This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article may contain excessive or irrelevant examples. Please help improve the article by adding descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples. (December 2023) This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Landslide victory" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this message) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

A landslide victory is an election result in which the victorious candidate or party wins by an overwhelming margin.[1] The term became popular in the 1800s to describe a victory in which the opposition is "buried",[1] similar to the way in which a geological landslide buries whatever is in its path. A landslide victory is the opposite of an electoral wipeout; a party which wins in a landslide typically inflicts a wipeout on its opposition.

What constitutes a landslide varies by the type of electoral system. Even within an electoral system, there is no consensus on what sized margin makes for a landslide.[1]

Notable examples



Local and mayoral elections:

State and territory elections:

Map displaying Labor's landslide victory at the 2021 Western Australian state election. Seats won by Labor are in red, seats won by the Liberals are in blue and seats won by the Nationals are in green.





Results of the Malaysian election of 2004. Barisan Nasional won the constituencies in blue.

New Zealand

Until 1993, New Zealand used the traditional first-past-the-post system as in the U.K. to determine representation in its Parliament. Thus, landslide elections at that time were defined in an identical fashion, i.e. where one party got an overwhelming majority of the seats. Since 1996, New Zealand has used the mixed member proportional system as in Germany, making landslides much less likely.[15]

First past the post


Legislative Elections

Presidential Elections

Azorean Regional Elections

Madeiran Regional Elections

Alberto João Jardim, member of the Social Democratic Party was the president of the Madeira region from 1978 to 2015. During this period of time, landslide victories for the Social Democrats were the norm.

Landslide victories for the Social Democratic Party in Madeira
Year % of votes for the Social Democratic Party 2nd most voted party % of votes for the 2nd most voted party Margin
1976 Madeiran regional election [pt] 59.6% Socialist Party 22.3% 37.3
1980 Madeiran regional election [pt] 65.3% Socialist Party 15.0% 50.3
1984 Madeiran regional election [pt] 67.8% Socialist Party 15.3% 52.5
1988 Madeiran regional election [pt] 62.3% Socialist Party 16.8% 45.5
1992 Madeiran regional election [pt] 56.9% Socialist Party 22.6% 34.3
1996 Madeiran regional election 56.9% Socialist Party 24.8% 32.1
2000 Madeiran regional election 56.0% Socialist Party 21.0% 35.0
2004 Madeiran regional election 53.7% Socialist Party 27.4% 26.3
2007 Madeiran regional election 64.2% Socialist Party 15.4% 48.8
2011 Madeiran regional election 48.6% CDS – People's Party 17.6% 31.0
2015 Madeiran regional election 44.4% CDS – People's Party 13.7% 30.7


Results of the 2006 Samoan general election by constituency.


The Direction – Social Democracy landslide victory in 2012.


Basque Country

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

A landslide victory in the elections of St. Vincent and the Grenadines involves a large swing from one party to another as well as one party winning a large majority in parliament. Landslide victories have usually occurred after a long period of government from one particular party and a change in the popular mood.


In the 2020 election, the Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen won 8.17 million votes, 57.1% of the votes cast, a historic landslide victory.

Presidential and Legislative Election held on the same day


Trinidad and Tobago

In Trinidad and Tobago's elections, a landslide victory involves a large swing from one party to another as well as one party winning a large majority in parliament. Landslide victories have usually occurred after a long period of government from one particular party and a change in the popular mood. Party politics and the political structure in Trinidad and Tobago has generally run along ethnic lines with most Afro-Trinidadians supporting the People's National Movement (PNM) and most Indo-Trinidadians supporting various Indian-majority parties, such as the current United National Congress (UNC) or its predecessors.



United Kingdom

This map shows the Conservative Party landslide victory in 1983.
This map shows the Labour Party landslide victory in 1997.
This map shows the Conservative Party landslide victory in 2019.

In UK General Elections, a landslide victory involves winning a large majority in parliament and often goes with a large swing from one party to another as well. Landslide victories have usually occurred after a long period of government from one particular party and a change in the popular mood. In the past a majority of over 100 was regarded as the technical hurdle to be defined as a landslide, as that allows the government freedom to easily enact its policies in parliament. In more recent times, the label 'landslide' has been applied in numerous press articles to victories which would not previously have been regarded as such, for example the Conservative Party majority of 80 in 2019. Its current usage is more as political commentary rather than technical definition and is a reflection of the strength of the party's ability to put its program through parliament.[22][23][24][25]

The largest landslide by any single party in the UK parliament, since universal suffrage was introduced, was the majority of 179 won by Tony Blair's Labour Party in 1997.

