All 129 seats to the Scottish Parliament
65 seats needed for a majority
|Turnout||Constituency - 50.5% 3.4pp |
Regional - 50.5% 3.5pp
The left side shows constituency winners of the election by their party colours. The right side shows regional winners of the election for the additional members by their party colours.
* Indicates boundary change - so this is a nominal figure
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The 2011 Scottish Parliament election was held on Thursday, 5 May 2011 to elect 129 members to the Scottish Parliament.
The election delivered the first majority government since the opening of Holyrood, a remarkable feat as the Additional Member System used to elect MSPs was allegedly originally implemented to prevent any party achieving an overall parliamentary majority. The Scottish National Party (SNP) won a landslide of 69 seats, the most the party has ever held at either a Holyrood or Westminster election, allowing leader Alex Salmond to remain as First Minister of Scotland for a second term. The SNP gained 32 constituencies, twenty two from Scottish Labour, nine from the Scottish Liberal Democrats and one from the Scottish Conservatives. Such was the scale of their gains that, of the 73 constituencies in Scotland, only 20 came to be represented by MSPs of other political parties. Scottish Labour lost seven seats and suffered their worst election defeat in Scotland since 1931, with huge losses in their traditional Central Belt constituencies and for the first time having to rely on the regional lists to elect members within these areas. They did, however, remain the largest opposition party. Party leader Iain Gray announced his resignation following his party's disappointing result. The Scottish Liberal Democrats were soundly defeated; their popular vote share was cut in half and their seat total reduced from 17 to 5. Tavish Scott announced his resignation as party leader shortly after the election. For Scottish Conservatives, the election proved disappointing as their popular vote dropped slightly and their number of seats fell by 2, with party leader Annabel Goldie also announcing her resignation.
During the campaign, the four main party leaders engaged in a series of televised debates, as they had in every previous general election. These key debates were held on 29 March (STV), 1 May (BBC), and 3 May (STV). The results of the election were broadcast live on BBC Scotland and STV, on the night of the election.
It was the fourth general election since the devolved parliament was established in 1999 and was held on the same day as elections to the National Assembly for Wales and the Northern Ireland Assembly, as well as English local elections and the UK-wide referendum on the alternative vote.
Under the Scotland Act 1998, an ordinary general election to the Scottish Parliament was held on the first Thursday in May four years after the 2007 election.
Because of the problems of voter confusion and a high number of spoilt ballots in 2007 due to holding Scottish parliamentary and local elections simultaneously and under different voting systems, the next Scottish local elections were held in 2012 instead of 2011. This policy decision was contradicted, however, by the staging of the Alternative Vote referendum on 5 May 2011 as well. Labour MP Ian Davidson expressed opposition to the referendum being staged on the same date as other elections. Scottish Secretary Michael Moore stated that having the referendum on another date would cost an additional £17 million.
British, Irish, Commonwealth and European Union citizens living in Scotland who were aged 18 or over on election day were entitled to vote. The deadline to register to vote in the election was midnight on Friday 15 April 2011, though anyone who qualified as an anonymous elector had until midnight on Tuesday 26 April 2011 to register.
It was held on the same day as elections for Northern Ireland's 26 local councils, the Northern Irish Assembly and Welsh Assembly elections, a number of local elections in England and the United Kingdom Alternative Vote referendum.
Main article: First Periodic Review of Scottish Parliament Boundaries
The table below shows the notional figures for seats won by each party at the last election. The Conservatives have been the biggest gainers as a result of the boundary changes, winning an extra three seats, while Labour has lost the most seats, losing two overall.
The total number of Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) elected to the Parliament is 129.
The First Periodical Review of the Scottish Parliament constituencies and electoral regions by the Boundary Commission for Scotland was announced on 3 July 2007. The Commission published its provisional proposals for the regional boundaries in 2009.
The Scottish Parliament uses an Additional Members System, designed to produce approximate proportional representation for each region. There are 8 regions each sub-divided into smaller constituencies. There are a total of 73 constituencies. Each constituency elects one (MSP) by the plurality (first past the post) system of election. Each region elects seven additional member MSPs using an additional member system. A modified D'Hondt method, using the constituency results, is used to calculate which additional member MSPs the regions elect.
The Scottish Parliament constituencies have not been coterminous with Scottish Westminster constituencies since the 2005 general election, when the 72 former Westminster constituencies were replaced with a new set of 59, generally larger, constituencies (see Scottish Parliament (Constituencies) Act 2004).
