Renfrewshire
Siorrachd Rinn Friù
Coat of arms of Renfrewshire
Official logo of Renfrewshire
Coordinates: 55°49′47″N 4°32′34″W / 55.829858°N 4.542838°W / 55.829858; -4.542838
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryScotland
Lieutenancy areaRenfrewshire
Admin HQPaisley
Government
 • BodyRenfrewshire Council
 • ControlSNP minority (council NOC)
 • ProvostLorraine Cameron
 • Council LeaderIain Nicolson (SNP)
 • MPs

(SNP – Paisley and Renfrewshire North)

(SNP – Paisley and Renfrewshire South)
 • MSPs

(SNP – Paisley)

(SNP – Renfrewshire North and West)

(SNP – Renfrewshire South)
Area
 • Total101.0 sq mi (261.5 km2)
 • RankRanked 24th
Population
 (2021)
 • Total179,940
 • RankRanked 10th
 • Density1,800/sq mi (690/km2)
ONS codeS12000038
ISO 3166 codeGB-RFW
Websitewww.renfrewshire.gov.uk

Renfrewshire (/ˈrɛnfrʃɪər, -ʃər/) (Scots: Renfrewshire; Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Friù) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland.

The council area has the same name as the historic county of Renfrewshire, which had been abolished for local government purposes in 1975, but the modern council area only covers the central part of the historic county. The eastern part of the pre-1975 county is covered by the East Renfrewshire council area, and the western part by the Inverclyde council area.

Renfrewshire is located in the west central Lowlands. It borders East Renfrewshire, Glasgow City council area, Inverclyde, North Ayrshire and West Dunbartonshire, and lies on the southern bank of the River Clyde. The current council area of Renfrewshire was established in 1996.

The term Renfrewshire may also be used to refer to the larger historic county, which was established in the fifteenth century. The three council areas of Renfrewshire, Inverclyde, and East Renfrewshire together form the Renfrewshire lieutenancy area. The same area also has a joint valuation board area for electoral registration and local tax valuation purposes. The three council areas together are sometimes referred to as Greater Renfrewshire to distinguish them from the council area called Renfrewshire.

The town of Paisley is the area's main settlement and centre of local government. The area also contains the historic county town of Renfrew.

Toponymy

The name Renfrewshire derives from being the shire (the area controlled by a sheriff) administered from the royal burgh of Renfrew. The name Renfrew has been attested since the Roman occupation of Britain. The name is believed to originate from Common Brittonic/Cumbric, from ren, as in Scottish Gaelic: rinn, or as in Welsh: rhyn (a point or cape of land) and from frew, as in Welsh: fraw, or ffrau (flow of water). This suggests a point of land near the flow of water, such as at the confluence of the Cart and Clyde rivers.[1]

History

For the history of the pre-1975 county, see Renfrewshire (historic).

The historic county of Renfrewshire was abolished for local government purposes in 1975. The county was divided to become three of the nineteen districts in the Strathclyde region, being Eastwood, Inverclyde, and Renfrew.[2]

In the debates leading to the local government reforms of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, the government initially proposed replacing these three districts with two council areas: "West Renfrewshire", covering Inverclyde district and the western parts of Renfrew district (including Paisley, Johnstone, and Renfrew), and "East Renfrewshire", covering Eastwood district and the eastern parts of Renfrew district (including Barrhead, Neilston and Ralston). The proposals were criticised, with West Renfrewshire having three times the population of East Renfrewshire; the accusation was made in parliament that the proposed changes constituted gerrymandering, with East Renfrewshire only being kept separate because it had more Conservative voters.[3]

The proposals were not supported locally, with Inverclyde successfully campaigning to be allowed to form its own council area, and the Ralston area voting in a referendum not to be transferred to East Renfrewshire.[4] When the government conceded to allow Inverclyde to continue as a separate authority, the name West Renfrewshire was dropped. The central district was instead named Renfrewshire, despite only covering the central part of the historic county of that name. The new Renfrewshire covered the former Renfrew district except for the Barrhead electoral division (which also included Neilston) which went instead to East Renfrewshire. The new council areas came into effect on 1 April 1996.[5]

The Braehead shopping centre was built in 1999 straddling the boundary between Renfrewshire and Glasgow, leading to a dispute between the two councils. It was agreed that the boundary should be changed to place the whole centre in one council area, but both authorities wanted it. In 2002, the Local Government Boundary Commission eventually redrew the boundary to include all of the centre in Renfrewshire.[6][7]

Settlements

Largest settlements by population:

Settlement Population (mid-2020 est.)[8]
Paisley

77,270

Renfrew

24,270

Johnstone

15,930

Erskine

15,010

Linwood

8,450

Bishopton

7,920

Houston

6,360

Elderslie

5,480

Bridge of Weir

4,920

Kilbarchan

3,300

Communities

The area is divided into 25 community council areas, 20 of which have community councils as at 2023 (being those with asterisks in the list below):[9]

Culture

Paisley Abbey

Renfrewshire contains several places of interest. In the west of Renfrewshire, Castle Semple Loch at Lochwinnoch and the wider Clyde Muirshiel Regional Park are natural areas of interest, as is the Gleniffer Braes country park in the south.

