A deer in Sundarbans, The largest mangrove forest in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Sajek Valley in Rangamati, A site on the peak of the mountains.
A beach restaurant in Cox's Bazar, The largest natural beach in the world.
Kaptai Lake in Rangamati, which is the largest natural lake in Bangladesh.
Buddha Dhatu Jadi, It is the largest Theravada Buddhist temple in Bangladesh and has the second-largest Buddha statue in the country.

Tourism in Bangladesh includes tourism to World Heritage Sites, historical monuments, resorts, beaches, picnic spots, forests, tribal people, and wildlife of various species. Activities for tourists include angling, water skiing, river cruising, hiking, rowing, yachting, and sea bathing.[1][2]

In the northern part, comprising the Rajshahi division, there are archaeological sites, including the temple city Puthia in Rajshahi; the largest and most ancient archaeological site, Mahasthangarh in Bogra; the single largest Buddhist monastery, Paharpur in Naogaon; the most ornamental terracotta Hindu temple, Kantaji Temple, and many rajbaris or palaces of old zamindars.

In the southeastern part of the Chittagong Division, there are natural and hilly areas like the Chittagong Hill Tracts, along with sandy sea beaches. The most notable beach, in Cox's Bazar, is a contender for the title of the longest unbroken sandy sea beach in the world.[3]

In the southwestern part, mainly the Khulna Division, there is the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world with the royal Bengal tiger and spotted deer. The historically and architecturally significant sixty domed mosques in Bagerhat are notable sites. In the northeastern part of the Sylhet division, there is a green carpet of tea plants on small hillocks. Natural reserved forests are great attractions. Migratory birds in winter are also beautiful, particularly in the haor areas.

The Ministry of Tourism and The Civil Aviation Ministry designs national policies for developing and promoting tourism. The Ministry also maintains the Beautiful Bangladesh campaign. Bangladesh Government has formed a Tourist Police unit to protect local and foreign tourists better and look after the nature and wildlife in the tourist spots.

Economic impact

The World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) reported in 2013 that Bangladesh's travel and tourism industry directly generated 1,281,500 jobs in 2012, or 1.8% of the country's total employment, which ranked Bangladesh 102 out of 178 countries worldwide.[4] A direct and indirect career in the industry totalled 2,714,500 jobs or 3.7% of the country's total employment.[4] The WTTC predicted that by 2023, travel and tourism would directly generate 1,785,000 jobs and support an overall total of 3,891,000 jobs, or 4.2% of the country's total employment.[4] This would represent an annual growth rate in direct jobs of 2.9%.[4] Domestic spending generated 97.7% of direct travel and tourism gross domestic product (GDP) in 2012.[4] Bangladesh's world ranking in 2012 for travel and tourism's direct contribution to GDP, as a percentage of GDP, was 142 out of 176.[4]


Cox's Bazar

Main article: Cox's Bazar

Sunset at Cox's Bazar

Cox's Bazar is a seaside town, a fishing port and district headquarters in Bangladesh. It is known for its wide and long sandy beach, which is considered by many as the world's longest natural sandy sea beach.[3][6] The beach in Cox's Bazar is an unbroken 125 kilometres (78 mi) sandy sea beach with a gentle slope. It is 152 kilometres (94 mi) south of the Chittagong Seaport. Cox's Bazar is also known by the name Panowa, whose literal translation means "yellow flower". Its other old name was "Palongkee".

St. Martin's Island

Main article: St. Martin's Island

Beach view at St. Martin's Island

St. Martin's Island is a small island (area only 8 km2) in the northeastern part of the Bay of Bengal, about 9 km south of the tip of the Cox's Bazar-Teknaf peninsula, and forming the southernmost part of Bangladesh. There is a small adjoining island that is separated at high tide, called Chhera island. It is about 8 km west of the northwest coast of Myanmar, at the mouth of the Naf River. The first settlement started just 250 years ago by some Arabian sailors who named the island 'Zajira'. During British occupation the island was named St. Martin Island. The local names of the island are "Narical Gingira", also spelled "Narikel Jinjira/Jinjera", which means 'Coconut Island' in Bengali, and "Daruchini Dip". It is the only coral island in Bangladesh.

