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The Cabinet of Mexico is the Executive Cabinet (Spanish: Gabinete Legal) and is a part of the executive branch of the Mexican government. It consists of nineteen Secretaries of State and the Legal Counsel of the Federal Executive.

In addition to the legal Executive Cabinet there are other Cabinet-level administration offices that report directly to the President of the Republic (Gabinete Ampliado). Officials from the legal and extended Cabinet (Gabinete Legal y Ampliado) are subordinate to the President.

Constitutional and legal basis

Cabinet Officers of Andrés Manuel López Obrador (left) and of Enrique Peña Nieto (right).
Meeting of the cabinet of Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto

The term "Cabinet" does not appear in the Constitution, where reference is made only to the Secretaries of State. Article 89 of the Constitution provides that the President of Mexico can appoint and remove Secretaries of State.[1]

The Executive Cabinet does not play a collective legislative or executive role (as do the Cabinets in parliamentary systems). The main interaction that Cabinet members have with the legislative branch are regular testimonials before Congressional committees to justify their actions, and coordinate executive and legislative policy in their respective fields of jurisdiction.

Secretary selection process

Cabinet members are freely appointed by the President, except for the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, whose appointments must be approved by the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate respectively.

Cabinet Secretaries are often selected from past and current governors, senators, and other political office holders. Private citizens such as businessmen or former military officials are also common Cabinet choices.

It is not rare for a Secretary to be moved from one Secretariat to another. For example, former Secretary of Energy Fernando Canales Clariond had previously served as Secretary of Economy and former Secretary of Education Josefina Vázquez Mota had previously served as Secretary of Social Development.

Cabinet and Cabinet-level officials

Cabinet

Department Title Incumbent Image In Office since

Secretariat of the Interior
(Spanish: Secretaría de Gobernación)
Secretary of the Interior
(Spanish: Secretario de Gobernación)
Luisa María Alcalde Luján
(b. 1987)
June 19, 2023

Secretariat of Foreign Affairs
(Spanish: Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores)
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
(Spanish: Secretario de Relaciones Exteriores)
Alicia Bárcena Ibarra
(b.1954)
June 12, 2023

Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit
(Spanish: Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público)
Secretary of Finance
(Spanish: Secretario de Hacienda)
Rogelio Ramírez de la O

(b. 1948)

July 16, 2019

Secretariat of National Defense
(Spanish: Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional)
Secretary of Defense
(Spanish: Secretario de Defensa)
Luis Cresencio Sandoval
(b. 1960)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Navy
(Spanish: Secretaría de Marina)
Secretary of Navy
(Spanish: Secretario de Marina)
José Rafael Ojeda Durán
(b. 1954)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Security and Civilian Protection
(Spanish: Secretaría de Seguridad y Protección Ciudadana)
Secretary of Security
(Spanish: Secretario de Seguridad)
Rosa Icela Rodríguez [es]

(b.1959)

October 30, 2020

Secretariat of Economy
(Spanish: Secretaría de Economia)
Secretary of Economy
(Spanish: Secretaria de Economía)
Tatiana Clouthier

(b.1964)

January 4, 2021

Secretariat of Welfare
(Spanish: Secretaría de Bienestar)
Secretary of Welfare
(Spanish: Secretaria de Bienestar)
Ariadna Montiel Reyes
(b. 1974)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of the Civil Service
Spanish: Secretaría de la Función Pública
Secretary of the Civil Service
Spanish: Secretaria de la Función Pública
Irma Sandoval-Ballesteros
(b. 1972)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Infrastructure, Communications and Transportation
(Spanish: Secretaría de Infraestructura, Comunicaciones y Transportes)
Secretary of Communications
(Spanish: Secretario de Comunicaciones)
Jorge Nuño Lara November 15, 2022

Secretariat of Labor and Social Welfare
(Spanish: Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social)
Secretary of Labor
(Spanish: Secretaria del Trabajo)
Marath Bolanos López [es]
(b. 1980s)
June 20, 2023

Secretariat of the Environment and Natural Resources
(Spanish: Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales)
Secretary of Environment
(Spanish: Secretaria de Medio Ambiente)
Maria Luisa Albores
(b. 1976)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Energy
(Spanish: Secretaría de Energía)
Secretary of Energy
(Spanish: Secretaria de Energía)
Rocío Nahle García
(b. 1964)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Agriculture and Rural Development
(Spanish: Secretaría de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural)
Secretary of Agriculture
(Spanish: Secretario de Agricultura)
Víctor Manuel Villalobos Arámbula
(b. 1950)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Public Education
(Spanish: Secretaría de Educación Pública)
Secretary of Education
(Spanish: Secretario de Educación)
Delfina Gómez Álvarez

(b.1962)

February 15, 2021

Secretariat of Health
(Spanish: Secretaría de Salud)
Secretary of Health
(Spanish: Secretario de Salud)
Jorge Alcocer Varela
(b. 1946)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Tourism
(Spanish: Secretaría de Turismo)
Secretary of Tourism
(Spanish: Secretaria de Turismo)
Miguel Torruco Marqués
(b. 1951)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Agrarian, Land, and Urban Development
Spanish: Secretaría de Desarrollo Agrario, Territorial y Urbano
Secretary of Agrarian Development and Urban Planning
Spanish: Secretario de Desarrollo Agrario, Territorial y Urbano
Román Meyer Falcón
(b. 1983)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Culture
Spanish: Secretaría de Cultura
Secretary of Culture
Spanish: Secretaria de Cultura
Alejandra Frausto Guerrero December 1, 2018

Legal Counsel of the Federal Executive
Spanish: Consejería Jurídica del Ejecutivo Federal
Legal Advisor
Spanish: Consejero Jurídico
Julio Scherer Ibarra December 1, 2018

Cabinet-level administration offices

Meeting of the cabinet of Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto

Some positions are not part of the legal Executive Cabinet, but have cabinet-level rank therefore their incumbents are considered members of the extended cabinet (Gabinete ampliado).

Some of the cabinet-level administration offices are:

Department Title Incumbent Image in Office since

National System for Integral Family Development
(Spanish: Desarrollo Integral de la Familia)
Director of National System for Integral Family Development
(Spanish: Director del Desarrollo Integral de la Familia)
December 1, 2018

National Institute for Women
(Spanish: Instituto Nacional para las Mujeres)
President of the National Institute for Women
(Spanish: Presidenta del Instituto Nacional para las Mujeres)
Lorena Cruz Sánchez January 2013

National Commission of Sport
(Spanish: CONADE)
President of CONADE
(Spanish: Presidente del CONADE)
Ana Guevara December 1, 2018

Chief of Staff
(Spanish: Presidencia de la Republica)
Chief of Staff
(Spanish: Jefe de la Presidencia)
Alfonso Romo Garza December 1, 2018

National Institute of Indigenous Peoples
(Spanish: Instituto Nacional de los Pueblos Indígenas)
General Director of the National Institute of Indigenous Peoples
(Spanish: Director General del Instituto Nacional de los Pueblos Indígenas.)
Adelfo Regino Montes 2018

References

  1. ^ "THE POLITICAL CONSTITUTION OF THE MEXICAN UNITED STATES" (PDF). SENADO DE LA REPÚBLICA. Retrieved 24 February 2024.