Paisley contains several historic buildings and notable sites, including Paisley Abbey, Paisley Museum and Coats Observatory, Paisley Town Hall, Coats Memorial Church, Sma' Shot Cottages and St Mirren Park (home of St Mirren F.C.). Outside of Paisley, Elderslie, the claimed birthplace of Scottish knight William Wallace, contains a monument in his honour, while the Weaver's Cottage at Kilbarchan is in the care of the National Trust for Scotland. The town of Johnstone is notable for Johnstone Castle, Johnstone High Parish Church and for containing a museum within a supermarket.

The Braehead Arena in Renfrewshire close to the boundary with Glasgow is home to leading professional basketball team, the Scottish Rocks, who compete in the British Basketball League. The arena was also host to the 2000 Ford World Curling Championships.

Governance

Renfrewshire
Coat of arms or logo
Leadership
Lorraine Cameron,
SNP
since 18 May 2017
Iain Nicolson,
SNP
since 18 May 2017[10]
Alan Russell
since November 2021[11]
Structure
Seats43 councillors
21 / 43
13 / 43
5 / 43
1 / 43
3 / 43
Elections
Single transferable vote
Last election
6 May 2022
Next election
6 May 2027
Meeting place
Renfrewshire House, Cotton Street, Paisley, PA1 1AN
Website
www.renfrewshire.gov.uk

Renfrewshire Council is the elected local authority for Renfrewshire. Its consists of 43 directly elected councillors who elect from among their number a provost to serve as the council's convener and ceremonial head and a leader of the council who is typically the head of the largest political group. The council meets collectively as a full council and carries out a number of functions. Its Scheme of Delegated Functions sets out where the council has agreed to allow powers to be exercised by a committee (referred to as a "board" in Renfrewshire Council), a sub-committee, an officer of the council or a joint committee with one or more other councils. The council continues to reserve a number of functions that can only be carried out by the council acting as a whole. The council's staff is headed by a chief executive who is responsible to the elected council.[12]

Renfrewshire Council acts as the lead authority for Scotland Excel, a collaborative procurement vehicle established in 2008 to support the local authorities of Scotland.[13]

Political control

The first election to Renfrewshire Council was held in 1995, initially operating as a shadow authority alongside the outgoing authorities until the new system came into force on 1 April 1996. Political control of the council since 1996 has been as follows:[14]

Party in control Years
Labour 1996–2007
No overall control 2007–2012
Labour 2012–2017
No overall control 2017–

Leadership

The leaders of the council since 1996 have been:[15]

Councillor Party From To
Hugh Henry Labour 1 Apr 1996 1999
Jim Harkins[16] Labour 1999 May 2007
Derek Mackay SNP 17 May 2007 May 2011
Brian Lawson SNP 26 May 2011 May 2012
Mark MacMillan Labour 17 May 2012 May 2017
Iain Nicolson SNP 18 May 2017

Council composition

See also: Category:Renfrewshire Council elections

The most recent election was held in May 2022, following which an SNP led council was formed with the support on confidence and supply from Johnstone North, Kilbarchan, Howwood and Lochwinnoch independent councillor Andy Doig.[17] As of November 2022 the full composition of the council is as follows:

Party Councillors
Scottish National Party 21
Labour 13†
Conservative Party 5
Independents 3†
Liberal Democrat 1

Premises

The council is based at Renfrewshire House on Cotton Street in Paisley, which was completed between 1969 and 1973 as the "County and Municipal Buildings", being a joint facility for the old Renfrewshire County Council and Paisley Town Council.[19][20][21] After the reforms of 1975 the building was shared between Renfrew District Council and Strathclyde Regional Council. Following the creation of Renfrewshire Council in 1996 the building was renamed Renfrewshire House.[22]

Elections

Since 2007 elections have been held every five years under the single transferable vote system, introduced by the Local Governance (Scotland) Act 2004. Election results since 1995 have been as follows:[14]