The city of Chittagong has many high end, private hotels such as the Hotel Agrabad, the Hotel Well Park Residence, The Peninsula Chittagong, the Hotel Harbour View, the Hotel Meridian, and Avenue Hotels and Suites.

The JW Marriott, Westin and Radisson Blu are among the upcoming five-star hotels in Chittagong city.[7][8][9]

Sajek Valley

Main article: Sajek Valley

Highest Peaks of Sajek Valley

Sajek Valley is an emerging tourist spot in Bangladesh situated among the hills of the Kasalong range of mountains in Sajek union, Baghaichhari Upazila in Rangamati District,Chittagong. The valley is 1,476 feet (450 m) above sea level. Sajek valley is known as the Queen of Hills & Roof of Rangamati. The name of Sajek Valley came from the Sajek River that originates from Karnafuli river. The Sajek river works as a border between Bangladesh and India.

Bandarban District

Main article: Bandarban District

Nilgiri, Bandarban

Bandarban is a district in South-Eastern Bangladesh, and a part of the Chittagong. Bandarban is regarded by many tourists to be one of the most attractive travel destinations in Bangladesh. Bandarban (meaning the dam of monkeys), or in Marma or Arakanese language as "Rwa-daw Mro" is also known as Arvumi or the Bohmong Circle (of the rest of the three hill districts Rangamati is the Chakma Circle, Raja Devasish Roy and Khagrachari is the Mong Circle, Raja Sachingprue Marma). Bandarban town is the hometown of the Bohmong Circle Chief (currently King, or Raja, U Cho Prue Marma) who is the head of the Marma population. It also is the administrative headquarters of Bandarban district, which has turned into one of the most exotic tourist attractions in Bangladesh.


Main article: Rangamati

Dumlong, the tallest mountain of Rangamati
Shubhalang waterfall, Rangamati

Rangamati is the administrative headquarters of Rangamati Hill District in the Chittagong. Kaptai lake, the hanging bridge and Pablakhali reserve forest are some of the notable locations to visit in Rangamati.

Khagrachari District

Main article: Khagrachari District

Khagrachari is a district in south-eastern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Chittagong. Its local name is "Chengmi". Khagrachari is also known as Phalang Htaung (ဖလံေထာင္) or the Mong Circle (of the rest of the three hill districts Rangamati is the Chakma Circle (သက္ေထာင္) and Bandarban (ဗိုလ္မင္းေထာင္) is the Bohmong Circle). There are many tourist places in Khagrachari like Alutila Cave, Alutila Tourists spot, Richhang waterfall, Yonged Buddha Bihar, Dighinala Touduchhori Waterfall and others.

Patenga beach

Main article: Patenga

Patenga is a sea beach located south of the Chittagong City. It is near the mouth of the Karnaphuli River. Patenga is a popular tourist spot. The beach is very close to the Bangladesh Naval Academy of the Bangladesh Navy and Chittagong Shah Amanat International Airport. Its width is narrow and swimming in the seas is not recommended. Part of the seashore is built-up with concrete walls, and large blocks of stones have been laid to prevent erosion. During the 1990s, a host of restaurants and kiosks sprouted out around the beach area. Lighting of the area has enhanced the security aspect of visiting at night. It is guarded by large stones to protect it from tsunamis.

Sunset at Patenga beach

A tourist attraction near Patenga beach is the Butterfly Park.[10]

Foy's Lake

Main article: Foy's Lake

Foy's Lake in Pahartali

Foy's Lake is a human-made lake in Chittagong City. The lake was once just a lake and spillway constructed by Assam-Bengal Railway engineer. It was dug in 1924 and was named after the English engineer Mr. Foy.[11] The lake is next to Batali Hill, the highest hill in Chittagong Metropolitan area. An amusement park, managed by the Concord Group, is located here.[11]

