Bangladeshi taka
টাকা (Bengali)
Taka banknotesSign
ISO 4217
CodeBDT (numeric: 050)
Subunit0.01
Unit
Symbol
Denominations
Subunit
1100Poisha
(defunct)
Symbol
Poishap
Banknotes
 Freq. used5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000
 Rarely used2
Coins
 Freq. used৳1, ৳2, ৳5
Demographics
Date of introduction4 March 1972; 52 years ago (1972-03-04)
ReplacedPakistani rupee
User(s) Bangladesh
Issuance
Central bankBangladesh Bank
PrinterThe Security Printing Corporation Bangladesh Ltd.
 Websitewww.spcbl.org.bd
MintThe Security Printing Corporation Bangladesh Ltd.
Valuation
Inflation9.41%
 SourceBBS, August 2021[1]

The Bangladeshi taka (Bengali: টাকা, sign: , code: BDT, short form: Tk) is the currency of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. In Unicode, it is encoded at U+09F3 BENGALI RUPEE SIGN.

Issuance of bank notes 10 and larger is controlled by Bangladesh Bank, while the 2 and 5 banknotes are the responsibility of the ministry of finance of the Government of Bangladesh. The banknotes of Tk. 2 and Tk.5 have mostly been replaced by coins while lower denomination coins (including all poysha coins) up to Tk. 1 have almost gone out of circulation due to inflation. The most commonly used symbol for the taka is "" and "Tk", used on receipts while purchasing goods and services. It is divided into 100 poysha, but poysha coins are no longer in circulation. The poysha is still used for accounting purposes (e.g., Tk 123,456.78 for 123,456 taka and 78 poysha).

On 8 May 2024, the central bank placed the taka in a crawling peg to the US dollar, with a rate of 117 takas per US dollar.[2]

Etymology

Jalaluddin's tanka (taka), Bengal Sultanate, 15th century

According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language and Banglapedia, the word taka came from the Sanskrit word tankah, meaning silver coin.[3][4] The word taka in Bangla is also commonly used generically to mean any money, currency, or notes. Thus, colloquially, a person speaking in Bangla may use "taka" to refer to money regardless of what currency it is denominated in. This is also common in the Indian states of West Bengal and Tripura, where the official name of the Indian rupee is "taka" as well. In other eastern Indian languages with the influence of Prakrit in Bihar it is "taka" in Maithili and Magadhi languages, in Assam it is টকা tôka and it is ଟଙ୍କା taṅkā in Odisha.

History

Further information: History of the taka

1947–71

After the Partition of Bengal in 1947, East Bengal became the eastern wing of Pakistan and was renamed to East Pakistan in 1956. The Pakistani rupee also bore the word taka on official notes and coins. Bangla was one of the two national languages of the Pakistan union between 1956 and 1971 (the other being Urdu). The Bangladeshi taka came into existence since 1972, a year after the independence of the eastern wing of the union, as the independent nation of Bangladesh.

Prior to the Liberation war in 1971, banknotes of the State Bank of Pakistan circulated throughout Bangladesh, and continued to be used in Bangladesh even after independence for only about three months until the official introduction of the taka on 4 March 1972. During the war, it was an unofficial practice of some Bengali nationalists to protest Pakistani rule by stamping banknotes with "বাংলা দেশ" and "BANGLA DESH" as two words in either Bangla or English. These locally produced stamps are known to exist in several varieties, as are forgeries. On 8 June 1971, the Pakistani government declared that all banknotes bearing such stamps ceased to be legal tender. Furthermore, to prevent looted high-denomination notes from disrupting the Pakistani economy, the government also withdrew the legal tender status of all 100- and 500-rupee notes.[5]

Some foreign publications mention that there were rubber stamp "BANGLA DESH" overprints on different denominations of Pakistani bank notes during the a.m. period[clarification needed]. Pakistani postage stamps were rubber-stamped and used all over Bangladesh until 30 March 1973, but Bangladesh Bank or the Ministry of Finance never issued an order to overprint or rubber-stamp Pakistani currency.[6]

Since 1972

The taka was introduced in Bangladesh in 1972, replacing the Pakistani rupee at par.