Year Seats SNP Labour Conservative Liberal Democrats Independent / Other Notes
1995 40 13 22 2 3 0
1999 40 15 21 1 3 0 New ward boundaries.[23]
2003 40 15 21 1 3 0
2007 40 17 17 2 4 0 New ward boundaries.[24]
2012 40 15 22 1 1 1
2017 43 19 13 8 1 2 New ward boundaries.[25]
2022 43 21 15 5 1 1

Electoral wards

Main article: Wards of Renfrewshire

Map of Renfrewshire's 12 wards, using 2017 boundaries

For the purposes of elections to Renfrewshire Council, the Renfrewshire area is divided geographically into a number of wards which then elect either three or four councillors each by the single transferable vote system.[26] The electoral system of local councils in Scotland is governed by the Local Governance (Scotland) Act 2004, which first introduced proportional representation to councils in Scotland.

These electoral wards, following a 2017 review and first used in the 2017 Renfrewshire Council election are as follows:[27][28]

Ward number Ward Name Location Seats Population

(2020)

1 Renfrew North and Braehead 4 17,827
2 Renfrew South and Gallowhill 3 12,232
3 Paisley Northeast and Ralston 3 12,810
4 Paisley Northwest 4 17,018
5 Paisley East and Central 3 12,218
6 Paisley Southeast 3 12,925
7 Paisley Southwest 4 16,505
8 Johnstone South and Elderslie 4 15,860
9 Johnstone North, Kilbarchan, Howwood and Lochwinnoch 4 14,740
10 Houston, Crosslee and Linwood 4 19,152
11 Bishopton, Bridge of Weir and Langbank 3 10,040
12 Erskine and Inchinnan 4 18,063

Wider politics

UK Parliament

The two parliamentary constituencies covering Renfrewshire are Paisley and Renfrewshire North and Paisley and Renfrewshire South, being represented by Gavin Newlands and Mhairi Black respectively. Created in 2005, both seats and their predecessor constituencies had traditionally been safe seats for the Labour Party, until the Scottish National Party gained them with swings of over 26% in the SNP landslide at the 2015 general election. Although both constituencies were only marginally held by the party over Labour at the 2017 snap election, they returned to safe SNP majorities in the 2019 general election.

UK general election results in Renfrewshire 2005–2019
Party Votes cast % Seats
2005 2010 2015 2017 2019 2005 2010 2015 2017 2019 2005 2010 2015 2017 2019
Scottish National 14,349 15,621 49,149 34,419 44,990 18.2 18.6 50.8 39.0 48.5 0 0 2 2 2
Labour 38,601 47,455 34,389 29,265 22,409 49.0 56.7 35.6 33.1 24.2 2 2 0 0 0
Conservative 8,754 10,360 9,709 20,964 18,788 11.1 12.4 10.0 23.7 20.3 0 0 0 0 0
Liberal Democrat 14,136 8,409 2,065 2,803 6,579 18.0 10.0 2.1 3.2 7.1 0 0 0 0 0
Others 2,905 1,920 1,376 876 N/A 3.7 2.3 1.4 1.0 N/A 0 0 0 0 N/A
Margin 24,252 31,834 14,760 5,154 22,581 30.8 38.1 15.2 5.9 24.3 2 2 2 2 2
Total 78,745 83,765 96,688 88,327 92,766 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 2 2 2 2 2

Scottish Parliament

Following the establishment of the Scottish Parliament in 1999, the Labour Party held the three seats covering Renfrewshire, although with lower majorities than their House of Commons equivalents.

Constituency boundaries were redrawn for the 2011 Scottish Parliament election, with the new constituencies of Renfrewshire North and West and Paisley being gained by Derek Mackay and George Adam, who became the first SNP parliamentarians in Renfrewshire. The remaining Labour seat, Renfrewshire South, was gained by the SNP's Tom Arthur at the 2016 Scottish election. Arthur and Adam were re-elected in 2021 winning over half the vote in their respective seats, while Mackay was replaced by Renfrewshire Councillor Natalie Don.

Referendum results

A majority of Renfrewshire rejected independence in the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, although with 55,466 (47.2%) votes cast in favour and 62,067 (52.8%) against, the Yes vote was higher than the national result. The turnout was 117,612 or 87.3%, the highest recorded in the democratic era.

With a turnout of 69.2% (88,197), Renfrewshire voted to remain in the 2016 European Union membership referendum with 64.8% (57,119) of votes cast in favour of remaining while 35.2% (31,010) were for leaving. This was the sixth highest vote for Remain out of Scotland's 32 councils.

