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Scotland has elections to several bodies: the Scottish Parliament, the United Kingdom Parliament, local councils and community councils. Before the United Kingdom left the European Union, Scotland elected members to the European Parliament.

Scottish Parliament

Scottish Parliament election results
Scottish Parliament election results

Scottish Parliamentary elections use the Additional Member System (AMS). Under this system, voters are given two votes: one for their constituency, which elects a single MSP by first-past-the-post; and one for their region, which elects seven MSPs by closed list. Five Scottish Parliamentary elections have been held since the reconvention of the Scottish Parliament in 1999. Elections are held every five years, on the first Thursday in May.

2021

Main article: 2021 Scottish Parliament election

Party Seats Seats
change
Constituency votes Constituency votes, of total (%) Constituency vote change (%) Regional votes Regional votes, of total (%) Regional vote change (%) Total votes Total votes, (%) Total votes change (%) Seats won, of total (%)
SNP 64 Increase1 1,291,204 47.7 Increase1.2 1,094,374 40.3 Decrease1.4 2,385,578 43.89 Decrease0.21 49.6
Conservative 31 Steady 592,518 21.9 Decrease0.1 637,131 23.5 Increase0.6 1,229,649 22.62 Increase0.15 24.0
Labour 22 Decrease2 584,392 21.6 Decrease1.0 488,819 18.0 Decrease1.0 1,073,211 19.74 Decrease1.07 17.05
Green 8 Increase2 34,990 1.3 Increase0.7 220,324 8.1 Increase1.5 255,314 4.69 Increase1.11 6.2
Liberal Democrats 4 Decrease1 187,746 6.9 Decrease0.9 137,152 5.1 Decrease0.1 324,898 5.97 Decrease0.54 3.1
Other 0 Steady 15,833 0.58 Increase0.08 137,984 5.1 Increase0.6 153,817 2.83 Increase0.34 0.0
2,706,761 63.46 Increase7.66 2,712,784 63.49 Increase7.69 5,434,851 63.47 Increase7.67 100
Registered voters/Turnout 4,280,785 100 4,280,785 100 8,561,570 100

2016

Main article: 2016 Scottish Parliament election


Party Seats Seats
change
Constituency votes Constituency votes, of total (%) Constituency vote change (%) Regional votes Regional votes, of total (%) Regional vote change (%) Total votes Total votes, (%) Total votes change (%) Seats won, of total (%)
SNP 63 -6 1,059,897 46.5 +1.1 953,587 41.7 -2.3 2,013,484 44.10 Decrease0.60 48.8
Conservative 31 +16 501,844 22.0 +8.1 524,222 22.9 +10.6 1,026,066 22.47 Increase9.34 24.03
Labour 24 -13 514,261 22.6 -9.2 435,919 19.1 -7.2 950,180 20.81 Decrease8.18 18.60
Green 6 +4 13,172 0.6 +0.6 150,426 6.6 +2.2 163,598 3.58 Increase1.40 4.65
Liberal Democrats 5 Steady 178,238 7.8 -1.0 119,284 5.2 Steady 297,522 6.51 Decrease0.04 3.87
Other 0 Decrease1 11,741 0.5 Decrease0.58 102,314 4.5 Decrease3.02 114,055 2.49 Decrease1.89 0
2,279,154 55.59 Increase5.24 2,285,752 55.75 Increase5.36 4,564,906 55.67 Increase5.30 100
Registered voters/Turnout 4,099,907 100 4,099,907 100 5,434,851 100


2011

Main article: 2011 Scottish Parliament election

Party Seats Seats
change
Constituency votes Constituency votes, of total (%) Constituency vote change (%) Regional votes Regional votes, of total (%) Regional vote change (%) Total votes Total votes, (%) Total votes change (%) Seats won, of total (%)
SNP 69 Increase23 902,915 45.5 Increase12.5 876,421 44.0 Increase13.0 1,779,336 44.70 53.48
Labour 37 Decrease7 630,461 31.7 Decrease0.5 523,469 26.3 Decrease2.9 1,153,930 28.99 28.68
Conservative 15 Decrease5 276,652 13.9 Decrease2.7 245,967 12.4 Decrease1.5 522,619 13.13 11.6
Liberal Democrats 5 Decrease12 157,714 7.9 Decrease8.2 103,472 5.2 Decrease6.1 261,186 6.56 3.87
Green 2 Increase1 0 0.0 Decrease0.1 86,939 4.4 Increase0.3 86,939 2.18 1.55
Other 1 Steady 21,534 1.08 149,809 7.52 171,343 4.30 0.77
1,989,276 50.35 Increase 1,990,836 50.39 Increase 3,980,112 50.37 Increase 100
Registered voters/Turnout 3,950,626 100 3,950,626 100 7,901,252 100

2007

Main article: 2007 Scottish Parliament election

Overall turnout - 51.8%[1]

2003

Main article: 2003 Scottish Parliament election

Overall turnout- 49.4%[2]

1999

Main article: 1999 Scottish Parliament election

Overall turnout- 59%[2]

By-elections

Main article: List of Scottish parliamentary by-elections

UK Parliament

Scotland election results by percentage of popular vote, 1900–2019. Conservative total includes Liberal Unionists 1900-1910 and Liberal Nationals 1931–1964. Liberal total incorporates Liberal Party (1900-1979), Alliance (1983-1987) and Liberal Democrats (1992-current).
Scotland election results by percentage of popular vote, 1900–2019. Conservative total includes Liberal Unionists 1900-1910 and Liberal Nationals 1931–1964. Liberal total incorporates Liberal Party (1900-1979), Alliance (1983-1987) and Liberal Democrats (1992-current).

