This is a list of coats of arms of Albania.

Medieval coats of arms

Throughout the course of history, the earliest evidence on the usage of coats of arms by local overlords in present-day Albania can be traced back to the 13th century with the Principality of Arbanon and its ruler, Demetrio Progoni.[citation needed]

Comparatively, other noble families of the early medieval period followed suit, most notably the Gropa, Skuraj, Jonima, Dukagjini, Arianiti and continuing with the Balsha, Thopia, Muzaka, Spata, to conclude with the Kastrioti, whose symbols are still in use today.

Coat of arms Description
Gëziq eagle emblem.svg
Coat of Arms of the Principality of Arbanon (1215)
The sculpted image of the coat of arms of the Principality of Arbanon (Albanian: Principata e Arbërit) was discovered in a stone engraving on the ruins of the church of St. Mary of Interfanda (Albanian: Kisha e Shën Mërisë të Ndërfandës) in Gëziq.[1] Along with it was found the epigraphic inscription of the architrave of the Basilica of St. Mary of Interfanda. On the marble beam, which held the gate of the monastic cell, the Austro-Hungarian consul in Shkodër, Theodor Ippen, discovered in 1907 an inscription in Latin and next to it an heraldic coat of arms, which represented an eagle carved in stone. In 1981, the fragments found in Gëziq were brought to the Archaeological Museum of Tirana, where conservation specialist Koço Zheku was able to piece them together and decipher the inscription to some extent as follows:[2]


The eagle is presented with one head and two wings open ready for flight. In the beak it wears a ring, which is the symbol of power. The dimensions of the coat of arms are 280x445x150 mm. It weighs 3 kg and is preserved in good physical condition.[3]

Statutes of Scutari.svg
Coat of Arms of the Statutes of Scutari (1330–1469)
The original document of the Statutes of Scutari is written on parchment and contains 40 pages; at the top it represents the coat of arms of the city of Scutari (modern day Shkodër). The coat of arms has a scuda-shaped emblem, which bears a double-headed eagle with royal crowns on both heads, with a blue field, while at the bottom in an ocher field there are three five-leafed rosettes in black. Above the heraldic coat of arms is the figure of a one-headed eagle with open wings and an open beak where a thin red tongue is distinguished.[4]

Interpretation: above the double-headed eagle, on the left is seen a proud vulture, which seems to symbolize the affluent past of the city, while on the right a craving dog seems pleased with the receiving bone, which from scholarly opinion, metaphorizes the subjugated state of Scutari after the Ottoman conquest.[5]

Coat of Arms of Karl Thopia (1381)
Above a limestone on the southern wall of the monastery of St. John Vladimir (14th century) in Elbasan was found the coat of arms of Karl Thopia. Carved by stone master Dhimitër Shpati, it measures 0.98x0.68 meters in size and bears in old greek the inscription:

Ετουτα τα / (ση)μαδηα αυθε(ν) / του μεγα Καρλα Θ(ε)οπηα.
Translation: These are the symbols of the great lord, Karl Thopia.

A lowered shield on a mantel displays on the left side a large cross. In the four spaces created by the cross, there are twenty additional crosses, four of which are enclosed in a circle. On the right side, which is divided by a sloping line, is shown the image of 8 carved lilies which symbolize the French throne of the Anjouan dynasty. A horizontal line shows the digit 1000, while three vertical lines give the digit 300 (each of 100). The eight carved lilies show the number 80, while a small vertical line shows the number 1. All together give the number 1381, which correlates with the year of the founding of the monastery.

Above the shield is displayed an ionized helmet, divided by a cross. At the top of the helmet a lion is standing on its hind legs and wearing a crown adorned with three ostrich feathers.

This coat of arms is thought to have been the original tombstone that was placed over the grave site of Karl Thopia.[6]

Coat of Arms of the Skuraj family (14th century)
The Skuraj family (known in other forms as Sgura or Zguraj) was one of the most prominent feudal families that ruled during the period of the Principality of Arbanon. Their political and administrative center was in Delbnisht, east of present-day Kurbin.

During the 14th century, the patriarch of this family, Anton Skura, symbolized his power with a heraldic coat of arms.

