Some currencies, such as the Artsakh dram, are not used in day-to-day commerce, but are legal tender.
Some currencies, such as the Artsakh dram, are not used in day-to-day commerce, but are legal tender.

There are 180 currencies recognized as legal tender in United Nations (UN) member states, UN General Assembly non-member observer states, partially recognized or unrecognized states, and their dependencies.[citation needed] However, excluding the pegged (fixed exchange rate) currencies, there are only 130 currencies that are independent or pegged to a currency basket. Dependencies and unrecognized states are listed here only if another currency is used on their territory that is different from the one of the state that administers them or has jurisdiction over them.

Criteria for inclusion

A currency is a kind of money and medium of exchange. Currency includes paper, cotton, or polymer banknotes and metal coins. States generally have a monopoly on the issuing of currency, although some states share currencies with other states. For the purposes of this list, only currencies that are legal tender, including those used in actual commerce or issued for commemorative purposes, are considered "circulating currencies". This includes fractional units that have no physical form but are recognized by the issuing state, such as the United States mill,[A] the Egyptian millieme,[B] and the Japanese rin.[C] Currencies used by non-state entities, like the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, scrips used by private entities, and other private, virtual, and alternative currencies are not under the purview of this list.

List of circulating currencies by state or territory

Yellow background means a given currency is pegged to another currency (details).

