Ethiopian passport
Image of a current Ethiopian passport
Issued by Ethiopia
EligibilityEthiopian Nationality
The front cover of a passport from the era of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.

The Ethiopian passport (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ፓስፖርት) is a travel document issued to citizens of Ethiopia for international travel. The document is a biometric machine-readable passport with a burgundy cover with the text "Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia" above the coat of arms, and the text "passport" below it in Amharic and English.[1] The passport is valid for 5 years and contains 64 pages.


Nelson Mandela was clandestinely issued an Ethiopian passport in 1961. He used it to travel around the world until his arrest.[2] He never obtained a South African passport by the Apartheid regime, and only got his first after his release in the 1990s.

Visa requirements

  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  Visa required

Main article: Visa requirements for Ethiopian citizens

As of 1 January 2017, Ethiopian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 34 countries and territories, ranking the Ethiopian passport 96th in terms of travel freedom (tied with Kosovan, Lebanese and South Sudanese passports) according to the Henley visa restrictions index.[3][4]

See also


  1. ^ "Ethiopian passport on PRADO". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
  2. ^ "Passports tell a story – Nelson Mandela Foundation". Retrieved 2022-03-22.
  3. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2017" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  4. ^ Kuo, Lily (January 19, 2017). "These are the most powerful African passports to have". Retrieved 1 December 2023.