The coat of arms, that measures 850x152x150 mm in size, represents a panther(?) raised on two hind legs. On the right upper corner is displayed a lily. Two ropes hang from the sides, ending with a lily at each end. Above the coat of arms is found an inscription, engraved in capital latin letters, which appears incomplete as it is damaged. It says:




The coat of arms was found in a tombstone, which bears the name of Anton Skura, on the outer walls of the church of Our Lady of Anunciation, in Kodër-Marlekaj, Lezhë. It is currently on exhibit at the medieval pavillion of the National History Museum, in Tirana.[7]

Coat of arms of Giovanna Castriota (1568).svg
Coat of arms of the House of Kastrioti (by Charles Du Cange).svg
Coat of arms of the House of Kastrioti.svg
Clockwise: Giovanna Castriota's coat of arms (1568); Model of the coat of arms by Du Cange (1680); Schirò's model in color (1904)
Coat of Arms of the House of Kastrioti (1451–1904)
The coat of arms of Skanderbeg with the double-headed eagle appears for the first time in a book of greetings given to Skanderbeg by Alfonso V, King of Naples, on the occasion of the signing of the Treaty of Gaeta on 26 March 1451.[8] It was handed over by the king's protonotary, Arnaldo Fonoleda, to the ambassadors of Skanderbeg who signed this treaty, Bishop Stefan of Kruja and Father Nikola Berguci. The representative symbol of the state of Skanderbeg appears again in a Venetian catalog of coats of arms in 1463, when Gjon Kastrioti II, Skanderbeg's son, received the title "Noble of the Republic".

The colors in the coat of arms are mentioned for the first time in Marin Barleti's "The history of the life and deeds of Scanderbeg, Prince of Epirus" (Latin: Historia de vita et gestis Scanderbegi Epirotarvm principis), page XV, published in 1508 – «nā rubea uexilla nigris/& bicipitibus distincta aquilis (id gētis insigne erat) gerebat Scanderbegus».[9] The usage of the same colors is later mentioned in Giammaria Biemmi's work "The History of Giorgio Castrioto Scander begh" (Latin: Istoria di Giorgio Castrioto detto Scander begh) who quotes the Antivarino of Bar in page 22, published in 1756 – «L'insegna di Scander begh era un' aquila negra distincta in due teste sopra campo rosso».[10]

The most widely adopted variation of the coat of arms is an illustration found in Giuseppe Schirò's 1904 book "Gli Albanesi e la Questione Balkanica".[11] The defining elements of the coat of arms are a red lightly bordered shield, in the form of a couché, a blue spherical triangle, a golden hexagram and the crowned black double-headed eagle.

Medalioni i Ali Pashës (1807).png
Symbols of Ali Pasha Tepelena (1807)
A gold medallion attributed to Ali Pasha features a small hole drilled at the top for placement of a sewn loop which is tied at the center, upended in the shape of a trefoil, in colors green-red-green, with a wear hook. Ø 29 mm, 7.0 g of m.

Listed at the Künker auction house in Berlin, it is thought to have been commissioned in 1807 by Albanian warlord Ali Pasha who ruled independently large parts of Western Rumelia. Contrary to Ottoman tradition, the medallion shows in one side the portrait of a woman – Queen [Vassiliki] Hanim – in oriental adornment. Milled on the opposite side, the encircled crescent moon with its star (defining symbols of the Ottoman Empire) – similar in shape to the type found in byzantine coins, surrounded by decorative lines, can be theorized as the heraldic image used by Ali Pasha himself.[12]

In several portrayals by contemporary painters of his time (see: Friedel, Dupré, Cartwright), Ali Pasha is seen wearing the crown taj of the Bektashi Order with whom he was affiliated with. The taj (Albanian: taxhi) may have been the inspiration behind the crown in Doepler's coat of arms.

