Map of drainage systems and drainage divide in Albania
Map of drainage systems and drainage divide in Albania

Albania has more than 152 rivers and streams, forming 8 large rivers flowing from southeast to northwest, mainly discharging towards the Adriatic coast. The rivers of Albania have a total annual flow rate of 1,308 m3/s (46,200 cu ft/s), or 41.25 km3 (9.90 cu mi) per year.[1][2]

A majority of the precipitation that falls on Albania, drains into the rivers and reaches the coast on the west without even leaving the country. In the north, only one small stream escapes Albania. In the south, an even smaller rivulet drains into Greece. Due to the topographical divide is east of the border with the Republic of North Macedonia. An extensive portion of the basin of the White Drin, basin is in the Dukagjin region, across the northeastern border with Kosovo. The Lake of Ohrid, Lake of Prespa and the Small Lake of Prespa on the southeast, as well as the streams that flow into them, drain into the Black Drin. The watershed divide in the south also dips nearly 75 km (47 mi) into Greece at one point. Several tributaries of the Vjosa River rise in that area. About 65% of their watershed lies within the Albanian territory. The water temperature ranges from 3.5 to 8.9 °C in the winter, and from 17.8 to 24.6 °C in the summer months.

Main rivers

  Protected Landscape Area or part of a Protected Landscape Area
# Name Image Length Nearest cities Location
1 Drin
Drini
285 km (177 mi) Kukës, Shkodër, Lezhë
List of rivers of Albania
2 Vjosë
Vjosa
272 km (169 mi) Përmet, Këlcyrë, Tepelenë, Memaliaj, Levan
List of rivers of Albania
3 Devoll
Devolli
196 km (122 mi) Bilisht, Maliq, Gramsh, Kuçova
List of rivers of Albania
4 Shkumbin
Shkumbini
181 km (112 mi) Librazhd, Elbasan, Cërrik, Peqin, Rrogozhina
List of rivers of Albania
5 Osum
Osumi
161 km (100 mi) Erseka, Çorovoda, Berat, Kuçova
List of rivers of Albania
6 Mat
Mati
115 km (71 mi) Burrel, Milot
List of rivers of Albania
7 Erzen
Erzeni
109 km (68 mi) Shijak
List of rivers of Albania
8 Fan
Fani
94 km (58 mi) Rrëshen, Rubik
List of rivers of Albania
9 Seman
Semani
85 km (53 mi)
(281 km (175 mi) including its longest source river Devoll)
Fier, Kuçovë
List of rivers of Albania
10 Drino
Drino
84.6 km (53 mi) Gjirokastër, Libohovë
List of rivers of Albania

Other rivers

  National Park or part of a National Park
  World Heritage Site or part of a World Heritage Site
# Name Image Length Nearest cities Location
1 Shushicë
Shushica
80 km (50 mi) Armen
List of rivers of Albania
2 Ishëm
Ishmi
62.2 km (39 mi) Tirana, Fushë-Krujë, Kamza
List of rivers of Albania
3 Cem
Cemi
58.8 km (37 mi) Tamarë
List of rivers of Albania
4 Kir
Kiri
52 km (32 mi) Pult, Shkodër
List of rivers of Albania
5 Valbonë
Valbona
50.6 km (31 mi) Bajram Curri
List of rivers of Albania
6 Bunë
Buna
44 km (27 mi) Shkodër, Velipojë
List of rivers of Albania
7 Lengaricë
Lengarica
37 km (23 mi) Petran
List of rivers of Albania
8 Lanë
Lana
29 km (18 mi) Tirana
List of rivers of Albania
9 Gash
Gashi
27 km (17 mi) Bajram Curri
List of rivers of Albania
10 Pavllë
Pavlla
50 km (31 mi) Konispol, Sarandë

Basins

Organized by drainage basin. Albanian-language names are listed if different than English. Italics indicate that the body of water is not in or bordering Albania.

Adriatic Sea

Ionian Sea

Black Sea

See also

References

  1. ^ Cullaj, A., Hasko, A., Miho, A., Schanz, F., Brandl, H. & Bachofen, R. (2005). "The quality of Albanian natural waters and the human impact". Environment International. 31: 137.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Agim SELENICA. "WATER RESOURCES OF ALBANIA". medhycos.mpl.ird.fr.