State or territory[1] Currency[1][2] Symbol[D] or
Abbrev.[3]
ISO code[2] Fractional
unit
Number
to basic
 Abkhazia Abkhazian apsar[E] (none) (none) (none) (none)
Russian rouble RUB Kopeck 100
 Afghanistan Afghan afghani Af or Afs (pl.) AFN Pul 100
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Euro EUR Cent 100
 Albania Albanian lek Lek ALL Qintar 100
 Alderney Alderney pound[E] £ (none) Penny 100
Sterling banknotes are issued by the Bank of England and by some banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland (incl. Danske Bank). Laws on legal tender vary between various jurisdictions.[4] £ GBP Penny 100
Guernsey pound £ (none) Penny 100
 Algeria Algerian dinar DA DZD Santeem 100
 Andorra Euro EUR Cent 100
 Angola Angolan kwanza Kz AOA Cêntimo 100
 Anguilla Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Antigua and Barbuda Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Argentina Argentine peso $ ARS Centavo 100
 Armenia Armenian dram ֏ AMD Luma 100
 Artsakh Artsakh dram[E] դր. (none) Luma 100
Armenian dram ֏ AMD Luma 100
 Aruba Aruban florin ƒ AWG Cent 100
United Kingdom Ascension Island Saint Helena pound £ SHP Penny 100
 Australia Australian dollar $ AUD Cent 100
 Austria Euro EUR Cent 100
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijani manat AZN Qəpik 100
 Bahamas, The Bahamian dollar $ BSD Cent 100
 Bahrain Bahraini dinar BD BHD Fils 1000
 Bangladesh Bangladeshi taka BDT Poisha 100
 Barbados Barbadian dollar $ BBD Cent 100
 Belarus Belarusian rubel Rbl or Rbls (pl.) BYN Copeck 100
 Belgium Euro EUR Cent 100
 Belize Belize dollar $ BZD Cent 100
 Benin West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Bermuda Bermudian dollar $ BMD Cent 100
 Bhutan Bhutanese ngultrum Nu BTN Chetrum 100
Indian rupee INR Paisa 100
 Bolivia Bolivian boliviano Bs BOB Centavo 100
 Bonaire United States dollar[F] $ USD Cent 100
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark KM BAM Fening 100
 Botswana Botswana pula P BWP Thebe 100
 Brazil Brazilian real R$ BRL Centavo 100
 British Indian Ocean Territory United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 British Virgin Islands United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Brunei Brunei dollar $ BND Sen 100
Singapore dollar $ SGD Cent 100
 Bulgaria Bulgarian lev Lev BGN Stotinka 100
 Burkina Faso West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Burundi Burundian franc Fr BIF Centime 100
 Cambodia Cambodian riel CR KHR Sen 100
 Cameroon Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Canada Canadian dollar $ CAD Cent 100
 Cape Verde Cape Verdean escudo $ CVE Centavo 100
 Cayman Islands Cayman Islands dollar $ KYD Cent 100
 Central African Republic Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
Bitcoin (none) Satoshi 100000000
 Chad Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Chile Chilean peso $ CLP Centavo 100
 China, People's Republic of Renminbi ¥ CNY Jiao[G] 10
 Colombia Colombian peso $ COP Centavo 100
 Comoros Comorian franc Fr KMF Centime 100
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congolese franc Fr CDF Centime 100
 Congo, Republic of the Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Cook Islands Cook Islands dollar $ (none) Cent 100
New Zealand dollar $ NZD Cent 100
 Costa Rica Costa Rican colón CRC Céntimo 100
 Côte d'Ivoire West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Croatia Croatian kuna kn HRK Lipa 100
 Cuba Cuban peso $ CUP Centavo 100
 Curaçao Netherlands Antillean guilder ƒ ANG Cent 100
 Cyprus Euro EUR Cent 100
 Czech Republic Czech koruna CZK Heller 100
 Denmark Danish krone kr DKK Øre 100
 Djibouti Djiboutian franc Fr DJF Centime 100
 Dominica Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Dominican Republic Dominican peso $ DOP Centavo 100
 East Timor United States dollar $ USD Centavo 100
 Ecuador United States dollar $ USD Centavo 100
 Egypt Egyptian pound LE EGP Piastre[B] 100
 El Salvador United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
Bitcoin[5] (none) Satoshi 100000000
 Equatorial Guinea Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Eritrea Eritrean nakfa Nkf ERN Cent 100