An authentic taj worn by Ali Pasha, was included in the National History Museum's fund in 1981, inventory no. 339. It has a height of 18.5 cm and a diameter of 20 cm and appears to be badly damaged.[13]

State coats of arms

Coat of arms Description
Great Arms of Prince Wilhelm of Wied.svg
Coat of Arms of the Principality of Albania (1914)
The Coat of Arms of the Principality of Albania was made public for the first time in an article by Eberhard Freiherr von Wechmar in the weekly illustrated newspaper Die Woche (1914), issue no. 10, p. 387. The extract from german reads:[14]

"A golden-armed, red-tongued black double-headed eagle with bundles of four golden thunderbolts in each fang, on the chest covered with a black-red embroidered shield bordered in gold, a wheeling natural-colored peacock, in frontal position, the whole under an ermine-lined golden-fringed purple mantle, which falls from the Albanian princely crown. Blue banner with Wied's motto "FIDELITATE ET VERITATE" in golden letters".

Shortly after, the foreign news section of the New-York Tribune in an article titled "William of Wied's task in Albania a hard one", dated 1 March 1914, in page 9 describes the coat of arms as follows:[15]

"The arms as designed consist of a red shield, with a checkered red and black border, and a black double eagle, whose breast is a gold shield, on which is the peacock, always conspicuous in the Wied family arms. The eagle's gold claws hold forked lightning. The shield stands against a cloak of ermine, above which is the crown of Albania, with the motto "Fidelitate et Veritate". The crowns of the new King and Queen will both bear the star of Skanderbeg."

And the Viennese weekly Österreichs Illustrierte Zeitung published on 8 March 1914, two "rival" models competing with one another, a design by Emil Doepler and the other by Ernst Krahl. In conclusion, Doepler's design was chosen as the winner and was officially adopted as a state symbol on 10 April 1914. Doepler himself described the introduction of the crown as being derived from the national Albanian headdress, consisting of a high white cap with vertical parts and a wider horizontal ornamented brim.”

The coat of arms is once more featured as a letterhead seal in a royal invitation addressed to captain N. Thomson, the brother of Lt. Colonel L.W.Thomson. It bears the prince's coat of arms and that of the family of princess Sophie, both under the Albanian crown.[16]

Coat of arms of the Albanian Republic, silver model (1926–1929).svg
State Arms of the Albanian Kingdom (1928–1929)
The State Arms of the Albanian Kingdom is depicted in a red square flag, with a black two-headed eagle, with silver arms and banners centered on the chest of the eagle. An illustration of the arms is seen for the first time in Teki Selenica's encyclopedic guide book Shqipria më 1927, e illustruar, page 125.[17] The eagle with arms and banners can be found in several publications of the Ministry of Internal Affairs' secret office and was used in this form until the late fall of 1929.
Great Arms of the House of Zogu.svg
Coat of Arms of the Albanian Kingdom (1929–1939)
The Coat of Arms of the Albanian Kingdom is a double headed eagle placed on an escutcheon surrounded by a silk papal-red cape edged in gold with shoulders, with the helmet of Skanderbeg on top facing to the right as one looks at it. Black ermine on a white background surround the two headed eagle, which is placed on a red shield in the center, representing the Albanian national flag. A color illustration of the coat of arms can be found on the cover of the book 10 Vjet Mbretni by Zoi Xoxa.

(Heraldic description: Gules a bicephalous Eagle sable; upon a mantle gules double ermine cords and tassels or; the whole ensigned with a cap of Skanderbeg, thereon a goat’s head sinister proper.) First adopted on 8 August 1929.[18]

Great Arms of the Kingdom of Albania (1939–1943).svg
Great Arms of the Kingdom of Albania (1939–1943)
The symbols of the Kingdom of Albania were promulgated by royal decree nr. 141, dated 28 September 1939. Summarized in seven article paragraphs, they are described as follows:

"The Greater Arms of State is formed by a shield (scudo), red in color and with the black two headed eagle crowned by Skanderbeg's helm. Bearings: two Lictor fasces supported by axes pointing outwards, bound by leather straps, attached above by the Savoy knots, below by a scroll ribbon, of light blue color, gilded, charged with the word FERT, repeated three times. And the whole placed on a layer of red silk surrounded by fringes, woven of gold, decorated with ermine, crested by the Royal Crown of Savoy."[19]

The greater arms is used: in the great seal of the State, on solemn occasions and in monumental decorations.

A monochrome version of the great arms is found in an illustration by Carlo Vittorio Testi.[20]

"The Lesser Arms of State is formed by a shield (scudo), red in color and with the black two headed eagle crowned by Skanderbeg's helm. Bearings: two Lictor fasces supported by axes pointing outwards, bound by leather straps, attached above by the Savoy knots, below by a scroll ribbon, of light blue color, gilded, charged with the word "Fert", repeated three times. The shield is crested by the Royal Crown of Savoy."

