Borough of St Helens
St Helens Town Hall
St Helens Town Hall
Motto(s): 
Latin: Ex Terra Lucem, lit.'From the Earth, Light'[1]
St Helens shown within Merseyside
St Helens shown within Merseyside
Coordinates: 53°27′14″N 2°44′46″W / 53.454°N 2.746°W / 53.454; -2.746
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionNorth West
Ceremonial countyMerseyside
City regionLiverpool
Incorporated1 April 1974
Named forSt Helens
Administrative HQSt Helens Town Hall
Government
 • TypeMetropolitan borough
 • BodySt Helens Council
 • ExecutiveLeader and cabinet
 • ControlLabour
 • LeaderDavid Baines (L)
 • MayorLynn Clarke
 • MPs
Area
 • Total52.7 sq mi (136.4 km2)
 • Rank174th
Population
 (2021)[4]
 • Total183,391
 • Rank109th
 • Density3,480/sq mi (1,345/km2)
Ethnicity (2021)
 • Ethnic groups
List
Religion (2021)
 • Religion
List
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode areas
Dialling codes
  • 0151
  • 01744
  • 01925
  • 01942
ISO 3166 codeGB-SHN
GSS codeE08000013
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate[6]
 • Total£3.4 billion
 • Per capita£18,803
Websitesthelens.gov.uk

The Metropolitan Borough of St Helens is a local government district with borough status in Merseyside, North West England. The borough is named after its largest settlement, St Helens, but also includes neighbouring towns and villages such as Earlestown, Rainhill, Eccleston, Clock Face, Haydock, Billinge, Garswood, Rainford and Newton-le-Willows.

The Metropolitan Borough Council is made up of 48 councillors, three representing each of the 16 wards.[7]

History

The Metropolitan Borough was formed on 1 April 1974 as a merger of the former County Borough of St Helens, along with the urban districts of Haydock, Newton-le-Willows and Rainford, and parts of Billinge-and-Winstanley and Ashton-in-Makerfield urban districts, along with part of Whiston Rural District, all from the administrative county of Lancashire.

Between 1974 and 1986 (when it was abolished), the borough council shared functions with Merseyside County Council. After abolition, the functions of this body were in part devolved to the boroughs and in part transferred to ad hoc agencies.

Governance

St Helens Metropolitan Borough Council composition

Main article: St Helens Metropolitan Borough Council elections

Elections to St Helens Metropolitan Borough Council are held in three out of every four years, with one-third of the 48 seats on the council being elected at each election.

The Labour Party has had a majority on the council since the first election in 1973, except for a period between the 2004 election and the 2010 election when no party had a majority. This allowed an alliance between the Liberal Democrats and the Conservatives to take control after the 2006 election until Labour regained control in 2010.

Since then Labour has strengthened its position on the council, and as of the 2022 election the council is composed of the following councillors:[8]

Party Councillors
Labour Party 29
Liberal Democrats 4
Conservative Party 2
Independents 7
Green Party 6

Parliamentary constituencies

See also: List of Parliamentary constituencies on Merseyside

Liverpool City Region Combined Authority

The Metropolitan Borough of St Helens is one of the six constituent local government districts of the Liverpool City Region. Since 1 April 2014, some of the borough's responsibilities have been pooled with neighbouring authorities and subsumed into the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.

The combined authority has effectively become the top-tier administrative body for the local governance of the city region, and the leader of St Helens Metropolitan Borough Council, along with the five other leaders from neighbouring local government districts, takes strategic decisions over economic development, transport, employment and skills, tourism, culture, housing and physical infrastructure.

Geography

'Billinge Lump' is the highest point in St Helens and Merseyside

The borough borders the borough of Knowsley, in the south-west, the district of West Lancashire in the north, the Borough of Wigan in the north-east, and to the south the boroughs of Warrington and Halton.

The St Helens Borough covers roughly 30 km² over an area of soft rolling hills used primarily for agricultural purposes, mainly arable. The highest point in the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, and the whole of Merseyside, is Billinge Hill, 4.5 miles (7.2 km) north from St. Helens centre. The borough is landlocked with a stream running through, Mill Brook/Windle Brook running through Eccleston and connecting with the (disused) St. Helens Branch/Section of the Sankey Canal in the town centre. The centre of St Helens is around 160 feet (50 m) above sea level.

From the top of Billinge Hill the cities of Manchester and Liverpool are visible on a clear day as well as the towns of Bolton and Warrington.

Carr Mill Dam is Merseyside's largest body of inland water, offering picturesque lakeside trails and walks as well as national competitive powerboating and angling events.

The Burgies are two tailings on the site of the old Rushy Park coal mine. They were created by the dumping of toxic chemical waste from the manufacture of glass, they have since been covered with tall grass and woodland.

Demography

St Helens Population using 2011 Data, 2008 Wards
2001 UK Census Population Households
Billinge and Seneley Green 12,717 4985
Blackbrook 9,128 3,604
Bold 9,040 3,586
Earlestown 10,274 4,420
Eccleston 10,528 4,218
Haydock 11,962 4,817
Moss Bank 10,276 4,337
Newton 22,144 4,506
Parr 18,082 3,541
Rainford 2,344 3,484
Rainhill 11,913 4,762
Sutton 12,622 5,075
Thatto Heath 9,393 3,852
Town Centre 13,795 4,958
West Park 4,558 4,947
Windle 6,621 3,607
Total 176,843 72,697

