|leku shqiptar (Albanian)|
|Freq. used||200 L, 500 L, 1000 L, 2000 L, 5000 L|
|Rarely used||10,000 L|
|Freq. used||5 L, 10 L, 20 L, 50 L, 100 L|
|Rarely used||1 lek|
|Date of introduction||16 February 1926|
|Central bank||Bank of Albania|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2009 est.|
The lek (Albanian: leku shqiptar; indefinite singular lek, definite plural lekët, indefinite plural lekë) (sign: L; code: ALL) is the official currency of Albania. It used to be subdivided into 100 qindarka or qintars (singular qindarkë), but qindarka are no longer issued.
The lek was introduced as the first Albanian currency in February 1926.
Before then, Albania was a country without a currency, adhering to a gold standard for the fixation of commercial values. Before the First World War the Ottoman Turkish piastre was in full circulation, but following the military occupation of the country by various continental powers the gold franc (Franc Germinal) was adopted as the monetary unit. In 1923 Italian paper circulated at Shkodër, Durrës, Vlorë, and Gjirokastër, and the Greek drachma at Korçë, the values of which varied according to locality and the prevailing rates of exchange as compared with gold.
The lek was named after Alexander the Great, whose name is often shortened to Leka in Albanian. Alexander's portrait appeared on the obverse of the 1 lek coin, while the reverse showed him on his horse.
The name qindarkë comes from the Albanian qind, meaning one hundred. The word is thus similar in formation to centime, cent, etc.
Between 1926 and 1939, the name franga was used for Albanian gold currency worth five Albanian lekë for use in international transactions. A similar alternate name, Belga was used for units of five Belgian francs.
In 1926, bronze coins were introduced in denominations of 5 and 10 qindar lekë, together with nickel 1⁄4, 1⁄2 and 1 lek, and silver 1, 2 and 5 franga ar. The obverse of the franga coins depicts Amet Zogu. In 1935, bronze 1 and 2 qindar ar were issued, equal in value to the 5 and 10 qindar lekë respectively. This coin series depicted distinct neoclassical motifs, said to have been influenced by the Italian king Victor Emmanuel III who was known to have been a coin collector. These coins depict the mint marks "R", "V" or "L", indicating Rome, Vienna or London.
Under the direction of Benito Mussolini, Italy invaded and occupied Albania and issued a new series of coins in 1939 in denominations 0.20, 0.50, 1 and 2 lekë in stainless steel, and [text missing?] silver 5, and 10 lek were introduced, with the silver coins only issued that year. Aluminium-bronze 0.05 and 0.10 lek were introduced in 1940. A fixed exchange with the Italian lira at 5:6.25 (1 lek = L.1.25) was established. These coins were issued until 1941 and bear the portrait of Italian King Victor Emmanuel III on the obverse and the Albanian eagle with fasces on the reverse.
In 1947, shortly after the Communist Party took power, older coins were withdrawn from circulation and a new coinage was introduced, consisting of zinc 1⁄2, 1, 2 and 5 lekë. These all depicted the socialist national crest. This coinage was again minted in 1957 and used until the currency reform of 1965.
In 1965, the old lek banknotes and coins were exchanged into new ones, 10:1 (the amount allowed for exchange was limited).
Aluminium coins (dated 1964) were introduced in denominations of 5, 10, 20 and 50 qindar and 1 lek. All coins show the socialist state emblem.
In 1969, a second series of aluminium 5, 10, 20, 50 qindar and 1 lek coins was released commemorating the 1944 liberation from fascism. The three smallest denominations remained similar in design to the 1964 series but depicted "1944-1969" on the obverse. The 50 qindarka and lek coins showed patriotic and military images.
In 1988, a third redesign of aluminium 5, 10, 20, 50 qindarka and 1 lek coins was released. The 50 qindarka and 1 lek coins were problematically identical in size, weight, and appearance, so aluminium-bronze 1 lek coins with the inscription "Republika Popullore Socialiste e Shqipërisë" were released later that year for better identification. In 1989, a cupro-nickel 2 lekë coin was introduced.
All three of these coin series remained in circulation during and shortly after the 1991 revolution.
In 1995 and 1996, new coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 lekë, with a bimetallic 100 lekë added in 2000. The 1 lek coin is not practically in use.[clarification needed]
|Coins of the lek (1995–present)|
|1 lek||18.1 mm||3 g||bronze (1996), Copper-plated Steel (2008-2013)||Smooth||A pelican in the centre,
"Republika e Shqipërisë", year
branches artistically carved in the form of a crown.
|5 lekë||20 mm||3.12 g||Nickel-plated Steel||Eagle from the Flag of Albania,|
"Republika e Shqipërisë", year
|10 lekë||21.25 mm||3.6 g||aluminum-bronze (1996-2000), Brass-plated Steel (2009-...)||Reeded||Berat Castle, "Republika e Shqipërisë",|
|20 lekë||23 mm||4.6 g||aluminum-bronze (1996-2000), Brass-plated Steel (2012-2016)||Reeded||A liburne ship,"Republika e Shqipërisë", year of issue.|
|50 lekë||24.25 mm||5.5 g||Copper-nickel (1996-2000)||Portrait of the Illyrian King Gentius."Republika e Shqipërisë",|
|100 lekë||24.75 mm||6.7 g||Bi-Metallic Aluminium-bronze centre in Copper-nickel ring||Portrait of the Illyrian Queen Teuta,"Republika e Shqipërisë",|
|These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.|
In 2001, 100 and 200 lekë were issued under the theme of Albania's integration into the EU and 50, 100, and 200 lekë under the 500th anniversary of the Statue of David. In 2002, 50 lekë and 100 lekë were issued for the 90th Anniversary of the Independence of Albania and 20 lekë under the Albanian Antiquity theme. In 2003, 50 lekë was issued in memory of the 100th anniversary of the death of Jeronim De Rada. In 2004, 50 lekë was issued under the Albanian Antiquity theme depicting traditional costumes of Albania and the ancient Dea. In 2005, 50 lekë were issued for the 85th anniversary of the proclamation of Tirana as capital and the theme of traditional costumes of Albania.
