2018 Mexican general election

1 July 2018
Presidential election
← 2012
2024 →
Opinion polls
Turnout63.43% (Increase 0.35 pp)
Nominee Andrés Manuel López Obrador Ricardo Anaya
Alliance Juntos Haremos Historia Por México al Frente
Popular vote 30,113,483 12,610,120
Percentage 54.71% 22.91%

Nominee José Antonio Meade Jaime Rodríguez Calderón
Party PRI Independent
Alliance Todos por México
Popular vote 9,289,853 2,961,732
Percentage 16.88% 5.38%

President before election

Enrique Peña Nieto

Elected President

Andrés Manuel López Obrador

← 2012
2024 →

All 128 seats in the Senate of the Republic
65 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader % Seats +/–
Juntos Haremos Historia (69 seats)
MORENA Yeidckol Polevnsky Gurwitz 39.12 55 New
PT Alberto Anaya 3.98 6 +2
PES Hugo Eric Flores Cervantes 2.43 8 New
Por México al Frente (38 seats)
PAN Damián Zepeda Vidales 18.35 23 −15
PRD Manuel Granados Covarrubias 5.49 8 −14
MC Dante Delgado Rannauro 4.89 7 +5
Todos por México (21 seats)
PRI René Juárez Cisneros 16.59 14 −38
PVEM Carlos Alberto Puente Salas 4.65 6 −3
PNA Luis Castro Obregón [es] 2.41 1 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Chamber of Deputies
← 2015
2021 →

All 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
251 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader % Seats +/–
Juntos Haremos Historia (308 seats)
MORENA Yeidckol Polevnsky Gurwitz 38.80 191 +156
PT Alberto Anaya 4.09 61 +55
PES Hugo Eric Flores Cervantes 2.50 56 +48
Por México al Frente (129 seats)
PAN Damián Zepeda Vidales 18.68 81 −28
PRD Manuel Granados Covarrubias 5.49 21 −34
MC Dante Delgado Rannauro 4.60 27 +2
Todos por México (63 seats)
PRI René Juárez Cisneros 17.22 45 −158
PVEM Carlos Alberto Puente Salas 4.99 16 −31
PNA Luis Castro Obregón [es] 2.57 2 −9
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

General elections were held in Mexico on 1 July 2018.[1] Voters elected a new President of Mexico to serve a six-year term,[2] 128 members of the Senate for a period of six years and 500 members of the Chamber of Deputies for a period of three years. It was one of the largest election days in Mexican history, with most of the nation's states holding state and local elections on the same day, including nine governorships, with over 3,400 positions subject to elections at all levels of government.[3] It was the most violent campaign Mexico has experienced in recent history, with 130 political figures killed since September 2017.[3]

The incumbent president Enrique Peña Nieto was not constitutionally eligible for a second term. Incumbent members of the legislature were term-limited, thus all members of Congress were newly elected. As a consequence of the political reform of 2014, the members of the legislature elected in this election will be the first allowed to run for reelection in subsequent elections. The National Electoral Institute (INE) officially declared the new process underway on 8 September 2017.

The presidential election was won, by a landslide margin of almost 31 points, by Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA), running as the candidate of the Juntos Haremos Historia alliance.[4] This is the first time a candidate won an outright majority (according to official vote counts) since 1988,[5] and the first time that a candidate not from the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) or its predecessors has done so since the Mexican Revolution. In addition, it was the first time an alliance of political parties (excluding PRI) backing a single presidential candidate won majorities in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies. This election also marked both the worst electoral defeat suffered by the PRI and the worst electoral defeat for a sitting Mexican government since universal suffrage was adopted in the country in 1917.[a]

Electoral system

The country's president is elected by plurality in a single round of voting.[6]

The 500 members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected to three-year terms by two methods; 300 are elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting, with the remaining 200 elected from five regional constituencies by proportional representation, with seats allocated using the simple quotient and largest remainder method. No party is allowed to hold more than 300 seats.[7] Members may hold office for up to four consecutive terms.[8]

The 128 members of the Senate are elected to six-year terms, concurrent with the president, and also elected by two methods, with 96 elected in 32 three-member constituencies based on the states and 32 elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation. In the three-member constituencies, two winning candidates shall be allocated to the party receiving the highest number of votes and one seat to the party receiving the second-highest number of votes.[9] Members may hold office for up to two terms.[8]

Presidential candidates

Por México al Frente

Main article: Por México al Frente

Por México al Frente (English: "For Mexico to the Front") is the alliance of the center-right National Action Party (PAN) and the center-left Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and Citizens' Movement (which both nominated Andrés Manuel López Obrador in the elections of 2006 and 2012) formed in an effort to defeat both the ruling party, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), and the front-runner Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA).[10][11][12][13][14]

On 5 September, the electoral alliance was officially registered with the INE as Frente Ciudadano por México (Citizen Front for Mexico).[14] On 8 December the coalition changed its name to Por México al Frente (Mexico to the Front). The next day, Ricardo Anaya Cortés, president of the PAN, resigned from his position and expressed his intent to be the alliance's candidate.[15][16]

The former first lady Margarita Zavala submitted her resignation from the PAN on 6 October, after being a member for 33 years, and registered as an independent candidate six days later.[17] She sought the presidency through an independent bid, but withdrew on 16 May 2018.