Treasury banknotes

Banknotes and issues

In 2000, the government issued polymer 10 notes as an experiment (similar to the Australian dollar). They proved unpopular, however, and were withdrawn later. At present, the 1 and 5 notes have mostly been replaced with coins, and in 2008, the government issued 1,000 notes.

In 2011, Bangladesh Bank began issuing a new series of banknotes denominated in 2, 5, 100, 500, and 1000. All are dated 2011 and feature a portrait and watermark of the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, along the National Martyr's Monument in Savar at center front.[7]

From 2011, the Bangladesh Bank introduced new notes denominated in 10, 20, and 50 on 7 March 2012. The notes bear the portrait of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the National Martyr's Monument in Savar on the front. On the back of the notes, the 10 will picture the Baitul Mukarram mosque, the 20 pictures the Shat Gombuj mosque in Bagherat, and the 50 notes feature Shilpacharjo Zainul Abedin's famous painting Ploughing.[8]

On March 7 of 2019, Bangladesh Bank released new ৳100 notes, which had the same design as 2011 Version, but had better security, a stronger Blue and were made of a different material.

On December 15 of 2019, Bangladesh Bank issued new ৳50 banknotes, with the same design as the 2011 version, but had a different colour (orange, brown and fluorescent yellow-green), and a slightly different design in some parts.

On March 17 of 2020, Bangladesh Bank introduced new ৳200 notes. They bear a portrait of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on both sides and a landscape picture of a village, river and boats.

Commemorative banknotes

In 2011, Bangladesh Bank also introduced a 40 note to commemorate the "40th Victory Anniversary of Bangladesh". The commemorative note features a portrait of the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the National Martyr's Monument in Savar on front, and six armed men on back. Curiously, this note has an electrotype 10 in the watermark, indicating it was likely printed on extra 10 banknote paper.[9]

On 15 February 2012, Bangladesh Bank has introduced a 60 note to commemorate "60 years of National Movement". The commemorative note measures 130 by 60 millimetres (5.1 in × 2.4 in) and features the Shaeed Minar (Martyrs' monument) in Dhaka and five men on the back. Like the 40 commemorative note, this note has an electrotype 50 in the watermark. It was likely printed on extra 50 banknote paper.[10]

On 26 January 2013, Bangladesh Bank issued a 25 note to commemorate the 25th anniversary (silver jubilee) of the Security Printing Corporation (Bangladesh) Ltd. On the front is the National Martyr's Monument in Savar, the designs of the previous series of the Bangladeshi taka notes and its postage stamps, three spotted deer and the magpie-robin (doyel). On the reverse is the headquarters of the Security Printing Corporation. Curiously, this note has an electrotype 10 in the watermark, indicating it was likely printed on extra 10 banknote paper.[11]

On 8 July 2013, Bangladesh Bank issued a 100 note to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Bangladesh National Museum. The commemorative note features an 18th-century terracotta plaque of a horseman on the front and the Bangladesh National Museum on the back.[12]

Coins

50 poysha from 1984 (left) and 25 poysha from 1980 (right).

In 1973, coins were introduced in denominations of 5, 10, 25 and 50 poysha. 1 poysha coins followed in 1974, with 1 coins introduced in 1975. The 1, 5 and 10 poysha were struck in aluminium, with the 25 and 50 poysha struck in steel and the 1 in copper-nickel. The 5 poysha were square with rounded corners, and the 10 poysha were scalloped. Steel 5 were introduced in 1994, and a steel 2 coin followed in 2004.

1 and 5 poysha coins are rarely found in circulation. The same is the case with the 10, 25, and 50 poysha coins, as they have lost value due to inflation over the years. Only the 1, 2 and 5 are occasionally found in circulation. Unlike most other countries, coins are not issued every year. The most recent coins, 1, 2 and 5, were issued in 2013.