2019

2019 Map
2019 Map

Main articles: 2019 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

[3]

Party Seats Seats
change
Seats
contested
Votes Votes, of total (%) Change (%)
SNP 48 Increase13 59[note 1] 1,242,380 45.0 Increase8.1
Conservative 6 Decrease7 59[note 2] 692,939 25.1 Decrease3.5
Liberal Democrats 4 Steady 59 263,417 9.5 Increase2.8
Labour 1 Decrease6 59[note 3] 511,838 18.6 Decrease8.5
Green 0 Steady 22[4] 28,122 1.0 Increase0.8
Brexit Party 0 Steady 15 13,243 0.5 New
UKIP 0 Steady 6 3,303 0.1 Decrease0.1
Other 0 Steady 3,819 0.1 Decrease0.2
Turnout 2,759,061 68.1 Increase1.7
  1. ^ Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath candidate Neale Hanvey was suspended before the election but appeared on ballot papers as an SNP candidate.
  2. ^ Aberdeen North candidate Ryan Houghton and Glasgow Central candidate Flora Scarabello were both suspended before the election but appeared on the ballot paper as Conservative candidates.
  3. ^ Falkirk candidate Safia Ali was suspended before the election but appeared on ballot papers as a Labour candidate.

2017

2017 Map
2017 Map

Main articles: 2017 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

[5]

Party Seats Seats
change
Seats
contested
Votes Votes, of total (%) Change (%)
SNP 35 Decrease21 59 977,569 36.9 Decrease13.1
Conservative 13 Increase12 59 757,949 28.6 Increase13.7
Labour 7 Increase6 59* 717,007 27.1 Increase2.8
Liberal Democrats 4 Increase3 59 179,061 6.8 Decrease0.7
Green 0 Steady 3 5,886 0.2 Decrease1.1
UKIP 0 Steady 10 5,302 0.2 Decrease1.4
Other 0 Steady 6,921 0.3 Steady
Turnout 2,649,695 66.4 Decrease4.7

2015

Main articles: 2015 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

2015 Map
2015 Map

At the 2015 election the SNP won a majority of Scottish seats for the first time.

[6]

Party Seats Seats
change
Seats, of total (%) Seats
contested
Votes Votes, of total (%) Change (%)
SNP 56 Increase 50 94.6 59 1,454,436 50.0 Increase30.1
Labour 1 Decrease40 1.7 59* 707,147 24.3 Decrease17.7
Conservative 1 0 1.7 59 434,097 14.9 Decrease1.8
Liberal Democrats 1 Decrease10 1.7 59 219,675 7.5 Decrease11.3
UKIP 0 Steady 0 41 47,078 1.6 Increase0.9
Green 0 Steady 0 32 39,205 1.3 Increase0.7
Other 0 Steady 0 37 8,827 0.3 Decrease0.5
Turnout 2,910,465 71.1 Increase6.3

2010

Main articles: 2010 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

2010 Map
2010 Map
Party Seats Seats
change
Seats, of total (%) Candidates Votes % %
change
Labour 41 Steady 69.4 59 1,035,528 42.0 Increase2.5
Liberal Democrats 11 Steady 18.6 59 465,471 18.9 Decrease3.7
SNP 6 Steady 10.16 59 491,386 19.9 Increase2.3
Conservative 1 Steady 1.69 59* 412,855 16.7 Increase0.9
UKIP 0 Steady 0 34 17,223 0.7 Increase0.3
Green 0 Steady 0 20 16,827 0.7 Decrease0.4
Other 0 Steady 0 45 19,555 0.8 Increase0.14
Turnout: 2,465,722 63.8 Increase3.2

* Philip Lardner, the Conservative candidate for North Ayrshire and Arran was disowned by the Conservative Party for comments he posted on his website, calling homosexuality 'abnormal'. It was too late for him to be replaced and he still read as the Scottish Conservative & Unionist Party candidate on the ballot paper.

2005

Main articles: 2005 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

2005 Map
2005 Map
Party Seats Seats
change
Seats,
of total (%)
Votes % %
change
Labour 41 Decrease15 69.4 922,402 39.5 Decrease4.5
Liberal Democrats 11 Increase1 18.6 528,076 22.6 Increase6.3
SNP 6 Increase1 10.16 412,267 17.7 Decrease2.4
Conservative 1 Steady 1.7 369,388 15.8 Increase0.2
Scottish Socialist 0 Steady 0 43,514 1.9 Decrease1.2
Green 0 Steady 0 25,760 1.1 Increase1.1
UKIP 0 Steady 0 8,859 0.4 Increase0.3
Other 0 Steady 0 15,490 0.66
Turnout: 2,333,887 60.6 Increase 2.4

2001

Main articles: 2001 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

2001 Map
2001 Map
Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 56 Steady 1,001,173 43.3 Decrease2.3
Liberal Democrats 10 Steady 378,034 16.3 Increase3.3
SNP 5 Decrease1 464,314 20.1 Decrease2.1
Conservative 1 Increase1 360,658 15.6 Decrease1.9
Scottish Socialist 0 Steady 72,516 3.1 Increase2.8
Turnout: 2,315,703 58.2 Decrease13.1

1997

Main articles: 1997 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

1997 Map
1997 Map
Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 56 Increase7 1,283,350 45.6 Increase 6.6
Liberal Democrats 10 Increase1 365,362 13.0 Decrease0.1
SNP 6 Increase3 621,550 22.1 Increase0.6
Conservative 0 Decrease11 493,059 17.5 Decrease8.2
Other 0 Steady 53,427 2.0 Increase1.2
Turnout: 2,816,748 71.3 Decrease4.2

1992

Main articles: 1992 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

1992 Map
1992 Map
Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 49 Decrease 1 1,142,911 39.0 Decrease 3.4
Conservative 11 Increase 1 751,950 25.6 Increase 1.6
Liberal Democrats 9 Steady 383,856 13.1 Decrease 6.1
SNP 3 Steady 629,564 21.5 Increase 7.4
Other 0 Steady 23,417 0.8 Increase 0.5
Turnout: 2,931,698 75.5 Increase 0.4