Heritage Park

There is a heritage park called Shaheed Zia Memorial Complex and Mini Bangladesh at Chandgaon which reflects the most notable structures and instances of Bangladesh. This 71-metre tower in Mini Bangladesh in Chittagong has a restaurant on the top that rotates once every 90 minutes.[citation needed] The museum includes a revolving restaurant. One can perceive of the country's architectural beauty, ethnic traditions and archaeological inheritance through having a glimpse of the heritage park. Replicas of major structures of the country include Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban (parliament building), National Memorial of Savar, Ahsan Manzil, Curzon Hall of Dhaka University, Paharpur Monastery, Kantajew Temple of Dinajpur, Lalbagh Fort and Sona Masjid. The park also has different rides for children.[citation needed]

Ethnological Museum of Chittagong

Main article: Ethnological Museum of Chittagong

The Ethnological Museum of Chittagong located in Agrabad, established in 1965, is the only ethnological museum in the country, and presents the lifestyles and heritage of various ethnic groups of the country. The museum authority collected rare elements used in everyday lives of different ethnic groups, of which some had already become extinct while others were on the verge of extinction. The museum contains four galleries and a small hall. Three galleries of the museum feature diverse elements of twenty nine ethnic groups in Bangladesh, while the rest of the gallery displays the lifestyles of some ethnic groups of India, Pakistan and Australia.[12]

WWII cemetery and Circuit House

Chittagong War Cemetery

The War Cemetery on Badshah Mia Road contains the graves of 755 soldiers, and is protected and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.[13] There are a number of museums in Chittagong. The most prominent is the Zia Memorial Museum which is housed in the old circuit house building. President Ziaur Rahman was assassinated there on 30 May 1981. This commemorative museum houses the late President Ziaur Rahman's mementos and personal belongings. It was established in 1993 with 12 galleries.[14]

Sylhet Division



Main article: Bichnakandi

Bichnakandi is a village in Rustompur Union in Gowainghat Upazila of Sylhet District. In recent years there has been an influx of tourists to its river.


Main article: Jaflong

Jaflong attracts tourists for its sceneries.

Jaflong is a hill station and popular tourist destination in the Division of Sylhet, Bangladesh. It is located in Gowainghat Upazila of Sylhet District and situated at the border between Bangladesh and the Indian state of Meghalaya, overshadowed by subtropical mountains and rainforests. Jaflong is famous for its stone collections and is home of the Khasi tribe.[15][16]

Madhobpur Lake

Main article: Madhobpur Lake

Madhobpur Lake is a lake of Srimangal in Maulvi Bazar District of Bangladesh.[17] It is one of the popular tourist spot in Bangladesh.[18][19]

Ratargul Swamp Forest

Main article: Ratargul Swamp Forest

Ratargul Swamp Forest is a freshwater swamp forest located in Gowainghat, Sylhet. It is the only swamp forest located in Bangladesh and one of the few freshwater swamp forest in the world. The forest is naturally conserved under the Department of Forestry, Govt. of Bangladesh.

Ratargul Swamp forest Entrance.

The evergreen forest[20] is situated by the river Goain and linked with the channel Chengir Khal. Most of the trees growing here are the Millettia pinnata (করচ গাছ "Koroch tree"). The forest is submerged under 20–30 feet water in the rainy season. For the rest of the year, the water level is about 10 feet deep.[21][22][23]

Dhaka Division

Dhaka Division is an administrative division in Bangladesh. Dhaka (formerly "Dacca") is the largest and capital city of Bangladesh.

Lalbagh Fort

Main article: Lalbagh Fort

Lalbagh Fort, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Lalbagh Fort is an incomplete 17th century Mughal fort complex in Dhaka, Bangladesh.[24] This fort (also known as Fort Aurangabad)stands proudly before the Buriganga River in the southwestern part of Dhaka, Bangladesh.[1] The construction was started in 1678 AD by Mughal Subahdar Muhammad Azam Shah. For long the fort was considered to be a combination of three buildings (the mosque, the tomb of Bibi Pari and the Diwan-i-Aam), with two gateways and a portion of the partly damaged fortification wall. Recent excavations carried out by the Department of Archaeology have revealed the existence of other structures.

