Bangladesh passport
বাংলাদেশ পাসপোর্ট
E-passport of Bangladesh.png
Bangladeshi Diplomatic Passport.svg
Bangladeshi Official Passport.svg
The front covers of Bangladeshi e-passports with embedded chip
EPassport logo.svg
TypePassport
Issued byDepartment of Immigration & Passports Seal.svg Department of Immigration & Passports
First issued
  • 8 February 1973 (Traditional Passport)[1]
  • 1 April 2010 (Machine Readable Passport or MRP)[2]
  • 22 January 2020 (Electronic Passport or E-Passport)[3]
PurposeIdentification
Valid inAll countries
EligibilityBangladeshi citizenship
Expiration
  • 10 years for those aged 18 to 65 years
  • 5 years for those aged under 18 or aged over 65 years
Cost
MRP[4]
  • Regular: 3450 (taxes included)
  • Express: 6900 (taxes included)
E-Passport[5]
  • Regular: 4025 (taxes included)
  • Urgent: 8050 (taxes included)

The passport of Bangladesh is an ICAO compliant, machine-readable and biometric e-passport issued for the purpose of travel to foreign countries by the passport holder. Bangladesh is the first country in South Asia to issue e-passports for all eligible citizens. The passport booklet is manufactured, printed and issued by the Department of Immigration & Passports of the Ministry of Home Affairs. This electronic microprocessor chip embedded e-passport has forty-one different security features, including holographic images embossed in thin-film laminate, which change colour under light and appear to move.[6] Demographic and biometric information of the e-passport holder are stored on the chip inside the e-passport. This information includes the fingerprints of all ten fingers of the passport holder; the iris scan of both eyes; a color photograph of the face of the bearer; their digital signature; etc.[7] Depending on the age of the applicant, the e-passport is valid for either five years or ten years and it is distributed by the Government of The People's Republic of Bangladesh, or by any of its overseas diplomatic missions, to eligible Bangladeshi nationals who are citizens by birth, by descent or through naturalization.[8]

The Government of Bangladesh issues three different types of passports. These are Diplomatic passports with a red cover; Official passports with a blue cover; and regular or ordinary passports with a green cover. The cover of the passport is made of a tear-proof textile material that is chemical, sweat, damp and heat resistant. Diplomatic passports are only issued to diplomats of Bangladesh. Official passports are only issued to Bangladesh government employees, government officials and envoys. Regular or ordinary passports are issued to the rest of the citizens of Bangladesh. The entire passport is made of environment-friendly materials. It is aesthetically designed with all the blank visa pages of the passport covered in images of important historical landmarks and buildings of Bangladesh, as well as popular Bangladeshi tourist attractions, with their names written in both Bengali and English. Page numbers of the passport are also bilingual – written both in Bengali and in English.

History

After the Bangladesh Liberation War, Act Number 9 of 1973 (called The Bangladesh Passport Order, 1973) which was signed into law by the President of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, on 8 February 1973, lead to the creation and issuing of the first passport of newly independent Bangladesh.[1] These passport booklets were traditional, handwritten or manual, passports and were compliant with the relevant international laws and regulations in force at the time. Subsequently, additional laws were enacted in Bangladesh in the years that followed to improve the passport application process; enforce the ineligibility to hold multiple valid Bangladeshi passports; citizenship requirement for a passport; etc. Since 1972 a special passport, also known as the India-Bangladesh Special passport, used to be issued to Bangladeshi citizens and Indian nationals resident in West Bengal State and the North-Eastern States of India only. This special passport had a maroon cover. It was valid for travelling between India and Bangladesh only. The issuance of this passport ended in 2013 due to changes in ICAO regulations.[9][10]

Biographical data page of Bangladesh e-passport
Biographical data page of Bangladesh e-passport

The Department of Immigration and Passports of the Government of Bangladesh used to issue traditional handwritten or manual passports before the introduction of the machine-readable passports. In 2010 Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, of the Government of Bangladesh, announced a plan to replace over 6.6 million handwritten passports with new biometric machine-readable passports.[11] Following the guidelines of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the Bangladesh government started issuing machine-readable passports (MRP) and machine-readable visas (MRV) in April 2010. However, all traditional handwritten passports were honored as bona fide Bangladesh government-issued travel documents until their expiration date. All traditional handwritten passports were successfully withdrawn from circulation before ICAO's international deadline of November 2015.