Notable landslide election results


1906 election in Scotland
2010 election results in Scotland
2015 election results in Scotland
A landslide victory in Scotland at the 2015 UK General Election (Scotland). The SNP (yellow) won 56 of Scotland's 59 seats; Conservatives (blue), Labour (red) and Lib Dems (orange) won just one seat each.

See also


  1. ^ a b c Murse, Tom (8 October 2020). "Landslide Victory: Definition in Elections". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  2. ^ "Newman wins Brisbane election landslide". ABC News. 15 March 2008.
  3. ^ "The Mayor that was re-elected in a landslide, collecting 85 per cent of the votes". 20 October 2021.
  4. ^ "Biggest State Election Landslides". Armarium Interreta. 12 March 2021. Archived from the original on 12 March 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Mark McGowan claims WA election victory as Liberals all but wiped out". The New Daily. 14 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Fiji's military strongman voted out in landslide to the Labour Party". 19 May 1999.
  7. ^ Fiji coup leader sworn in as PM Herald Sun. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2023
  8. ^ "Fiji's Military Ruler Wins Landslide Election Victory (2014)". YouTube.
  9. ^ "Dominating victory in Jamaica elections even surprises winning opposition side". Washington Post. 30 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  10. ^ "Political Tsunami turns Jamaica green with massive JLP victory". Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  11. ^ "Maldives: Pro-China party led by Muizzu wins by landslide". BBC News. 22 April 2024. Retrieved 22 April 2024.
  12. ^ Aglionby, John (22 March 2004). "Malaysia's governing coalition set to romp home". the Guardian. Retrieved 20 December 2023.
  13. ^ "Malaysia's mandate for moderation". 6 May 2004. Retrieved 20 December 2023.
  14. ^
  15. ^ Electoral Commission (17 July 2014). Mixed Member Proportional Representation in New Zealand (Video). Wellington.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "1890–1993 general elections". Electoral Commission New Zealand. Archived from the original on 8 April 2023. Retrieved 9 July 2023.
  17. ^ "Official Count Results -- Overall Status". 2002 General Election – Official Results. Electoral Commission. 8 October 2002. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  18. ^ "Official Count Results -- Overall Status". 2014 General Election – Official Results. Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  19. ^ "New Zealand election: Jacinda Ardern's Labour Party scores landslide win". BBC News. 17 October 2020. Archived from the original on 16 October 2020. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  20. ^ "Elections in 2006". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Archived from the original on 17 March 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2023.
  21. ^ "Legislative Assembly (Fono)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Archived from the original on 1 September 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2023.
  22. ^ Bush, Stephen (8 June 2021). "Despite all reports, the election wasn't a landslide – and Johnson may be about to discover that reality". New Statesman. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  23. ^ "Election results 2019: Boris Johnson returns to power with big majority". BBC News. 12 December 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  24. ^ Holder, Josh; Voce, Antonio; Barr, Caelainn; Holder, Josh; Voce, Antonio; Barr, Caelainn. "How did Boris Johnson achieve his landslide victory? A visual guide". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  25. ^ "Inside the landslide: Thatcher's personal papers for 1983 opened to the public". University of Cambridge. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  26. ^ "General Election Results 1885-1979". Archived from the original on 30 January 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2024.
  27. ^ "1906: The Liberal landslide". 9 February 2006 – via
  28. ^ Liberal Landslide: The General Election of 1906.
  29. ^ Macmahon, Arthur W. (1932). "The British General Election of 1931". American Political Science Review. 26 (2): 333–345. doi:10.2307/1947117. ISSN 0003-0554. JSTOR 1947117. S2CID 143537799.
  30. ^ Bulmer-Thomas, Ivor (1967), The Growth of the British Party System Volume II 1924–1964, p. 76
  31. ^ Labour Landslide, July 5-19, 1945.
  32. ^ Labour's Landslide: The British General Election 1997.
  33. ^ "The rise and fall of New Labour". BBC News. 3 August 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  34. ^ "Boris Johnson must fulfil his One Nation pledge". Financial Times. 13 December 2019. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  35. ^ "The great Liberal landslide: the 1906 General Election in perspective". The Historical Association. 1 March 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2024.