Ahsan Manzil

Ahsan Manzil

Main article: Ahsan Manzil

Ahsan Manzil is a wonderful ancient building, located on the bank of the river Buriganga, in old Dhaka at Kumartoli, Islampur area. It was a residential palace for Dhaka Nawab Family. The structure of this palace was started in the year 1859 and was finished in 1869. It is constructed in the Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture. To preserve the cultural and history of the area, the palace became the Bangladesh National Museum on 20 September 1992.

Shaheed Minar

Shaheed Minar, is one of the most important monuments of the country.

The Shaheed Minar (English: Martyr Monument) is a national monument in Dhaka, Bangladesh, established to commemorate those killed during the Bengali Language Movement demonstrations of 1952. On 21 February 1952, dozens of students and political activists were killed when the Pakistani police force opened fire on Bengali protesters who were demanding equal status for their native tongue, Bengali. The massacre occurred near Dhaka Medical College and Ramna Park in Dhaka. A makeshift monument was erected on 23 February[25] by students of University of Dhaka and other educational institutions, but demolished on 26 February[26] by the Pakistani police force. The Language Movement gained momentum, and after a long struggle, Bengali was given equal status with Urdu. To commemorate the dead, the Shaheed Minar was designed and built by Hamidur Rahman, a Bangladeshi sculptor. The monument stood until the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, when it was demolished completely during Operation Searchlight. After Bangladesh gained independence, it was rebuilt. At present, all national, mourning, cultural and other activities held each year, regarding 21 February, have been centred around the Shaheed Minar.

Jatiyo Smriti Soudho

Jatiyo Smriti Soudho, is the national monument of Bangladesh.

Jatiyo Sriti Shoudho or National Martyrs' Memorial is the national monument of Bangladesh is the symbol in the memory of the valour and the sacrifice of all those who gave their lives in the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971.

Jatiya Sangshad

Bangladesh Parliament Assembly Hall.
Tin Netar Majar at Suhrawardy Udyan. Built in the remembrance of the three founding fathers of East Pakistan. Which were A. K. Fazlul Huq, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and Khwaja Nazimuddin.

, Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban (National Parliament) was created by American architect Louis Kahn. Construction was started in 1961 and completed on 28 January 1982 with the total cost was about 32 million dollars. It is situated at Shre-e-Bangla Nagar in Dhaka. Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban was used for the first time on 15 February 1982 as the venue for the eighth (last) session of the second parliament of Bangladesh. Since then, it has been used for the Bangladesh National Assembly.

Tourist attractions in Dhaka

North Bengal (Rajshahi and Rangpur Division)

Shiva Temple in Puthia, Rajshahi
Tajhat Palace at Rangpur, Bangladesh

Somapura Mahavihara

Main article: Somapura Mahavihara

Somapura Mahavihara is a World Heritage Site.

Somapura Mahavihara in Paharpur, Badalgachhi Upazila, Naogaon District (25°1'51.83"N, 88°58'37.15"E) is among the best known Buddhist viharas in the Indian Subcontinent and is one of the most important archaeological sites in the country. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.


Main article: Mahasthangarh

Mahasthangarh is one of the earliest urban archaeological sites so far discovered in Bangladesh. The village Mahasthan in Shibganj thana of Bogra District contains the remains of an ancient city which was called Pundranagara or Paundravardhanapura in the territory of Pundravardhana.[27][28][29] A limestone slab bearing six lines in Prakrit in Brahmi script, discovered in 1931, dates Mahasthangarh to at least the 3rd century BC.[30] The fortified area was in use until the 18th century AD.[28]

Behula Lakshindar Basor Ghor

Main article: Behula

Behula Lakhindar Basor Ghor at Bogra

Behula is the protagonist in the Manasamangal genre of Bengali medieval epics. A number of works belonging to this genre were written between the thirteenth and eighteenth centuries. Though the religious purpose of these works is to eulogise the Hindu goddess Manasa, these works are more well known for depicting the love story of Behula and her husband Lakhindar.