1973 Series
Value Composition Description First minted
Reverse Obverse
5 poysha Aluminium National emblem A plough inside of a cogwheel engraved diagonally, "5-Five Poisha" and "Bangladesh" written in Bangla. 1973
10 poysha Scalloped with serrated edges, a betel leaf in the middle with "Bangladesh" written on top and "Ten 10 poisha" written on the bottom in Bangla.
25 poysha Steel Curly pattern on the edges with a Rohu fish in the middle, "Bangladesh" written on top and "Twenty-five 25 poisha" written at the bottom in Bangla.
50 poysha Dotted pattern on the edges with a dove/pigeon in the middle, "Bangladesh" written on the top and "Fifty 50 poisha" written at the bottom in Bangla.
1974 Series (FAO)
1 poysha Aluminium National emblem Ornamental design, floral patterns 1974
5 poysha A plough in the middle of a half-cogwheel saying the words "Increase production"
10 poysha Serrated on scalloped edges, with flowers plants and running tractor with text saying "Green Revolution"
25 poysha Steel Fish, egg, bananas and a gourd with the text "Food for all"
50 poysha Various Fish, banana, chicken and pineapple in the middle circle 1977
1977 Series (FAO)
5 poysha Aluminium National emblem Plough and cogwheel 1977
10 poysha A family sitting facing each other
25 poysha Steel Royal Bengal tiger
50 poysha Hilsha fish, chicken, pineapple, banana
Other issues
50 poysha (small) Steel National emblem Hilsha fish, chicken, pineapple, banana 2001
৳1 (Line-edged) A family figure, slogan "Planned family – Food for All" 2002
৳1 (Silver Jubilee Edition) Brass A family figure, slogan "Planned family – Food for All" 1996
৳2 Steel Education for All slogan with two children studying 2004
৳5 Jamuna Multipurpose Bridge 1994
Last issues
1 Steel National Emblem Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 2010
2 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 2010
5 Bangladesh Bank logo 2012
Special issues (uncirculated)
৳1 (Martyr's Edition) Silver Picture of the National Martyrs' Memorial and text which says "20th Victory Day of Bangladesh–1991" A picture of the Bir Sreshtho with words "16th December–20th Victory Day" 1991
৳1 (Summer Olympics Edition) Silver National Emblem Two athletes running with a fire torch with text "25th Olympic Games 1992" 1992
৳1 Silver National Emblem Two spotted deer with the heading "Endangered Wildlife" 1993
৳10 (Silver Jubilee of BB) Silver National Emblem Picture of Bangladesh Bank with the title "Bangladesh Bank Silver Jubilee 1971–1996" 1996
৳10 (Silver Jubilee of BD) Silver National Martyrs' Memorial with the text "Silver Jubilee of Bangladesh's Victory" Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with the same text on the coin's back 1996
৳10 (Bangabandhu Bridge Edition) 90% Silver and 10% Nickel Martyr Statue with the title "Invincible Bangla" and heading "Inauguration of Bangabandhu Bridge 1998" Picture of Bangabandhu Bridge with the same heading on the coin's reverse 1998
৳20 (Bangabandhu Bridge Edition) Silver Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with the heading "Inauguration of Bangabandhu Bridge 1998" Picture of Bangabandhu Bridge with the same heading in the coin's reverse 1998
৳20 (IMD Edition) Gold Shaheed Minar with the date 21st February with heading International Mother Language Day Logo of Bangladesh Bank 2000
৳10 (World Cup Edition) Silver The picture of the World cup with "Bangladesh Bank" written ICC World Cup Logo with being held in Bangladesh in 2011 2011
৳10 (Rabindranath Edition) Silver A poem of Rabindranath Tagore and his autograph Picture of Rabindranath Tagore with the title "150th Birth Anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore" 2011
৳10 (Bidrohi Edition) Silver A quotation from the poem Bidrohi and the autograph of the National Poet Picture of young Kazi Nazrul Islam with the heading "90 Years of the poem Bidrohi 1921-2011" 2011
৳10 (Victory Edition) Silver Picture of 6 Muktijoddha waving guns with the title "40th Victory Anniversary of Bangladesh" Picture of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with the 7th March Speech quote with his name in English at the bottom 2011
৳100 (Museum Edition) Silver Logo of Bangladesh Bank with Bangla writing "Centenary of Bangladesh National Museum 1913–2013" 100 taka written on left and right with a terracotta plaque of 18th century horsemen 2013
৳100 (Mujib Centenary Edition Gold and Silver (dual variant) Logo of Bangladesh Bank with text "Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman" Portrait of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with the text in Bangla 2020
৳50 (Golden Jubilee Edition) Scallop-shaped in Gold Big number "50" which has the logo of Bangladesh Bank inscribed in the number "0" with the heading "Golden Jubilee of Independence" Portrait of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with the heading in Bangla 2021
৳50 (Japan-Bangladesh Relations Edition) Silver National Martyrs' Memorial with the heading "Bangladesh-Japan Diplomatic Relations 50th Year Anniversary" The same heading written in the middle with a logo and pictures of a cherry blossom on top and a water lily at the bottom 2022
৳100 (Padma Bridge Edition) Scallop-shaped, silver Picture of the Padma Bridge with the title "Padma Bridge–The symbol of National Pride" written in English Portrait of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with the title in Bangla 2023
**Poisha coins no longer minted since 2013 but all coins above 1 taka still legal tender.