 Estonia Euro EUR Cent 100
 Eswatini Swazi lilangeni L or E (pl.) SZL Cent 100
South African rand R ZAR Cent 100
 Ethiopia Ethiopian birr Br ETB Santim 100
 Falkland Islands Falkland Islands pound £ FKP Penny 100
 Faroe Islands Danish krone kr DKK Øre 100
Faroese króna kr (none) Oyra 100
 Fiji Fijian dollar $ FJD Cent 100
 Finland Euro EUR Sentti 100
 France Euro EUR Cent 100
 French Polynesia CFP franc Fr XPF Centime 100
 Gabon Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100
 Gambia, The Gambian dalasi D GMD Butut 100
 Georgia Georgian lari GEL Tetri 100
 Germany Euro EUR Cent 100
 Ghana Ghanaian cedi GHS Pesewa 100
 Gibraltar Gibraltar pound £ GIP Penny 100
 Greece Euro EUR Cent 100
 Greenland Danish krone kr DKK Øre 100
 Grenada Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Guatemala Guatemalan quetzal Q GTQ Centavo 100
 Guernsey Guernsey pound £ (none) Penny 100
Sterling £ GBP Penny 100
 Guinea Guinean franc Fr GNF Centime 100
 Guinea-Bissau West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Guyana Guyanese dollar $ GYD Cent 100
 Haiti Haitian gourde G HTG Centime 100
 Honduras Honduran lempira L HNL Centavo 100
 Hong Kong Hong Kong dollar $ HKD Cent 100
 Hungary Hungarian forint Ft HUF Fillér 100
 Iceland Icelandic króna kr ISK Eyrir 100
 India Indian rupee INR Paisa 100
 Indonesia Indonesian rupiah Rp IDR Sen 100
 Iran Iranian rial Rl or Rls (pl.) IRR Rial 1
 Iraq Iraqi dinar ID IQD Fils 1000
 Ireland Euro EUR Cent 100
 Isle of Man Manx pound £ (none) Penny 100
Sterling £ GBP Penny 100
 Israel Israeli new shekel ILS Agora 100
 Italy Euro EUR Cent 100
 Jamaica Jamaican dollar $ JMD Cent 100
 Japan Japanese yen ¥ JPY Sen[C] 100
 Jersey Jersey pound £ (none) Penny 100
Sterling £ GBP Penny 100
 Jordan Jordanian dinar JD JOD Piastre[H] 100
 Kazakhstan Kazakhstani tenge KZT Tıyn 100
 Kenya Kenyan shilling Sh or Shs (pl.) KES Cent 100
 Kiribati Kiribati dollar[E] $ (none) Cent 100
Australian dollar $ AUD Cent 100
 Korea, North North Korean won KPW Chon 100
 Korea, South South Korean won KRW Jeon 100
 Kosovo Euro EUR Cent 100
 Kuwait Kuwaiti dinar KD KWD Fils 1000
 Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz som som KGS Tyiyn 100
 Laos Lao kip LAK Att 100
 Latvia Euro EUR Cent 100
 Lebanon Lebanese pound LL LBP Piastre 100
 Lesotho Lesotho loti L or M (pl.) LSL Sente 100
South African rand R ZAR Cent 100
 Liberia Liberian dollar $ LRD Cent 100
 Libya Libyan dinar LD LYD Dirham 1000
 Liechtenstein Swiss franc Fr CHF Rappen 100
 Lithuania Euro EUR Cent 100
 Luxembourg Euro EUR Cent 100
 Macau Macanese pataca MOP$ MOP Avo 100
Hong Kong dollar $ HKD Cent 100
 Madagascar Malagasy ariary Ar MGA Iraimbilanja 5
 Malawi Malawian kwacha K MWK Tambala 100
 Malaysia Malaysian ringgit RM MYR Sen 100
 Maldives Maldivian rufiyaa Rf MVR Laari 100
 Mali West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Malta Euro EUR Cent 100
 Marshall Islands United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Mauritania Mauritanian ouguiya UM MRU Khoums 5
 Mauritius Mauritian rupee Re or Rs (pl.) MUR Cent 100
 Mexico Mexican peso $ MXN Centavo 100
 Micronesia United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Moldova Moldovan leu Leu or Lei (pl.) MDL Ban 100
 Monaco Euro EUR Cent 100
 Mongolia Mongolian tögrög MNT Möngö 100
 Montenegro Euro EUR Cent 100
 Montserrat Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Morocco Moroccan dirham DH MAD Centime 100
 Mozambique Mozambican metical Mt MZN Centavo 100
 Myanmar Burmese kyat K or Ks (pl.) MMK Pya 100
 Namibia Namibian dollar $ NAD Cent 100
South African rand R ZAR Cent 100
 Nauru Australian dollar $ AUD Cent 100
   Nepal Nepalese rupee Re or Rs (pl.) NPR Paisa 100
 Netherlands[F] Euro EUR Cent 100
 New Caledonia CFP franc Fr XPF Centime 100
 New Zealand New Zealand dollar $ NZD Cent 100
 Nicaragua Nicaraguan córdoba C$ NIO Centavo 100
 Niger West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Nigeria Nigerian naira NGN Kobo 100
 Niue New Zealand dollar $ NZD Cent 100
Niue dollar[E] $ (none) Cent 100
