North Lanarkshire
North Lanrikshire
Siorrachd Lannraig a Tuath
Coat of arms of North Lanarkshire
Official logo of North Lanarkshire
Coordinates: 55°49′44″N 3°55′19″W / 55.829°N 3.922°W / 55.829; -3.922
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryScotland
Lieutenancy areasLanarkshire (Part)
Dunbartonshire (Part)
Admin HQMotherwell
Government
 • BodyNorth Lanarkshire Council
 • MPs
 • MSPs
Area
 • Total180 sq mi (470 km2)
 • RankRanked 19th
Population
 (2021)
 • Total341,400
 • RankRanked 4th
 • Density1,900/sq mi (730/km2)
ONS codeS12000050
ISO 3166 codeGB-NLK

North Lanarkshire (Scots: North Lanrikshire; Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig a Tuath) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. It borders the north-east of the Glasgow City council area and contains many of Glasgow's suburbs, commuter towns, and villages. It also borders East Dunbartonshire, Falkirk, Stirling, South Lanarkshire, and West Lothian. The council area covers parts of the historic counties of Dunbartonshire, Lanarkshire, and Stirlingshire. The council is based in Motherwell.

The area was formed in 1996, covering the districts of Cumbernauld and Kilsyth, Motherwell, and Monklands, plus the Chryston and Auchinloch areas from Strathkelvin district, all of which had been in the Strathclyde region between 1975 and 1996. As a new single-tier authority, North Lanarkshire became responsible for all functions previously performed by both the regional council and the district councils, which were abolished.

History

The largest part of North Lanarkshire, being the approximately two-thirds of the council area lying generally south of the Luggie Water, was in the historic county of Lanarkshire. Lanarkshire had existed as a shire from around the time of King David I, who ruled Scotland from 1124 to 1153.[1] The county took its name from the original county town at Lanark, now in South Lanarkshire, which had been the site of the first Parliament of Scotland under Kenneth II in 978.[2] The northern parts of what is now North Lanarkshire were in the counties of Dunbartonshire and Stirlingshire prior to 1975, with Cumbernauld and the area generally north of Luggie Water and south of the River Kelvin being in Dunbartonshire, and Kilsyth and the area north of the Kelvin being in Stirlingshire.[3] Prior to the 1975 reforms there were five burghs in the area now covered by North Lanarkshire:[4]

The population of the area which would become North Lanarkshire grew quickly during the Industrial Revolution. In the 18th century the area's towns, including Motherwell, were active in textile production. The discovery of coal and iron ore deposits in the 19th century, as well as the building of the Glasgow to Edinburgh railway, transformed the region. The towns of Motherwell, Coatbridge and Wishaw became centres of the iron and steel industry.[7]

These industries began to decline in the second half of the 20th century, while a growth occurred in the financial and technology sectors, as well as a growth in logistics services related to the heavy goods traffic in the area. The new town of Cumbernauld expanded rapidly after World War II, and is now the largest town in North Lanarkshire. The growth of the Greater Glasgow metropolitan area into the south-western part of North Lanarkshire has also led to a large number of residential areas for commuters.[3]

The North Lanarkshire council area was established in 1996 as part of a reorganisation of local government in the United Kingdom.[8] This was the latest in a series of reforms, notably including the creation of Lanarkshire County Council in 1890 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, and the abolition of the county councils and creation of Strathclyde Regional Council and lower-tier district councils in 1975 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973.[9] The 1996 reform abolished Strathclyde, and established North Lanarkshire as a merger of the districts of Cumbernauld and Kilsyth, Monklands, Motherwell and the Chryston area from Strathkelvin district (the rest of which went to East Dunbartonshire).[10][11]

For lieutenancy purposes, North Lanarkshire straddles the Lanarkshire and Dunbartonshire lieutenancies, with the area generally north of Luggie Water (including Cumbernauld and Kilsyth) coming under the Dunbartonshire lieutenancy and the remainder coming under the Lanarkshire lieutenancy.[12][13]

Geography and demographics

North Lanarkshire lies in the Central Valley of Scotland, to the east of Glasgow. It lies on the Scotland's north–south watershed with the River Clyde flowing through the west of the county on its way to the Irish Sea, and the River Almond in the east emptying into the Firth of Forth near Edinburgh.[14] The northern areas consist of forests as well as higher areas such as the Kilsyth Hills.[3]

The highest population density of North Lanarkshire is in the urbanised south-west, which is part of the Greater Glasgow metropolitan area. Northern and eastern areas are more rural in character, with agricultural activity such as dairy and meat farming.[3]

Settlements

The largest towns in North Lanarkshire are Cumbernauld, which in 2022 had a population of approximately 58,000, followed by Coatbridge (43,970), Airdrie (37,130) and Motherwell (32,120).[15]

Largest settlements by population:

Settlement Population (mid-2020 est.)[16]
Cumbernauld

50,530

Coatbridge

43,950

Airdrie

36,390

Motherwell

32,840

Wishaw

30,050

Bellshill

19,700

Viewpark

15,830

Kilsyth

10,380

Shotts

8,630

Stepps

7,700[a]

Chapelhall

7,140

Moodiesburn

6,830

Newarthill

6,720

New Stevenston

6,070

Newmains

5,430

Holytown

5,100

Carfin

3,870

Bargeddie

3,210

Cleland

3,150

Chryston

3,100

  1. ^ Part of Stepps is in the Glasgow City council area.

Places of interest

North Lanarkshire Heritage Centre
Strathclyde Country Park
Summerlee Museum of Scottish Industrial Life
Remains of a roman bath house near the Bothwellhaugh Roman Fort

Governance

Main article: North Lanarkshire Council


References

  1. ^ "Lanarkshire". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Lanark from kings to covenanters". South Lanarkshire. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d "North Lanarkshire". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  4. ^ "Common Good Register". North Lanarkshire. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Cumbernauld Burgh". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 22 January 2023.
  6. ^ "Motherwell and Wishaw Burgh". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 22 January 2023.
  7. ^ "History of Motherwell". Culture NL. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Policy: Local government". Scottish Government. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  9. ^ Stephen Herbert (13 June 2007). "Local Government – Subject Profile" (PDF). Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Joint Working Group Report: Planning and Development" (PDF). North Lanarkshire. March 1995. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1994 c. 39, retrieved 22 January 2023
  12. ^ "Lieutenancy map". Lieutenancy of Lanarkshire. Retrieved 22 January 2023.
  13. ^ "The Lord-Lieutenants (Scotland) Order 1996", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 1996/731, retrieved 22 January 2023
  14. ^ "North Lanarkshire State of the Environment Report". North Lanarkshire. December 2005. p. 43. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  15. ^ "SCOTTISH CITIES & TOWNS BY POPULATION". Undiscovered Scotland. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.