Network of protected areas in Albania, 2014
Network of protected areas in Albania, 2014

The protected areas of Albania comprise a number of various current designations across the territory of the country. The national policy for governing and management of the protected areas is implemented by the Ministry of Environment and Tourism through the National Agency of Protected Areas of Albania (AKZM). Currently, there are 799 protected areas[1] including 14 national parks, 1 marine park, 2 nature reserves, 22 managed nature reserves, 5 protected landscapes and 770 other protected areas of various categories.[2][3][4] Further a biosphere reserve, 3 world heritage sites, 4 ramsar sites, 45 important plant areas and 16 important bird areas are located in Albania.[5][6][7][8][9] Meanwhile, the Albanian government has proclaimed the Coastline of Albania and the Tirana Greenbelt as areas of national importance.[10]

Lure-Deje Mt National Park one of the most beautiful protected areas in Albania suffered severe damage from illegal logging after the fall of communism in the 1990s
Lure-Deje Mt National Park one of the most beautiful protected areas in Albania suffered severe damage from illegal logging after the fall of communism in the 1990s

However, protected areas are being threatened by illegal logging, forest fires, and the construction of hydroelectric power plants which have prompted several protests from environmentalists and civil society, meanwhile the logging and hunting moratorium has somewhat successfully revived the fauna and flora of some protected areas.

In 2020, the Albanian Government has revamped the protected areas map by changing designations, coverage areas, and by adding new areas to the network such as the Vjosa River.[11][12][13]

List of protected areas

Name Photo Area Established CDDA-Sitecode Location Map

IUCN Category I[edit]

Gashi River Nature Reserve
Rezerva Natyrore e Lumit të Gashit
Doberdol, Tropojë Mulajt 33.jpg
3,000 hectares (7,400 acres) 1996[14] 101471 Tropojë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Rrajcë Nature Reserve
Rezerva Natyrore e Rrajcës
AlbaniaLibrazhdLlange.jpg
2,130 hectares (5,300 acres) /2008[15] 101473 Librazhd
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania

IUCN Category II[edit]

Karaburun-Sazan Marine Park
Parku Detar Karaburun-Sazan
Gjiri Skaloma Beget. Karaburun.jpg
12,570.82 hectares (31,063.2 acres) 2010 555513696 Vlorë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Butrint National Park
Parku Kombëtar i Butrintit
Butrint - Ancient amphitheatre (by Pudelek).JPG
9,424.4 hectares (23,288 acres) 2000 181966 Sarandë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Divjaka-Karavasta National Park
Parku Kombëtar Divjakë-Karavasta
Karavasta National Park Albania 2016.jpg
22,230 hectares (54,900 acres) 2007 4679 Fier, Lushnjë, Kavajë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Theth National Park
Parku Kombëtar i Thethit
Theth and Theth National Park, Albania 2017.jpg
2,630 hectares (6,500 acres) 1966 12444 Shkodër
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Llogara National Park
Parku Kombëtar i Llogarasë
Albanian Riviera from Llogara Pass 2015-09-22.jpg
1,010 hectares (2,500 acres) 1966 11667 Vlorë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Prespa National Park
Parku Kombëtar i Prespës
Prespa ostrov -2.jpg
27,750 hectares (68,600 acres) 1999 181967 Korçë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Dajti National Park
Parku Kombëtar i Dajtit
Mali Dajtit.jpg
29,384.18 hectares (72,609.9 acres) 1966 344 Tirana
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Shebenik-Jablanica National Park
Parku Kombëtar Shebenik-Jabllanicë
Qarrishte.JPG
33,927.7 hectares (83,837 acres) 2008 555513697 Librazhd
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Tomorr National Park
Parku Kombëtar i Tomorrit
View of Mount Tomorri from Skënderbegas Village.jpg
26,106 hectares (64,510 acres) 1996 346 Berat, Gramsh, Skrapar
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Lurë-Dejës Mt National Park
Parku Kombëtar Lurë-Mali i Dejës
Lura Liqeni i Lulëve.JPG
20,242 hectares (50,020 acres) 1966 345 Dibër
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Valbonë Valley National Park
Parku Kombëtar Lugina e Valbonës
2013-10-05 Valbona, Albania 8265.jpg
8,000 hectares (20,000 acres) 1996 101424 Tropojë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Fir of Hotova-Dangell National Park
Parku Kombëtar Bredhi i Hotovës
Bredhi i Hotovës.jpg
34,361.1 hectares (84,908 acres) 2008 101425 Përmet
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Shtamë Pass National Park
Parku Kombëtar i Qafë Shtamës
In the wood.jpg
2,000 hectares (4,900 acres) 1996 101427 Krujë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Fir of Drenova National Park
Parku Kombëtar Bredhi i Drenovës
Parku Kombëtar Bredhi i Drenovës.jpg
1,380 hectares (3,400 acres) 1966 62072 Korçë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania

IUCN Category III[edit]

Blue Eye
Syri i Kaltër
Blue Eye Albania 2016 Syri i kalter.jpg
180 hectares (440 acres) 1996 101466 Delvinë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Ksamil Islands
Ishujt e Ksamilit
Ksamill-1.jpg
15 hectares (37 acres) 2002 181969 Sarandë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Grama Bay
Gjiri i Gramës
Grama Bay. Albania 2017-08 14.jpg
5 hectares (12 acres) 2002 182122 Vlorë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Delta of Palasë
Delta e Përroit të Palasës
PalasëKüstePanorama.jpg
0.5 hectares (1.2 acres) 2002 182078 Vlorë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Black Lake, Martanesh
Liqeni i Zi
Liqeni i Zi.jpg
0.8 hectares (2.0 acres) 2002 182253 Dibër
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Korab Plain
Rrafsh i Korabit
Velky Korab 2011.jpg
0.2 hectares (0.49 acres) 2002 182428 Dibër
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Pirates Cave
Shpella e Piratëve
Sheplla e Pirateve.JPG
2 hectares (4.9 acres) 2002 182611 Vlorë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Bënjë hot springs
Ujërat Termale të Bënjës
Bënjë Përmet 2.jpg
0.6 hectares (1.5 acres) 2002 182674 Përmet
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Landslide of Këllez
Rrëshqitja e Këllezit
Gjirokastër - Berge 2.jpg
540 hectares (1,300 acres) 2002 182537 Gjirokastër
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Kakomë Bay
Gjiri i Kakomës
3Road To Kakome Near Saranda 2017.jpg
5 hectares (12 acres) 2002 182122 Vlorë, Sarandë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Forests of Zvërnec
Pyll i Zvërnecit
The monastery of Zvernec.JPG
7 hectares (17 acres) 2002 182403 Vlorë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Hill of Muzina
Bokërrimat e Muzinës
Bokërrimat e Muzinës.jpg
4 hectares (9.9 acres) 2002 182005 Delvinë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Hill of Vuno
Bokërrimat e Vunoit
Zemni pyramidy pobliz Himary.jpg
10 hectares (25 acres) 2002 182011 Vlorë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania

IUCN Category IV[edit]

Lake Shkodër Nature Reserve
Parku Natyror i Menaxhuar Liqeni i Shkodrës
Lake Skadar, Shkoder Albania 2016.jpg
26,535 hectares (65,570 acres) 2005 332697 Shkodër
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Korab-Koritnik Nature Park
Parku Natyror i Korab-Koritnikut
Mali Bardhe.jpg
5,500.70 hectares (13,592.5 acres) 2011[16] 555560373 Dibër, Kukës
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Nikaj-Mërtur Regional Nature Park
Parku Natyror Rajonal Nikaj-Mërtur
Fshati Vrane,Lekbibaj ,Tropoje.JPG
17,505 hectares (43,260 acres) 2008 - Tropojë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Bogovë Nature Park
Parku Natyror i Bogovës
Ujëvara e Bogovës - Mapillary (9WBLveMBaZmD7958C5W7PQ).jpg
330 hectares (820 acres) 1977 11681 Skrapar
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Kunë-Vain-Tale Nature Park
Parku Natyror Kunë-Vain-Tale
ShengjinLagune-4.JPG
330 hectares (820 acres) 2010 11661 Lezhë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Ulza Lake Nature Park
Parku Natyror Rajonal i Liqenit të Ulzës
Liqeni i Shkopetit.jpg
4,206 hectares (10,390 acres) 2013 555560372 Mat
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Shkreli Regional Nature Park
Parku Natyror Rajonal i Shkrelit
Boga Shkrel.jpg
20,282 hectares (50,120 acres) 2015 Malësi e Madhe
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Kthella Regional Nature Park
Parku Natyror Rajonal i Kthelles
9,400 hectares (23,000 acres) 2015 Mat
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Zagoria Nature Park
Parku Natyror i Zagorise
24,590 hectares (60,800 acres) 2018 Gjirokastër
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Fierza Lake Regional Nature Park
Parku Natyror Rajonal i Liqenit te Fierzes
StauseeBeiFierze2014-2.JPG
8,169 hectares (20,190 acres) 2014 Kukës
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania

IUCN Category V[edit]