The three types of Bangladeshi passports in 2010
The three types of Bangladeshi passports in 2010

In 2016 the Government of Bangladesh, led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, announced new plans to issue e-passports. The then Home Minister hoped this would ease immigration, travel and visa procedures for Bangladesh passport holders.[12] The new Bangladeshi e-passport is provided in collaboration with a German company along with fifty e-gates at all major ports of entry.[13] Machine-readable passports are being phased out gradually. E-passports will completely replace all machine-readable passports. However, all machine-readable passports are bona fide and valid travel documents until the expiry date written in them.

Bangladesh has taken another significant step in its digital transformation with the much anticipated launch of electronic passports or e-passports under the exceptional leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, who inaugurated the distribution of e-passports at an event in the capital's Bangabandhu International Conference Centre on Wednesday, 22 January 2020. Bangladesh is the first country in South Asia and the 119th country in the world to issue an e-passport for all eligible citizens.[3]

Types of passports

The Government of Bangladesh issues three different types of passports nowadays. These are Diplomatic, Official and regular or ordinary passports.[14]

Type Description Image Status
  Ordinary passport (সাধারণ পাসপোর্ট) Issued to ordinary citizens of Bangladesh for international travel, such as for vacation, study, business trips, etc.
Bangladeshi E-Passport.svg
Active
  Official passport (সরকারী পাসপোর্ট) Issued to Bangladesh government employees, government officials and individuals representing the Bangladeshi government on official business. Many visa requirements normally applicable to Bangladeshi citizens are waived for Official passport holders.
Bangladeshi Official Passport.svg
Active
  Diplomatic passport (কূটনৈতিক পাসপোর্ট) Issued to Bangladeshi diplomats, top ranking government officials and diplomatic couriers. Unlike Ordinary passport holders, Diplomatic passport holders get visa free entry to many more countries.
Bangladeshi Diplomatic Passport.svg
Active
  Special passport (স্পেশাল পাসপোর্ট) Also known as India-Bangladesh Special passport, was issued to Bangladeshi citizens and Indian nationals resident in West Bengal and the North-Eastern States only. It was valid for travelling between India and Bangladesh only. The issuance of this passport ended in 2013 due to changes in ICAO regulations.[9][10] Discontinued

Bangladeshi passports issued since April 2010 are all biometric, machine-readable passports (MRP) and e-passports.[2][8]

Passport fees

E-passport fees in Bangladeshi taka, including all taxes, are as follows:

Booklet Type Validity Delivery Type
Regular Urgent Emergency
48 Pages 5 Years Tk 4,025 Tk 6,325 Tk 8,625
10 Years Tk 5,750 Tk 8,050 Tk 10,350
64 Pages 5 Years Tk 6,325 Tk 8,625 Tk 12,075
10 Years Tk 8,050 Tk 10,350 Tk 13,800

Emergency delivery is only available for passport reissue applicants who don't wish to make any changes to their passport biographical data. The applicable 15% VAT is included in all the fees shown above.[15][5] E-passport fees can be paid through all government and private banks in Bangladesh using the A-Challan form. Unlike traditional handwritten or manual passports, e-passports and machine-readable passports are not renewed. Instead, the old passport booklet is cancelled and a new passport is issued in its place. This procedure is called "reissue" by the Department of Immigration and Passports.