For details of the Revised proposals for constituencies at the Next Scottish Parliament election - Scottish Parliament constituencies and electoral regions from 2011
The Boundary Commission have also recommended changes to the electoral regions used to elect "list" members of the Scottish Parliament. The recommendations can be summarised below;
At the dissolution of Parliament on 22 March 2011, twenty MSPs were not seeking re-election.
|Mid Scotland and Fife||Christopher Harvie||Scottish National Party|
|Argyll and Bute||Jim Mather||Scottish National Party|
|Lothians||Ian McKee||Scottish National Party|
|South of Scotland||Alasdair Morgan||Scottish National Party|
|Angus||Andrew Welsh||Scottish National Party|
|Paisley North||Wendy Alexander||Scottish Labour|
|Midlothian||Rhona Brankin||Scottish Labour|
|Glasgow Baillieston||Margaret Curran||Scottish Labour|
|Lothians||George Foulkes||Scottish Labour|
|North East Scotland||Marlyn Glen||Scottish Labour|
|West Renfrewshire||Trish Godman||Scottish Labour|
|Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley||Cathy Jamieson||Scottish Labour|
|Motherwell and Wishaw||Jack McConnell||Scottish Labour|
|Highlands and Islands||Peter Peacock||Scottish Labour|
|Ross, Skye and Inverness West||John Farquhar Munro||Scottish Liberal Democrats|
|Aberdeen South||Nicol Stephen||Scottish Liberal Democrats|
|Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross||Jamie Stone||Scottish Liberal Democrats|
|Glasgow||Bill Aitken||Scottish Conservatives|
|Mid Scotland and Fife||Ted Brocklebank||Scottish Conservatives|
|Lothians||Robin Harper||Scottish Greens|
The parliament was dissolved on 22 March 2011 and the campaign began thereafter. The Conservatives saw 3 of their candidates drop out of the election during the period 25–28 March: Malcolm McAskill from the Glasgow regional ballot, Iain Whyte from the Glasgow Maryhill & Springburn constituency ballot and David Meikle from the Glasgow regional ballot.
The Liberal Democrat regional candidate for the Central Scotland region Hugh O'Donnell also withdrew on 27 March, citing discontent with the Conservative-Lib Dem coalition at Westminster. Another Liberal Democrat, John Farquhar Munro, came out in support of Alex Salmond for First Minister, even though he also claimed not to support the SNP. In the Clydesdale constituency, the Liberal Democrat candidate John Paton-Day failed to lodge his papers in time for the nomination deadline, leaving the constituency as the only one in Scotland with no Liberal Democrat candidate. On 17 April, the Scottish Liberal Democrat leader Tavish Scott described himself as 'uncomfortable' with his Scottish party being 'related' to the Conservatives due to the coalition at Westminster.
A televised debate between the four main party leaders was shown on STV on 29 March, with SNP leader Alex Salmond and Conservative leader Annabel Goldie identified as the strongest performers. The Scottish Sun newspaper came out in support of the SNP's campaign to win a second term, even though the newspaper does not back independence.
Whilst campaigning in Glasgow Central station, the Scottish Labour leader Iain Gray was ambushed by a group of anti-cuts protestors who chased him into a nearby fast-food outlet. The same protesters had already targeted Conservative leader Annabel Goldie a month earlier. On 27 April, Iain Gray and SNP leader Alex Salmond were both present simultaneously in an Ardrossan branch of the Asda supermarket chain; both parties alleged that the other party's leader 'ran away' from the possibility of an encounter with the other.
The main parties contesting the election all outlined the following main aims:
Only the Scottish National Party, the Scottish Labour Party and the Scottish Conservative Party contested all constituencies.
Further information: Opinion polling in the Scottish Parliament election, 2011
In March 2011, two months before the election, Labour held a double-digit lead over the SNP in the opinion polls, 44% to 29%. The SNP's support subsequently rallied, with the two parties level in April polling. In the final poll on the eve of the election, the SNP were eleven points clear of Labour.
The chart shows the relative state of the parties since polling began from 2009, until the date of the election. The constituency vote is shown as semi-transparent lines, while the regional vote is shown in full lines.
The election produced a majority SNP government, making this the first time in the Scottish Parliament where a party had commanded a parliamentary majority. The SNP took 16 seats from Labour, many of whose key figures failed to be returned to parliament, although Labour leader Iain Gray retained East Lothian by 151 votes. The SNP took a further eight seats from the Liberal Democrats and one seat from the Conservatives. The SNP overall majority meant that there was sufficient support in the Scottish Parliament to hold a referendum on Scottish independence.
Labour's defeat was attributed to several factors: the party focused too heavily on criticising the Conservative-led coalition at Westminster, and assumed that former Lib Dem voters would automatically switch their vote to Labour, when in fact they appeared to have haemorrhaged support to the SNP. Jackie Baillie compared the result to Labour's performance in the 1983 UK general election. Iain Gray conceded defeat to Alex Salmond and announced his intention to resign as leader of the Labour group of MSPs that autumn.