1987

Main articles: 1987 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

1987 Map
1987 Map
Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 50 Increase9 1,258,132 42.4 Increase7.3
Conservative 10 Decrease11 713,081 24.0 Decrease4.4
Alliance 9 Increase1 570,053 19.2 Decrease5.3
SNP 3 Increase1 416,473 14.1 Increase2.3
Other 0 Steady 10,069 0.3 Steady
Turnout: 2,967,808 75.1 Increase2.4

1983

Main articles: 1983 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

1983 Map
1983 Map
Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 41 Decrease3 990,654 35.1 Decrease6.5
Conservative 21 Decrease1 801,487 28.4 Decrease3.0
Alliance 8 Increase5[7] 692,634 24.5 Increase15.5
SNP 2 Steady 331,975 11.8 Decrease5.5
Other 0 Steady 7,830 0.3 Increase0.2
Turnout: 2,824,580 72.7

1979

Main articles: 1979 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

1979 Map
1979 Map
Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 44 Increase 3 1,211,455 41.5 Increase 5.2
Conservative 22 Increase 6 916,155 31.4 Increase 6.7
SNP 2 Decrease 9 504,259 17.3 Decrease 13.1
Liberal 3 Steady 262,224 9.0 Increase 0.7
SLP 0 Steady 13,737 0.5 New
Other 0 Steady 2,881 0.1 Increase 0.1
Turnout: 2,916,637 76.84

October 1974

Main articles: October 1974 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

October 1974 Map
October 1974 Map
Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 41 Increase 1 1,000,581 36.3 Decrease 0.3
Conservative 16 Decrease 5 681,327 24.7 Decrease 8.2
SNP 11 Increase 4 839,617 30.4 Increase 8.5
Liberal 3 Steady 228,855 8.3 Increase 0.4
Communist 0 Steady 7,453 0.3 Decrease 0.2
National Front 0 Steady 86 0.0 New
Other 0 Steady 182 0.0 Decrease 0.1
Turnout: 2,758,101 74.81

February 1974

Main articles: February 1974 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

February 1974 Map
February 1974 Map
Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 40 Decrease 4 1,057,601 36.6 Decrease 7.9
Conservative 21 Decrease 2 950,668 32.9 Decrease 5.1
SNP 7 Increase 6 633,180 21.9 Increase 10.5
Liberal 3 Steady 229,162 7.9 Increase 2.4
Communist 0 Steady 15,071 0.5 Increase 0.1
Other 0 Steady 1,393 0.1 Decrease 0.1
Turnout: 2,887,075 78.86

1970

1970 Map
1970 Map

Main articles: 1970 United Kingdom general election and results in Scotland

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 44 Decrease 2 1,197,068 44.5 Decrease 5.4
Conservative 23 Increase 3 1,020,674 38.0 Increase 0.4
SNP 1 Increase 1 306,802 11.4 Increase 6.4
Liberal 3 Decrease 2 147,667 5.5 Decrease 1.3
Communist 0 Steady 11,408 0.4 Decrease 0.2
Other 0 Steady 4,616 0.2 Increase 0.2
Turnout: 2,688,235 73.91

1966

1966 Map
1966 Map

Main article: 1966 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 46 Increase 3 1,273,916 49.8 Increase 0.1
Conservative 20 Decrease 4 960,675 37.6 Decrease 3.0
Liberal 5 Increase 1 172,447 6.8 Decrease 0.8
SNP 0 Steady 128,474 5.0 Increase 2.6
Communist 0 Steady 16,230 0.6 Increase 0.1
Other 0 Steady 638 0.0 Decrease 0.2
Turnout: 2,552,380

1964

1964 Map
1964 Map

Main article: 1964 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Labour Party 43 Increase 5 1,283,667 48.7 Increase 2.0
  Conservative (Total) 24 Decrease 7 1,069,695 40.6 Decrease 6.7
  Unionist 24 Decrease 1 981,641 37.3 Decrease 2.5
  National Liberal & Conservative 0 Decrease 6 88,054 3.3 Decrease 4.2
  Liberal 4 Increase 3 200,063 7.6 Increase 3.5
  SNP 0 Steady 64,044 2.4 Increase 1.6
  Communist 0 Steady 12,241 0.5 Steady
  Other 0 Steady 4,829 0.2 Steady
Total 71 2,634,539 100

1959

1959 Map
1959 Map

Main article: 1959 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Labour Party 38 Increase 4 1,245,255 46.7 Steady
  Conservative (Total) 31 Decrease 5 1,260,287 47.3 Decrease 2.8
  Unionist 25 Decrease 5 1,060,609 39.8 Decrease 1.7
  National Liberal & Conservative 6 Steady 199,678 7.5 Decrease 1.1
  Liberal 1 Steady 108,963 4.1 Increase 2.1
  Independent Unionist 1 Increase 1 12,163 0.5 New
  SNP 0 Steady 21,738 0.8 Increase 0.3
  Communist 0 Steady 12,150 0.5 New
  Fife Socialist League 0 Steady 4,886 0.2 New
  Other 0 Steady 2,071 0.1 Decrease 0.2
Total 71 2,667,513 100

1955

1955 Map
1955 Map

Main article: 1955 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Conservative (Total) 36 Increase 1 1,273,942 50.1 Increase 1.5
  Unionist 30 Increase 1 1,056,209 41.5 Increase 1.6
  National Liberal & Conservative 6 Steady 217,733 8.6 Decrease 0.1
  Labour Party 34 Decrease 1 1,188,058 46.7 Decrease 1.2
  Liberal 1 Steady 47,273 1.9 Decrease0.8
  Communist 0 Steady 13,195 0.5 Increase 0.1
  SNP 0 Steady 12,112 0.5 Increase 0.2
  Other 0 Steady 8,674 0.3 Increase 0.2
Total 71 2,543,254 100