Todos por México

Main article: Todos por México

Todos por México (English: "Everyone for Mexico") is the coalition composed of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), the Ecologist Green Party of Mexico (PVEM), and the New Alliance Party (PANAL). On 9 August 2017, the PRI revised its requirements for presidential candidates, eliminating the requirement that candidates must have 10 years of party membership, and allowing non-party members to lead the party.[18] This move benefited finance secretary José Antonio Meade Kuribreña, who is not a member of the PRI,[19] as well as education secretary Aurelio Nuño Mayer, whose length of membership was questioned.[18] Meade was considered the favorite, because while the PRI was dogged by scandal and controversy, Meade was personally unaffected.[20]

On 27 November, Meade resigned from cabinet and announced his intention to be the PRI's candidate in the upcoming election.[21] He quickly received the support of President Peña Nieto and PRI-linked institutions such as the CTM union.[22] With no challengers, Meade became the presumptive nominee.[23] On 18 February 2018, the PRI held its convention of delegates, where Meade was formally selected as the party's presidential candidate; Meade is the PRI's first presidential candidate in its almost 90-year history not to be a member of the party.[24][25]

Due to the circumstances of Meade's candidacy, critics compared his selection to the PRI's historical practice of dedazo ("tap of the finger"), where presidents hand-picked their successor.[26][27]

The coalition was initially named Meade Ciudadano por México (English: Citizen Meade for Mexico), until the INE deemed it unconstitutional to include a candidate's name within the coalition's name, on the grounds that the presidential candidate would receive advertising from every piece of campaign advertising of the coalition used for local candidates. The coalition subsequently changed its name to Todos por México (Everyone for Mexico).[28]


Juntos Haremos Historia

Main article: Juntos Haremos Historia

Juntos Haremos Historia (English: "Together We Will Make History") is the coalition composed of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA), the Labor Party (PT), and the Social Encounter Party (PES).[29][30]

On 12 December Andrés Manuel López Obrador registered as the presumptive nominee for MORENA and submitted his resignation as party president. This was López Obrador's third presidential bid; the previous two attempts were with the PRD. After the 2012 presidential election, López Obrador left the PRD to found MORENA. This was MORENA's first presidential election. Joining MORENA in the Juntos Haremos Historia coalition was the left-wing Labor Party and the right-wing Social Encounter Party.[31]



Logo for Rodríguez's campaign

For the first time in Mexico's modern democratic history, candidates were allowed to run for the presidency as independents.[32] Several people announced their intention to contest the election as an independent candidate.

Margarita Zavala, a lawyer, former deputy and wife of former president Felipe Calderón, had originally intended to run as the PAN nominee; however, on 6 October, she left the party and launched an independent bid. Explaining her decision, she said that the formation of Por México al Frente meant there would be no internal PAN selection, denying her a chance to be a candidate.[33] Jaime Rodríguez Calderón, the independent governor of Nuevo León, also announced his candidacy,[34] as did Senator Armando Ríos Piter.[35]

The National Indigenous Congress announced on 28 May 2017 the election of María de Jesús Patricio Martínez as their spokeswoman and indigenous representative for the 2018 general election, aiming to obtain an independent candidacy.[36] Only Zavala gathered enough signatures to appear on the ballot;[37] however, on 10 April the Electoral Court accepted an appeal from Rodríguez and ordered the National Electoral Institute to register him as candidate.[38]

On 16 May Zavala announced she was withdrawing her candidacy.[39]

Opinion polls

Main article: Opinion polling for the 2018 Mexican general election

Historical trend of voting intentions for the candidates for the Mexican presidency in 2018.




As in the 2006 and 2012 federal elections, the 2018 campaign featured numerous accusations and attack advertisements directed at the leftist frontrunner candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who contested the elections with the support of his party MORENA. A campaign described as "Red Scare-like" was used by the PRI and PAN candidates to convince voters that a López Obrador victory would turn Mexico into "another Venezuela".[40][41]

In a speech, PRI president Enrique Ochoa Reza said that "if the people from MORENA like Venezuela so much, they should just go and live there".[42] The PRI was believed to have hired Venezuelan right-wing political strategist JJ Rendón to work in their campaign, as he stated in January that he would do "everything within the law to prevent López Obrador from becoming President"; Rendón had previously worked for the PRI during Peña Nieto's 2012 presidential campaign.[43]

In January, former president Felipe Calderón shared a video on via social media, in which a Venezuelan citizen living in Mexico warned voters not to vote for López Obrador, as he would put Mexico in the "path to ruin" like Chavismo had done in her country. It later surfaced that the woman, whose name is Carmen Martilez, is an actress who previously had uploaded a video in which she asked for street vendors to be "exterminated".[44]