In 1926, the National Bank of Albania (Banka Kombëtare e Shqipnis) introduced notes in denominations of 1, 5, 20 and 100 franka ari. In 1939, notes were issued denominated as 5 and 20 franga. These were followed in 1944 with notes for 2, 5 and 10 lekë and 100 franga.
In 1945, the People's Bank of Albania (Banka e Shtetit Shqiptar) issued overprints on National Bank notes for 10 lekë, 20 and 100 franga. Regular notes were also issued in 1945 in denominations of 1, 5, 20, 100 and 500 franga. In 1947, the lek was adopted as the main denominations, with notes issued for 10, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 lekë.
|1949 and 1957 series|
In 1965, notes (dated 1964) were introduced by the Banka e Shtetit Shqiptar in denominations of 1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 lekë. A second series of notes was issued in 1976 when the country changed its name to the People's Socialist Republic.
|1964 and 1976 series|
|1 lek||Green||Peasant couple with wheat||Rozafa Castle, Shkodër|
|3 lekë||Brown||Woman carrying basket of fruit||Vlora|
|5 lekë||Purple||Steam train and truck||Ship|
|10 lekë||Green||Woman working in a textile mill||Bureaucrats and peasants socializing outside the Palace of Culture, Naim Frashëri|
|25 lekë||Dark blue||Woman with wheat, combine harvesting||Mechanized ploughing|
|50 lekë||Red||Army on parade, Skanderbeg||Mosin–Nagant rifle, pickaxe, apartment block under construction|
|100 lekë||Scarlet||Man showing his son a new hydroelectric dam||Steelworker with oil worker, gesturing grandly, steelworks and oil wells in background|
|100 lekë||154 × 72 mm||Violet||National fighter||Falcon and mountains|
|200 lekë||162 × 78 mm||Brown||Ismail Qemali||Coat of arms of Albania, declaration of independence of Albania|
|500 lekë||170 × 78 mm||Blue||Naim Frashëri||Poetry of Frashëri|
|1000 lekë||178 × 78 mm||Green||Skanderbeg||Krujë Castle|
On 11 July 1997, a new series of banknotes dated 1996-97 was introduced.
Notes dated 1996 were printed by De La Rue in the United Kingdom.
In 2007, a 2000 lekë denomination was introduced in this series.
|100 lekë||130 × 66 mm||Purple/Orange||Fan S. Noli||First Albanian Parliament building|
|200 lekë||138 × 69mm||Brown||Naim Frashëri||House birthplace of Frashëri|
|500 lekë||145 × 68 mm||Blue||Ismail Qemali||Vlorë independence building|
|1000 lekë||151 × 72 mm||Green||Pjetër Bogdani||Gothic Church of Vau|
|2000 lekë||160 x 72 mm||Purple||King Gent (Gentius); three ancient coins||Amphitheatre at Butrinto (near Saranda), yellow gentian (Gentiana lutea)|
|5000 lekë||160 × 72 mm||Olive Green||Skanderbeg||Krujë Castle|
The Bank of Albania in 2019 unveiled a new series of banknotes, featuring the same themes on both the front and back side of the notes, improved security features, and a change in material for the 200 lekë banknote, now issued as a polymer banknote. This series has also introduced a new denomination, 10,000 lekë, its highest denominated banknote issued for general circulation. The first two denominations issued for this series, the 200 and 5,000 lekë banknote were issued for circulation on 30 September 2019, while with the 1,000 and 10,000 lekë banknotes were released on 30 June 2021. The 2,000 and 500 lekë banknotes are planned for release by 2022. The 10,000 lekë note features Aleksandër Starve Drenova, commonly known as Asdreni, the lyricist of the Albanian national anthem. The reverse features the flag of Albania, a musical score, a music box, and the first two lines of Himni i Flamurit, the Albanian national anthem, which is "Rreth flamurit të përbashkuar, me një dëshirë e një qëllim.
|200 lekë||125 mm x 65 mm||Brown||Naim Frashëri||House birthplace of Frashëri|
|500 lekë||Blue||Ismail Qemali||Vlorë independence building|
|1000 lekë||139 mm x 69 mm||Green||Pjetër Bogdani||Gothic Church of Vau|
|2000 lekë||Purple||King Gent (Gentius); three ancient coins||Amphitheatre at Butrinto (near Saranda), yellow gentian (Gentiana lutea)|
|5000 lekë||153 mm x 72 mm||Yellow||Skanderbeg||Krujë Castle|
|10,000 lekë||160 mm x 72 mm||Red||Portrait of Asdreni||Figurative symbols of national flag, verse from the national anthem: “Rreth flamurit të përbashkuar me një dëshir’ e një qëllim”|
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...the lek takes its name from the abbreviated name of Alexander the Great, who was associated with this region of Europe...
...The current monetary unit, the lek, is derived from the abbreviation of the Albanian spelling of Alexander the Great...
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