1951

1951 Map
1951 Map

Main article: 1951 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Conservative (Total) 35 Increase 4 1,349,298 48.6 Increase 4.8
  Unionist 29 Increase 3 1,108,321 39.9 Increase 2.7
  National Liberal & Conservative 6 Increase 1 240,977 8.7 Increase 1.1
  Labour Party 35 Decrease 2 1,330,244 47.9 Increase 1.7
  Liberal 1 Decrease 1 76,291 2.7 Decrease 3.9
  Communist 0 Steady 10,947 0.4 Decrease 0.6
  SNP 0 Steady 7,299 0.3 Decrease 0.1
  Other 0 Decrease 1 3,758 0.1 Decrease 0.9
Total 71 2,777,837 100

1950

1950 Map
1950 Map

Main article: 1950 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Labour Party 37 Steady 1,259,410 46.2 Decrease 1.7
  Conservative (Total) 31 Increase 4 1,222,010 44.8 Increase 4.5
  Unionist 26 Increase 2 1,013,909 37.2 Increase 0.5
  National Liberal & Conservative 5 Increase 2 208,101 7.6 Increase 4.0
  Liberal 2 Increase 2 180,270 6.6 Increase 1.0
  SNP 0 Steady 9,708 0.4 Decrease 0.9
  Communist 0 Decrease 1 27,559 1.0 Decrease 0.4
  Other 1 Decrease 2 27,727 1.0 Decrease 0.7
Total 71 2,726,684 100

1945

1945 Map
1945 Map

Main article: 1945 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Labour Party 37 Increase 17 1,144,310 47.9 Increase 11.1
  Conservative (Total) 27 964,134 40.3
  Unionist 24 Decrease 11 878,206 36.7 Decrease 5.3
  National Liberal & Conservative 3 Decrease 4 85,937 3.6 Decrease 3.1
  Independent Labour Party 3 Decrease 1 40,725 1.7 Decrease 3.3
  Independent Liberal 3 Increase 3 39,774 1.7 Increase 1.7
  Communist 1 - 33,265 1.4 Increase 0.8
  Liberal 0 Decrease 3 132,849 5.6 Decrease 1.1
  SNP 0 - 30,595 1.3 Increase 0.2
  Common Wealth Party 0 - 4,231 0.2 Increase 0.2
Total 71 2,389,892 100

1935

1935 Map
1935 Map

Main article: 1935 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  National Government (Total) 43 Decrease 21 1,135,403 49.8 Decrease 15.2
  Unionist 35 Decrease 13 962,595 42.0 Decrease 7.5
  National Liberal 7 149,072 6.7
  National Labour 1 0 19,115 0.9 Decrease 0.1
  National 0 4,621 0.2
  Labour Party 20 Increase 13 863,789 36.8 Increase 4.2
  Liberal 3 Decrease 4 174,235 6.7 Decrease 1.9
  Independent Labour Party 4 111,256 5.0
  SNP 0 25,652 1.1
  Communist 1 Increase 1 13,462 0.6 Decrease 0.8
Total 71 2,323,797 100

1931

1931 Map
1931 Map

Main article: 1931 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  National Government (Total) 64 1,385,385 64.0
  Unionist 48 Increase28 1,056,768 49.5 Increase13.6
  National Liberal & Conservative 8 New 101,430 4.9 New
  Liberal 7 Decrease6 205,384 8.6 Decrease9.5
  National Labour 1 New 21,803 1.0 New
  Labour Party 7 Decrease29 696,248 32.6 Decrease9.7
  Communist 0 Steady 35,618 1.4 Increase0.3
  National Party of Scotland 0 Steady 20,954 1.0 Increase0.8
  New Party 0 New 3,895 0.2 New
  Other 0 32,229 0.8
Total 71 2,174,329 100

1929

1929 Map
1929 Map

Main article: 1929 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Labour 36 Increase 10 937,300 42.3 Increase 1.2
Unionist 20 Decrease 16 792,063 35.9 Decrease 4.8
Liberal 13 Increase 5 407,081 18.1 Increase 1.5
Communist 0 - 27,114 1.1 Increase 0.4
Scottish Prohibition 1 - 25,037 1.1
National Party of Scotland 0 - 3,313 0.2 New
Other 1 51,033 1.3
Total 71 2,242,941 100

1924

1924 Map
1924 Map

Main article: 1924 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Unionist 36 Increase 22 688,299 40.7 Increase 9.1
Labour 26 Decrease 8 697,146 41.1 Increase 5.2
Liberal 8 Decrease 14 286,540 16.6 Decrease 11.8
Communist 0 - 15,930 0.7 Decrease 1.7
Other 1 - 29,193 0.9 Decrease 0.8
Total 71 1,717,108 100

1923

1923 Map
1923 Map

Main article: 1923 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Labour 34 Increase 5 532,450 35.9 Increase 3.7
Liberal (Reunited) 22 Decrease 5 422,995 28.4 Decrease 10.8
Unionist 14 Increase 1 468,526 31.6 Increase 6.5
Communist 0 Decrease 1 39,448 2.4 Increase 1.0
Other 1 - 37,908 1.7 Decrease 0.4
Total 71 1,501,327 100

1922

1922 Map
1922 Map

Main article: 1922 United Kingdom general election

Main article: 1922 United Kingdom general election in Scotland

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Labour 29 Increase 23 501,254 32.2 Increase 9.3
Liberal 15 Increase 7 328,649 21.5 Increase 6.1
Unionist 13 379,396 25.1
National Liberal 12 Decrease 13 288,529 17.7 Decrease 1.4
Communist 1 23,944 1.4
Other 1 47,589 2.1
Total 71 1,569,361 100