That same month, the PRI began to claim that López Obrador's campaign was supported by "Venezuelan and Russian interests". López Obrador dismissed the accusations and later joked about them, calling himself "Andrés Manuelovich".[45][46]

Later in January, citizens across the country received phone calls originating in the city of Puebla, in which a recorded message warned them not to vote for López Obrador because he supposedly agreed to sell Mexico's oil to "the Russians". The MORENA representative in Puebla asked for an investigation into the phone calls.[47][48] In March, telephone company Axtel traced the number that made the calls, revealing it was a number that the government of Puebla (whose governor is from the PAN) controlled. Puebla's government denied the accusations.[49] Also in January, López Obrador uploaded a video via social media asking president Peña Nieto and PRI president Ochoa Reza to "calm down", and advised them to take some "López Obradordipine".[50]

A jingle entitled Movimiento Naranja, which was recorded for the political party Movimiento Ciudadano (which is part of the Por México al Frente coalition, along with the PAN and the PRD) and performed by an indigenous child called Yuawi, became popular and Yuawi turned into a celebrity overnight.[51][52] Drawing on its success, the pre-candidate for the Frente, Ricardo Anaya recorded a video in which he performed the song with Yuawi.[53]

PRI candidate José Antonio Meade was accused of plagiarism when it was noted that one of his ads, in which he criticized a "populist" speech on TV, was identical to an ad that was used by Justin Trudeau when he became leader of the Liberal Party of Canada in 2013.[54]


Later in February, the PRI's Enrique Ochoa Reza tweeted that PRI politicians who defected to MORENA as Prietos que no aprietan (Dark-skinned people who can't get a hold) while trying to make a pun on the word PRI-etos (because morena is a synonym for prieto). The expression was criticized, and Ochoa Reza quickly deleted the tweet as it was interpreted to be racist.[55]

Aristegui Noticias published that Ochoa Reza apologized, and also criticized the insensitive expression, additionally commenting that the part que ya no aprietan (who cannot hold) could also be interpreted as misogynistic due to being a double entendre referring to women in relation to the number of sexual relations they have had in their lifetime. Ochoa Reza's tweet apologized to dark-skinned people but not to women.[56] Later Sinembargo.mx revealed that José Antonio Meade justified Enrique Ochoa's usage of the expression, by saying: uno se excede y es natural (English: one gets-ahead-of-themselves and it is natural) and saying that his quick apology talked positively about him.[57]


In March, the Attorney General of the Republic (PGR) started an official investigation into money-laundering allegations against Ricardo Anaya. During the investigation, Santiago Nieto, the ex-chief of FEPADE (the prosecutor's office that focuses on electoral violations) was controversially removed from his job in October 2017, coincidentally right after starting an investigation regarding illicit campaign money from the 2012 presidential campaign that allegedly was received by Peña Nieto and by the future president of Pemex, Emilio Lozoya, from the Brazilian conglomerate Odebrecht. The ex-chief of FEPADE said that the accusations against Anaya were minor in comparison to Odebretch and Peña Nieto scandal, adding also the same opinion about the money lost by Secretariat of Social Development, to corrupt governors from the PRI such as Javier Duarte, all while José Antonio Meade was the man in charge of the Secretariat of Social Development. The scandal is known as La Estafa Maestra (The Master Robbery), and about 435 million pesos were lost.[58] The same week the PRI legislators were criticized for voting for stopping the investigation of Odebretch against the wishes of Mexican people and organizations campaigning against corruption such as Mexicanos contra la corrupción (Mexicans against corruption).[59] The investigation about Odebretch against the Pemex leader at the time, Lozoya, was legally stopped after a judge controversially ordered it days after.[60]

Santiago Nieto said that the PGR was being used by Peña Nieto's government to tamper with elections and benefit Meade by removing Anaya from the race, complaining that it was a politically motivated use of law-enforcement agencies, which had made more efforts to investigate Anaya in a month than towards investigating Peña Nieto's Odebretch money and Meade's lost Secretariat of Social Development funds over the last six years. Santiago Nieto said the PGR and FEPADE were only attacking the rivals of the PRI, and the investigating organizations were not being neutral.[61]

In an interview with The Wall Street Journal, Santiago Nieto would later reveal that Peña Nieto's government tried to bribe him to keep him silent, which he refused saying, "Sorry, but I can't receive any money from Peña Nieto." He received menacing phone messages stating: "Death follows you" and "Words of advice: stay out of Trouble", and as a consequence, he feared for the safety of his, and his family's lives.[62] Additionally as of 2018, many of the politicians of the PRI political party who supported Peña Nieto during his presidential campaign would be later declared criminals by the Mexican government (some already elected, while others were campaigning concurrently with Peña Nieto, and would be elected),[63][64][65] near the end of Peña Nieto's time as president.

