|First issued||14 August 2006 (biometric passport)|
2 January 2015 (current biometric version 3.0)
|Expiration||Spanish passports expire 5 years after issuance when borne by citizens up to the age of 30, and 10 years for citizens aged 30 and above|
Spanish passports (Spanish: Pasaporte español) are issued to Spanish citizens with right of abode in the Iberian mainland, Ceuta, Melilla, Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, for the purpose of travel outside Spain. Every Spanish citizen is also a citizen of the European Union. The passport, along with the national identity card, allows for free rights of movement and residence in any of the states of the European Union, European Economic Area, and Switzerland.
Main article: Visa requirements for Spanish citizens
As of September 2022, Spanish citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 190 (of 193 as the maximum) countries and territories, ranking the ordinary Spanish passport 3rd in terms of travel freedom (tied with the German passport) according to the Henley Passport Index 2022/Q3.
Spanish citizens can live and work in any country within the EU as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted in Article 21 of the EU Treaty.