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Turkish passport
Turkish Passport.svg
The front cover of a current Turkish biometric passport
TypePassport
Issued by Turkey
First issued1 June 2010 (1st generation biometric passport)
1 April 2018[1] (2nd generation biometric passport)
25 August 2022[2] (3rd generation biometric passport)
PurposeIdentification, international travel
Valid inAll countries
EligibilityTurkish citizenship or Northern Cyprus citizenship[3]
Expiration10 years (5 years if under 18 years of age or if is a Turkish Cypriot)[3]
Cost1703.30[4]
Special Passport of Turkey (Hususi Pasaport)
Special Passport of Turkey (Hususi Pasaport)
Diplomatic Passport of Turkey (Diplomatik Pasaport)
Diplomatic Passport of Turkey (Diplomatik Pasaport)
Service Passport of Turkey (Hizmet Pasaportu)
Service Passport of Turkey (Hizmet Pasaportu)

Turkish passports (Turkish: Türk pasaportu) are issued in accordance with the Passport Act (No. 5682) from 15 July 1950[5] to Turkish citizens to travel abroad. Citizens of the de facto state of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) are also eligible to apply for a Turkish passport.

Passports issued since 1 June 2010 are biometric and valid for up to 10 years.

Ranked in the Henley & Partners Passport Index, a Turkish Passport placed 54th in 2022.[6]

Types

Biometric passports

Turkish Biometric passports (Turkish: Biyometrik pasaport), compatible with the new ICAO standards, have been available since 1 June 2010.[9] Application appointments for the new passports can be reserved online through the government's website, applications must be lodged in person. [10][11] Passports are then sent via mail.

The biometric passports have different coloured covers; regular passports in maroon and diplomatic passports in black, in compliance with ICAO standards.

New biometric passports, compatible with possible future EU visa waiver access, will start to be printed in 2018 made out of a polycarbonate material.[12]

Fees

A Turkish passport has been one of the most expensive passports in the world for many years. As a result of increasing public demands, the cost of ordinary passports was almost halved in June 2010.[13] Despite the massive reduction, the Turkish passport remains one of the most expensive passports in the world (after Lebanese (293)[14] and Australian (198)[15] passport - for 10 years). The passport law was then amended to increase the maximum validity of a passport from 5 to 10 years. It currently costs 1703.30 (115) for a 10-year passport, including the compulsory booklet fee. [16] In addition to the expensive passport prices, the Turkish state charges 150 (c. 10)[17] from Turkish passport holders (excluding ship and aircraft crew, those who live abroad and those with dual citizenship) every single time they leave Turkey.

Multiple passports

People who have valid reasons may be allowed to hold more than one passport booklet. This applies usually to people who travel frequently on business, and may need to have a passport booklet to travel on while the other is awaiting a visa for another country. Some Muslim-majority countries including Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Yemen do not issue visas to visitors if their passports bear a stamp or visa issued by Israel, as a result of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. In that case, a person can apply for a second passport to avoid travel issues. Reasons and supporting documentation (such as a letter from an employer) must be provided. One passport will have to be saved in a NVİ (provincial headquarters of the Ministry of the Interior, Civil Registration and Citizenship) or at embassy/consulate unless it awaits a visa for another country.[18][19]

Turkish Passport by Investment

To be suitable for Turkish citizenship by investment program, the foreigner must open a bank account and deposit $500,000 or equivalent foreign currency or Turkish lira. After $400,000 or more is invested in Turkish properties, all necessary transactions such as title deed purchase and cash proceeds are carried out.

According to the law, the property transfer is concluded after the official signed bills and registrations.

Secondly, foreigners must apply for a residence permit. Although you don’t have to be residing in the Republic of Turkey to get a Turkish passport, you are required to demand a residence permit, of which the results are given on the same day of application.

After receiving the residence permit, you can apply for citizenship. It does not require an interview or to be physically present in Turkey. You can allow someone else or a company for your application management by giving power of attorney. The documents required during the application through the procuration process are the original title or an official copy of the title deed with a notary confirmation. [20]

Visa requirements for Turkish citizens

Main article: Visa requirements for Turkish citizens

Map of Visa requirements for Turkish Passport Holders
Map of Visa requirements for Turkish Passport Holders

Countries and territories with visa-free or visa-on-arrival entries for holders of Turkish passports

  Republic of Turkey
  Visa free access
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic authorization or eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Holders of an ordinary Turkish passport may travel without a visa, or with a visa received upon arrival, to 110 countries, as of 2022 according to the Henley Passport Index.[6]
European Union is planning to introduce visa free travel for Turkish citizens.[21]
United States lists Turkey as an aspiring country for inclusion to the Visa Waiver Program.[22]

Gallery

Current passports

Historic passports

Listed chronologically:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - TUR-AO-03001". www.consilium.europa.eu.
  2. ^ "Yerli ve milli pasaportun üretimi 25 Ağustos'ta başlıyor".
  3. ^ a b https://www.konsolosluk.gov.tr/Faq/Index konsolosluk.gov.tr
  4. ^ a b "Başvuru Ücretleri - NVI". randevu.nvi.gov.tr.
  5. ^ "Pasaport Kanunu" (in Turkish). Regulations-Ministry of Justice. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Retrieved 23 November 2008.
  6. ^ a b "Passport Index" (PDF).
  7. ^ "T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı'ndan". T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  8. ^ a b "5682 sayılı pasaport kanunundan". Mevzuat Bilgi Sistemi.
  9. ^ ERGAN/ANKARA, Uğur. "AB'ye uygun 'çip'li pasaport haziranda geliyor süresi 10 yıla çıkıyor". www.hurriyet.com.tr.
  10. ^ https://randevu.nvi.gov.tr/default/index?type=3
  11. ^ "Atalay: Çipli pasaport başvurusu online olacak". Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Kağıt pasaport devri sona eriyor". www.sozcu.com.tr.
  13. ^ "2020 Yılı Pasaport Ücretleri". Türkiye'nin En Güncel Gezi ve Seyahat Sitesi, GeziPedia.net (in Turkish). Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Lebanese General Security - posts". www.general-security.gov.lb.
  15. ^ Office, Australian Passport (7 March 2018). "Passport fees". Australian Passport Office.
  16. ^ "Pasaportta harçlar yarıya indirildi ama..." Radikal. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  17. ^ "Yurtdışı çıkış harç pulu ücretine ilişkin resmi gazete kararı (Mart 2022)-(Turkish)" (PDF). Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Resmi Gazete.
  18. ^ "İkinci Pasaport Uygulaması". Embassy of Turkey, Ottawa. 24 October 2021.
  19. ^ "Sıkça Sorulan Sorular". NVİ. 24 October 2021.
  20. ^ "Turkish Passport by Investment| Bari Global". www.bariglobal.com. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  21. ^ "EU official: Visa-free travel for Turkish citizens is near". DailySabah. 29 November 2017.
  22. ^ Adding Countries to the Visa Waiver Program: Effects on National Security and Tourism, Congressional Research Service, October 27, 2021. Chile and Croatia were not listed as road map countries in 2007 but were later admitted to the VWP, while Turkey was listed in 2007 and sorted as an aspiring country on page 5.

Media related to Passports of Turkey at Wikimedia Commons