A total of 22 state ex-governors, all members from the PRI, were accused of misuse of public funds and misdirection of money (with some money speculated to have been directed to the PRI); only five were sent to jail, with PGR receiving criticism for not investigating further.[66] Among the most prominent criminals were: Tomás Yarrington from Tamaulipas (along his predecessor Eugenio Hernández Flores), Javier Duarte from Veracruz,[67] César Duarte Jáquez from Chihuahua[68] (no family relation between the two Duartes), and Roberto Borge from Quintana Roo, along their unknown multiple allies who enabled their corruption. Although Peña Nieto was not found to be their ally, by being part of the same political party, there were severely negative consequences to Peña Nieto's image as president, as well as of the PRI.[69] Also, while not a member of the PRI at the time, Meade's image also received damage, because much of the money was lost while he was in charge of the Secretariat of Social Development, the government ministry that supervises the resources received by each state.[70]

Despite the overwhelming evidence against César Duarte, in March 2018 the PGR found him innocent of any crime. The successor governor Javier Corral from the PAN, who previously fought against the Televisa law, gave a similar opinion to Santiago Nieto, saying the PGR was being used to protect the allies of Peña Nieto and the PRI, and attack their rivals.[71] López Obrador said that failure to take action against Duarte was one of the main reasons why Mexicans had lost their faith in the PRI, saying the few ex-governors that were declared criminals were only to a pretense of concern.[72]

April and May

After, Meade decided to change his strategy; and due to his poor reception, Ochoa Reza left his position as president of the PRI on 2 May.[73]

On 16 May, Margarita Zavala suspended her presidential campaign.[74]

Santiago Nieto decided to join AMLO's campaign, with both promising to continue the investigation into the alleged scandal involving Peña Nieto, the PRI and Odebretch.[75] Meanwhile, César Duarte disappeared before being incarcerated, and was subsequently declared a fugitive from justice by the PGR.[76]

More than 130 political figures were killed from when the campaign began in September 2017 until July 2018.[3]

Promises and proposals

López Obrador promised to end many of the benefits received by ex-presidents, particularly the lifelong pension they receive.[77] He added that he would redirect the money saved to be used to help senior citizens.[78] Zavala said she would also attempt to end the practice, though she had not decided how to use the money saved, while Meade and Anaya said they would keep the practice going.[79]

Anaya promised to implement a basic income for Mexican citizens,[80] Anaya said Nobel prize-winning economist Milton Friedman supported the idea. While well received, El Economista criticized how Anaya announced it, and called the idea populist.[81]

Meade proposed to create an office that would track the unique needs of each individual citizen, in what he would call Registro Único de Necesidades de Cada Persona (Unique Register of the Necessities of Each Person). Citizens on social media mocked the idea as absurd and impossible to develop, comparing it to writing letters to Santa Claus or just plainly asking for miracles.[82][83] Meade has supported Peña Nieto's energy reforms, saying that "everyone wins with the gasolinazo", and announcing that if he won he intended to continue it.[84] López Obrador promised to end the gasolinazos by building two new fuel refineries, which would allow more petroleum to be processed into gasoline domestically, thus lowering the price by not outsourcing the refining to other countries.[85]

Anaya promised to investigate and do everything to make sure President Peña Nieto is sent to jail for his aforementioned multiple presidential scandals, with López Obrador agreeing and suggesting to up the ante by also investigating every living former president.[86]

On 26 January, López Obrador accused the International Monetary Fund of being an accomplice to corruption in Mexican politics and claimed that its policies are in part responsible for poverty, unemployment, and violence in the country. López Obrador promised that if he won the presidency, Mexico would follow "its own agenda".[87]

López Obrador called for a change in security strategy and offered the controversial proposal of giving amnesty for drug dealers as a way to combat the drug cartels.[88]

During a debate in April, Rodríguez Calderón said "We have to cut off the hands of those who rob (in public service). It's that simple." He later explained that it was intended to be applied to both criminals and government functionaries involved in acts of corruption citing the application of this measure in Saudi Arabia as an example to reduce corruption and violence. Rodríguez Calderón was trending ahead of the other candidates on Twitter during the debate.[89]

Rodríguez Calderón later proposed to bring back the death penalty (currently constitutionally abolished in Mexico and enforced for the last time in 1961) for drug traffickers, hijackers, infanticides and serial killers.[90]


Ballot access requirements

The candidate put forward by the National Indigenous Congress and the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, María de Jesús Patricio Martínez (Marichuy), alleged that the process for collecting signatures to attain ballot access unfairly benefits the rich. Marichuy said, "the INE made a list of telephone makes and models so that you must have at a minimum an Android 5.0 operating system or higher and so many hours to begin with the download of the applications in the devices, we find that the list is not true; we find brands that are not included in the list and of those that are included they don’t all work. The download is tedious and can take hours." The INE declared each signature registration would take 4.3 minutes, but each actual signature registration has taken up to 16 hours, or more. 'With these "classist, racist and excluding measures," Marichuy said, you realize "that this electoral system is not made for those peoples below that govern ourselves and that the laws and institutions of the State are made for those above, for the capitalists and their corrupt political class, resulting in a big simulation." Ultimately she was not able to obtain ballot access.[91]

