Indonesian passport
Epaspor-nusantara.png
The front cover of the Indonesian biometric passport (with chip
EPassport logo.svg
)
TypePassport
Issued byIndonesia Directorate General of Immigration
First issued30 October 2014 (latest version)[1]
PurposeIdentification
EligibilityIndonesian citizen
Expiration5 years after issuance

An Indonesian passport is a travel document issued by the Government of Indonesia to Indonesian citizens residing in Indonesia or overseas. The main governing body with regards to the issuance of such passport(s), possession(s), withdrawal and related matters is the Directorate General of Immigration (Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi) under the Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kementerian Hukum dan HAM Republik Indonesia).[2] Indonesia is one among many countries in the world that does not recognize multiple citizenship for its citizens and such citizens will automatically lose her/his Indonesian citizenship if another citizenship is acquired voluntarily.[3] Special exceptions allow newly born citizens to hold dual nationalities (including Indonesian) until his/her eighteenth birthday after which a choice of either nationalities should be decided.[4] The latest Indonesian passport has different national birds and sceneries on each page.

The latest version of Indonesian passport was first announced on 30 October 2014.[1] Visible revisions include:

  1. Cover colour: Prior to 30 October 2014, ordinary Indonesian passports were issued with a dark green cover while the latest one is turquoise green (hijau toska).
  2. Coat of arms: The coat of arms is now centered and significantly larger than older editions
  3. Translation (cover only): Only 'passport' appears bilingually (Indonesian above and English below) while the phrase 'Republik Indonesia' is not translated to 'Republic of Indonesia'.

Types

Ordinary passports

According to Government Regulation No. 31/2013 (Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 31 Tahun 2013), ordinary passports consists of electronic and non-electronic versions.[5]

Electronic Passport (E-passports)
EPassport logo.svg

Indonesian biometric diplomatic passport.
Indonesian biometric diplomatic passport.

Effective from 26 January 2011, the Directorate General of Immigration introduced ordinary electronic passports (e-passport) for Indonesian citizens. The initial launch quota was set at 10,000 copies for the year 2011. Biometric passports were initially available only in three immigration offices: West Jakarta, Soekarno-Hatta, and Central Jakarta.[6] but availability has widened, with ordinary electronic passports being issued in all immigration offices in Jakarta, Surabaya, and Batam. The electronic passports are available in 24 and 48 page versions (like non-biometric passports). The biometric chips are embedded within the back cover of the passports.[7]

In 2011, approximately 12,000 Indonesian citizens obtained biometric passports and starting from the January 25, 2012, the Indonesian Immigration Authority launched computerized immigration gates at Soekarno Hatta International Airport, reducing queue time for biometric passport holders as they no longer need to check in manually at the immigration counter. The service is available both for arriving and departing passengers. The government plans to install computerized gates in airports throughout the country.[8]

As per second quarter of 2015, the electronic ordinary Indonesian passport is also issued in the latest version that is covered with turquoise green color.

Indonesian e-passport holders can enjoy visa-free travel to Japan for up to 15 days per stay (albeit still requiring a visa waiver endorsement certificate to be issued at Japanese embassy prior to travel). Non-electronic passport holders do not enjoy this privilege and must have a visa whenever they want to travel to Japan.[9]

Visa-free privileges of other countries for Indonesian passport holders are currently valid for both passport types.

Diplomatic passports (Paspor Diplomatik)

Issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Indonesian subject(s) who is serving as diplomat and/or government person[10] in order to travel for diplomatic purpose(s). Such passport also covers the immediate family that would travel along with the main passport holder. Holding an Indonesian diplomatic passport does not guarantee a 'diplomatic immunity' to its bearer [10] although those who gain 'diplomatic immunity' might be holding such passport. Holding such passport does not also entitle the bearer to travel with the passport for non-diplomatic mission. Appropriate 'non-diplomatic' visa or entry clearance should be obtained prior to travel to the destined country. The latest version of the Indonesian diplomatic passport is issued in a black colored-cover.