Machine Readable Passport (MRP) fees in Bangladeshi taka, excluding tax, are as follows:

Type of application Delivery Type Fee
New application or relinquished handwritten passport Express Tk 6,000
Regular Tk 3,000
NOC certificate holder (gets express delivery facility) Tk 3,000
GO certificate holders seeking treatment, Hajj or pilgrimage (get express delivery facility) Tk 3,000
GO certificate holders for official purpose (get express delivery facility) Free
Passport renewal (reissue) Express (except NOC or GO holders) Tk 6,000
Regular Tk 3,000

15% VAT is applicable on all fees.[16] For the renewal (reissue) of an expired passport, an annual fine of Tk 345 (tax included) is applicable for each year after expiry. Passport fees can be paid in cash at any of the following banks in Bangladesh:

  1. AB Bank
  2. Bank Asia
  3. Dhaka Bank
  4. One Bank Limited
  5. Premier Bank Limited
  6. Sonali Bank
  7. Trust Bank

The fees can be paid online as well, using a credit card, debit card, or a mobile phone. Bangladeshi mobile financial services such as bKash or Nagad can also be used to make payments for passport fees, especially e-passport fees. Fees can also be paid through the EkPay website or app, where one gets to choose the payment method such as credit card, debit card or Bangladeshi mobile financial services like bKash or Nagad.[5]

Physical appearance

Bangladeshi passport covers are dark green, with the Seal of the Government of Bangladesh emblazoned in gold in the centre of the front cover. The word "পাসপোর্ট" (Bengali) and "Passport" (English) are inscribed above the Seal. Below the Seal "গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ" (Bengali); "People's Republic of Bangladesh" (English); and the international e-passport symbol (

EPassport logo.svg
) are inscribed. The standard Bangladesh passport contains 48 pages, however, frequent travellers can opt for a passport containing 64 pages.[17]  

Passport note

Inside cover of the first generation e-passport of Bangladesh.
Inside cover of the first generation e-passport of Bangladesh.

The inside cover contains the date and place of issuance of the passport as well as the declaration of the President, addressing the authorities of all other states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of the People's Republic of Bangladesh and requesting that he or she be allowed to pass without hindrance and be treated as per international law. The note inside of the Bangladeshi passports states:

In Bengali:

গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশের রাষ্ট্রপতি পক্ষে সংশ্লিষ্ট সকলকে অনুরোধ করা যাচ্ছে. যে এর বাহককে বিনা প্রতিবন্ধকতায় গমনাগমনের অনুমতি এবং তার প্রয়োজনে সকল প্রকার আইনসম্মত সহায়তা ও নিরাপত্তা প্রদান করা হোক |

In English:

These are to request on behalf of the President of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, all those whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without delay or hindrance and, in case of need, to afford him/her every lawful assistance and protection.

Languages

The text and page numbers of Bangladeshi passports are printed in both Bengali and English. However, before machine readable passports were introduced in April 2010, older passports were trilingual with all the information printed inside in Bengali, English, and French.

Passport holder identity

Information about the passport holder is stored on the embedded microprocessor chip in the passport. It is also shown on the biographical page and in page one of the Bangladesh e-passport. The field names, such as name, are written in Bengali (Bangla) and English, with the field values being written in English only. Information regarding faith or occupation is not printed.

The inside cover of a Bangladeshi e-passport has an embossed image of the National Martyrs Mausoleum, with Amar Shonar Bangla, the national anthem of Bangladesh, written in Bengali.

The pre-first page is a chip-enabled plastic card that contains the declaration of the President of the Republic. Underneath this declaration used to be a statement that said that the passport is valid for all countries of the world except Israel.[18] However, from 22 May 2021 newly issued e-passports have a different statement with the Israel travel ban still in place because no diplomatic ties exist between Bangladesh and Israel. The new modified statement now reads "This passport is valid for all countries of the world" and this change was implemented to bring the e-passport in line with international standards as well as ICAO rules and regulations.[19] The back of the pre-first page is the main data page, that contains all the important information. The information printed includes:

Bangladesh e-passport visa page with Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Mausoleum as the background.
Bangladesh e-passport visa page with Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Mausoleum as the background.