Banknotes

Previous issues

Bangladeshi 500 & 1000tk banknotes.
First Series
Bangladesh introduced its first banknotes on 4 March 1972. At first 1 taka and 100 taka banknotes were introduced. Later 10 and 5 taka notes were added. This first issued series is commonly known as "Map Series". These banknotes are considered as emergency issue banknotes to replace the Pakistan rupee banknotes both with and without rubber stamp overprints.[13]
Map Series (1972)
Image Value Description Period
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳1 Map of Bangladesh Guilloche patterns and "1" in Bengali ("১") 4 March 1972-30 March 1974
৳5 Map of Bangladesh and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Guilloche patterns and "5" in Bengali and English 2 June 1972 – 1 April 1973
৳10 Guilloche patterns and "10" in Bengali and English 2 May 1972-1 April 1973
৳100 Guilloche patterns and "100" in Bengali on and English 4 March 1972-1 April 1973
Second Series
After issuing the first banknotes, there were many conspiracy theories, counterfeiting problems and rumours, so the government issued the second series. These second series banknotes were printed by Thomas De La Rue of England. First-issued banknotes were subsequently withdrawn from circulation by 30 April 1974 after having ceased to hold legal tender status from 30 March 1974.[14]
Thomas De La Rue Series (1972)
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳1 Dark purple, light purple and khaki Hand holding paddy rice The emblem of Bangladesh 2 March 1973
৳5 Red Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Shapla flowers 1 September 1972
৳10 Green Rural landscape of riverine Bangladesh 2 June 1972
৳100 Gray Riverscape of rural Bangladesh 1 September 1972
Third Series
Bangladesh Government signed agreements with Thomas De La Rue and Bradbury Wilkinson at the same time. Both of them printed same denominations with different design almost at the same time. As a result, two different series were circulating at the same time.[14]
Bradbury Wilkinson Series (1972)
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳1 Dark purple, light purple and khaki Woman pounding grain Hand holding paddy rice, and the emblem of Bangladesh 18 December 1973
৳5 Red Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Factories by a river 15 September 1972
৳10 Green Rural scene 15 October 1973
Fourth Series
During 1976 a completely new series of notes was introduced, with the exception of the 1-taka note, which was released as the second variety of the third issue during 1976. The notes of this issue are notable for the absence of the portrait of Sheikh Mujib, whose portrait had dominated all issues of the Bangladesh Bank until this issue. Instead of the familiar portrait, each note has an illustration of the Star Mosque on its front. 50 and 500 taka denomination was added in this series. 5,10,50 and 100 taka denominations were printed by Thomas De La Rue. 500 taka notes were printed by Giesecke and Devrient of Germany.[15]
Star Mosque Series (1976)
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳5 Brown Star Mosque Factories by a river 11 October 1976
৳10 Purple Rice harvest 11 October 1976
৳50 Orange Tea garden 1 March 1976
৳100 Orange and blue River scene 1 March 1976
৳500 Blue, purple and black Supreme Court of Bangladesh 15 December 1976
Fifth Series
The fifth issue of banknotes was introduced over a two-year period from December 1977 to September 1979. The notes of this issue are very similar to those of the fourth issue; except the ‘Star Mosque’ was replaced on most notes by a new vignette and the colours of the notes are a little darker. There was no 500-taka note released in this issue, but a new denomination note of 20 taka was introduced on 20 August 1979, being the last note of this issue prepared by the Bangladesh Bank.[15]