PRI payments to Cambridge Analytica

After the Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal, in April 2018, Forbes published information from the British news program Channel 4 News that had mentioned the existence of proof revealing ties between the PRI and Cambridge Analytica, suggesting a modus operandi similar to the one in the United States. The info said they worked together at least until January.[92][93][94] An investigation was requested.[95] The New York Times obtained the 57-page proposal of Cambridge Analytica's proposed collaboration strategy to benefit the PRI by hurting MORENA's candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador; the political party rejected the offer but still paid Cambridge Analytica to not help the other candidates.[96]

Allegations of foreign intervention

In April 2017, the US Secretary of Homeland Security, John F. Kelly, stated that the election of a left-wing president in Mexico "would not be good for America or Mexico". The statement was widely believed to be a reference to López Obrador, the leftist, frontrunner candidate, and created controversy in Mexico, as it seemed to be an attempt to influence the election against him.[97][98][99]

In December 2017, US National Security Advisor H. R. McMaster claimed that Russia had launched a campaign to "influence Mexico’s 2018 presidential election and stir up division", without defining the methods of the supposed meddling, or indicating which would be the candidate favored by the Kremlin. The Russian government has denied the claims.[100] PRI president Enrique Ochoa Reza claimed that "Russian and Venezuelan interests" are supporting López Obrador's campaign.[101]

López Obrador responded that Ochoa's declarations are part of a smear campaign against him,[43] and later posted a video via social media, where he joked about the claims and called himself "Andres Manuelovich".[45][46]

Guatemalan right-wing commentator Gloria Álvarez embarked on a tour through Mexico, calling López Obrador a "dangerous populist" and urging citizens not to vote for him. She was invited to a PAN legislators assembly on 31 January, where she criticized the alliance with the PRD, which she called "a party just like MORENA".[102][103]

US Senators Bob Menendez and Marco Rubio asked US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson to "fight Russian meddling" in the Mexican elections.[104] On 2 February during a summit in Mexico, Tillerson stated that Mexico should "beware the Russian interference".[105] Dr. Tony Payan, director of the Mexico Center at Rice University noted that there was no evidence of actual Russian tampering in the Mexican electoral process, and considered the accusations "absurd" given that the Trump administration "will not admit Russia interfered in the US election".[106]

Possibility of election tampering

Bloomberg warned about the possibility of the PRI committing electoral fraud, with Tony Payan, director of the Mexico Center at Rice University's Baker Institute in Houston, United States, suggesting that both vote buyout and computer hackings were possible and citing irregularities in the 1988 electoral process. Bloomberg's article also suggested Meade could be receiving unfair help from the over-budget amounts of money spent on publicity by incumbent president Enrique Peña Nieto.[107]

Additionally, Meade spent more money on pre-campaign efforts than López Obrador and Anaya together, while failing to report where his funds came from; in contrast, López Obrador has attended the most events while spending the least money and successfully reported better than his rivals where he obtained the resources to pay for those events.[108]

Prior PRI election tampering controversies in 2017

During 2017, the PRI had faced allegations of electoral fraud concerning the election of Peña Nieto's cousin Alfredo del Mazo Maza as Governor of the state of Mexico. Despite the official vote results given by the INE (Electoral National Institute) giving the win to del Mazo, the election was marred by irregularities including reports of vote-buying,[109] spending beyond legal campaign finance limits,[110] and electoral counts that gave del Mazo extra votes that awarded the election to him.[111] In November 2017, left-wing magazine Proceso published an article accusing the PRI of breaking at least 16 state laws during the elections, which were denounced 619 times. They said that all of them were broken in order to favor del Mazo during the election.[112]



López Obrador won the election on 1 July 2018 with over 50% of the popular vote. In terms of states won, López Obrador won in a landslide, carrying 30 out of 31 states plus Mexico City,[5] the most federal entities won by a candidate since Ernesto Zedillo won every state in the 1994 election.

Around 30 minutes after polls closed in the country's north-west, José Antonio Meade, speaking at a news conference from PRI headquarters, conceded defeat and wished López Obrador "every success".[113][114]

Ricardo Anaya also conceded defeat within an hour of the polls closing,[115][116] and independent candidate Jaime Rodríguez Calderón recognized López Obrador's victory shortly afterward.[117]

The results of the INE's official quick count were announced around midnight Mexico City time. It reported a turnout of around 63%, with the following approximate results for the candidates: López Obrador, 53%; Anaya, 22%; Meade, 16%; and Rodríguez Calderón, 5%. This is the first time since 1994 Mexican general election that a presidential candidate was elected with an absolute majority (50%+1) of the votes cast.[118]

Andrés Manuel López ObradorJuntos Haremos Historia (MORENAPTPES)30,113,48354.71
Ricardo AnayaPor México al Frente (PANPRDMC)12,610,12022.91
José Antonio MeadeTodos por México (PRIPVEMNA)9,289,85316.88
Jaime Rodríguez CalderónIndependent2,961,7325.38
Margarita Zavala[b]Independent32,7430.06
Non-registered candidates31,9820.06
Valid votes55,039,91397.22
Invalid/blank votes1,571,1142.78
Total votes56,611,027100.00
Registered voters/turnout89,250,88163.43
Source: INE