Service passports (Paspor Dinas)

Issued by Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Indonesian subject(s) who is serving as public servant on official travel. This type of passport is also issued to the immediate family member of the main passport bearer.[10] The latest version of the service passport is issued in a blue colored-cover.

Hajj passports (obsolete)

The Ministry of Religious Affairs formerly issued hajj passports for the hajj pilgrimage to Mecca under Article 29(1)(d) and Article 33 of the Immigration Act of 1992. However, new government regulations in 2009 deleted the relevant portions of the legislation.[11] As of Hajj 2009, all hajj pilgrims from Indonesia use ordinary passports. The use of ordinary passports is a requirement of the Saudi Arabian government.[12]

Passport Note

The latest (2014) version.
Version prior to (2014)
Interior cover and the first page of a contemporary Indonesian passport, on which the passport note from the government is depicted

The passports contain a note from the issuing state that is addressed to the authorities of all other states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of that state and requesting that he or she be allowed to pass and be treated according to international norms. The note is found on the first page of the passport, which is on the other side of the identity page. The note inside the latest version of Indonesian passports states:

In Indonesian:

Pemerintah Republik Indonesia memohon kepada semua pihak yang berkepentingan untuk mengizinkan kepada pemegang paspor ini berlalu secara leluasa dan memberikan bantuan dan perlindungan kepadanya.

Paspor ini berlaku untuk seluruh negara dan wilayah kecuali ditentukan lain

In English:

The Government of the Republic of Indonesia requests to all whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance and afford him/her such assistance and protection.

This passport is valid for all countries and areas unless otherwise endorsed

The English translation only makes sense if the phrase 'as may be necessary' follows 'protection' at the end of the sentence.

E-passport: Contains bearer's signature and a notice regarding the embedded biometric chip
Ordinary passport: Contains bearer's signature and issuing authority official's signature
The latest version (2014) of Indonesian passport contains 'warning' on the third page, typically found on the interior back cover of its prior version.
Page 3 of both types of ordinary Indonesian passport

In case of diplomatic and service passports, those are not formally valid for visits to Israel[13] and Taiwan,[14] since there are no formal diplomatic ties with those countries, requiring diplomats and servicemens to use ordinary passports and to obtain appropriate visa or entry clearance from the immigration authority of the destined countries.

There is slight difference as appears on page number three, which is immediately next to the identity page, between the ordinary non-electronic passport and the electronic version. The ordinary non-electronic passport depicts signatures of both the bearer of the passport and the issuing authority, both are manually done at the immigration office during the interview by the immigration officer. Official later stamp of the corresponding issuing authority logo on the same page with the signatures.

The ordinary electronic passport no longer bears the signature or of the issuing authority as such information has been embedded in the digital information system. However, the signature of the bearer is still manually done during the interview by the immigration officer although digital signature of the holder is also included in the digital information embedded on the electronic chip along with the ten-fingerprints and digital face photograph. Above the signature, reminder of the inclusion of the chip on the passport can be found requesting appropriate treatment of the passport to avoid chip disturbance as such passport should not be bent and/or exposed to extreme radioactivity devices.

Third page of the latest (2014) version of Indonesian ordinary passport (both electronic and non-electronic versions) contains 'warning' (Peringatan) that would typically be printed on the interior side of the back cover of its predecessor version.[1]

Identity information page

Page 2 of both versions (2014-version and older) of ordinary Indonesian passport. The latest version would depict the bearer's photograph on the left side, right side and the (visible under UV light) center. Both versions are bilingual: Indonesian (first) then English (second).
  1. Photograph
  2. Type P
  3. Country code
  4. Passport number
  5. Sex
  6. Nationality
  7. Date of birth
  8. Place of birth
  9. Date of issue
  10. Date of expiry
  11. Registration number b8063811
  12. Issuing office
  13. Machine readable zone

Visa requirements map

Main article: Visa requirements for Indonesian citizens

.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Indonesia  Visa not required   Visa obtainable on arrival    eVisa   Visa available both on arrival or online   Pre-arrival visa required
  Indonesia
  Visa not required
  Visa obtainable on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Pre-arrival visa required