Ethnicity

Ethnic Group 2001[9] 2011[10] 2021[11]
Number % Number % Number %
White: British 172,853 97.74% 169,346 96.59% 171,546 93.61%
White: Irish 1,054 0.60% 887 0.50% 945 0.52%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 69 0.04% 145 0.08%
White: Roma 67 0.04%
White: Other 880 0.50% 1,575 0.90% 4,185 2.28%
White: Total 174,787 98.84% 171,887 98.05% 176,888 96.53%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 409 0.23% 504 0.29% 557 0.30%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 109 0.06% 133 0.08% 238 0.13%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 79 0.04% 122 0.07% 172 0.09%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 398 0.23% 512 0.29% 660 0.36%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 85 0.05% 493 0.28% 952 0.52%
Asian or Asian British: Total 1,080 0.61% 1,764 1.01% 2,579 1.41%
Black or Black British: African 73 0.04% 152 0.09% 558 0.30%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 59 0.03% 60 0.03% 103 0.06%
Black or Black British: Other Black 37 0.02% 36 0.02% 115 0.06%
Black or Black British: Total 169 0.10% 248 0.14% 776 0.42%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 228 0.13% 445 0.25% 466 0.25%
Mixed: White and Black African 77 0.04% 167 0.10% 417 0.23%
Mixed: White and Asian 200 0.11% 271 0.15% 597 0.33%
Mixed: Other Mixed 169 0.10% 296 0.17% 491 0.27%
Mixed: Total 674 0.38% 1,179 0.67% 1,971 1.08%
Other: Arab 117 0.07% 377 0.21%
Other: Any other ethnic group 123 0.07% 657 0.36%
Other: Total 133 0.08% 240 0.14% 1,034 0.56%
Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total 2,056 1.16% 3,431 1.96% 6,360 3.47%
Total 176,843 100.00% 175,308 100.00% 183,248 100.00%

Education

Main article: Education services in St Helens, Merseyside

See also: List of schools in St Helens

Coat of arms

Coat of arms of Metropolitan Borough of St Helens
Crest
Issuing from an ancient crown Or a ram's head Argent armed Or charged on the neck with two fleur de lys Gules and holding in the mouth a slip of laurel Proper; mantled Azure doubled Argent.
Escutcheon
Argent two bars Azure overall a cross Sable in the first quarter a saltire couped Gules in the second quarter a griffin segreant Sable beaked and armed Or in the third quarter a cross flory Gules voided and in the fourth quarter a cross crosslet fitchy also Gules.
Supporters
On the dexter a lion guardant Or charged with seven fleur de lys Gules and on the sinister a griffin Sable armed Or the wings barry of seven Sable and Or.
Motto
'Prosperitas In Excelsis'[12]

The coat of arms of St Helens Metropolitan Borough Council was adopted in 1974. The crest above the helmet is that of Lord Newton representing Newton U.D.C. and Haydock U.D.C. The crest is suitably differenced by the inclusion of two red (gules) fleur-de-lys on the body of the ram.[13]

The escutcheon is split into quarters by the Black (sable) Cross of Haydock & Eccleston and the Blue (azure) Bars of Parr. Each quarter contains a different charge:

Beneath the escutcheon is a scroll bearing the motto ' Prosperitas in Excelsis ' meaning 'Flourishing Well'.

Twin Town

St Helens is twinned with:[14]

Freedom of the Borough

The following people, military units and Organisations and Groups have received the Freedom of the Borough of St Helens.

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (May 2022)

Individuals

[18]

Military Units

Organisations and Groups

References

  1. ^ "Ex Terra Lucem restored as motto of St Helens". St Helens Star. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2023.
  2. ^ "The Council and democracy". St Helens Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 15 December 2023.
  3. ^ "Mid-Year Population Estimates, UK, June 2021". Office for National Statistics. 21 December 2022. Retrieved 18 October 2023.
  4. ^ "Mid-Year Population Estimates, UK, June 2021". Office for National Statistics. 21 December 2022. Retrieved 18 October 2023.
  5. ^ a b UK Census (2021). "2021 Census Area Profile – St. Helens Local Authority (E08000013)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 August 2023.
  6. ^ Fenton, Trevor (25 April 2023). "Regional gross domestic product: local authorities". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 December 2023.
  7. ^ "Find your councillor". St Helens Council. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  8. ^ "St Helens result - Local Elections 2022". BBC News. Retrieved 11 September 2023.
  9. ^ "UV009 - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  10. ^ "KS201EW - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  11. ^ "TS021 - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  12. ^ "Saint Helens". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
  13. ^ "Saint Helens". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
  14. ^ St Helen's Council, Stuttgart visits St Helens retrieved 21 January 2019
  15. ^ "Nominating Freemen for the Millennium". The Lancashire Telegraph. 30 July 1999. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
  16. ^ Cunningham, Conal (13 May 2022). "David Watts and NHS staff granted 'Freedom of the Borough' in St Helens". The St Helens Star. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
  17. ^ "James Roby to receive Freedom of the Borough". Saints Rugby League Football Club. 12 March 2023. Retrieved 12 March 2023.
  18. ^ Maxwell, Kelsey (1 December 2021). "Sporting legends, MP and army regiment awarded Freedom of the Borough". The St Helens Star. Retrieved 5 December 2023.
  19. ^ "Civic Honours Granted to The Adjutant-General's Corps (Royal Military Police), Its Units/sub-Units, Association and Antecedent Corps" (PDF). The Royal Military Police. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
  20. ^ Maxwell, Kelsey (1 December 2021). "Sporting legends, MP and army regiment awarded Freedom of the Borough". The St Helens Star. Retrieved 5 December 2023.
  21. ^ "Hospital Trust and former St Helens MP presented with Freedom of the Borough scrolls". St Helens Borough Council. Retrieved 13 May 2022.