By state

State Anaya
link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National Action Party (Mexico) link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Party of the Democratic Revolution link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citizens' Movement (Mexico)
link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institutional Revolutionary Party link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecologist Green Party of Mexico link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New Alliance Party (Mexico)
López Obrador
link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National Regeneration Movement link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labor Party (Mexico) link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social Encounter Party
Write-ins Invalid/blank votes Total Votes
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
Aguascalientes 178,988 31.9 103,639 18.5 222,528 39.7 547 0.1 40,299 7.2 391 0.1 14,714 2.6 561,106
Baja California 275,503 19.2 124,225 8.6 918,939 63.9 479 0.0 89,823 6.2 1,252 0.1 28,201 2.0 1,438,422
Baja California Sur 56,794 18.8 28,202 9.3 193,842 64.0 404 0.1 16,766 5.5 235 0.1 6,645 2.2 302,888
Campeche 54,417 12.1 96,584 21.5 275,262 61.2 209 0.0 11,194 2.5 146 0.0 11,735 2.6 449,547
Coahuila 307,590 22.4 358,279 26.1 609,362 44.4 730 0.1 71,051 5.2 437 0.0 24,367 1.8 1,371,816
Colima 56,428 16.5 62,004 18.2 197,316 57.8 346 0.1 15,753 4.6 200 0.1 9,062 2.7 341,109
Chiapas 198,117 8.2 562,863 23.2 1,485,699 61.2 1,697 0.1 39,607 1.6 580 0.0 137,087 5.7 2,425,650
Chihuahua 425,919 28.5 240,725 16.1 643,652 43.1 1,604 0.1 132,242 8.8 1,717 0.1 48,846 3.3 1,494,705
Mexico City 1,292,623 23.9 652,073 12.1 3,118,478 57.7 3,054 0.1 223,261 4.1 4,793 0.1 111,586 2.1 5,405,868
Durango 187,947 25.6 141,291 19.3 340,829 46.5 636 0.1 46,009 6.3 215 0.0 16,788 2.3 733,715
Guanajuato 940,133 40.4 381,692 16.4 707,222 30.4 1,655 0.1 223,214 9.6 1,859 0.1 69,232 3.0 2,325,007
Guerrero 217,838 13.5 285,799 17.7 1,018,163 63.1 277 0.0 24,531 1.5 362 0.0 66,168 4.1 1,613,138
Hidalgo 188,028 13.5 257,548 18.5 850,863 61.0 473 0.0 59,630 4.3 454 0.0 37,916 2.7 1,394,912
Jalisco 1,179,300 33.7 509,157 14.5 1,461,348 41.8 3,152 0.1 246,924 7.1 2,954 0.1 96,988 2.8 3,499,823
México 1,549,824 19.3 1,548,662 19.3 4,373,267 54.4 3,092 0.0 383,684 4.8 4,653 0.1 176,978 2.2 8,040,160
Michoacán 443,805 22.4 335,854 17.0 991,154 50.0 1,176 0.1 122,469 6.2 1,097 0.1 85,400 4.3 1,980,955
Morelos 142,553 14.7 99,506 10.3 638,689 66.0 680 0.1 60,083 6.2 510 0.1 26,169 2.7 968,190
Nayarit 79,818 16.5 66,447 13.7 315,816 65.2 280 0.1 10,382 2.1 183 0.0 11,750 2.4 484,676
Nuevo León 703,866 32.3 315,379 14.5 748,104 34.3 2,000 0.1 360,050 16.5 1,931 0.1 47,432 2.2 2,178,762
Oaxaca 221,686 11.5 342,108 17.7 1,260,562 65.3 931 0.0 39,020 2.0 548 0.0 64,602 3.3 1,929,457
Puebla 618,397 20.1 490,737 15.9 1,754,596 56.9 1,562 0.1 113,461 3.7 1,509 0.0 102,525 3.3 3,082,787
Querétaro 347,664 33.9 150,927 14.7 424,162 41.4 1,347 0.1 72,905 7.1 855 0.1 27,501 2.7 1,025,361
Quintana Roo 116,031 15.9 76,758 10.5 488,434 67.1 361 0.0 29,441 4.0 424 0.1 16,207 2.2 727,656
San Luis Potosí 334,763 26.6 260,211 20.7 527,546 41.9 717 0.1 82,956 6.6 677 0.1 51,722 4.1 1,258,592
Sinaloa 163,956 12.7 234,416 18.1 834,001 64.4 475 0.0 29,173 2.3 470 0.0 31,809 2.5 1,294,300
Sonora 167,273 15.3 181,059 16.6 651,806 59.7 858 0.1 63,800 5.8 505 0.0 26,366 2.4 1,091,667
Tabasco 91,342 7.6 107,538 9.0 961,710 80.1 378 0.0 9,749 0.8 279 0.0 29,849 2.5 1,200,845
Tamaulipas 475,201 29.1 228,386 14.0 786,210 48.1 1,143 0.1 110,246 6.7 531 0.0 33,933 2.1 1,635,650
Tlaxcala 66,729 10.9 74,744 12.2 433,127 70.6 213 0.0 25,941 4.2 276 0.0 12,392 2.0 613,422
Veracruz 1,050,599 27.5 471,313 12.4 2,059,209 54.0 1,224 0.0 132,737 3.5 1,307 0.0 98,061 2.6 3,814,450
Yucatán 320,144 27.5 324,055 27.8 455,216 39.1 384 0.0 39,111 3.4 333 0.0 25,509 2.2 1,164,752
Zacatecas 156,844 20.6 177,672 23.3 366,371 48.1 659 0.1 36,220 4.8 299 0.0 23,574 3.1 761,639
Mexicans living abroad 26,344 26.8 4,613 4.7 63,863 64.9 0 0.0 1,868 1.9 269 0.3 1,513 1.5 98,470
Total 12,610,120 22.3 9,289,853 16.4 30,113,483 53.2 32,743 0.1 2,961,732 5.2 31,982 0.1 1,571,114 2.8 56,611,027


