Iranian passport
Iranian Biometric Passport Cover.jpg
The front cover of a contemporary Iranian biometric passport.
Issued by Iranian Immigration & Passport Police Office
First issuedc. 1925 (original)
1979 (current version)
1 January 2007 (1st biometric passport)[1]
1 October 2014 (2nd biometric passport)[2]
EligibilityIranian citizen (Provided that men perform compulsory military service.)
Expiration5 years after issuance (for adults over 18) , 10 years (for Special cases)
Cost1,500,000IRR (~8 US Dollars)

Iranian passports, also known as Persian passports, are issued to nationals of Iran for the purpose of international travel. The passport serves as a proof of Iranian citizenship. The Iranian passports are burgundy, with the Iranian emblem emblazoned on the top of the front cover.

The words "جمهوری اسلامی ایران" (Persian) meaning Islamic Republic of Iran and "گذرنامه" (Persian) meaning passport are inscribed to the right side of the coat of arms. Iran started issuing diplomatic and service biometric passports in July 2007. Ordinary biometric passports began to be issued on 20 February 2011. These passports contain 32 pages.

On the inside of the back-cover, Iranian passports bear the inscription: "The holder of this passport is not entitled to travel to occupied Palestine", referring to Israel.[3]

In the past, prior to the 1979 Islamic Revolution, passports issued by Pahlavi Iran were visually different, with the inscription "Empire of Iran" being used, and translations into French rather than English.

Identity information page

The Iranian passport includes the following data:

Passport number

The passport number is the serial number that uniquely identifies a passport. The passport number changes every time a person has issued a new passport, with the previous passport number noted in an endorsement on the last page of the new passport.

The passport number is alphanumeric, with a letter followed by an eight-digit number, e.g. A00000000. In the Persian letters on top of the passport, the passport number does not have the first English letter.

Identity Number

The national identity number for Iranians is a unique 10-digit number allocated to each citizen of Iran; & it is used widely for identity confirmation in many places. The unique number is in the following format:


The control number is calculated from the previous 9 digits and verifies if the ID number is valid.


For each item in the passport, captions are provided in Persian and nearly all of them are also provided in English.

Restrictions on travel

As Iran (the Islamic Republic of) does not recognize or have diplomatic relations with the state of Israel (like some other Muslim countries), people using an Iranian passport are not permitted to travel to Israel under Iranian law (although Israel itself does admit Iranian citizens holding a visa). On the inside of the back-cover, Iranian passports bear the inscription: "The holder of this passport is not entitled to travel to occupied Palestine", referring to Israel.

Visa requirements for Iranian citizens

Main article: Visa requirements for Iranian citizens

As of February 2020, Iranian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 41 countries and territories, ranking the Iranian passport 98th in terms of travel freedom (tied with passports from Bangladesh, Dem. Rep. of Congo and Eritrea) according to the Henley Passport Index.[4]

Visa requirements for Iranian .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Iran   Visa free access  Visa on arrival  eVisa  Visa available both on arrival or online  Access to some regions  Visa required   Admission refused
Visa requirements for Iranian citizens
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Access to some regions
  Visa required
  Admission refused

Iranians were also temporarily denied admission by former US President Donald Trump in early 2017 as part of the Trump travel ban. Exemptions for academic visas and waivers from consular officials were eventually allowed before being lifted in its entirety by Trump's successor Joe Biden upon assuming office in 2021.[5][6][7]


Persian passport dated 1892
Persian passport dated 1892

The first Persian passport was issued during the reign of Nasereddin Shah around 1885.[8] It used to be called 'Tazkereh-ye Safar' (Travel Document) and the text was entirely in Persian. During the reign of Ahmad Shah (early 20th-century) the French titles were added to the document "Passeport du passage: au nom de Sa Majeste Imperiale le Shahinschah de Perse" (Passport of the Passage: in the name of His Imperial Majesty the Shahanshah of Persia). After 1935 the title was changed to "Empire de l'Iran".

Gallery of historic images

See also


  1. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - IRN-AO-03001". 2021-07-01. Retrieved 2022-04-13.
  2. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - IRN-AO-04001". 2011-10-25. Retrieved 2022-04-13.
  3. ^ Moaveni, Azadeh (1 June 2009). "Roxana Saberi and How Journalism Works in Iran". Time. Time Inc. Archived from the original on 11 June 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2010. Israel also figures into the peculiar regulations Iranian journalists must contend with. The fine print of my Iranian passport clearly states that the bearer of this passport is forbidden from traveling to occupied Palestine."
  4. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2020". Henley & Partners. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Trump restricts visas from eight countries as travel order expires". NBC News. Retrieved 2021-10-30.
  6. ^ Gladstone, Rick; Sugiyama, Satoshi (2018-07-01). "Trump's Travel Ban: How It Works and Who Is Affected". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-10-30.
  7. ^ "Proclamation on Ending Discriminatory Bans on Entry to The United States". The White House. 2021-01-21. Retrieved 2021-10-30.
  8. ^ "Persian passport in Qajar and Pahlavi eras". Jaam-e Jam Daily. Retrieved 7 July 2020.