More information regarding the passport holder is encoded using optical character recognition and can only be read by a passport reader.[20] The first page contains additional information in English such as parents' name, spouse's name, emergency contact name and number etc. It also contains the passport number printed on the page. This page contains the following information of the bearer:

All information is printed in English using a dot matrix printer and, in the case of the machine readable passport, it is then signed by the appropriate officer of the issuing authority. In the newly issued e-passport, it is laser printed and authenticated with a QR code. Inside the back cover of the e-passport an embossed image of the Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban, National Parliament of Bangladesh, is displayed with a quotation in English by Louis I Kahn, who is the architect of the complex.

Visa requirements

Main article: Visa requirements for Bangladeshi citizens

As of 22 May 2018, Bangladeshi citizens who hold regular or ordinary Bangladeshi passports have visa free or visa on arrival access to 41 countries and territories, ranking the Bangladeshi passport 94th in terms of travel freedom (tied with passports from Lebanon, Libya and South Sudan) according to the Henley Passport Index.[21] Bangladeshi citizens who hold Diplomatic passports or Official passports of Bangladesh have visa free or visa on arrival access to many more countries.[22] The passport is valid for travel to all parts of the world except Israel. Earlier, Bangladeshi passports were not valid for travel to Taiwan, Rhodesia and South Africa but that has long changed.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "The Bangladesh Passport Order, 1973 (President's Order)". Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs. Government of Bangladesh. 8 February 1973.
  2. ^ a b "MRP applications from Apr 1". BdNews24.com. 29 March 2010. Archived from the original on 23 January 2020.
  3. ^ a b "E-passport era begins in Bangladesh". BdNews24.com. 22 January 2020. Archived from the original on 23 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Application guide" (PDF). passport.gov.bd.
  5. ^ a b c "E‑Passport Fees". www.epassport.gov.bd. Department of Immigration and Passports, Ministry of Home Affairs.
  6. ^ "E-Passports set to be on roll in June". The Independent. 19 March 2019. Archived from the original on 11 April 2019.
  7. ^ Mamun, Shohel (22 June 2018). "30 million e-passports for citizens". Dhaka Tribune. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Bangladesh to roll out e-passport with 10-year validity from July". BdNews24.com. 16 May 2019. Archived from the original on 20 May 2019.
  9. ^ a b Nurul Islam Hasib (13 November 2013). "Indo-Bangla special passport to go". BdNews24.com. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013.
  10. ^ a b "41-year-old India-Bangladesh passport regime ends". The Times of India. 2 December 2013. Archived from the original on 6 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Bangladesh Pick Passport Partners". Security Documents World. 22 March 2010. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012.
  12. ^ Islam, Rozina (26 January 2016). "E-passport on the cards". Prothom Alo.
  13. ^ "ePassports, jobs, infrastructure: Bangladesh's route to the future". Veridos. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  14. ^ "ইমিগ্রেশন ও পাসপোর্ট অধিদপ্তর". Dip.gov.bd. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  15. ^ Deepak Acharjee (27 May 2019). "3 slab fees for e-passports proposed". The Independent.
  16. ^ ইমিগ্রেশন ও পাসপোর্ট অধিদপ্তর. Department of Immigration and Passports. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of Bangladesh.
  17. ^ "Tk 46.36b e-passport project endorsed". Prothom Alo. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  18. ^ "Israel calls on Bangladesh to forge diplomatic ties". Dhaka Tribune. 23 May 2021. Archived from the original on 26 May 2021.
  19. ^ "Bangladesh drops 'except Israel' from passport, but keeps ban on travel". Dhaka Tribune. 23 May 2021. Archived from the original on 31 May 2021.
  20. ^ Urmee, Farhana (17 June 2011). "Your Passport to the World". Star Weekend Magazine. The Daily Star. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  21. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2018" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 May 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  22. ^ "Deal with 27 more countries under process". The Independent. 16 May 2017. Archived from the original on 23 January 2019.