• Spanish Passport
  • Pasaporte español
Front cover of a contemporary Spanish biometric passport (with chip )
The data page of a contemporary Spanish biometric passport
Issued by Spain
First issued14 August 2006 (biometric passport)
2 January 2015 (current biometric version 3.0)
EligibilitySpanish citizenship
ExpirationSpanish passports expire 5 years after issuance when borne by citizens up to the age of 30, and 10 years for citizens aged 30 and above

A Spanish passport (Spanish: pasaporte español) is an identity document issued to Spanish citizens with right of abode in the Iberian mainland, Ceuta, Melilla, Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, for the purpose of travel outside Spain. Every Spanish citizen is also a citizen of the European Union. The passport, along with the national identity card, allows for free rights of movement and residence in any of the states of the European Union, European Economic Area, and Switzerland.

Spanish citizens have visa-free or visa on arrival access to 194 (of 194 as the maximum) countries and territories; the international access available to Spanish citizens ranks 1st in the world according to the January 2024 Visa Restrictions Index.[2]


Visa free travel

Main article: Visa requirements for Spanish citizens

Visa requirements for Spanish citizens
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required / ESTA / eTA / eVisitor
  Visa on arrival
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

As of January 2024, Spanish citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 194 (of 194 as the maximum) countries and territories, ranking the ordinary Spanish passport 1st in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index 2024/January.[3]

Spanish citizens can live and work in any country within the EU as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted in Article 21 of the EU Treaty.[4]

Visa duration (in some countries)







See also


  1. ^ Pasaporte
  2. ^ "Passport Ranking January 2024" (PDF). Henley & Partners. 2024. Retrieved 10 January 2024.
  3. ^ "Passport Index" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 2024-01-10.
  4. ^ Treaty on the Function of the European Union (consolidated version)