The lesser arms is used by the state administration.

State Emblem of the People
Clockwise: (1) Simplified model used in promotional pamphlets; (2) Lifelike model used in coins; (3) Generally accepted model in use since 1948
State Emblem/s of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1946–1992)
Article 95 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of Albania (1946) describes the state emblem as follows:

"The national emblem of the People's Republic of Albania represents a field wrapped by two sheaves of ears of wheat. The sheaf of wheat is bound at the lower end with a ribbon which bears the inscription of the date 24 Maj 1944. A five-pointed red star stands among the tops of the tufts of the ears of wheat. A black double-headed eagle stands in the center of the field."

Article 107 of the Constitution of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1976) describes the state emblem as follows:

"The emblem of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania bears a black, double-headed eagle, encircled by two sheaves of wheat with a five-pointed red star at the top and tied at the bottom with a red ribbon, on which the date »24 Maj 1944« is inscribed."

Designed by acclaimed painter Sadik Kaceli, the coat of arms was initially adopted on 14 March 1946. It was readopted with minor amendments on 28 December 1976.[21]

Model (1): This image of the coat of arms is found in the Constitution of the People's Republic of Albania published in 1964 by the Albanian Committee for Cultural Relations and Friendship with Foreign Countries. The interweaving of the wheat stems is shown in right profile, meanwhile the wreaths are simplified in the shape of a rhombus or lozenge. The eagle's chest comes forth in a triangle-like posture, the minuscule eyes are rounded and there is a widening of the claws. The overall color scheme is lightly faded.

Model (2): The coat of arms shown here was published by the nationally syndicated satire magazine Hosteni in its 1st issue of the 39th annual edition (956), dated 12 January 1983. The lifelike image was used in the 500 L coin dating back to 1969.[22]

Model (3): The model of the coat of arms generally accepted as the official variant was pubished by "Albania today", a political and informative review, in its 1st issue (32) of the 7th annual edition (1977). This model has been used in banknotes and fiscal stamps since 1948.

On 7 April 1992, the Assembly formed after the early elections, in its afternoon session, voted to remove the communist emblem as the official symbol of the state including the removal of the star from the country's flag and established a parliamentary commission tasked with studying the proposal of a new emblem of the state.[23][24]

Coat of arms of Albania (1992–1998).svg
Coat of arms of the Republic of Albania (1992–1998)
On 13 November 1992, the Assembly, having previously abolished the use of communist symbols as official representative symbols of the state, decided to adopt a coat of arms of the Republic. In Law no. 7491, dated 25.04.1991 "On the Main Constitutional Provisions" the heading "§ On the Flag, Coat of Arms, National Anthem, National Holiday and the Capital of the Republic of Albania" is added and in Article 3 is defined as follows:[25]

"The coat of arms of the Republic of Albania represents a black double-headed eagle placed on a muzzle, a red Couche shield. The shield has a straight line at the top, narrowing at the bottom. The words "Republic of Albania" are written on the top of the shield."

— Law no. 7491, dated 25.04.1991 Article 3 in "§ On the Flag, Coat of Arms, National Anthem, National Holiday and the Capital of the Republic of Albania"

This same image of the coat of arms is found in various documents of the state archive and was once suspended at the main curtain wall in front of the rostrum of the national assembly.

Coat of arms of Albania.svg
Coat of arms of the Republic of Albania (1998–present)
The coat of arms of the Republic of Albania represents a shield with a red field and a black two-headed eagle at the center. On top of the shield, in golden color, is placed the helmet of Skanderbeg.

The design is further specified in articles VII and VIII of Law 8926:[26]

§ Article VII – Shapes and dimensions of the coat of arms

1. The coat of arms of the Republic of Albania is a state symbol. It represents a shield, blood red in color, with an eagle in the center, identical to the eagle of the national flag. At the top of the shield, in golden color, is placed the helmet of Skanderbeg, in right profile. The dimensions of the shield have an aspect ratio of 1:1.5.