The election saw a rout of the Liberal Democrats, with no victories in mainland constituencies and 25 lost deposits (candidates gaining less than five per cent of the vote). Leader Tavish Scott said their performance was due to the Liberal Democrats' involvement in the Westminster Government, which had been unpopular with many former LibDem supporters. Scott resigned as leader two days after the election.
For the Conservatives, the main disappointment was the loss of Edinburgh Pentlands, the seat of former party leader David McLetchie, to the SNP. McLetchie was elected on the Lothian regional list and the Conservatives only made a net loss of five seats, with leader Annabel Goldie claiming that their support had held firm. Prime Minister David Cameron congratulated the SNP on the result, but vowed to campaign for the Union in any independence referendum.
The Scottish Greens won two seats, including their co-convenor Patrick Harvie. Margo MacDonald again won election as an independent on the Lothian regional list. George Galloway, under a Unionist anti-cuts banner, failed to receive enough votes to be elected to the Glasgow regional list.
The SNP's overall majority assured Salmond of another term as First Minister, and he was reelected unopposed on 18 May.
|Party||Constituencies||Regional additional members||Total seats|
|Scottish Senior Citizens||1,618||0.1||0||33,253||1.7||0.2||0||0||0.0|
|Ban Bankers Bonuses||—||—||—||—||—||2,968||0.1||new||0||new||0||new||0.0|
|Angus Independents Representatives||1,321||0.1||new||0||new||471||0.03||new||0||new||0||new||0.0|
|Scotland Homeland Party||—||—||—||—||—||616||0.0||new||0||new||0||new||0.0|
|Airdrie and Shotts||Alex Neil||SNP gain from Labour|
|Coatbridge and Chryston||Elaine Smith||Labour hold|
|Cumbernauld and Kilsyth||Jamie Hepburn||SNP gain from Labour|
|East Kilbride||Linda Fabiani||SNP gain from Labour|
|Falkirk East||Angus MacDonald||SNP gain from Labour|
|Falkirk West||Michael Matheson||SNP hold|
|Hamilton, Larkhall and Stonehouse||Christina McKelvie||SNP gain from Labour|
|Motherwell and Wishaw||John Pentland||Labour hold|
|Uddingston and Bellshill||Michael McMahon||Labour hold|
|Glasgow Anniesland||Bill Kidd||SNP gain from Labour|
|Glasgow Cathcart||James Dornan||SNP gain from Labour|
|Glasgow Kelvin||Sandra White||SNP gain from Labour|
|Glasgow Maryhill and Springburn||Patricia Ferguson||Labour hold|
|Glasgow Pollok||Johann Lamont||Labour hold|
|Glasgow Provan||Paul Martin||Labour hold|
|Glasgow Shettleston||John Mason||SNP gain from Labour|
|Glasgow Southside||Nicola Sturgeon||SNP hold|
|Rutherglen||James Kelly||Labour hold|
|Argyll & Bute||Michael Russell||SNP hold|
|Caithness, Sutherland & Ross||Rob Gibson||SNP gain from Liberal Democrats|
|Inverness & Nairn||Fergus Ewing||SNP hold|
|Moray||Richard Lochhead||SNP hold|
|Na h-Eileanan an Iar||Alasdair Allan||SNP hold|
|Orkney||Liam McArthur||Liberal Democrats hold|
|Shetland||Tavish Scott||Liberal Democrats hold|
|Skye, Lochaber & Badenoch||Dave Thompson||SNP gain from Liberal Democrats|
|Almond Valley||Angela Constance||SNP hold|
|Edinburgh Central||Marco Biagi||SNP gain from Labour|
|Edinburgh Eastern||Kenny MacAskill||SNP hold|
|Edinburgh Northern and Leith||Malcolm Chisholm||Labour hold|
|Edinburgh Pentlands||Gordon MacDonald||SNP gain from Conservative|
|Edinburgh Southern||Jim Eadie||SNP gain from Liberal Democrats|
|Edinburgh Western||Colin Keir||SNP gain from Liberal Democrats|
|Linlithgow||Fiona Hyslop||SNP gain from Labour|
|Midlothian North & Musselburgh||Colin Beattie||SNP gain from Labour|
|Clackmannanshire & Dunblane||Keith Brown||SNP hold|
|Cowdenbeath||Helen Eadie||Labour hold|
|Dunfermline||Bill Walker||SNP gain from Liberal Democrats|
|Fife North East||Roderick Campbell||SNP gain from Liberal Democrats|
|Kirkcaldy||David Torrance||SNP gain from Labour|
|Mid Fife & Glenrothes||Tricia Marwick||SNP hold|
|Perthshire North||John Swinney||SNP hold|
|Perthshire South & Kinross-shire||Roseanna Cunningham||SNP hold|