 North Macedonia North Macedonian denar DEN MKD Deni 100
 Northern Cyprus Turkish lira TRY Kuruş 100
 Norway Norwegian krone kr NOK Øre 100
 Oman Omani rial RO OMR Baisa 1000
 Pakistan Pakistani rupee Re or Rs (pl.) PKR Paisa 100
 Palau United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Palestine Israeli new shekel ILS Agora 100
Jordanian dinar JD JOD Piastre[H] 100
 Panama Panamanian balboa B/ PAB Centésimo 100
United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinean kina K PGK Toea 100
 Paraguay Paraguayan guaraní PYG Céntimo 100
 Peru Peruvian sol S/ PEN Céntimo 100
 Philippines Philippine peso PHP Sentimo 100
 Pitcairn Islands New Zealand dollar $ NZD Cent 100
Pitcairn Islands dollar[E] $ (none) Cent 100
 Poland Polish złoty PLN Grosz 100
 Portugal Euro EUR Cent 100
 Qatar Qatari riyal QR QAR Dirham 100
 Romania Romanian leu Leu or Lei (pl.) RON Ban 100
 Russia Russian rouble RUB Kopeck 100
 Rwanda Rwandan franc Fr RWF Centime 100
 Saba United States dollar[F] $ USD Cent 100
 Sahrawi Republic[I] Algerian dinar DA DZD Santeem 100
Mauritanian ouguiya UM MRU Khoums 5
Moroccan dirham DH MAD Centime 100
Sahrawi peseta Pta or Pts (pl.) (none) Centime 100
 Saint Helena Saint Helena pound £ SHP Penny 100
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Saint Lucia Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100
 Samoa Samoan tālā $ WST Sene 100
 San Marino Euro EUR Cent 100
 São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe dobra Db STN Cêntimo 100
 Saudi Arabia Saudi riyal Rl or Rls (pl.) SAR Halala 100
 Senegal West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Serbia Serbian dinar DIN RSD Para 100
 Seychelles Seychellois rupee Re or Rs (pl.) SCR Cent 100
 Sierra Leone Sierra Leonean leone Le SLE Cent 100
 Singapore Singapore dollar $ SGD Cent 100
Brunei dollar $ BND Sen 100
 Sint Eustatius United States dollar[F] $ USD Cent 100
 Sint Maarten Netherlands Antillean guilder ƒ ANG Cent 100
 Slovakia Euro EUR Cent 100
 Slovenia Euro EUR Cent 100
 Solomon Islands Solomon Islands dollar $ SBD Cent 100
 Somalia Somali shilling Sh or Shs (pl.) SOS Cent 100
 Somaliland Somaliland shilling Sh or Shs (pl.) (none) Cent 100
 South Africa South African rand R ZAR Cent 100
 South Ossetia Russian rouble RUB Kopeck 100
 Spain Euro EUR Cent 100
 South Sudan South Sudanese pound (none) SSP Piaster 100
 Sri Lanka Sri Lankan rupee Re or Rs (pl.) LKR Cent 100
 Sudan Sudanese pound LS SDG Piastre 100
 Suriname Surinamese dollar $ SRD Cent 100
 Sweden Swedish krona kr SEK Öre 100
  Switzerland Swiss franc Fr CHF Rappen[J] 100
 Syria Syrian pound LS SYP Piastre 100
 Taiwan, Republic of China New Taiwan dollar $ TWD Cent 100
 Tajikistan Tajikistani somoni SM TJS Diram 100
 Tanzania Tanzanian shilling Sh or Shs (pl.) TZS Cent 100
 Thailand Thai baht ฿ THB Satang 100
 Togo West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100
 Tonga Tongan paʻanga[K] T$ TOP Seniti 100
 Transnistria Transnistrian ruble р (none) Kopeck 100
 Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago dollar $ TTD Cent 100
 Tunisia Tunisian dinar DT TND Millime 1000
 Turkey Turkish lira TRY Kuruş 100
 Turkmenistan Turkmenistani manat m TMT Tenge 100
 Turks and Caicos Islands United States dollar $ USD Cent 100
 Tuvalu Tuvaluan dollar $ (none) Cent 100
Australian dollar $ AUD Cent 100
 Uganda Ugandan shilling Sh or Shs (pl.) UGX (none) (none)
 Ukraine Ukrainian hryvnia UAH Kopeck 100
 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates dirham Dh or Dhs (pl.) AED Fils 100
 United Kingdom Sterling £ GBP Penny 100
 United States United States dollar $ USD Cent[A] 100
 Uruguay Uruguayan peso $ UYU Centésimo 100
 Uzbekistan Uzbekistani soum soum UZS Tiyin 100
 Vanuatu Vanuatu vatu VT VUV Cent 100
  Vatican City Euro EUR Cent 100
 Venezuela Venezuelan sovereign bolívar Bs.S VES Céntimo 100
Venezuelan digital bolívar Bs.D VED Céntimo 100
 Vietnam Vietnamese đồng VND Hào[L] 10
 Wallis and Futuna CFP franc Fr XPF Centime 100
 Yemen Yemeni rial Rl or Rls (pl.) YER Fils 100
 Zambia Zambian kwacha K ZMW Ngwee 100
 Zimbabwe RTGS dollar $ (none) Cent 100

