North Macedonian passport
North Macedonian Passport.png
The front cover of a North Macedonian biometric passport (passport comes in Macedonian, English, and French).
BiometricFirstPageOfMKDPassport2.JPG
First page of a pre-2019 biometric passport
TypePassport
Issued by North Macedonia
PurposeIdentification
EligibilityNorth Macedonian citizenship
Expiration5 years for persons 4 years of age to 27; 10 years for those 27 years of age and older; 2 years for children under the age of 4.

North Macedonian passports are issued to citizens of North Macedonia for the purpose of international travel. Responsibility for their issuance lies with the Ministry of the Interior. The validity of the passport is 5 years for persons 4 to 27 years of age, and 10 years for those 27 years of age and older. For children ages four and under the validity of the passport is limited to two years. The passports conform to the recommended standards (size, composition, layout, technology) of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), and are biometric passports.

History

Passports (pre-2019) through the years: First generation passport (post independence) (top left), second generation (top right), third generation (bottom left), and fourth generation passport (bottom right).
Passports (pre-2019) through the years: First generation passport (post independence) (top left), second generation (top right), third generation (bottom left), and fourth generation passport (bottom right).
Stamp added to old-design passports since 2019, displaying the newly accepted country name in Macedonian, English and French
Stamp added to old-design passports since 2019, displaying the newly accepted country name in Macedonian, English and French

From 1945 to 1991, when present-day North Macedonia was a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, citizens traveled with Yugoslav passports. Under the Yugoslav federal system, each republic had its own variety of passport; in particular, Yugoslav passports issued in SR Macedonia were printed in Macedonian and French, rather than in Serbo-Croatian.[1]

The first post-independence passports were issued in 1991. The design and contents changed over the years. The first generation passports were blue with a silver color inscription without an emblem. The second generation of passports had a golden inscription on the cover and the third generation had the national coat of arms added. The first three generations had only "Република Мaкедонија" and the English translation "Republic of Macedonia" inscribed on the cover page. The fourth generation passport became red with the French translation of the official country name, "République de Macédoine", added above and "Passeport" below the coat of arms. It was a biometric passport which contained a RFID chip, enabling the storage of biometric and other retrievable data. Previously issued, non-biometric passports remain valid until their stated dates of expiration.

Effective 16 November 2009, the five-pointed red star that had been part of the national coat of arms was removed from the emblem.

After the Prespa Agreement ending the naming dispute with Greece coming in effect in February 2019, passports were stamped with the country's new name as an interim measure before new passports were issued. The trilingual stamp states “This passport is property of the Republic of North Macedonia” in English, French, and Macedonian.[2] The authorities began issuing the passports with the new country name starting from July 1, 2021[3] (postponed from September 2020). Old name passports will remain valid until February 12, 2024.[4][5]

Physical appearance

North Macedonian passports are burgundy in colour with the national coat of arms emblazoned in the centre of the front cover. The Macedonian words "Република Северна Македонија", optionally followed by the Albanian version "Republika e Maqedonisë së Veriut", Turkish version "Kuzey Makedonya Cumhuriyeti" or any other recognized minority languages, as well as the English "Republic of North Macedonia" and the French "République de Macédoine du Nord" are inscribed above the coat of arms. The words "ПАСОШ", "PASAPORTË", "PASAPORT", "PASSPORT", and "PASSEPORT" are inscribed below. The passports have the standard biometric symbol at the bottom of the cover page. They contain 32 pages, with the critical information both printed on the data page and stored in the chip.

Data page and signature page

Each passport has a data page. A data page has a visual zone and a machine-readable zone. The visual zone has a digitized photograph of the passport holder, data about the passport, and data about the passport holder:

At the bottom of a data page is the machine-readable zone, which can be read both visually and by an optical scanner. The machine-readable zone consists of two lines. There are no blank spaces in either line. A space which does not contain a letter or a number is filled with "<". The first line of a machine-readable zone of a passport contains a letter to denote the type of travel document ("P" for passport), the code for the citizenship of the passport holder (e.g., "MKD" for "North Macedonia"), and the name (surname first, then given name or names) of the passport holder.

The second line of a machine-readable zone of a passport contains the passport number, supplemented by a check digit; the code of the issuing country ("MKD" for "North Macedonia"); the date of birth of the passport holder (two digit year, two digit month, two digit day i.e. 020507), supplemented by a check digit; a notation of the sex of the passport holder ("M" or "F"); the date of expiration of the passport, supplemented by a check digit; the holder’s personal number and, at the end of the line, two overall check digits. The data page has a line for the signature of a passport holder. The non-biometric passports of the first three generations were not valid until they were signed by the holder. If a holder was unable to sign, it was to be signed by a person who had the legal authority to sign on their behalf. The new biometric passports only require a signature made with a digital pen on a tablet on the day of application, after which the image of the signature is printed on the first page along with the other data, and cannot be altered thereafter.

Types of Passports

Documents required

The following documents are required to obtain a passport:

Visa requirements

Main article: Visa requirements for citizens of North Macedonia

Visa requirements for citizens of North Macedonia.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  North Macedonia  Visa free access  Visa on arrival  eVisa  Visa available both on arrival or online  Visa-free with voucher or letter of invitation  Visa-free with public affairs endorsement  Visa required
Visa requirements for citizens of North Macedonia
  North Macedonia
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa-free with voucher or letter of invitation
  Visa-free with public affairs endorsement
  Visa required

As of May 2018, North Macedonia's citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 125 countries and territories, ranking the passport of North Macedonia 41st in terms of travel freedom (tied with Colombian, Marshallese and Tuvaluan) according to the Henley visa restrictions index.[6]

Gallery of historic images

See also

Sources

References

  1. ^ Shaw, Jo; Štiks, Igor, eds. (2013), Citizenship After Yugoslavia, Routledge, p. 21, ISBN 1317967070
  2. ^ "Police stamp passports with country's new name 'North Macedonia'". 16 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Од 1 јули ќе се издаваат пасоши со името Република Северна Македонија, предложени законските измени". 9 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Пасоши со „Северна" од септември, сегашните ќе важат до 2024-та". Радио Слободна Европа. 7 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Заев првиот граѓанин кој ќе добие пасош со „Северна Македонија"". novatv.mk. 5 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2018" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 12 January 2018.