Education

Renfrewshire contains the University of the West of Scotland, a new university that was granted university status in 1992 as the University of Paisley. Prior to this, the Paisley Technical College and School of Art was a Central Institution or polytechnic. In 2007 the university merged with Bell College, a further education college in Hamilton, South Lanarkshire and the UWS name was adopted. The university today has sites across the west of Scotland, notably also in Ayr and a joint campus in Dumfries; the main campus remains in Paisley.

Paisley Grammar School

Further education is provided by Paisley Campus of West College Scotland in Paisley, which caters to around 20,000 students. The college also has sites in Inverclyde and West Dumbartonshire.[29]

Renfrewshire contains eleven state secondary schools: Castlehead High School, Gleniffer High School, Gryffe High School, Johnstone High School, Linwood High School, Paisley Grammar School, Park Mains High School, Renfrew High School, St Andrew's Academy, St Benedict's High School, and Trinity High School. It also has 51 primary schools and three schools for children with additional support needs.

Transport

Glasgow International Airport

Renfrewshire is home to Scotland's second busiest airport, Glasgow International Airport, at Abbotsinch between Paisley and Renfrew. The presence of the airport and the proximity to Glasgow means that Renfrewshire supports one of the busiest transport infrastructures in Scotland.

The airport is served by the M8 motorway, which terminates in the area, just east of Langbank, and is a major artery between northwest and southwest Scotland, via the Erskine Bridge.

Developments to ease traffic flow have included a lifting of tolls on the Erskine Bridge, original plans to extend the rail network to connect to the airport have been cancelled and the latest suggestion in 2019 is a metro line connecting Paisley to the airport then on to Glasgow via Braehead. Also the M74 extension was completed to handle traffic from Renfrewshire heading south, diverting it away from Glasgow city centre.[30] Renfrewshire also has bus links provided by FirstGroup, McGill's Bus Services and other smaller operators.

References

  1. ^ Charnock, Richard Stephen (1859). "Local Etymology: A Derivative Dictionary of Geographical Names". R.S. Charnock, London, 1859.
  2. ^ "Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1973 c. 65, retrieved 6 February 2023
  3. ^ "Local Government (Scotland and Wales) Volume 233: debated on Monday 22 November 1993". Hansard. UK Parliament. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
  4. ^ "Ralston stays with Paisley!". Paisley Daily Express. 17 May 1994. p. 1. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
  5. ^ "Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1994 c. 39, retrieved 6 February 2023
  6. ^ "Glasgow MSPs lose Braehead battle". BBC News. 7 May 2002. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  7. ^ "The Glasgow City Council and Renfrewshire Council Boundaries (Braehead) Amendment Order 2002". legislation.gov.uk. 2002. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  9. ^ "Elections to Community Councils". Renfrewshire Council. Retrieved 8 February 2023.
  10. ^ "Council minutes, 18 May 2017". Renfrewshire Council. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  11. ^ "Alan Russell - Renfrewshire Council's new Chief Executive". Mill Magazine. 22 December 2022. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  12. ^ "Scheme of Delegated Functions". Renfrewshire Council. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  13. ^ "About us". Scotland Excel. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  14. ^ a b "Compositions calculator". The Elections Centre. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  15. ^ "Council minutes". Renfrewshire Council. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  16. ^ "Council round-up: Renfrewshire". Glasgow Times. 4 May 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  17. ^ "2022 LOCAL ELECTIONS:Renfrewshire Council". Ballot Box Scotland. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  18. ^ "Veteran Renfrewshire councillor quits Labour and fires astonishing 'backstabbing' blast". 2 November 2022. Retrieved 3 November 2022 – via www.dailyrecord.co.uk.
  19. ^ "Paisley, Cotton Street, County and Municipal Buildings". Canmore. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 31 January 2023.
  20. ^ Glasgow Area Telephone Directory, October 1971, p. 709, Renfrewshire County Council, County Buildings, Cotton Street, Paisley
  21. ^ "Renfrew County Council, Paisley Town Council and Police Station building". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 8 February 2023.
  22. ^ "Contact us". Renfrewshire Council. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  23. ^ "The Renfrewshire (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1998", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 1998/3249, retrieved 8 February 2023
  24. ^ Scottish Parliament. The Renfrewshire (Electoral Arrangements) Order 2006 as made, from legislation.gov.uk.
  25. ^ Scottish Parliament. The Renfrewshire (Electoral Arrangements) Order 2016 as made, from legislation.gov.uk.
  26. ^ "Electoral wards".
  27. ^ "United Kingdom: Scotland | Council Areas and Electoral Wards". City Population. 30 June 2019. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  28. ^ Council Area | Renfrewshire, Scottish Government Statistics. Retrieved 22 April 2022
  29. ^ [1] Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ [2] Archived 23 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine