• Thai passport
  • พาสปอร์ตไทย
The front cover of a contemporary Thai biometric passport, 3rd version released 2020
Issued byMinistry of Foreign Affairs
First issued1939 (booklet)
1993 (machine-readable passport)
August 2005 (1st Generation ePassport)
February 2013 (2nd Generation ePassport)
July 2020 (3rd Generation ePassport)
EligibilityThai citizenship
Expiration5 or 10 years
Cost฿1,000 for 5 years, ฿1,500 for 10 years validity

The Thai passport (Thai: พาสปอร์ตไทย) is the passport issued to citizens and nationals of Thailand by the Passport Division of the Department of Consular Affairs within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Thai biometric passports have been issued since August 2005.


The history of Thai passports can be traced back to travel documents first issued during the reign of King Chulalongkorn in the late-19th century. The first passport regulations in Thailand were enacted in 1917, in order to ensure the country's security during World War I. A Thai passport booklet was first introduced in 1939 in Thai and French language which was changed to Thai and English in 1977. The first machine-readable Thai passports were introduced in 1993, and in August 2005 Thailand became only the second country in the world and in Asia (after Malaysia) to introduce biometric passports. In 2019, the validity of Thai passports was increased from 5 years to 10 years.[1]

A 3rd generation passport planned for release in mid 2020 will feature iris scan identification and be valid for 10 years. The number of offices available to apply for a passport will increase from 319 to 500.

Since Srettha Thavisin became Prime Minister of Thailand, his government has sought to empower the Thai passport, which The Passport Index ranked as the 52nd most powerful passport in 2024.[2] One of the ways his government has sought to empower it is by increasing the amount of countries with visa exemptions for Thai passport holders. He dicussed the possibility of allowing Thai passport holders to enter Europe more easily with Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo during his visit to Davos, Switzerland in January 2024.[3] Also in the same month during the state visit of German president Frank-Walter Steinmeier to Thailand, he asked Steinmeier to support Thailand's push to get visa exemptions from member states of the Schengen area.[4]

Physical appearance

The ordinary Thai passport cover is dark red with the Emblem of Thailand emblazoned in the centre. The official passport has a blue cover, the diplomatic passport a red cover and the temporary passport a green cover. All types have the word "หนังสือเดินทาง ประเทศไทย" (English translation: หนังสือเดินทาง nangsue doen thang- Passport; ประเทศไทย prathet thai - Thailand) above the national emblem and the words THAILAND - PASSPORT below it. The biometric symbol is at the bottom of e-passports. The passport contains 66 pages.

Types of Thai passport

Cost of Thai passport

Identity information page

Thai Biometric Passport (3rd Generation)
Thai Biometric Passport (2nd Generation)

Thai passport includes the following data:


The note inside the Thai Passport

The request note inside a Thai passport states:

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Thailand hereby requests all whom it may concern to permit the citizen/national of the Kingdom of Thailand named herein to pass freely without delay or hindrance and to give all lawful aid and protection. This passport is valid for all countries and areas.

Translation in Thai:

กระทรวงการต่างประเทศแห่งประเทศไทยจักร้องขอ ณ โอกาสนี้ยังผู้เกี่ยวข้อง ได้ยินยอมให้ประชาชน/ราษฎรแห่งราชอาณาจักรไทย ผู้ปรากฏนาม ณ ที่นี้ ได้ผ่านไปโดยเสรี มิให้ล่าช้าฤๅกีดกั้น ทั้งโปรดอนุเคราะห์และปกป้องโดยนิติธรรม หนังสือเดินทางนี้มีผลแก่ทุกประเทศแลดินแดน

This is stated in English only. All other information is printed in Thai and in English.

Visa requirements

Main article: Visa requirements for Thai citizens

Countries and territories with visa-free entries or visas on arrival for holders of regular Thai passports
  Visa on arrival or eVisa
  Visa on arrival
  Visa required

In July 2020, Thai citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 78 countries and territories, ranking the Thai passport 66th in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index.

Thai Passport Holders Living as Permanent Residents Abroad

For some countries, Thai nationals may enter as tourists without an advance visa provided they can produce official documentation of lawful permanent residence abroad. In particular, Thai permanent residents of the United States or Canada can show their US Green Card or Canadian Permanent Resident Card together with their Thai passport in order to gain entry to many countries in Central America and the Caribbean. Notable example is Jamaica. (Note that in many cases US or Canadian permanent residence will allow a traveler to gain entry as a tourist regardless of their nationality).

See also


  1. ^ "New passports to be valid for 10 years". Bangkok Post. 26 April 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Global Passport Power Rank 2024 | Passport Index 2024". Passport Index - Global Mobility Intelligence. Retrieved 2024-02-03.
  3. ^ "Direct flights and upgrade of Thai passports discussed by Thai and Belgian PMs". nationthailand. 2024-01-18. Retrieved 2024-02-03.
  4. ^ "PM pushes for Schengen visa exemption in meeting with German president". nationthailand. 2024-01-25. Retrieved 2024-02-03.