1918

1918 Map
1918 Map

Main article: 1918 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Coalition (Total) 54 584,259 52.3
  Coalition Unionist 28 336,530 30.8
  Coalition Liberal 25 221,145 19.1
  Coalition Labour 1 14,247 1.3
  Coalition NDP 0 12,337 1.1
  Labour 6 265,744 22.9 +19.3
  Liberal 8 163,960 15.0 -36.6
  Unionist 2 21,939 2.0
  Co-operative Party 0 19,841 1.8
  Highland Land League 0 8,710 0.8
  Scottish Prohibition Party 0 5,212 0.5
  NDP 0 4,297 0.4
  Other 1 52,749 4.7
Total 71 1,126,711 100

1910 December

Main article: December 1910 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Liberal 57 Decrease 1 306,378 53.6 Decrease 0.6
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist 10 Increase 1 244,785 42.6 Increase 3.0
  Labour Party 3 Increase 1 24,633 3.6 Decrease 1.5
  Other 0 Decrease 1 1,947 0.2 Decrease 0.9
Total 70 577,743 100

1910 January

Main article: January 1910 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Liberal 58 Steady 354,847 54.2 Decrease 2.2
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist 9 Decrease 1 260,033 39.6 Increase 1.4
  Labour Party 2 Steady 37,852 5.1 Increase 2.8
  Other 1 Increase 1 7,710 1.1
Total 70 660,442 100

1906

Main article: 1906 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Liberal 58 Increase 24 336,400 56.4 Increase 6.2
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist 10 Decrease 26 225,802 38.2 Decrease 10.8
  Labour 2 Increase 2 16,897 2.3
  Other 0 17,815 3.1
Total 70 596,914 100

1900

Main article: 1900 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist 36 Increase 5 237,217 49.0 Increase 1.6
  Liberal 34 Decrease 5 245,092 50.2 Decrease 1.5
  Scottish Workers' 0 Steady 3,107 0.6
  Other 0 Steady 814 0.2
Total 70 486,230 100

1895

Main article: 1895 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Liberal 39 Decrease 12 236,446 51.7 Decrease 2.2
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 31 Increase 12 214,403 47.4 Increase 3
  Independent Labour Party 0 Steady 4,269 0.8 Increase 0.8
Total 70 100

1892

Main article: 1892 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Liberal 51 Increase 8 256,944 53.9 Increase 0.3
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 19 Decrease 8 209,944 44.4 Decrease 2.0
Scottish Trades Councils Labour 0 Steady 2,313 0.5 Increase 0.5
Scottish Parliamentary Labour 0 Steady 2,043 0.4 Increase 0.4
  Other 0 Steady 3,886 0.8 Increase 0.8
Total 70 475,130 100

1886

Main article: 1886 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Liberal 43 Decrease 8 193,801 53.6 Increase 0.3
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 27 Increase 19 164,314 46.4 Increase 12.1
Total 70 358,115 100

1885

Main article: 1885 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Liberal 51 Decrease 1 238,627 53.3 Decrease 16.8
Conservative 8 Increase 2 151,137 34.3 Increase 4.4
Independent Liberal & Crofters Party 4 Increase 4 16,551 3.7 Increase 3.7
Independent Liberal 7 Increase 7 38,214 8.6 Increase 8.6
Others 0 Steady
Scottish Land Restoration League 0 Steady 2,359 0.5 Increase 0.5
Total 70 Increase 12 446,888 100

1880

Main article: 1880 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Liberal 52 Increase 12 195,517 70.1 Increase 1.7
Conservative 6 Decrease 12 75,145 29.9 Decrease 1.7
Total 58 269,662 100

1874

Main article: 1874 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Liberal 40 Decrease 11 148,345 68.4 Decrease 14.1
Conservative 18 Increase 11 63,193 31.6 Increase 14.1
Total 58 211,538 100

1868

Main article: 1868 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Liberal 51 Increase 9 125,356 82.5 Decrease 2.9
Conservative 7 Decrease 4 23,985 17.5 Increase 2.9
Total 58 Increase 5 149,341 100

1865

Main article: 1865 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Liberal 42 Increase2 43,480 85.4 Increase 21.0
Conservative 11 Decrease2 4,305 14.6 Decrease 19.0
Total 53 47,785 100

1859

Main article: 1859 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Liberal 40 Increase1 5,174 66.4 Decrease 18.4
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 13 Decrease1 2,616 33.6 Increase 18.4
Total 53 7,790 100

1857

Main article: 1857 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Liberal 39 Increase 6 31,999 84.8 Increase 12.2
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 14 Decrease 6 4,060 15.2 Decrease 12.2
Total 53 36,059 100

1852

Main article: 1852 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Whig 33 - 21,015 72.6 Decrease 9.1
Conservative & Liberal Conservative 20 - 6,955 27.4 Increase 9.1
Total 53 27,970 100

1847

Main article: 1847 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Whig 33 - 20,092 81.7 Increase 19.9
Conservative & Liberal Conservative 20 - 3,509 18.3 Decrease 20.0
Total 53 23,601 100

1841

Main article: 1841 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Whig 33 - 16,356 60.8 Increase 6.8
Conservative 20 - 9,793 38.3 Decrease 8.3
Chartist 0 385 0.9
Total 53 26,354 100

1837

Main article: 1837 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Whig 33 Decrease 5 22,082 54.0 Decrease 8.8
Conservative 20 Increase 5 18,569 46.0 Increase 8.8
Total 53 - 40,651 100

1835

Main article: 1835 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Whig 38 Decrease 5 28,307 62.8 Decrease 16.2
Conservative 15 Increase 5 15,733 37.2 Increase 16.2
Total 53 44,040 100

1832

Main article: 1832 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Whig 43 Increase 22 44,003 79.0
Tory 10 Decrease 13 9,752 21.0
Total 53 53,755 100

1831

Main article: 1831 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Tory 23 Decrease 10
Whig 21 Increase 9
Doubtful 1 Increase 1
Total 45 100

1830

Main article: 1830 United Kingdom general election

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Tory 33
Whig 12
Total 45 100

Local councils

Since 1995, local elections in Scotland have been generally held every four years for all the 32 unitary authorities created under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994. Between 1975 and 1992, elections were held every two years for either district or regional council, which sat for four-year terms. Those arrangements were set up by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973.