Party or allianceParty-listConstituencyTotal
Juntos Haremos HistoriaMorena21,256,23839.121321,013,12339.034255
Labor Party2,164,0883.9812,149,5663.9956
Social Encounter Party1,320,2832.4301,311,3372.4488
Por México al FrenteNational Action Party9,969,06918.3569,852,75318.301723
Party of the Democratic Revolution2,982,8265.4922,973,4795.5268
Citizens' Movement2,654,0854.8922,621,3174.8757
Todos por MéxicoInstitutional Revolutionary Party9,011,31216.5968,961,36916.65814
Ecologist Green Party of Mexico2,527,7104.6522,514,5784.6746
New Alliance Party1,306,7922.4101,299,7332.4111
Non-registered candidates31,8120.06030,5260.0600
Valid votes54,329,83995.8653,833,40595.87
Invalid/blank votes2,343,9424.142,316,7814.13
Total votes56,673,781100.0056,150,186100.00
Source: Diario Oficial, Election Resources

Chamber of Deputies

Party or allianceParty-listConstituencyTotal
Juntos Haremos HistoriaMorena20,968,85938.808520,790,62338.70106191
Labor Party2,210,9884.0932,201,1924.105861
Social Encounter Party1,353,4992.5001,347,5402.515656
Por México al FrenteNational Action Party10,093,01218.684110,033,15718.684081
Party of the Democratic Revolution2,967,4525.49122,959,8005.51921
Citizens' Movement2,484,1854.60102,473,0564.601727
Todos por MéxicoInstitutional Revolutionary Party9,307,23317.22389,271,95017.26745
Ecologist Green Party of Mexico2,694,6544.99112,685,6775.00516
New Alliance Party1,390,8822.5701,385,4212.5822
Non-registered candidates32,9380.06032,6110.0600
Valid votes54,042,66696.0253,719,99196.02
Invalid/blank votes2,241,8113.982,226,7813.98
Total votes56,284,477100.0055,946,772100.00
Source: Diario Oficial, Election Resources


Mexico City

Election for Head of Government of Mexico City
Claudia Sheinbaum PardoMorena2,537,45448.17
Alejandra BarralesParty of the Democratic Revolution1,673,01531.76
Mikel Arriola PeñalosaInstitutional Revolutionary Party691,77213.13
Mariana Boy TamborrellEcologist Green Party of Mexico206,9423.93
Lorena OsornioIndependent64,5911.23
Marco RascónHumanist Party51,6760.98
Purificación Carpinteyro CalderónNew Alliance Party36,1050.69
Non-registered candidates5,7270.11
Valid votes5,267,28297.67
Invalid/blank votes125,6052.33
Total votes5,392,887100.00
Registered voters/turnout7,628,25670.70
Source: IECM


Election for Governor of Chiapas
Rutilio EscandónMorena922,31041.69
Fernando CastellanosEcologist Green Party of Mexico529,50823.93
Roberto Albores GleasonInstitutional Revolutionary Party474,12221.43
José Antonio Aguilar BodegasNational Action Party220,6759.97
Jesús Alejo Orantes RuizIndependent62,6112.83
Non-registered candidates3,3090.15
Valid votes2,212,53594.17
Invalid/blank votes136,9925.83
Total votes2,349,527100.00
Registered voters/turnout3,549,29166.20
Source: IEPC-Chiapas


Election for Governor of Guanajuato
Diego Sinhué Rodríguez VallejoNational Action Party1,043,04949.29
Ricardo Sheffield PadillaMorena553,63926.16
Gerardo Sánchez GarcíaInstitutional Revolutionary Party293,82413.89
Felipe CamarenaEcologist Green Party of Mexico157,7677.46
María Bertha SolórzanoNew Alliance Party66,1223.12
Non-registered candidates1,6730.08
Valid votes2,116,07496.70
Invalid/blank votes72,1833.30
Total votes2,188,257100.00
Registered voters/turnout4,359,53150.19
Source: IEEG