Currencies by number of countries/territories

Currency Symbol or

Abbrev.

ISO code Fractional

unit

Number

to basic

Number of countries/ territories Countries/ territories
Jordanian dinar JD JOD Piastre 100 2 Jordan, Palestine
Moroccan dirham DH MAD Centime 100 2 Morocco, Sahrawi Republic
Australian dollar $ AUD Cent 100 4 Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu
Bitcoin (none) Satoshi 100000000 2 Central African Republic, El Salvador
Brunei dollar $ BND Sen 100 2 Brunei, Singapore
Eastern Caribbean dollar $ XCD Cent 100 8 Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Hong Kong dollar $ HKD Cent 100 2 Hong Kong, Macau
New Zealand dollar $ NZD Cent 100 4 New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue, Pitcairn Islands
Singapore dollar $ SGD Cent 100 2 Singapore, Brunei
United States dollar $ USD Cent 100 14 United States, Bonaire, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Marshall Islands, Micronesia. Palau, Panama, Saba, Sint Eustatius, Turks and Caicos Islands
Armenian dram ֏ AMD Luma 100 2 Armenia, Artsakh
Euro EUR Eurocent 100 26 Eurozone
Central African CFA franc Fr XAF Centime 100 6 Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
CFP franc Fr XPF Centime 100 3 French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna
Swiss franc Fr CHF Rappen 100 2 Switzerland, Liechtenstein
West African CFA franc Fr XOF Centime 100 8 Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo
Netherlands Antillean guilder ƒ ANG Cent 100 2 Curaçao, Sint Maarten
Danish krone kr DKK Øre 100 3 Denmark, Faroe Islands, Greenland
Turkish lira TRY Kuruş 100 2 Turkey, Northern Cyprus
Mauritanian ouguiya UM MRU Khoums 5 2 Mauritania, Sahrawi Republic
Sterling £ GBP Penny 100 5 United Kingdom, Alderney, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey
Guernsey pound £ (none) Penny 100 2 Guernsey, Alderney
Saint Helena pound £ SHP Penny 100 2 Saint Helena, Ascension Island
South African rand R ZAR Cent 100 4 South Africa, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia
Russian rouble RUB Kopeck 100 3 Russia, Abkhazia, South Ossetia
Indian rupee INR Paisa 100 2 India, Bhutan
Israeli new shekel ILS Agora 100 2 Israel, Palestine

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b One cent equals ten mills.
  2. ^ a b One piastre equals ten milliemes.
  3. ^ a b One sen equals ten rin.
  4. ^ Many of these symbols can be found in Unicode block 20A0–20, "Currency Symbols".
  5. ^ a b c d e f This currency is not used in day-to-day commerce, but is legal tender. It is minted or printed as commemorative banknotes, coinage, or both.
  6. ^ a b c d Although part of the Netherlands, the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba do not use the euro; they use the United States dollar. They are listed separately.
  7. ^ One jiao equals ten fen.
  8. ^ a b One piastre equals ten fulūs and one dirham equals 10 piastres.
  9. ^ Four currencies circulate in the partially recognized state of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which claims the territory of Western Sahara. The Moroccan dirham is used in the Moroccan-administered part of the territory and the Sahrawi peseta is the commemorative currency of the Sahrawi Republic. Additionally, some de facto currencies circulate in the territory: the Algerian dinar is used in Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf and the Mauritanian ouguiya is used in Lagouira, which is under Mauritanian administration.
  10. ^ Rappen in German; centime in French; centesimo in Italian; rap in Romansh.
  11. ^ One hundred Tongan paʻanga equal one hau.
  12. ^ One hào equals ten xu.

References

  1. ^ a b "Field Listing: Exchange Rates". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2015-02-15. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
  2. ^ a b "Current currency & funds code list". Swiss Association for Standardization. As of 2016-09-13, this citation said "accessdate=2013-12-06", but the document itself said "Published July 1, 2016".
  3. ^ Antweiler, Werner (2006). "Currencies of the World". University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
  4. ^ "Banknotes". Bank of England. Archived from the original on 2008-05-14. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
  5. ^ El Salvador, primer país del mundo en reconocer al Bitcoin como moneda de curso legal, June 9th 2021, official website of the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador