Nepali Passport
नेपाली राहदानी
NepaliEpassportcover.jpg
The Front cover of Nepali E-passport
TypeE-Passport
Issued by   Nepal
PurposeIdentification
EligibilityNepal citizenship
Expiration10 years from the date of issuance
CostRs. 5,000 (adult 34 pages), Rs. 10,000 (adult 66 pages), Rs. 12,000 (Fast track service, 34 pages), Rs. 20,000 (Fast track service, 66 pages)

A Nepali Passport is issued from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Nepal to Nepali citizens for the purpose of international travel. The Department of Passport (DoP), a Department under Ministry of Foreign Affairs functions as the issuing authority and is responsible for issuing Nepali passports on application to all eligible Nepali citizens. It enables the bearer to travel internationally and serves as proof of Nepali citizenship.[1]

Nepal E-passport information page
Nepal E-passport information page

Ordinary Nepali passports are chocolate brown in color with a chip symbol on their cover, which is commonly known as e-passport. [2] it has Coat of arms of Nepal emblazoned in the center of the front cover. The words Nepali: "राहदानी" and "नेपाल " are inscribed above the coat of arms and words English: "PASSPORT" and "NEPAL" are inscribed below the coat of arms. The ordinary e-passport contains either 34 pages or 66 pages. [3]

History

Early passports

The early passports in Nepal were used for internal and external travel for religious and business purposes. The oldest passport in Nepal is a handwritten passport issued in 1957 BS to a person named Kaliprasad (no surname disclosed) and his ten porters to travel to Butwal and Taulihawa from Kathmandu. The passport holder is identified with their physical description because there was no photography available at that time. A guarantor was needed to issue the passport. These old passports are showcased in the passport museum in Kathmandu.[4]

Modern passports

The modern passports were issued in 2012 BS. The first of this kind was issued in 10 Shrawan 2012 BS which was issued by the secretary of the ministry. These passports were in a form of sheet paper. The booklet form of the passport was issued in the 1960s. It is estimated that about 1 lakh passport was issued in sheet paper form. [4] Up to 2052 BS, all passports were issued in Kathmandu only. This was changed in 2052 BS to issue a passport from five development regions as per government's policy of decentralization.[5]

Machine readable passport (MRP)

As a member of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Nepal was obliged to issue machine-readable passports (MRP) after 2010. Nepal stopped issuing hand-written passports on 31 March 2010.

MRP information page
MRP information page

Electronic passport

On 17 November 2021, the first electronic passport, or e-passport was introduced and Nepalese writer Satya Mohan Joshi was the first to receive the e-passport.[6][7]

Other forms of passport

All traditional hand written passports were honoured as a bona fide travel document issued by the Nepalese Government until 24 November 2015. All traditional passports are withdrawn from circulation as of November 2015.

Design

Each passport contains a note in English from the foreign ministry that is addressed to the authorities of all other states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of that state and requesting that he or she be allowed to pass and be treated according to international norms. The note inside Nepalese passport says:

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs request and require in the name of Government of Nepal all those whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance, and to afford him or her every assistance and protection of which he or she may stand in need of.

Current e-passport contains the following data:

Types of passports

There are 4 different types of passports issued by the government of Nepal. These are ordinary, official, diplomatic and travel documents. These passports are distinguished by their cover. The cover of ordinary e-passports is chocolate-brown. Diplomatic e-passports have a crimson-red cover, official e-passports navy-blue, and peacekeepers' e-passports are tiger-orange colour. [8]

Issuence of passport

Fees

As of 2022, an ordinary e-passports is issued for NPR 5,000 (adult 34 pages), NPR 10,000 (adult 66 pages), NPR 12,000 (Fast track service, 34 pages), NPR 20,000 (Fast track service, 66 pages). [9] Applicants for Nepalese passports are required to pay the authorised passport issuing office a sum of NPR 15000 or NPR 12,000 for issuance of passport on same day of application or for the day after the day of application respectively. Or, the sum of 10,000.00 (US $90.76 As of 15 July 2019) as fees for an Ordinary passport for urgent processing which takes 3–4 business day and NPR 5,000 for normal processing. Urgent processing is done by the ministry of foreign affairs and takes 2 to 3 days. Normal processing takes around 4 weeks but sometime it may take up to 6 weeks and is done from the Chief District officer's office. However, the Official and the Diplomatic passports are exempted from fees.[10][11]

Validity period

The passports are valid for 10 years from the date of issue and are issued by the Central Passport Office, District Administration Office in all 77 district headquarters as well as Nepalese Embassy's and Consulates abroad. However, as per new regulation, validity is for 5 years in case of minor under 10 years of age.

Visa requirements

Main article: Visa requirements for Nepalese citizens

Countries and territories with visa-free entries or visas on arrival for holders of regular Nepalese passports.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Nepal  Visa-free  Visa on arrival  Electronic authorization or eVisa  Visa available both on arrival or online  Visa required
Countries and territories with visa-free entries or visas on arrival for holders of regular Nepalese passports
  Nepal
  Visa-free
  Visa on arrival
  Electronic authorization or eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

In 2016, Nepalese citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 38 countries and territories, ranking the Nepalese passport 98th in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index. Passports are not needed by citizens of India and Nepal to travel within each other's country by land or by air, but some identification may be required for border crossing or at the airport.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Passport Pre-Enrollement – NEPAL". Emrtds.nepalpassport.gov.np. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  2. ^ "Passport Pre-Enrollement – NEPAL". Emrtds.nepalpassport.gov.np. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  3. ^ "Passport Pre-Enrollement – NEPAL". Emrtds.nepalpassport.gov.np. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  4. ^ a b "मृत्युदण्ड दिने वेलाको त्यो राहदानी: तस्वीरले होइन, वर्णले चिनाइन्थे मानिस". Himal Khabar. Retrieved 25 June 2022.
  5. ^ "राहदानीमा सरकारको 'व्यापार'". Himal Khabar. Retrieved 25 June 2022.
  6. ^ Giri, Anil (17 November 2021). "Nepal to start issuing e-passports from today". The Kathmandu Post. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  7. ^ "E-passports to be issued from today". My Republica. 17 November 2021. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  8. ^ "Nepal to start issuing e-passports from today".
  9. ^ "Passport Pre-Enrollement – NEPAL". Emrtds.nepalpassport.gov.np. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  10. ^ "Department of Passport, MOFA, Nepal". 2012. Archived from the original on 7 August 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  11. ^ "Requirements to apply for a new passport". Embassy of Nepal – Washington DC. 2011. Archived from the original on 10 December 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2011.