Mali me Gropa-Bizë-Martanesh
Protected Landscape

Peisazhi i Mbrojtur
Mali me Gropa-Bizë-Martanesh
Canyon bellow Peshk village, Martanesh - Mapillary (3BXJeHSAYO adTGyxo16Sw).jpg
25,266.42 hectares (62,434.7 acres) 2007 101458 Bulqizë, Mat, Tirana
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Buna River-Velipoja Protected Landscape
Peisazhi i Mbrojtur Lumi Buna-Velipojë
Dalja e lumit te Bunes nga liqeni i Shkodres.jpg
23,027 hectares (56,900 acres) 2005 332698 Shkodër
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Canyon of Gjipe Protected Landscape
Peisazhi i Mbrojtur Kanioni i Gjipesë
Gjipe beach, Albania.JPG
1,200 hectares (3,000 acres) 2002 182182 Vlorë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Kraste-Verjon Protected Landscape
Peisazhi i Mbrojtur Krastë-Verjon
Mali i Skënderbeut.jpg
1,469.24 hectares (3,630.6 acres) 2018 Kruje
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania

IUCN Category VI[edit]

Vjosa-Narta Protected Landscape
Peisazhi i Mbrojtur Vjosë-Nartë
Zvernec monastery, Albania (by Pudelek).jpg
19,412 hectares (47,970 acres) 2004 19738 Vlorë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Guri i Nikës Resource Reserve
Rezerva Natyrore e Gurit të Nikës
Perballe Gurit te Nikes 01.jpg
2,200 hectares (5,400 acres) 1996 101463 Pogradec
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania

Biosphere Reserves

Name Photo Area Established District Location
Ohrid-Prespa Transboundary Biosphere Reserve
Ohër-Prespë Rëzervë Biosfere
Галичица, поглед на две езера, 2011.jpg
446,244.52 hectares (1,102,694.2 acres) 2014 Korçë
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania

Archaeological Parks

Name Photo Area County Location
Amantia[17]
City gate of Amantia, Albania 01.jpg
15 hectares (37 acres) Vlorë County
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Antigonia
Antigonea house with peristyle.jpg
92 hectares (230 acres) Gjirokastër County
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Apollonia
Apollonia, Albania (by Pudelek) - Monument of Agonothetes.JPG
140 hectares (350 acres) Fier County
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Byllis
Qyteti Ilir I Bylisit 05.jpg
30 hectares (74 acres) Fier County
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Lissus
Lezhë Castle 4.jpg
22 hectares (54 acres) Lezhë County
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Oricum
Oricum - Monumental Fontana 01.jpg
694 hectares (1,710 acres) Vlorë County
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Phoenice
Thesauròs di Phoinike.jpg
57 hectares (140 acres) Vlorë County
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania
Shkodër
Rozafa Castle.jpg
70 hectares (170 acres) Shkodër County
Protected areas of Albania is located in Albania
Protected areas of Albania

References

  1. ^ "Initial assessment of protected areas in Albania" (PDF). iucn.org. pp. 1–12.
  2. ^ "Protected Areas System in Albania" (PDF). tap-ag.com. p. 5.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-12. Retrieved 2010-11-28.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "RRJETI I ZONAVE TË MBROJTURA NË SHQIPËRI" (PDF). mjedisi.gov.al (in Albanian).
  5. ^ UNESCO. "Ohrid-Prespa". unesco.org.
  6. ^ UNESCO. "Albania". whc.unesco.org.
  7. ^ Ramsar Convention. "ALBANIA" (PDF). ramsar.org.
  8. ^ "Important Plant Areas of the south and east Mediterranean region" (PDF). portals.iucn.org. p. 76.
  9. ^ BirdLife International. "Albania". datazone.birdlife.org.
  10. ^ "Baza Ligjore | APR Tirana". Retrieved 2021-02-20.
  11. ^ "FLETORJA ZYRTARE" (PHP). planifikimi.gov.al. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  12. ^ "STUDIM PËR RIVLERËSIMIN ESISTEMIT" (PDF). akzm.gov.al. 2019. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  13. ^ "Map" (PDF). gazetasi.al. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  14. ^ Euronatur. "Report of the Excursion to Ancient Beech Forests in Albania and Macedonia" (PDF). euronatur.org. p. 9.
  15. ^ Euronatur. "BEECH FORESTS ALONG THE GREEN BELT ALBANIA" (PDF). euronatur.org. p. 9.
  16. ^ "Korab - Koritnik Natural Park Management Plan" (PDF). researchgate.net. p. 9.
  17. ^ "Archaeological Parks of Albania". archeoparks-albania.com.