Tajhat Palace

Main article: Tajhat Palace

Tajhat Palace is a magnificent European-style palace located at Tajhat, Vicinity of Rangpur. It is located about three kilometers south east of the city center. Built by the Hindu Zamindar named Maharaja Kumar Gopal Lal roy in the early 20th century, it now symbolizes the history and culture of northern Bangladesh. At present the Palace is used as Rangpur Divisional Museum.[31]

Kantajew Temple

Main article: Kantajew Temple

Kantaji Temple, A late-medieval Hindu temple in Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Built by Maharaja Pran Nath

Kantajew Temple at Kantanagar,[32] is a late-medieval Hindu temple in Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Built by Maharaja Pran Nath, its construction started in 1704 CE and ended in the reign of his son Raja Ramnath 1722 CE.[33][34] It is regarded[by whom?] as one of the greatest examples on Terracotta architecture in Bangladesh and once had nine spires, but all were destroyed during the 1897 Assam earthquake.[35]

Varendra Research Museum

Varendra Museum is a museum, research centre and visitor attraction in Rajshahi town and maintained by the University of Rajshahi.

Bagha Mosque

Main article: Bagha Mosque

According to an inscription found over the mosque's central entrance, Bagha Mosque was built by Sultan Nusrat Shah in 1523. The inscription is now preserved in Karachi, Pakistan. The mosque is a richly decorated monument built of bricks with stone plinth, lintels and pillars. It is roofed over with ten domes. They collapsed in the earthquake of 1897, but were rebuilt to their original form in 1978 by the Department of Archaeology (Bangladesh).[36]

Autumn Tourism In Panchagarh

Kangchenjunga viewd from Tetulia, Panchagarh, along with Tea Gardens at the banks of Mahananda River.

The Panchagarh District, the northernmost District in Bangladesh, is famous for its tea plantations of the plainland. In addition with that, in the Autumn, the skyline of this region is blessed with spectecular view of Kangchenjunga, world's third highest mountain peak for a short span of time before Winter. Therefore, Domestic tourist gathers from different parts of the country in autumn season (October- November) to enjoy this sublime of Himalayas and tea gardens.

South Bengal (Barisal and Khulna Division)

Kuakata Beach

Kuakata beach

Kuakata is a sea beach on the southernmost tip of Bangladesh. Located in Patuakhali District, Kuakata has a wide sandy beach about 320 kilometres (200 mi) south of Dhaka, and about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the district headquarters. Kuakata beach is 30 kilometres (19 mi) long and 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) wide. On the eastern end of the beach is Gongamati Reserved Forest, an evergreen mangrove forest and snippet of the original Kuakata. When the Rakhines settled in the area in 1784, Kuakata was part of the larger Sundarbans forest. Sundarbans is now at a distance of one-hour by speed boat. As a mangrove forest, Gongamati, like the Sundarbans, offers some protection against tidal surges, however it too is threatened by logging and deforestation. The forest can be reached by foot or bike along the beach.


Main article: Sundarbans

Chital deer are widely seen in Sundarbans

The Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world.[37] The Sunderbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, most of which is situated in Bangladesh with the remainder in India. Sundarbans South, East and West are three protected forests in Bangladesh. This region is densely covered by mangrove forests, and is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger.

Mosque City of Bagerhat

Main article: Mosque City of Bagerhat

Sixty Dome Mosque in Bagerhat Bangladesh

The Mosque City of Bagerhat is located in the suburbs of Bagerhat city in Bagerhat District, in the Khulna Division of southwest of Bangladesh. Bagerhat is about 24 kilometres (15 mi) southeast of Khulna and 320 km (200 mi) southwest of Dhaka.[38]

Originally known as Khalifatabad and nicknamed the "mint town of the Bengal Sultanate",[39] the city was founded in the 15th century by the warrior saint Turkish general Ulugh Khan Jahan.[40]

The historic city has more than 50 Islamic monuments which have been found after removing the vegetation that had obscured them from view for many centuries. The site has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 under criteria (iv), "as an outstanding example of an architectural ensemble which illustrates a significant stage in human history",[41] of which the Sixty Pillar Mosque (Shat Gombuj Masjid in Bengali), constructed with 60 pillars and 77 domes, is the most well known.[citation needed] Apart from these monuments, UNESCO also includes the mausoleum of Khan Jahan, the mosques of Singar, Bibi Begni, Reza Khoda, Zindavir among the unique monuments.[41][42]



Bangladesh has many places of worship. Capital Dhaka is known as the city of mosques.