§ Article VIII – Usage of the coat of arms
1. The coat of arms of the Republic of Albania is held and used only by institutions of the central government. The coat of arms is placed at the main entrance of the institution, above its name.
2. The coat of arms of the Republic of Albania is placed on the seals of state institutions, in their official acts, on the official naming of state institutions and in any other act that the state institution addresses to third parties. The coat of arms is used as an identification mark on the working tools of the state institution and in the working environments.

3. The coat of arms of the Republic of Albania, when accompanied by the coat of arms of other states, is laid in the most visible place or in the same place with them.

Military coats of arms

Emblem of the Albanian mod.svg

Albanian Armed Forces.svg

Albanian Land forces.svg

Albanian Naval Forces.svg

Albanian Air Forces.svg

Emblem of the Albanian General Staff.svg

Defence Ministry Armed Forces Land Force Naval Force Air Force General Staff

Albanian Logistics Brigade.svg

Albanian Regional Support Brigade.svg

Emblem of the Albanian tradoc.svg

Albanian Military Intelligence.svg

Albanian Military Police.svg

Albanian Military Hospital.svg

Logistics Brigade Regional Support Brigade Training and Doctrine Command Military Intelligence Military Police Military Hospital

Administrative coats of arms


The symbolism in the coats of arms of counties in Albania is reflected in Article 5 of Law no. 139/2015, later ammended by Law no. 38/2019, dated 20 June 2019 and entitled "On Local Self-Governance", which classifies the county as a second level unit of local governance that represents an administrative-territorial unit, consisting of several municipalities with geographical, traditional, economic, social and common interests.[27]

Stema e Qarkut Berat.svg

ALB Qarku i Dibrës COA.png

Stema e Qarkut Durrës.svg

Stema e Qarkut Elbasan.svg

Stema e Qarkut Fier.svg

Stema e Qarkut Gjirokastër.svg

Berat Dibër Durrës Elbasan Fier Gjirokastër

Stema e Qarkut Korçë.svg

Stema e Qarkut Kukës.svg

Stema e Qarkut Lezhë.svg

Stema e Qarkut Shkodër.svg

Stema e Qarkut Tiranë.svg

Stema e Qarkut Vlorë.svg

Korçë Kukës Lezhë Shkodër Tiranë Vlorë


City emblems are supposed to include and show, in a highly stylized manner and preferably according to the formal rules of heraldry, elements and features that are characteristic and representative of the respective city.[28]

Stema e Bashkisë Belsh.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Berat.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Bulqizë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Cërrik.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Delvinë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Devoll.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Dibër.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Dimal.svg

Belsh Berat Bulqizë Cërrik Delvinë Devoll Dibër Dimal

Stema e Bashkisë Divjakë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Dropull.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Durrës.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Elbasan.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Fier.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Finiq.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Fushë-Arrëz.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Gjirokastër.svg

Divjakë Dropull Durrës Elbasan Fier Finiq Fushë-Arrëz Gjirokastër

Stema e Bashkisë Gramsh.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Has.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Himarë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Kamëz.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Kavajë (e lyer).svg

Stema e Bashkisë Këlcyrë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Klos.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Kolonjë.svg

Gramsh Has Himarë Kamëz Kavajë Këlcyrë Klos Kolonjë

Stema e Bashkisë Konispol.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Korçë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Krujë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Kuçovë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Kukës.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Kurbin.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Lezhë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Libohovë.svg

Konispol Korçë Krujë Kuçovë Kukës Kurbin Lezhë Libohovë

Stema e Bashkisë Librazhd.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Lushnje.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Malësi e Madhe.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Maliq.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Mallakastër.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Mat.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Memaliaj.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Mirditë.svg

Librazhd Lushnjë Malësi e Madhe Maliq Mallakastër Mat Memaliaj Mirditë

Stema e Bashkisë Patos.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Peqin.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Përmet.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Pogradec.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Poliçan.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Prrenjas.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Pukë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Pustec.svg

Patos Peqin Përmet Pogradec Poliçan Prrenjas Pukë Pustec

Stema e Bashkisë Roskovec.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Rrogozhinë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Sarandë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Selenicë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Shijak.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Shkodër.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Skrapar.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Tepelenë.svg

