Norwegian passport
Norwegian Passport, New Design.jpg
The front cover of a contemporary Norwegian biometric passport issued since October 2020
Norwegian Passport Specimen.jpg
Norwegian ePassport information page
TypePassport
Issued by Norway
Norwegian Police Service
First issued1 October 2005[1] (biometric passport)
19 January 2015[2] (second biometric version)
19 October 2020[3] (current version)
PurposeIdentification
EligibilityNorwegian citizenship
Expiration2 years for children up to the age of 5; 3 years for children up to the age of 10; 5 years for individuals aged 10–16; and 10 years for individuals aged 16 and older[4]

A Norwegian passport (Norwegian: norsk pass, Northern Sami: norgalaš pássa) is the passport issued to nationals of Norway for the purpose of international travel. Beside serving as proof of Norwegian citizenship, they facilitate the process of securing assistance from Norwegian consular officials abroad (or public officials in the mission of another Nordic country in case a Norwegian consular official is absent).[5][6]

The passport, along with the national identity card allows for the freedom of movement in any of the states of the European Free Trade Association[7] and the European Economic Area.[8][9] This is because Norway is a member state of EFTA, and by virtue of it also being a member of the EEA and part of the Schengen Area. For travel within the Nordic countries no identity documentation is legally required for Nordic citizens due to the Nordic Passport Union.

Types of passport

Norway issues seven types of passports and travel documents:[10][11]

Physical appearance and data contained

Current Norwegian passports are red in colour, with the coat of arms of Norway emblazoned in the top left of the front cover. The words "Kongeriket Norge", "Kongeriket Noreg", "Norgga gonagasriika" and "Kingdom of Norway" ("Kingdom of Norway" in Bokmål and Nynorsk (the two forms of Norwegian), Northern Sami and English respectively) are inscribed in the bottom left corner and the word "Pass", "Pássa" and "Passport" emblazoned below the name of the country. In the bottom right corner is the standard biometric symbol.

The pre-october 2020 version of the regular Norwegian passports was burgundy in colour, similar but not identical to the design of most EU countries. It had the coat of arms of Norway emblazoned in the top of the front cover. The words "NORGE", "NOREG" and "NORWAY" ("Norway" in Bokmål, Nynorsk and English, respectively) are inscribed below the coat of arms and the word "PASS" and "PASSPORT" emblazoned below the name of the country. Biometric passports have the standard biometric symbol at the bottom.[12]

Identity information page

A specimen of an identity information page in passports issued until October 2020
A specimen of an identity information page in passports issued until October 2020

The current version Norwegian passport includes the following data:


The holder's signature and Personal No. was included on the information page in the previous passport version but was moved in the current version.

The information page ends with the machine-readable zone starting with "P<NOR", the previous version started with "PxNOR, where x indicated the type of passport. For example, ordinary passports contained "PVNOR", where the "V" presumably means "vanlig" ("ordinary" in Norwegian.)

Biometric data

According to Council Regulation (EC) 2252/2004 and 444/2009, Norwegian passports have to comply with minimum security standards. Norway is bound by the regulations as they constitute a development of provisions of the Schengen acquis within the meaning of the Agreement concluded by the Council of the European Union and Iceland and Norway.[13]

The biometric passports contain an radio-frequency identification (RFID) chip containing the passport's printed data in a digital format along with the photograph in a JPEG format and with a digital key to verify that the data contained is authentic and hasn't been tampered with. Fingerprint data was required to be stored on Schengen member states’ passports from 2009. Norway started storing fingerprint data of persons applying for a new passport on 6 April 2010.[14]

Languages

For ordinary and emergency passports, the data page/information pages are printed in Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk), Northern Sami and English. Northern Sámi was added in 2020.[15] However, for diplomatic, service and special passports, all content (including the cover and inner pages) are printed in English and French only.[16][17][18][19]

Until the 1990s,[citation needed] the data and information pages of ordinary passports were printed in Norwegian, French, English and German. French and German were dropped when the data were moved to just one page.

New passports

The Norwegian passport design until October 2020
The Norwegian passport design until March 1999[20]

The Norwegian Police Directorate and Kripos (the national unit for combating organized and other serious crime) launched a design competition for new passports, ID-cards and travel documents. It was later announced that the winner of the competition was “The Norwegian Landscape” by Neue Design Studio, an Oslo-based graphic design company.

The new passports were set to be issued in 2016. But first Neue had to work closely with the National Police Directorate in order to combine the winning design with the necessary security measures that are required of passports. The purpose of the competition was to redesign the document with a high quality of design whilst still serving its purpose and functionality. Further, the new design was to increase the security of Norwegian passports, ID-cards and travel documents.[21]

In 2016 it was announced that the introduction of new passports was postponed to the middle of 2018.[22] In August 2019 it was announced that the introduction of new passports was postponed for the seventh time, to October 2020.[23][24] The new passports were introduced on 19 October 2020.[25][26]

National ID card

Main article: Norwegian identity card

Front of a Norwegian national ID card
Front of a Norwegian national ID card

Norwegian national ID cards were released 30 November 2020.[27] As an alternative to presenting a passport, Norwegian citizens are entitled to use a valid national identity card to exercise their right of free movement within EFTA[28] the EEA,[29] and Svalbard.

Furthermore, the card can be used as a travel document to the European Microstates, Balkan countries, French Overseas Territories, Montserrat (for max. 14 days) and organized tours to Tunisia. It was usable to the United Kingdom until 1 October 2021.[30]

Issuing

Application is done at special passport offices or embassies. As of 2021 there were 79 indoor offices (including one in Svalbard) and 43 locations for mobile (bus) offices.[31] Emergency passports are only issued at major Norwegian airports (Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger, Bergen and Trondheim) or embassies.[32]

Identification requirements

When doing the application identification of the applicant is needed. This is done by:[33]

The identity is clarified when there is no doubt that the information or documents that the applicant has given supports the applicants identity.

Different spellings of the same name

Names containing special letters (æ, ø, å) are spelled the correct way in the non-machine-readable zone, but are mapped in the machine-readable zone, æ becoming "AE", ø becoming "OE", and å becoming "AA". This follows the standard for machine-readable passports, which must not contain letters other than A–Z.

Manufacturing defect

Machine-readable Norwegian passports issued between 1999 and 2005 suffered from a manufacturing defect that could result in the identity page coming loose, thus invalidating the passport. The Norwegian passport authorities replaced such passports free of charge.[34]

Visa requirements

Main article: Visa requirements for Norwegian citizens

Visa requirements for Norwegian citizens.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Norway  Freedom of movement  Visa-free  Visa on arrival  eVisa  Visa may be obtained either online or on arrival  Visa required prior to arrival
Visa requirements for Norwegian citizens
  Norway
  Freedom of movement
  Visa-free
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa may be obtained either online or on arrival
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements for Norwegian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Norway. As of 5 October 2021, Norwegian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 185 countries and territories, ranking the Norwegian passport 7th overall in terms of travel freedom (tied with the Czech Republic, Greece, Malta, the United Kingdom and the United States) according to the Henley Passport Index.[35]

As a member state of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), Norwegian citizens enjoy freedom of movement to live and work in other EFTA countries in accordance with the EFTA convention.[36] Moreover, by virtue of Norway's membership of the European Economic Area (EEA), Norwegian citizens also enjoy freedom of movement within all EEA member states. The Citizens’ Rights Directive[37] defines the right of free movement for citizens of the EEA,[38] and all EFTA and EU citizens are not only visa-exempt but are legally entitled to enter and reside in each other's countries.

See also

References

General references
Specific citations
  1. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - NOR-AO-03001". www.consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - NOR-AO-05001". www.consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Nå er ny versjon av passet her". www.politiet.no. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  4. ^ "PRADO - NOR-AO-03001". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Meld. St. 12 (2010–2011)". April 2011.
  6. ^ Article 34 of the Helsinky Treaty (Article 34 p. 8)
  7. ^ "Short Overview of the EFTA Convention". Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  8. ^ "EUR-Lex - 32004L0038R(01) - EN - EUR-Lex". Eur-lex.europa.eu. 29 June 2004. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  9. ^ Decision of the EEA Joint Committee No 158/2007 of 7 December 2007 amending Annex V (Free movement of workers) and Annex VIII (Right of establishment) to the EEA Agreement, 2008-05-08, retrieved 2021-01-01
  10. ^ "Travel document (passport, immigrant's passport and refugee travel document)". Norwegian Directorate of Immigration. Retrieved 2020-02-22.
  11. ^ "Kontrollveileder for Norske Pass [Control Guide for Norwegian Passports]" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  12. ^ "NOR - Norway • NORGE_NOREG_NORWAY •". www.consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
  13. ^ "EUR-Lex - 21999A0710(02) - EN - EUR-Lex". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
  14. ^ "Pass med biometri (e-pass)". Norwegian Police .
  15. ^ Ságat. "Leder: Endelig kommer samisk pass". Ságat (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  16. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - NOR-AD-05001". www.consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  17. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - NOR-AS-05001". www.consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  18. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - NOR-AS-05002". www.consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Control Guide for Norwegian Passports" (PDF). www.politiet.no. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  20. ^ "NOR - Norway • NORGE_NOREG_NORWAY •". www.consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
  21. ^ "New passports are receiving worldwide attention".
  22. ^ "ID-kortene blir forsinket - igjen".
  23. ^ "Nye pass og ID-kort er forsinket for syvende gang. Nå varsler justisministeren gjennomgang av politiets prosjektstyring".
  24. ^ Sørdal, Kristin (2020-08-14). "Nå kommer nye pass og ID-kort". DinSide.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2020-08-14.
  25. ^ beredskapsdepartementet, Justis-og (2020-10-16). "De nye norske passene lanseres og Justis- og beredskapsminister Monica Mæland trenger nytt pass". Regjeringen.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  26. ^ "Nå er ny versjon av passet her". Politiet (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  27. ^ "Nå kan du søke om nasjonalt ID-kort". Politiet (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2020-12-02.
  28. ^ "APPENDIX 1 Movement of persons (Art. 20)" (PDF). ARTICLE 1.
  29. ^ Articles 4 and 5 of the Citizens' Rights Directive 2004/38/EC (L 158, pp. 77–123)
  30. ^ "Visiting the UK from 1 January 2021". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  31. ^ "Pass og ID-kort" [Passport and ID-cards] (in Norwegian). Politiet. Retrieved 2021-11-07.
  32. ^ "Passports and personal number". Royal Norwegian Embassy in London. 2021-08-22.
  33. ^ "Forskrift om pass og nasjonalt ID-kort (pass- og ID-kortforskriften) - Kapittel 2. Søknad om pass og nasjonalt ID-kort - Lovdata". lovdata.no. Retrieved 2020-11-30.
  34. ^ "Pass". Politiet. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  35. ^ "The Henley Passport Index" (PDF). Henley & Partners Holdings Ltd. 13 April 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  36. ^ "Short Overview of the EFTA Convention". Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  37. ^ "EUR-Lex - 32004L0038R(01) - EN - EUR-Lex". Eur-lex.europa.eu. 29 June 2004. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  38. ^ Decision of the EEA Joint Committee No 158/2007 of 7 December 2007 amending Annex V (Free movement of workers) and Annex VIII (Right of establishment) to the EEA Agreement, 2008-05-08, retrieved 2021-01-01