Borough of Pendle
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|• Type||Pendle Borough Council|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• MPs:||Andrew Stephenson|
|• Total||65.4 sq mi (169.4 km2)|
|• Rank||Ranked 264th|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (540/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
|ONS code||30UJ (ONS)|
82.8% White British
0.9% White Other
0.6% White Irish
0.4% Other S.Asian
0.9% Mixed Race
0.5% Asian & White
0.2% Black Caribbean & White
0.2% Other Mixed
0.1% Black African & White
0.4% E.Asian and Other
0.1% Other E.Asian
0.2% Black African
0.1% Black Caribbean
0.0% Other Black
Pendle is a local government district and borough of Lancashire, England. It adjoins the Lancashire boroughs of Burnley and Ribble Valley, the North Yorkshire district of Craven and the West Yorkshire boroughs of Calderdale and Bradford. It has a total population of 92,112 (mid-2019 est.).
Further information: Forest of Pendle
The name Pendle comes from the Cumbric word 'Pen' meaning hill (or head), a reference to Pendle Hill. Hence the name of the modern district derives from the prominent landmark at the west of the district, which already in the Middle Ages gave its name to the royal forest which spread to its east. Pendle Forest is still the name of a significant rural part of the district, though it has long ago ceased being a forest.
The ancient lordship of Pendle Forest has been under the Honour of Clitheroe since medieval times, and a title continues to be held by a modern version, the Barons Clitheroe.
The area is closely associated with the trials of the Pendle witches, among the most notorious such trials in English history.
The current district with this name was created in 1974 as a result of local government reorganisation from the former Municipal Boroughs of Nelson and Colne, the former urban districts of Barnoldswick, Barrowford, Brierfield, Earby and Trawden, and from parts of Burnley Rural District and Skipton Rural District.
The Barnoldswick, Earby and Skipton parts are historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire. They are today referred to collectively as West Craven.
The Pendle constituency is represented in Parliament by the Conservative Member of Parliament, Andrew Stephenson, since 2010. Since its creation in 1983 its boundaries have been coterminous with those of the borough, however the constituency boundaries were redrawn in 1997 due to local government boundary changes in the 1980s.[clarification needed]
See also: Pendle Borough Council elections
Elections to the borough council are held in three out of every four years, with one third of the seats on the council being elected at each election. Following a review of the ward boundaries, the total number of Councillors was reduced in 2021 from 49 to 33. Since the election in 2021, the Conservative Party have had overall control of the council and, as of the election of 2021, the council is composed of the following councillors:-
The three main employers in the borough are Rolls-Royce plc, Silentnight and the Daisy Group.
|Contemporary civil parish||Map
|Medieval jurisdiction||Medieval jurisdiction||Early modern jurisdiction|
|Barley-with-Wheatley Booth||1||Pendle Forest, manor of Ightenhill||Forest of Blackburnshire||Whalley, Lancashire: once a much larger parish than today.|
It encompassed a large part of eastern Lancashire.
It also included areas outside Pendle.
|Old Laund Booth||15|
|Higham-with-West Close Booth||11|
|Trawden Forest||19||Trawden Forest, manor of Colne|
|Nelson||14||manor of Ightenhill, not in Forest||Blackburnshire, not in Forest|
|Colne||7||manor of Colne, not in Forest|
|Barnoldswick||2||Now referred to as "West Craven".|
This is a part of Lancashire, which was once in the neighbouring West Riding of Yorkshire.
(Within the Wapentake of Staincliffe, Deanery of Craven.)
|Bracewell and Brogden||5|
|Kelbrook and Sough||12|
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Pendle.