Fifth Series (1977)
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳1 Orange and yellow The emblem of Bangladesh Three spotted deer 3 September 1979
৳5 Brown Mihrab of the Kusumba Mosque Factories by a river 2 May 1978
৳10 Purple Atia Mosque Rice harvest 3 August 1978
৳20 Green Choto Sona Mosque Jute washing 20 August 1979
৳50 Orange Sat Gambuj Mosque Tea garden 4 June 1979
৳100 Blue and brown Star Mosque Southern gate of Lalbagh Fort 15 December 1977
Sixth Series
During the 1980s, some designs of taka notes were introduced, but most of the designs were the same. A new denomination of taka 2 note was also introduced. 10 and 50 takas were redesigned. Other denominations were the same as the previous series.
1980s Banknotes
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳2 Salmon pink and green Shaheed Minar The doyel (the national bird) 29 December 1988
৳10 Copper Atia Mosque Spillway of Kaptai Dam 3 September 1982
৳50 Red National Martyrs' Memorial Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban 24 August 1987
Seventh Series
During the 90s newly designed banknotes of 10,50 and 500 taka were printed. 10 taka note had a portrait of Bangabandhu.
90s Series
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳10 Green and brown Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Lalbagh Fort Mosque 11 December 1997
৳50 Orange Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban Bagha Mosque 22 August 1999
৳500 Blue and orange National Martyrs' Memorial Supreme Court of Bangladesh 2 July 1998
Eighth Series
This series was printed between 2000 and 2001. A polymer banknote of denomination 10 was added, but later withdrawn due to lack of popularity. Paper notes of denomination 100 and 500 were printed with new designs. A portrait of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was added on each new note replacing the National Martyrs’ Memorial Monument.
Bangabandhu Series (2000)
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳10 Pink Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Baitul Mukarram National Mosque Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban 2000
৳100 Blue Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman an Sixty Dome Mosque Jamuna Bridge 15 March 2001
৳500 Cream and Pink Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Sat Gambuj Mosque Supreme Court of Bangladesh 10 August 2000
Ninth Series
After a change in government new series of banknotes were introduced in 2002–2003. The portrait of Bangabandhu was absent in this series. In 2008, 1000 taka note was introduced for the first time.
Ninth Series
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳10 Pink National emblem and Baitul Mukarram National Mosque Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban 7 January 2002
৳20 Green Choto Sona Mosque Washing jute 13 July 2002
৳50 Yellow and copper Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban Bagha Mosque 12 May 2003
৳100 Blue National Martyrs' Memorial and Sixty Dome Mosque Jamuna Bridge 5 June 2002
৳500 Cream and pink National Martyrs' Memorial and Sat Gambuj Mosque Supreme Court of Bangladesh 17 July 2002
৳1000 Pink Shaheed Minar Curzon Hall, Dhaka University 27 October 2008

Current circulating banknotes

The Bangladesh Bank has issued a new series of banknotes, phasing out the older designs for new, more secure ones. All banknotes other than the 1 taka feature a portrait of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on the obverse along with the watermark of the National Martyrs’ Memorial.[16]

Bangabandhu Series (Latest Issue)[16]

[17]