Roskovec Rrogozhinë Sarandë Selenicë Shijak Shkodër Skrapar Tepelenë

Stema e Bashkisë Tiranë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Tropojë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Vau i Dejës.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Vlorë.svg

Stema e Bashkisë Vorë.svg

Tiranë Tropojë Vau i Dejës Vlorë Vorë

See also


  1. ^ Zamputi, Injac (1984). "Rindërtimi i mbishkrimit të Arbërit dhe mundësitë e reja për leximin e tij". Iliria. 14 (2): 207–218. doi:10.3406/iliri.1984.1332.
  2. ^ Zheku, Koço (1984). Gurët e mbishkruar të Kishës së Ndërfandës (2 ed.). Tiranë: Akademia e Shkencave, Qendra e Kërkimeve Arkeologjike. p. 219.
  3. ^ Llukani, Andrea (2017). "Pavioni i Mesjetës dhe Këndi i Pashallëqeve të Mëdha Shqiptare". Katalog: 18–19.
  4. ^ Zeqo, Moikom (8 September 2019). "Aleksandri i Madh sipas Statutit të Shkodrës".
  5. ^ Nadin, Lucia (2002). Statuti di Scutari : della prima metà del secolo XIV con le addizioni fino al 1469. Roma. p. 245. ISBN 9788883340420.
  6. ^ Llukani, Andrea (31 May 2022). Shërbesa e Joan Vladimirit.
  7. ^ "Stema 700-vjeçare e Skurajve, si e shpëtoi konsulli Ippen!". Retrieved 19 December 2015.
  8. ^ Varfi, Gjin (2000). Heraldika Shqiptare. Shtëpia Botuese "Dituria". p. 32. ISBN 9789992731857.
  10. ^ Biemmi, Giammaria (1756). ISTORIA DI GIORGIO CASTRIOTO DETTO SCANDER BEGH. p. 22.
  11. ^ Schiró, Giuseppe (1904). Gli Albanesi e la Questione Balkanica. Istituto Orientale di Napoli.
  12. ^ "Medalioni i panjohur në Gjermani, ndoshta porositur nga Ali Pasha!". Observer Kult. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  13. ^ Hamzai, Dhurata. "Objekti i rrallë, taxhi i Ali Pashës zbulohet në fondet e Muzeut Kombëtar". Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  14. ^ Neubecker, Ottfried. "Die Geschichte des Wappen von Albanien". Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  15. ^ "William of Wied's task in Albania a hard one". New York Tribune. 1 March 1914.
  16. ^ Lame, Artan (2012). Princi i Shqiptarëve. Botimet Toena. p. 114. ISBN 978-99943-1-746-2.
  17. ^ Selenica, Teki. Shqipria më 1927 (e illustruar). p. 573.
  18. ^ Xoxa, Zoi (1938). 10 Vjet Mbretni. Shtypshkronja Tirana. p. 344.
  19. ^ "Stemat dhe Vulat e Shtetit" (PDF). Fletorja Zyrtare. XVIII: 302. 3 October 1939.
  20. ^ Stato Maggiore Regio Esercito (1941). PER TE, SOLDATO D'ALBANIA. Roma, Italia. p. 245.
  21. ^ "National Emblem of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania" (PDF). Albania today. 7 (1). 1977.
  22. ^ "Vajtimi i Korbave". Revista Hosteni. 39 (1). 12 January 1983.
  23. ^ Punime të Kuvendit (PDF). 1 (in Albanian). Tirana: Parliament of Albania. 2009. pp. 24‒44.
  24. ^ Dervishi, Kastriot (14 April 2019). "1992/Si u hoq ylli i kuq sovjetik nga flamuri kombëtar dhe stema shtetërore". (in Albanian). Retrieved 2021-11-23.
  25. ^ Punime të Kuvendit (PDF). 6 (in Albanian). Tirana: Parliament of Albania. 2009. pp. 2163‒2168.
  26. ^ Law 8926 22.07.2002.
  27. ^ "Ligj Nr. 139/2015 "Për Vetëqeverisjen Vendore"". Qendra e Botimeve Zyrtare (Neni 5). 20 June 2019.
  28. ^ Vehbiu, Ardian. "Stemat e Dëshirës". Retrieved 23 March 2018.