as 74.4%. It is one of Britain's newest universities, having been given this status in 2005.
|Bolton Muslim Girls' School||100%||533.1|
|Bolton School (Girls' Division)||98%||546.7|
|Canon Slade C of E School||93%||508.5|
|Lord's Independent School||93%||401.5|
|St Joseph's RC High School||85%||426.6|
|Madrasatul Imam Muhammed Zakariya||79%||347.3|
|Al Jamiah Al Islamiyyah at Mount St Joseph's Convent||79%||327.9|
|Ladybridge High School||78%||437.6|
|Westhoughton High School||67%||424.0|
|Rivington and Blackrod High School||69%||456.7|
|Little Lever School||61%||442.7|
|Mount St Joseph School||61%||422.7|
|Harper Green School||59%||384.7|
|George Tomlinson School||55%||307.4|
|Bolton School (Boys' Division)||52%||240.4|
|Average for Metropolitan Borough of Bolton||71.4%||422.5|
|Average for England||70.0%||413.5|
Main article: Bolton Council
For historical political control and leadership, see Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council elections.
The local authority is Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council, which styles itself "Bolton Council". Since 2011 it has been a constituent member of the Greater Manchester Combined Authority, providing strategic co-ordination of local government across the ten metropolitan boroughs of Greater Manchester. Since 2017 the combined authority has been led by the directly-elected Mayor of Greater Manchester.
The Metropolitan Borough of Bolton has two twin towns, one in France and another in Germany.
|Country||Place||County / District / Region / State||Originally twinned with||Date|
|France||Le Mans||Pays de la Loire||County Borough of Bolton||1973|
|Germany||Paderborn||Nordrhein-Westfalen||Metropolitan Borough of Bolton||1975|
|The local government districts which surround the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton|
Borough of Chorley
Borough of Blackburn with Darwen
|North-East and East:|
Metropolitan Borough of Bury
Metropolitan Borough of Bolton
Metropolitan Borough of Wigan
City of Salford
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough.