Pasaporte colombiano (Spanish)
|First issued||Biometric passport (September 2015, 01)|
Current version (July 2018, 15 )
|Expiration||Valid for 10 years after issuance (persons aged 18 and over)|
Renewal for children (Passport must be renewed when the person is 7 years old, after processing the tarjeta de identidad)
Renewal by age of majority (the passport must be renewed when the person is 18 years old, after processing the identity document)
|Cost||269.000 COP (USD69)|
The Colombian passport is a travel document which is issued to citizens of Colombia for the purpose of international travel. Since September 2015 a biometric passport has been issued, but the previously issued machine-readable passport can be used through its expiration date.
Colombian citizens do not need a passport when traveling to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. For these countries, they may use just their domestic identification cards called Cédula de Ciudadanía.
Several drivers resulted in the issuing of the document:
The Colombian passport can be issued in any of the Passport Offices of the Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in 27 Governorates of the country and the Colombian consulates abroad. The presentation of the citizenship card (yellow with holograms) and the attendance of the applicant are mandatory because the photograph, signature and fingerprints are taken at the time of application. Passports are currently delivered within 24 hours in Bogotá, 48 working hours in the governorates, and from 48 hours to 5 working days in embassies and consulates, depending on the distance.
As of 1 September 2015, the Colombian passport includes biometric technology. It uses the same machine-readable system, but with an integrated chip where information such as fingerprints, photos and data of the document holder is stored. On 16 June 2010, the Colombian Foreign Ministry officially announced that the new passport design had been made official by the provisions of the International Civil Aviation Organisation, which required the country to conform to the regulations currently in force in the European Union, or at least to the standard used by 173 countries. From 15 July 2010, this document could be applied for in Bogotá and from 5 August 2010 at passport offices in the governorates of the rest of the country and consulates abroad. The biometric photograph of the passport must identify the person and for this reason, has requirements: it must be 4 x 5 cm in size, the background must be clear and uniform, the face visible, taken recently.
This document can be machine-readable, as the data is laser-engraved. In addition, the barcode facilitates migration processes because the data of each citizen is uploaded directly to the migration servers at the airports. The document contains embossed and fluorescent holograms, which makes it almost impossible to forge and has the highest security standards.
In September 2018, the Colombian passport was recognized as the safest passport in the world during the first eID Forum.
Main article: Visa requirements for Colombian citizens
As of 12 January 2022, Colombian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 131 countries and territories ranking the Colombian passport 39th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.