As one consequence of the Gould Report,[8] which was a response to the fiasco of the 2007 elections, the next council elections were scheduled for 2012 (one year after the Parliamentary elections in 2011).

The next local elections in Scotland are due to be held in 2022.

2017

The elections were held again using the STV system of proportional representation, and as with the 2012 Scottish local elections, they were delayed for one year to ensure they were not held on the same day as the 2016 Scottish Parliament elections (which was delayed for a year, owing to the 2015 general election). For full analysis see 2017 Scottish local elections.

2012

Main article: 2012 Scottish local elections

The election was contested for the second time under the STV system of proportional representation. It was the first time in 13 years that the elections had not been held on the same day as the Scottish Parliament elections.

Past elections

By-elections

2008

2007

2006

2005

European Parliament

In 1999, a Scotland-wide constituency replaced eight first-past-the-post constituencies used in the elections between 1979 and 1994. This returned eight MEPs under the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation system. Since then the number of MEPs returned by Scotland has been reduced twice, to seven in 2004, and then to six in 2009.

Following the United Kingdom's exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020, Scotland no longer elects representatives to the European Parliament.

Elected candidates are shown in bold. Brackets indicate the number of votes per seat won.

2019

Main article: 2019 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom

European Election 2019: Scotland[9][10][11][12]
List Candidates Votes % ±
SNP Alyn Smith, Christian Allard, Aileen McLeod
Margaret Ferrier, Heather Anderson, Alex Kerr[13]
594,553
(198,184.3)
37.8% +8.8
Brexit Party Louis Stedman-Bryce
Karina Walker, James Ferguson-Hannah, Stuart Waiton, Paul Aitken, Calum Walker
233,006 14.8% N/A
Liberal Democrats Sheila Ritchie
Fred Mackintosh, Catriona Bhatia, Vita Zaporozcenko, John Edward, Clive Sneddon[14]
218,285 13.8% +6.8
Conservative Nosheena Mobarik
Ian McGill, Shona Haslam, Iain Whyte, Andrea Gee, Michael Kusznir[15]
182,476 11.6% -5.6
Labour David Martin, Jayne Baxter, Craig Miller, Amy Lee Fraioli, Callum O’Dwyer, Angela Bretherton[16] 146,724 9.3% -16.6
Green Maggie Chapman, Lorna Slater, Gillian MacKay, Chas Booth, Mags Hall, Allan Faulds 129,603 8.2% +0.1
Change UK

David Macdonald,1 Kate Forman, Peter Griffiths, Heather Astbury, Colin McFadyen, Cathy Edgeworth 30,004 1.9% N/A
UKIP Donald MacKay, Janice MacKay, Otto Inglis, Mark Meechan, Roy Hill[17] 28,418 1.8% -8.7
Independent Gordon Edgar[18] 6,128 0.4% N/A
Independent Ken Parke[18] 2,049 0.1% N/A
Turnout 1,561,226 39.9% + 6.4

2014

European Parliament election 2014: Scotland [19][20][21][22]
List Candidates Votes % ±
SNP Ian Hudghton, Alyn Smith,
Tasmina Ahmed-Sheikh, Stephen Gethins, Toni Giugliano, Chris Stephens
389,503
(194,751.5)
29.0 –0.1
Labour David Martin, Catherine Stihler,
Derek  Munn, Katrina Murray, Asim Khan, Kirsty O'Brien
348,219
(174,109.5)
25.9 +5.1
Conservative Ian Duncan, Belinda Don, Nosheena  Mobarik, Jamie Gardiner,
Iain McGill, Stuart McIntyre
231,330 16.8 +0.4
UKIP David Coburn, Kevin  Newton, Otto Inglis, Denise Baykal, Hugh  Hatrick, Malcolm Mackay 140,534 10.5 +5.3
Green Maggie Chapman, Chas Booth, Grace Murray, Alastair Whitelaw, Anne Thomas, Steen Parish 108,305 8.1 +0.8
Liberal Democrats George Lyon, Christine Jardine, Richard Brodie, Jade Holden,
Siobhan Mathers, Euan Davidson
95,319 7.1 –4.4
Britain First James Dowson, John Arthur Randall, Jayda Fransen, Geoffrey Clynch, Margaret Clynch, Jane Shepherd 13,551 2.0 [new]
BNP Kenneth McDonald, David Orr, Victoria McKenzie, Angus Matthys, Paul Stafford, Stacey Fleming 10,150 0.8 –1.7
NO2EU John Foster. Andrew Elliott, Murdo Maclean, Gail Morrow, Brian Smith, Richard Veitch 6,388 0.5 –0.4
Turnout 1,343,299 33.5% +5.0%