Image Value Dimensions Main color Description Date of issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Watermark
৳2 100 × 60 mm Tan & Green Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Shaheed Minar, Dhaka National Martyrs’ Memorial and
electrotype denomination
15 July 2021[18]
৳5 110 × 65 mm Grey Kusumba Mosque 5 January 2017
৳10 115 × 65 mm Pink Baitul Mukarram National Mosque 7 March 2012
৳20 120 × 65 mm Green Sixty Dome Mosque 7 March 2012
৳50 131 × 65 mm Orange Ploughing (Zainul Abedin's painting) 15 December 2019
৳100 139 × 65 mm Blue Star Mosque 9 August 2011
৳200 139 × 65 mm Yellow Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, agriculture in Bangladesh 17 March 2020
৳500 147 × 65 mm Cyan Agriculture in Bangladesh 9 August 2011
৳1000 155 × 65 mm Violet Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban 9 August 2011

Commemorative banknotes

The folder of the banknote for the 40th anniversary of the independence of Bangladesh had a spelling error of the name of the country. It was inserted as Bangldesh instead of Bangladesh.[19]

Commemorative banknotes of the Bangladeshi taka
Value Dimensions Main colors Description Year of issue Date of first issue Print volume Watermark
Obverse Reverse
10 Violet on multicolor underprint Atiya Jam-e Mosque in Tangali Spillway of Kaptai Dam 1996 Modified tiger head; overprint on obverse watermark area: "VICTORY DAY SILVER JUBILEE '96"
40 122 x 60 mm Dark red, orange, and green Bangabandhu; National monument (Savar) Soldiers 2011 21 December 2011 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, electrotype 10 denomination and bank logo
60 130 x 60 mm Yellow, brown, violet, orange, and blue Shaheed Minar monument Veterans of the Language Movement, first Shaheed Minar monument (1952) 2012 15 February 2012 20,000

(5000 in folders)

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on pixelated background, electrotype bank logo and 50
25 123 x 60 mm Blue, purple and red National Martyr's Monument in Savar, Bangladeshi taka banknotes and postage stamps, three spotted deer, magpie-robin (doyel) Headquarters of the Security Printing Corporation 2013 26 January 2013 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, electrotype 10 denomination and bank logo
100 140 x 62 mm Blue and red 18th-century terra-cotta plaque of a horseman Bangladesh National Museum 2013 9 July 2013 100,000

(11,000 in folders)

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on a pixelated background, electrotype 100 denomination and bank logo
70 140 x 62 mm Purple, orange and green Sheikh Mujibur Rahman; map of Bangladesh; National Martyrs' Memorial in Savar; Betbunia Satellite Center Bangabandhu-1 satellite in orbit above earth; Padma Bridge; Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina; bank logo 2018 22 March 2018 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on a pixelated background, electrotype 100 denomination and bank logo
100 140 x 62 mm Red, orange and yellow Portrait of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Signature of Bangabandhu. Picture of the Sundarbans mangrove forest with The Royal Bengal Tiger and the riverbank view 2020 18 March 2020[20] Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on a pixelated background, electrotype 100 denomination and bank logo
50 Purple, light yellow and green Sheikh Mujibur Rahman; National Martyrs’ Monument in Savar; logo for the golden jubilee of independence Freedom Fighters of the Liberation Army 2021 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on a pixelated background, electrotype 50 and bank logo

Exchange rates

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Last update: 2015 (December 2023)

Historic exchange rates

Upon Bangladesh's independence, the value of the Bangladeshi taka was set between ৳7.5 and ৳8.0 to US$1. Except for fiscal year 1978, the taka's value relative to the US dollar declined every year from 1971 through the end of 1987. To help offset this phenomenon, Bangladesh first used the compensatory financing facility of the International Monetary Fund in fiscal year 1974. Despite the increasing need for assistance, the Mujib government was initially unwilling to meet the IMF's conditions on monetary and fiscal policy. By fiscal year 1975, however, the government revised its stance, declaring a devaluation of the taka by 56 percent and agreeing to establishing the Bangladesh Aid Group by the World Bank.[21]

Between 1980 and 1983, the taka sustained a decline of some 50 percent because of a deterioration in Bangladesh's balance of payments.[21] Between 1985 and 1987, the taka was adjusted in frequent incremental steps, stabilising again around 12 percent lower in real terms against the US dollar, but at the same time narrowing the difference between the official rate and the preferential secondary rate from 15 percent to 7.5 percent.[21] Accompanying this structural adjustment was an expansion in trade conducted at the secondary rate, to 53 percent of total exports and 28 percent of total imports.[21] In mid-1987, the official rate was relatively stable, approaching less than ৳31 to US$1.[21] In January 2011, US$1 was equivalent to approximately ৳72,[22] as of 21 April 2012, US$1 was worth close to ৳82, and as of 9 September 2015 US$1 valued ৳77.