|Stirling||Bruce Crawford||SNP gain from Labour|
|Liberal Democrats||Willie Rennie||1||+1||15,103||5.9%||−7.7%|
|Aberdeen Central||Kevin Stewart||SNP gain from Labour|
|Aberdeen Donside||Brian Adam||SNP hold|
|Aberdeen South & North Kincardine||Maureen Watt||SNP gain from Liberal Democrats|
|Aberdeenshire East||Alex Salmond||SNP hold|
|Aberdeenshire West||Dennis Robertson||SNP gain from Liberal Democrats|
|Angus North & Mearns||Nigel Don||SNP hold|
|Angus South||Graeme Dey||SNP hold|
|Banffshire & Buchan Coast||Stewart Stevenson||SNP hold|
|Dundee City East||Shona Robison||SNP hold|
|Dundee City West||Joe Fitzpatrick||SNP hold|
|Liberal Democrats||Alison McInnes||1||±0||18,178||6.8%||−8.4%|
|Ayr||John Scott||Conservative hold|
|Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley||Adam Ingram||SNP gain from Labour|
|Clydesdale||Aileen Campbell||SNP gain from Labour|
|Dumfriesshire||Elaine Murray||Labour hold|
|East Lothian||Iain Gray||Labour hold|
|Ettrick, Roxburgh and Berwickshire||John Lamont||Conservative hold|
|Galloway and West Dumfries||Alex Fergusson||Conservative hold|
|Kilmarnock and Irvine Valley||Willie Coffey||SNP hold|
|Midlothian South, Tweeddale and Lauderdale||Christine Grahame||SNP hold|
|Liberal Democrats||Jim Hume||1||±0||15,096||5.41%||−4.5|
|Clydebank & Milngavie||Gil Paterson||SNP gain from Labour|
|Cunninghame North||Kenneth Gibson||SNP hold|
|Cunninghame South||Margaret Burgess||SNP gain from Labour|
|Dumbarton||Jackie Baillie||Labour hold|
|Eastwood||Ken Macintosh||Labour hold|
|Greenock & Inverclyde||Duncan McNeil||Labour hold|
|Paisley||George Adam||SNP gain from Labour|
|Renfrewshire North & West||Derek Mackay||SNP gain from Labour|
|Renfrewshire South||Hugh Henry||Labour hold|
|Strathkelvin & Bearsden||Fiona McLeod||SNP gain from Labour|
Below are listed all the constituencies which required a swing of less than 5% from the 2007 result to change hands. Because the election was fought under new boundaries, the figures are based on notional results from 2007.
Liberal Democrat targets
|Constituency/Region||MSP||Party||MSP Since||Office previously held|
|Airdrie and Shotts||Karen Whitefield||Scottish Labour||1999|
|Cumbernauld and Kilsyth||Cathie Craigie||Scottish Labour||1999|
|East Kilbride||Andy Kerr||Scottish Labour||1999||Minister for Finance and Public Services|
|Falkirk East||Cathy Peattie||Scottish Labour||1999|
|Glasgow Anniesland||Bill Butler||Scottish Labour||2000|
|Glasgow Cathcart||Charlie Gordon||Scottish Labour||2005|
|Glasgow Kelvin||Pauline McNeill||Scottish Labour||1999|
|Glasgow Shettleston||Frank McAveety||Scottish Labour||1999||Minister for Tourism, Culture and Sport|
|Kirkcaldy||Marilyn Livingstone||Scottish Labour||1999|
|Hamilton, Larkhall and Stonehouse||Tom McCabe||Scottish Labour||1999|
|Clydesdale||Karen Gillon||Scottish Labour||1999|
|Clydebank and Milngavie||Des McNulty||Scottish Labour||1999||Deputy Minister for Communities|
|Cunninghame South||Irene Oldfather||Scottish Labour||1999|
|Strathkelvin and Bearsden||David Whitton||Scottish Labour||2007|
|Edinburgh South||Mike Pringle||Scottish Liberal Democrats||2003|
|North East Fife||Iain Smith||Scottish Liberal Democrats||1999|
|West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine||Mike Rumbles||Scottish Liberal Democrats||1999|
|Glasgow||Robert Brown||Scottish Liberal Democrats||1999|
|West of Scotland||Ross Finnie||Scottish Liberal Democrats||1999||Minister for the Environment and Rural Development|
|Tweeddale, Ettrick and Lauderdale||Jeremy Purvis||Scottish Liberal Democrats||1999|
|Edinburgh West||Margaret Smith||Scottish Liberal Democrats||1999|
|Dunfermline West||Jim Tolson||Scottish Liberal Democrats||2007|
|Central Scotland||Hugh O'Donnell||Scottish Liberal Democrats||2007|
|South of Scotland||Derek Brownlee||Scottish Conservatives||2005|
|Glasgow||Anne McLaughlin||Scottish National Party||2009|
|Lothian||Shirley-Anne Somerville||Scottish National Party||2007|
|Lothian (was previously member in West of Scotland)||Bill Wilson||Scottish National Party||2007|