Austrian passport
Reisepass at.jpg
The front cover of an Austrian biometric passport (2014)
AUTpassportdatapage.png
The data page of an Austrian biometric passport (2006)
TypePassport
Issued by Austria
First issued1857 (first passport regulations, as Austrian Empire)[1]
16 June 2006[2] (biometric)
5 September 2014[3] (current version)
PurposeIdentification
EligibilityAustrian citizenship
Expiration2 years after issuance for children up to the age of 1; 5 years for children aged 2–11; 10 years for citizens aged 12 and older
Cost€75,90 (aged 12 or over)[4]
€30 (aged 0–11)[5]
Free (aged 0–2, first issue)

An Austrian passport is issued to citizens of Austria to facilitate international travel. Every Austrian citizen is also a citizen of the European Union. The passport, along with the national identity card, allows for free rights of movement and residence in any of the states of the European Economic Area and Switzerland.

The application and printing processes of all Austrian passports are handled by the Österreichische Staatsdruckerei (de) headquartered in Vienna. The Österreichische Staatsdruckerei is also tasked with the application and printing processes of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta passport.[citation needed]

Physical appearance

Austrian passports are the same burgundy colour as other European passports, and with the Austrian Coat of arms emblazoned in the centre of the front cover. The words "EUROPÄISCHE UNION" (English: European Union) and "REPUBLIK ÖSTERREICH" (English: Republic of Austria) are inscribed above the coat of arms and the word "REISEPASS" (English: Passport) is inscribed below. Austrian passports have the standard biometric symbol at the bottom and use the standard EU design. Each page of the passport shows the coat of arms of a different Austrian state in the background. A new passport design is scheduled for 2023.[6][7]

Different spellings of the same name within the same document

German names containing umlauts (ä, ö, ü) and/or ß are spelled in the correct way in the non-machine-readable zone of the passport, but with simple vowel + E and/or SS in the machine-readable zone, e.g. Müller becomes MUELLER, Groß becomes GROSS, and Gößmann becomes GOESSMANN.

The transcription mentioned above is generally used for airplane tickets etc., but sometimes (like in US visas) also simple vowels are used (MULLER, GOSSMANN). The three possible spelling variants of the same name (e.g. Müller / Mueller / Muller) in different documents sometimes lead to confusion, and the use of two different spellings within the same document (like in the passport) may give people who are unfamiliar with the German orthography the impression that the document is a forgery.[citation needed]

Austrian passports may (but do not always) contain a trilingual (in German, English, and French) explanation of the German umlauts and ß, e.g. 'ß' entspricht / is equal to / correspond à 'SS'.[citation needed]

Visa free travel

Visa requirements for Austrian citizens .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Austria  Freedom of movement  Visa not required  Visa on arrival  eVisa  Visa available both on arrival or online  Visa required prior to arrival
Visa requirements for Austrian citizens
  Austria
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Main article: Visa requirements for Austrian citizens

Visa requirements for Austrian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Austria. As of 7 April 2020, Austrian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 187 countries and territories, ranking the Austrian passport 5th in the world in terms of travel freedom (tied with Danish passport), according to the Henley Passport Index.[8]

Austrian citizens can live and work in any country within the EU as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted in Article 21 of the EU Treaty.[9]

Holding a second passport

Austria allows its citizens to hold a second Austrian passport to circumvent certain travel restrictions (e.g. some Arab countries do not allow entry with Israeli passport stamps, e.g. Iraq (except Iraqi Kurdistan), Oman and Mauritania).[citation needed]

Holding an Austrian passport and a foreign passport at the same time, i.e. dual citizenship, is restricted under the current Austrian nationality law only to those with dual citizenship by virtue of birth. Austrians must relinquish their citizenship to naturalize as citizens of another country.[citation needed]

History

Before Austria became a member of the European Union in 1995, passports had an outer light brown/inner dark brown cover ("Serie A–E") until sometime during the 1970s, when it switched to a dark green cover.

Image gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Passwesen".
  2. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - AUT-AO-02001". consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  3. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - AUT-AO-02002". consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  4. ^ "HELP.gv.at: Reisepass – Neuausstellung". help.gv.at. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  5. ^ "Reisepass für Minderjährige unter 18 Jahren".
  6. ^ "Änderung der Passverordnung".
  7. ^ "Verordnung des Bundesministers für Inneres, mit der die Passverordnung geändert wird".
  8. ^ "Henley Passport Index 2008 to 2020".
  9. ^ Treaty on the Function of the European Union (consolidated version)