The Ethiopian passport is a travel document issued to citizens of Ethiopia for international travel. The document is a biometric machine-readable passport with a burgundy cover with the text "Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia" above the coat of arms, and the text "passport" below it in Amharic and English. The passport is valid for 5 years and contains 64 pages.
Nelson Mandela was clandestinely issued an Ethiopian passport in 1961. He used it to travel around the world until his arrest. He never obtained a South African passport by the Apartheid regime, and only got his first after his release in the 1990s.
Main article: Visa requirements for Ethiopian citizens
As of 1 January 2017, Ethiopian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 37 countries and territories, ranking the Ethiopian passport 96th in terms of travel freedom (tied with Kosovan, Lebanese and South Sudanese passports) according to the Henley visa restrictions index.