Passport Power Ranking

As of April 2022, due to COVID-19 pandemic, Indonesian citizens have visa-free or visa on arrival access to 43 countries and territories, ranking the Indonesian passport 54th in terms of travel freedom according to The Passport Index.[15]

Passport fees

Refer to Government Regulation No 45/2014, Indonesian passport fees (inclusive of service charges) are:[16]

Passport type Price in Indonesian rupiah
Ordinary passport (24 pages) Rp 155,000 (US$11)
Ordinary passport (48 pages) Rp 355,000 (US$26)
Electronic passport (24 pages) Rp 405,000 (US$30)
Electronic passport (48 pages) Rp 655,000 (US$48)

Note: The fees above has included biometric service fee of Rp 55,000 (US$4).

Payment can be made through banks and ATMs (Bank Mandiri, BNI, BRI, BTN, Bank DKI, and BCA), online marketplace (Tokopedia and Bukalapak)[17] or by cash.

Recent changes

On 19 August 2021, Ministry of Foreign Affairs launches new version of diplomatic and service e-passports, which complies with Document 9303 ICAO standard.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Suhendra (7 October 2016). "Di Balik Perubahan Warna Paspor Indonesia". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 6 Tahun 2011 tentang Keimigrasian" [Law No. 6/2011 Regarding Immigration]. Law No. 6 of 2011 (PDF) (in Indonesian). People's Representative Council.
  3. ^ "Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 23 Tahun 2006 tentang Administrasi Kependudukan" [Law No. 23/2006 Regarding Population Administration]. Law No. 23 of 2006. People's Representative Council.
  4. ^ "Tanya Jawab Mengenai Status Kewarganegaraan Anak yang Lahir di wilayah Inggris dan Wilayah Irlandia" [Q&A Regarding Citizenship Status of Child Born in Britain and Ireland]. Archived from the original on 2014-07-15. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  5. ^ "Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 31 Tahun 2013". Regulation No. 31 of 2013 (PDF) (in Indonesian). Archived 2019-10-20 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Dabu, Petrus (6 December 2010). Caturini, Rizki (ed.). "Awal 2011 Ditjen Imigrasi luncurkan paspor elektronik" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  7. ^ Prodjo, Wahyu Adityo, ed. (6 September 2019). "Awal 2019, Ditjen Imigrasi Tambah 18 Kantor Imigrasi untuk Pembuatan Paspor Elektronik". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  8. ^ Prawitasari, Fitri (15 August 2014). Syatiri, Ana Shofiana (ed.). "Mau Tak Antre di Bagian Imigrasi? Miliki Paspor Jenis Ini". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Bebas visa dengan sistem registrasi pra keberangkatan bagi Warga negara indonesia pemegang e-paspor". Japan embassy in Indonesia (in Indonesian). 7 November 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  10. ^ a b c "Paspor Diplomatik dan Dinas". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  11. ^ "Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 3 Tahun 1999 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 9 Tahun 1992 Tentan Keimigrasian". Government Regulation to Replace Law No. 3 of 1999.
  12. ^ Lutfia, Ismira (3 July 2009), "Hajj Pilgrims Must Now Have Regular Passports", Jakarta Globe, archived from the original on 2012-09-14, retrieved 2011-11-14
  13. ^ Adams, Kayla J. "Indonesia to informally upgrade its relations with Israel via ambassador-ranked diplomat in Ramallah". times of israel. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  14. ^ Suryakusuma, Julia. "Viewpoint: Indonesia-Taiwan ties: When gray is good". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Global Passport Power Rank 2022". The Passport Index. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  16. ^ "Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 45 Tahun 2014 tentang Jenis Dan Tarif Atas Jenis Penerimaan Negara Bukan Pajak Yang Berlaku Pada Kementerian Hukum Dan Hak Asasi Manusia". Government Regulation No. 45 of 2014 (in Indonesian).
  17. ^ "Makin Mudah, Bayar Paspor Kini Bisa Lewat Tokopedia dan Bukalapak". Liputan 6. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  18. ^ "Kementerian Luar Negeri Luncurkan E-Passport Diplomatik dan Dinas". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 19 August 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2021.