Election for Governor of Jalisco
Enrique Alfaro RamírezCitizens' Movement1,354,01440.31
Carlos Lomelí BolañosMorena857,01125.51
Miguel Castro ReynosoInstitutional Revolutionary Party575,74417.14
Miguel Ángel Martínez EspinosaNational Action Party369,47011.00
Salvador Cosío GaonaEcologist Green Party of Mexico96,7622.88
Martha Rosa Araiza SolteroNew Alliance Party68,5972.04
Carlos Orozco SantillánParty of the Democratic Revolution35,1071.05
Non-registered candidates2,6910.08
Valid votes3,359,39696.87
Invalid/blank votes108,3683.13
Total votes3,467,764100.00
Registered voters/turnout5,904,21158.73
Source: IEPC-Jalisco


Election for Governor of Morelos
Cuauhtémoc BlancoSocial Encounter Party501,74354.42
Víctor CaballeroNational Action Party134,05414.54
Rodrigo GayossoParty of the Democratic Revolution111,19812.06
Jorge MeadeInstitutional Revolutionary Party57,9436.28
Fidel Demédicis HidalgoIndependent45,2804.91
Nadia Luz LaraEcologist Green Party of Mexico35,0473.80
Alejandro Vera JiménezNew Alliance Party21,9772.38
Mario Rojas AlbaHumanist Party13,8711.50
Non-registered candidates8710.09
Valid votes921,98496.64
Invalid/blank votes32,0363.36
Total votes954,020100.00
Registered voters/turnout1,442,85766.12


Election for Governor of Puebla
Martha Erika Alonso HidalgoNational Action Party1,153,04339.84
Miguel Barbosa HuertaMorena1,031,04335.62
Enrique DogerInstitutional Revolutionary Party555,04119.18
Michel ChaínEcologist Green Party of Mexico153,4565.30
Non-registered candidates1,9470.07
Valid votes2,894,53095.73
Invalid/blank votes129,0234.27
Total votes3,023,553100.00
Registered voters/turnout4,500,58067.18
Source: IEE-Puebla


Election for Governor of Tabasco
Adán Augusto López HernándezMorena601,98764.22
Gerardo Gaudiano RovirosaParty of the Democratic Revolution189,56420.22
Georgina Trujillo ZentellaInstitutional Revolutionary Party115,16412.29
Jesús Alí de la TorreIndependent19,4342.07
Manuel Paz OjedaNew Alliance Party10,3711.11
Non-registered candidates8430.09
Valid votes937,36395.70
Invalid/blank votes42,1344.30
Total votes979,497100.00
Registered voters/turnout1,687,61858.04
Source: IEPC-Tabasco


Election for Governor of Veracruz
Cuitláhuac García JiménezMorena1,667,23945.22
Miguel Ángel Yunes MárquezNational Action Party1,453,93839.43
José Yunes ZorrillaInstitutional Revolutionary Party528,66314.34
Miriam González SheridanNew Alliance Party36,4040.99
Non-registered candidates7840.02
Valid votes3,687,02897.36
Invalid/blank votes99,8932.64
Total votes3,786,921100.00
Registered voters/turnout5,775,91865.56
Source: OPLE-Veracruz


Election for Governor of Yucatán
Mauricio Vila DosalNational Action Party447,75340.37
Mauricio Sahuí RiveroInstitutional Revolutionary Party407,80236.77
Joaquín Díaz MenaMorena231,33020.86
Jorge Zavala CastroParty of the Democratic Revolution21,9681.98
Non-registered candidates2510.02
Valid votes1,109,10498.12
Invalid/blank votes21,3031.88
Total votes1,130,407100.00
Registered voters/turnout1,544,06273.21
Source: IEPAC

2018 Voter Demographics

2018 Voter Demographics
Demographic Subgroup AMLO RA JAM N/A
Total Vote in percentage 53.19% 22.27% 16.40% ---
By Sex
Women 25.20% 20.90% 16.30% 31.30%
Men 34.50% 21.60% 16.50% 24.30%
By Age
18 to 29 years 32.30% 18.70% 12.20% 29.50%
30 to 49 years 27.70% 26.90% 16.30% 25.60%
50 years + 29.60% 14.20% 20.70% 31.10%
By Education
Elementary or Less 27.40% 14.60% 22.90% 32.10%
Middle School/High School 32.10% 23.80% 14.10% 25.50%
University Or More 28.10% 26.00% 12.60% 23.10%
By Socioeconomic Level
Upper-Class 32.90% 26.90% 14.60% 22.20%
Middle-Class 28.80% 20.30% 17.70% 28.00%
Lower-Class 28.50% 19.40% 16.00% 31.00%
Confidence In the National Electoral Institute (INE)
Better With INE 26.80%
Was Better with IFE 18.60%
Both are the Same 43.70%
Doesn't Know/No Answer 10.90%


  1. ^ Universal male suffrage was adopted in 1917, while women acquired the right to vote in Federal elections in 1953.
  2. ^ a b Dropped out of the race, but votes towards her were counted


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