2009

European Parliament election 2009: Scotland[23][24]
List Candidates Votes % ±
SNP Ian Hudghton, Alyn Smith
Aileen McLeod, Drew Hendry, Duncan Ross, Gordon Archer
321,007
(160,503.5)
29.1 +9.4
Labour David Martin, Catherine Stihler
Mary Lockhart, Paul McAleavely, Kirsty Connell, Nasim Khan[25]
229,853
(114,926.5)
20.8 -5.6
Conservative Struan Stevenson
Belinda Don, Helen Gardiner, Donald G. MacDonald, Gerald Michaluk, PJ Lewis[26]
185,794 16.8 -0.9
Liberal Democrats George Lyon
Euan Robson, Robert Aldridge, Patsy Kenton, Douglas Herbison, Clive Sneddon[27]
127,038 11.5 -1.6
Green Elaine Morrison, Chas Booth, Kirsten Robb, Alastair Whitelaw, Ruth Dawkins, Peter McColl 80,442 7.3 +0.5
UKIP Peter Adams, Paul Hencke, Phillip Anderson, Matthew Desmond, Donald Mackay, Paul Wiffen, Kathleen Desmond [28] 57,788 5.2 -1.5
BNP Gary Raikes, Charlie Baillie, Deborah McKnight, Roy Jones, Max Dunbar, Elise Jones [29] 27,174 2.5 +0.8
Socialist Labour Louise McDaid, David Jacobsen, Katherine McGavigan, James Berrington, Claire Watt, James McDaid 22,135 2.0 +2.0
Scottish Christian Sheila McLaughlan, John Smart, Brian Ross, Archie Linnegan, Christine Cormack, Isobel Anne Macleod 16,738 1.5 +1.5
Scottish Socialist Colin Fox, Angela Gorrie, Johanna Dind, Nick McKerrell, Raphie de Santos, Felicity Garvie 10,404 0.9 -4.3
Independent Duncan Robertson 10,189 0.9 +0.9
NO2EU John Foster, Tommy Sheridan, Leah Ganley, Stuart Hyslop, Ajit Singh Uppal, Tom Morrison 9,693 0.9 +0.9
Jury Team Alan Wallace, John O'Callaghan, Stuart Brown, Kenneth Lees, Mev Brown, Austin Compson-Bradford[30] 6,257 0.6 +0.6
Turnout 1,104,512 28.5 −2.4

2004

European Parliament election 2004: Scotland[31]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Labour David Martin, Catherine Stihler
Bill Miller, Kirsty O'Brien, Colin Smyth, Catriona Renton, Gemma Doyle
310,865
(155,432.5)
26.4 -2.3
SNP Ian Hudghton, Alyn Smith
Kenneth Gibson, Douglas Henderson, Alexander Nicholson, Alex Orr, Janet Law, Duncan Ross
231,505
(115,752.5)
19.7 -7.5
Conservative Struan Stevenson, John Purvis
Cameron Buchanan, Sebastian Leslie, Anne Harper, Paul Nelson, Douglas Taylor
209,028
(104,514)
17.8 -2.0
Liberal Democrats Elspeth Attwooll
Robert Aldridge, Alex Bruce, Karen Freel, Douglas Herbison, Clive Sneddon, Christine James, Jermaine Allison
154,178 13.1 +3.3
Green Chas Booth, Tara O'Leary, Martin Bartos, Moira Dunworth, Alastair Whitelaw, Katherine Joester, James Park 79,695 6.8 +1.0
UKIP Peter Troy, Philip Anderson, George Cormack, Michael Phillips, Janice Murdock, Donald Mackay, Peter Nielson 78,828 6.7 +5.4
Scottish Socialist Felicity Garvie, Nick McKerrel, Hugh Kerr, Catriona Grant, Lynn Sheridan, John Sangster, Andrew Rossiter 61,356 5.2 +1.2
Christian Vote George Hargreaves, William Thompson, Richard Russell, David Braid, Marion McNeill, Mary Hay, Rose Irtwange 21,056 1.8 N/A
BNP Steven Blake, Scott McLean, David Kerr, Stephen Burns, Bryan Dickson, Craig McComb, John Bean[32] 19,427 1.7 +1.3
Scottish Wind Watch Brendan Hamill, Sylvia Thorne, Charles Bennie, Jennifer Scobie, Bennie Palmer, Helen Pass, Richard Hammock 7,255 0.6 N/A
Independent Fergus Tait 3,624 0.3 N/A
Turnout 1,176,817 30.9 +6.2

1999

European Parliament election 1999: Scotland[33]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Labour David Martin, Bill Miller, Catherine Taylor
Christine May, Hugh McMahon, James Paton, John Clifford, Jeanette Bradley
283,490
(94,496.67)
28.7 N/A
SNP Ian Hudghton, Neil MacCormick
Anne Gillies, Gordon Wilson, Janet Law, Kris Browne, Ian Goldie, Josephine Docherty
268,528
(134,264)
27.2 N/A
Conservative Struan Stevenson, John Purvis
Anne Harper, Cameron Buchanan, Sebastian Leslie, Iain Mitchell, Peter Ramsay, Anthony Gilbey
195,296
(97,648)
19.8 N/A
Liberal Democrats Elspeth Attwooll
Robert Aldridge, Neil Mitchison, Heather Lyall, Clive Sneddon, Danus Skene, Karen Freel, Jayne Struthers
96,971 9.8 N/A
Green Marion Coyne, Eleanor Scott, Phil O'Brien, Graeme Farmer, Linda Hendry, Chris Ballance, Kay Allan, Alastair Whitelaw 57,142 5.8 N/A
Scottish Socialist Hugh Kerr, Rosie Kane, Harvey Duke, Catherine Stewart, Colin Fox, Shareen Blackall, Steve Arnott, Frances Curran 39,720 4.0 N/A
Pro-Euro Conservative Paul Dwyer, Joanna Lavender, Douglas McConchie, Richard Ashurst, Neasa MacEarlean, Oliver Grant, Alexander Skinner, James Waters 17,781 1.8 N/A
UKIP Alistair McConnachie, Donald Mackay, James McKenna, Stuart Brown, Matthew Henderson, Joseph Smith, Peter Nielson, John Mumford 12,459 1.3 N/A
Socialist Labour Louise McDaid, Christopher Herriot, Katharine McGavigan, Stephen Mayes, Patricia Graham, Colin Turbett, Margaret Stead, James Galloway 9,385 1.0 N/A
BNP Kenneth Smith, Scott McLean,[34] Russell Bradley, Mark Allen, Paul Wilkinson, Robert Currie, David Kerr,[35] James Mills 3,729 0.4 N/A
Natural Law James McKissock, George Stidolph, Diana Kras, Kenneth Blair, David Pettigrew, Iain Petrie, Anna Rawlinson, Thomas Pringle 2,087 0.2 N/A
Accountant for Lower Scottish Taxes Charles Lawson 1,632 0.2 N/A
Turnout 988,310 24.7 N/A

