Mexican passport
Pasaporte-electronico.png
The front cover of a current Mexican biometric passport with the coat of arms of Mexico and chip
EPassport logo.svg
TypePassport
Issued by Mexico
First issuedOctober 2021 (e-passport)
PurposeIdentification
EligibilityMexican nationality
Expiration3, 6, or 10 years (18 years or older)
CostMXN 1,470 (3 years)
MXN 2,000 (6 years)
MXN 3,505 (10 years)

Mexican passports are issued to Mexican citizens for the purpose of travelling abroad. The Mexican passport is also an official ID and proof of Mexican citizenship. According to the 2021 Henley Visa Restrictions Index,[1] holders of a Mexican passport can visit 158 (of 192 as the maximum) countries without a visa, placing Mexico in the 25th rank in terms of global travel freedom.

Mexico transitioned to a biometric passport in 2021 called the electronic passport (pasaporte electrónico). [2]

Types of passports

Physical appearance

Mexican passports are dark green, with the Mexican Coat of Arms in the center of the front cover and the official name of the country "Estados Unidos Mexicanos" (United Mexican States) around the coat of arms. The word "Pasaporte" is inscribed below the coat of arms, the international biometric symbol below this, and "Mexico" (as the country is commonly known) above. The Mexican passport contains many different security features, some of them visible only under a black light.

Identity information page

Each passport has a biographical information page and a signature page. Illustration: biographical information page and signature page – right. Mexico is currently on the 'G' series passport.

The identity information page on the 2016 revision of the Mexican passport. This passport was issued abroad at a consulate.
The identity information page on the 2016 revision of the Mexican passport. This passport was issued abroad at a consulate.

The biographical information page ends with the Machine Readable Zone. The passport includes 32 pages[3] for visas and passport stamps, each featuring the coat of arms of one of the 31 Mexican states and Mexico City.

Requirements

Requirements for first time applicants that are over the age of eighteen.

1. Personally attend to any Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores (SRE) delegation or SRE affiliated office, with an appointment.
2. Fill with black ink, and by hand and in print the application for an ordinary passport book (Form OP-5). The application can be obtained for free at any of the branches of the SRE or the Office of State or Municipal Liaison SRE.
3. Proof of Mexican nationality by presenting an original and a photocopy of any of the following documents:
a) Certified copy of birth certificate issued by the Mexican civil registry office. Birth registration should not be time-barred (must have occurred within the first three years of life), if exceeded temporality, see section "Additional Documentation for birth certificates with untimely registration" this is referred to as "registro extemporáneo" under Mexican law;[4]
b) Certified copy of birth certificate issued by a consular office abroad *.
c) Certificate * Copy of Mexican nationality;
d) Declaration of Mexican nationality by birth *;
e) Naturalization Certificate*, and
f) Certificate of Citizenship Identity issued by the Secretary of the Interior

4. Prove identity with an original and a photocopy of any of the following official documents with photograph and signature of the holder, the data should agree closely with those of the document that is proving nationality:

a) Cédula de Identidad Ciudadana issued by the Secretaría de Gobernación;
b) Matrícula Consular (Certificate of Consular Registration, Consular ID Card);
c) Naturalization Certificate;
d) Certificate of Mexican nationality;
e) Declaration of Mexican nationality by birth;
f) Voting Card issued by the National Electoral Institute;
g) Cartilla de Identidad del Servicio Militar Nacional Liberada;
h) Professional Certificate;
i) Professional Degree;
j) Letter of internship;
k) A valid identification issued by the Instituto Nacional de las Personas Adultas Mayores;
l) Credential of medical services from a public health institution or social security badges with a photo that has been sealed with official seal of the institution. If credentials are in digital format, they can be accepted even if the seal does not overlap the photograph;
m) For retired or pensioned credentials issued by an institution of social security, badges have to be sealed with the official seal, along with the signature and title of the person who issued it. If credentials in digital format, they can be accepted even if the seal does not overlap the photograph and
n) National Credential for Persons with Disabilities issued by the Sistema Integral para la Familia (DIF).
o) Embassies and consulates abroad may also accept identity documents issued in the country or region in which it is located such as but not limited to, drivers licenses, passports, residence permits or visas.

Fees

In Mexico, fees are paid either online or at an affiliated Mexican bank that receives payments for passports. Citizens that live abroad pay at the consulate or embassy in which they are applying. There is a 50% discount for people that are over the age of sixty, people with disabilities, and agricultural workers. In order to be able to receive a discount, the person must show proof at the time of payment. All fees below are current as of 2022.[5]

Issued to children under three years of age and in cases of a justified emergency to adults who cannot fulfill all of the requirements for an ordinary passport issuance, as well as to individuals living outside Mexico that need consular protection.
Issued to all individuals over the age of three.
Issued to all individuals over the age of three.
Issued only to adults over the age of eighteen in Mexico and some embassies and consulates abroad.

Languages

The textual portions of the Mexican passports are printed in Spanish, English and French. In the updated passport design or the "Pasaporte Electronico" French is absent with the SRE deciding to no longer print any text in the passports in that language.

Passport message

The message page in the Mexican passport.
The message page in the Mexican passport.

The passports contain a note from the issuing state that is addressed to the authorities of all other states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of that state and requesting that he or she be allowed to pass and be treated according to international norms. The note inside the Mexican passports state:

In Spanish,

"La Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos solicita a las autoridades competentes que permitan al titular de este pasaporte de nacionalidad mexicana su libre paso sin retraso u obstáculo alguno y, dado el caso, le otorguen toda la asistencia y protección posibles."

in English,

"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the United Mexican States hereby requests all competent authorities to permit the holder of this passport, a Mexican national, free transit without delay or hindrance and in case of need to give him all lawful aid and protection."

and in French.

"Le Ministère des Affaires Étrangères des États-Unis du Mexique prie les autorités compétentes de bien vouloir laisser passer librement et sans entrave le titulaire du présent passeport, de nationalité mexicaine, et du lui prêter toute aide et assistance possibles."

Visa requirements

Main article: Visa requirements for Mexican citizens

Countries and territories with visa-free or visa on arrival entry for holders of regular Mexican passports.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Mexico  Visa free access  Visa on arrival  eVisa  Visa available both on arrival or online  Visa required
Countries and territories with visa-free or visa on arrival entry for holders of regular Mexican passports
  Mexico
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

As of 11 January 2022, Mexican citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 159 countries and territories, ranking the Mexican passport 24th in the world.

Gallery of historic images

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Global Passport Ranking 2021". Henley & Partners. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  2. ^ "Canciller Marcelo Ebrard entrega primer pasaporte electrónico mexicano".
  3. ^ "Aviso a la comunidad mexicana sobre la emisión de pasaportes y credenciales del INE".
  4. ^ "gob.mx | Gobierno | Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores|". sre.gob.mx. Retrieved 2022-04-28.
  5. ^ SRE: Pasaporte Mexicano (in Spanish)