Bangladeshi taka per currency unit averaged over the year (January of every year)
Currency ISO code 1971 1981 1991 1996 2000 2001 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
U.S. dollar USD 7.86 18.31 36.75 40.8 50.82 53.84 58.11 67.29 67.34 67.40 68.11 69.84 81.64 78.31 76.45 78.85
Japanese yen JPY 0.02 0.09 0.27 0.38 0.48 0.46 0.56 0.55 0.62 0.74 0.74 0.84 1.06 0.88 0.73 0.64
Soviet ruble (until 1993)
Russian ruble (1993 – present)
SUR
RUB
14.93 29.00 55.12 8.16 1.85 1.91 2.17 2.62 2.79 2.14 2.31 2.35 2.66 2.63 2.29 1.20
Euro EUR 51.48 50.57 76.37 87.45 98.99 90.01 97.28 93.26 105.26 103.98 104.22 89.26
Pound sterling GBP 18.92 44.02 71.01 62.48 83.23 79.59 109.35 131.74 132.6 97.66 110.01 110.04 126.57 125.19 125.90 116.13
Swiss franc CHF 1.8 10.08 28.89 34.63 31.97 33.07 49.38 53.73 60.99 60.23 65.87 73.1 86.91 84.7 84.66 81.26
Hong Kong dollar HKD 1.31 3.53 4.68 5.28 6.53 6.9 7.45 8.62 8.62 8.69 8.77 8.97 10.51 10.1 9.85 9.86
Malaysian ringgit MYR 2.55 8.23 13.54 15.97 13.37 14.16 15.25 19.12 20.54 18.86 20.06 22.71 26.14 25.68 23.14 21.41
Kuwaiti dinar KWD 22.09 64.51 128.73 136.25 167.01 176.05 197.82 231.69 245.83 235.31 236.52 247.62 292.46 277.6 270.16 259.66
Saudi riyal SAR 1.75 5.5 9.79 10.88 13.55 14.35 15.49 17.93 17.92 17.95 18.14 18.6 21.76 20.87 20.38 20.36
Emirate dirham AED 1.65 4.89 9.96 11.11 13.84 14.65 15.82 18.31 18.33 18.34 18.54 19.01 22.22 21.31 20.81 20.82

See also

References

  1. ^ "Inflation". Bangladesh Bank. Archived from the original on 8 February 2022.
  2. ^ Devnath, Arun (8 May 2024). "Bangladesh Introduces Crawling Peg for Taka as Rates Raised". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 9 May 2024. Retrieved 9 May 2024 – via Financial Post.
  3. ^ "taka". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). HarperCollins Publishers. 2022. Archived from the original on 31 March 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  4. ^ "Taka". Banglapedia. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  5. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Bangladesh". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  6. ^ "Bangladesh". www.banknote.ws. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  7. ^ "Bangladesh new note family confirmed". banknotenews.com. Archived from the original on 17 September 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
  8. ^ "Bangladesh new 10-, 20-, and 50-taka notes confirmed". banknotenews.com. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  9. ^ "Bangladesh new 40-taka commemorative confirmed". banknotenews.com. Archived from the original on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
  10. ^ "Bangladesh new 60-taka commemorative note confirmed". banknotenews.com. Archived from the original on 21 February 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  11. ^ "Bangladesh new 25-taka commemorative note confirmed". banknotenews.com. Archived from the original on 10 August 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  12. ^ "Bangladesh new 100-taka commemorative note confirmed". banknotenews.com. Archived from the original on 9 August 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  13. ^ "Demonetized currency". Bangladesh Bank. Archived from the original on 25 March 2023. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
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