Pre-1999 elections

For full details of results please referee to related articles;

1994

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 6 -1 635,955 42.51 +0.65
SNP 2 +1 487,239 32.57 +6.94
Conservative 0 Steady 216,669 14.48 –6.41
Liberal Democrats 0 Steady 107,811 7.21 +2.92
Green 0 Steady 23,304 1.56 –5.69
Scottish Militant Labour 0 12,113 0.81
Natural Law 0 5,037 0.34
Liberal 0 3,249 0.22
Socialist (GB) 0 1,832 0.12
UKIP 0 1,096 0.07
Communist 0 Steady 689 0.05 –0.02
Independent 0 584 0.04
International Communist 0 Steady 381 0.03 +0.02
Turnout: 1,495,959

1989

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 7 +2 664,263 41.86 +0.87
SNP 1 Steady 406,686 25.63 +7.81
Conservative 0 –2 331,495 20.89 –4.83
Green 0 Steady 115,028 7.25 +7.05
SLD 0 Steady 68,056 4.29 –11.31
Communist 0 1,164 0.07
International Communist 0 193 0.01
Turnout: 1,586,885

1984

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 5 +3 526,066 40.99 +8.00
Conservative 2 –3 332,771 25.72 –7.96
SNP 1 Steady 230,594 17.82 –1.56
Alliance 0 Steady 201,782 15.60 –1.65
Ecology 0 2,560 0.20
Turnout: 1,293,773

1979

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Conservative 5 430,772 33.68
Labour 2 421,968 32.99
SNP 1 247,836 19.38
Liberal 0 178,433 13.95
Turnout: 1,279,009

Referendums

To date eight referendums have been held in Scotland, covering a wide range of issues.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Scottish Parliament Elections". BBC. 5 April 2007. Retrieved 1 November 2006.
  2. ^ a b Nicola McEwen. "Is Devolution at Risk?: Examining attitudes towards the Scottish Parliament in light of the 2003 Election". Scottish Affairs. Archived from the original on 16 September 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  3. ^ "Results of the 2019 General Election in Scotland". BBC. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Scottish Greens release list of 2019 general election candidates". Holyrood. 14 November 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  5. ^ "Scotland Results". BBC News.
  6. ^ "Scotland Results". BBC News.
  7. ^ Compared to the Liberals in 1979
  8. ^ "Probe says May poll failed voters". BBC News. 23 October 2007. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  9. ^ "Who are the MEP candidates in Scotland?". BBC. 25 April 2019.
  10. ^ European elections: List of candidates for Scotland BBC News Scotland, 28 April 2019
  11. ^ The UK’s European elections 2019 | Gains for The Brexit Party and Lib Dems BBC News
  12. ^ EU Elections 2019 – The Results Ballot Box Scotland; N.B.: This also gives the number of votes for each party in each council area.
  13. ^ "SNP reveal list for Euro elections as party go for three MEPs". The National. 20 April 2019.
  14. ^ "Scottish Lib Dems unveil Euro election candidates". BBC News. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  15. ^ "The list of Conservative MEP candidates for Scotland". Conservative Home.
  16. ^ "Scotland's main parties reveal candidates for European Parliament elections". The Scotsman. 19 April 2019.
  17. ^ "EU candidates". UK Independence Party.
  18. ^ a b "Who are the MEP candidates in Scotland?". BBC News. 25 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  19. ^ The Scotsman, 25/26 May 2014 https://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/scottish-european-election-2014-results-1-3422454 N.B.: This also gives the number of votes for each party in each council area.
  20. ^ European Parliament Information Office in Edinburgh, Newsletter Issue 2, October 2014 http://www.europarl.europa.eu/unitedkingdom/resource/static/files/epio-in-edinburgh---october-newsletter.pdf
  21. ^ "Vote 2014: European election candidates for Scotland". BBC News. 28 April 2014.
  22. ^ Scotl, Ballot Box (28 May 2019). "EU Elections 2019 – The Results". Ballot Box Scotland.
  23. ^ "City of Edinburgh Council" (PDF).
  24. ^ "European Election 2009 | UK Results | Scotland". BBC News.
  25. ^ "Labour's 2009 EP candidates". Jon Worth Euroblog. 4 April 2008.
  26. ^ "Conservative Party website, accessed 17 July 2008".
  27. ^ "CIX ONLINE, accessed 17 July 2008". Archived from the original on 8 May 2009.
  28. ^ "UK Independence Party". Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  29. ^ British National Party Scotland accessed 6 March 2009
  30. ^ http://www.juryteam.org/region.php?select=scotland
  31. ^ "2004 Election candidates". UK Office of the European Parliament. Archived from the original on 4 October 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
  32. ^ "Scotcand". Archived from the original on 3 June 2004.
  33. ^ "1999 Election candidates". UK Office of the European Parliament. Archived from the original on 28 August 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
  34. ^ "BBC News | Programmes | Under the skin of the BNP". news.bbc.co.uk.
  35. ^ "BBC News | Programmes | Under the skin of the BNP". news.bbc.co.uk.
  36. ^ Black, Andrew (21 March 2013). "Scottish independence: Referendum to be held on 18 September, 2014". BBC News. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  37. ^ Carrell, Severin (21 March 2013). "Alex Salmond announces Scottish independence referendum date". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  38. ^ "Scotland decides on 18 September 2014". 21 March 2013.