Some famous Religious Places of Worship and visitor attractions are:

The structure of Baitul Mukarram resembles the Kaaba in Mecca
Bandarban Golden Temple at Bandarban, a holy place for the Buddhists
hat Gombuj Mosque (Sixty Dome Mosque) in Bagerhat Mosque City

Ancient ruins

Mahasthangarh at Bogra

Middle Age

British architecture


View of Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban

Historic monuments

Ahsan Manzil Built by Khwaja Abdul Ghani in 1872 and named after his son Khwaja Ahsanullah, the Nawab of Dhaka.

Bangladesh Last House, the last house of Bangladesh located in the Bangladesh–India border at Jointa Hill Resort, this is a popular tourist destination.

Nature tourism

Bangladesh has geographical diversity, which resulted in varieties of nature tourism.

Wildlife in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is the home of Royal Bengal tiger.

Main article: Wildlife of Bangladesh

Saltwater crocodile the largest of all living reptiles.

Bangladesh is home to several well-known mammals including the Bengal tiger, the Asian elephant, the hoolock gibbon and the Asian black bear. The saltwater crocodile found in Sunderban is the largest of all living reptiles, The king cobra is the world's longest venomous snake and the reticulated python is the longest among all snakes. The country has roughly 53 species of amphibian, 19 species of marine reptiles, 139 species of reptiles, 380 species of birds, 116 species of mammals, and 5 species of marine mammals. In addition to the large bird count, a further 310 species of migratory birds swell bird numbers each year. The vast majority of these creatures currently dwell in an area of land that is approximately 150,000 square kilometres (58,000 sq mi) in size. The dhole, also called the Asiatic wild dog, is now endangered by habitat, prey-species loss, and human persecution. Notable animal species that have disappeared from Bangladesh are the one- and two-horned rhinoceros, the gaur, the banteng, swamp deer, nilgai, Indian wolf, wild water buffalo, marsh crocodile and common peafowl.

The world's largest mangrove forest Sundarbans is located in Southwestern Bangladesh. Sundarbans National Parks are UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Hill stations

View of Kaptai Lake, Rangamati



Main article: List of beaches in Bangladesh

Patenga Sea Beach in Chittagong

Bangladesh offers a wide range of tropical beaches. Cox's Bazar is known for its wide and long sandy beach which is considered as the world's longest natural sandy sea beach. Some of the other famous tourist beaches are:


Main article: List of islands of Bangladesh

St. Martin's Island

The islands of Bangladesh are scattered along the Bay of Bengal and the river mouth of the Padma. There are more than 30 islands in Bangladesh. Some famous tourist attractions are:

Tourism campaign films

In January 2011, two short films titled Beautiful Bangladesh: School of Life were produced by Bangladesh Tourism Board (partner of ICC World Cup Cricket 2011). Both films show a tourist's journey through Bangladesh. The durations of the films were 10 and 3 minutes. The 10-minute-long film was directed by Moinul Hossain Mukul and the 3-minute-long film was directed by Gazi Ahmed Shubhro. Concept and script by Syed Gousul Alam Shaon.


While muslin of ancient Dhaka has gone into history, other products such as contemporary paintings, wood works, shital pati (mats that feel cool), bamboo decoration pieces, cane and conch shell products, gold and silver ornament, cotton, silk, gold, silver, jute, reed, brass ware, traditional dolls and leather goods also receive deep appreciation of the lovers of arts and crafts now and over the past centuries. In addition, Bangladesh is famous for pink pearl.[48]

Jamuna Future Park is a notable shopping mall to visit. Bashudhara City inaugurated in 2004 is one of the largest shopping malls in sub-continent.

See also



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