This article lists successive British governments, also referred to as ministries, from the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707, continuing through the duration of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1922, and since then dealing with those of the present-day United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Guide to the list

See also: List of prime ministers of the United Kingdom § From 1721

"Ministry" refers collectively to all the ministers of a government, including cabinet members and junior ministers alike. Only the Civil Service is considered outside of the ministry. While the term was in common parlance in the 19th and early 20th centuries, it has become rarer, except in official and academic uses.[1] Both Australia and Canada have inherited the term and continue to use it. It is perhaps in more common use in those countries, which both have official catalogues of their respective ministries, whereas Britain has no such catalogue.[2][3]

Articles listed by ministry contain information on the term(s) of one prime minister. Articles listed by political party contain information on the ministries of multiple consecutive prime ministers of the same political party. Prior to the 20th century, the leader of the British government held the title of First Lord of the Treasury, and not that of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Therefore, the list below refers to the "Head of Government" and not the "Prime Minister". Even so, the leader of a government was often colloquially referred to as the "prime minister", beginning in the 18th century. Modern-day prime ministers generally still hold the office of First Lord of the Treasury.[4]

Ministries

Colour key:   Whig     Tory     Conservative     Peelite     Liberal     Labour     National Labour     Liberal Democrats  
Dates Government Precipitating event(s)[nb 1] Head Governing party Monarch
1 May 1707 – 8 Aug 1710 Godolphin–Marlborough ministry The Duke of Marlborough Tory Whig Anne
16 Nov 1710 – Sep 1714 Harley ministry Robert Harley[nb 2] Tory
Sep 1714 – 1717 Townshend ministry The Viscount Townshend Whig George I
1717 – 1718 First Stanhope–Sunderland ministry [data unknown/missing] The Earl Stanhope
1718 – Feb 1721 Second Stanhope–Sunderland ministry [data unknown/missing]
3 Apr 1721 – 16 May 1730 Walpole–Townshend ministry
Robert Walpole[nb 3]
1727 general election George II
16 May 1730 – 11 Feb 1742 Walpole ministry
12 Feb 1742 – 24 Nov 1744 Carteret ministry 1742 vote of no confidence in the Walpole ministry The Earl of Wilmington
Death of Wilmington (2 Jul 1743) Henry Pelham
24 Nov 1744 – 10 Feb 1746 First Broad Bottom ministry [data unknown/missing]
10 Feb 1746 – 6 Mar 1754 Second Broad Bottom ministry[nb 4]
16 Mar 1754 – 11 Nov 1756 First Newcastle ministry
The Duke of Newcastle
Nov 1756 – Apr 1757 Pitt–Devonshire ministry [data unknown/missing] The Duke of Devonshire
Apr 1757 – Jun 1757 1757 caretaker ministry Dismissal of Pitt Whig (caretaker)
27 Jun 1757 – 26 May 1762 Pitt–Newcastle ministry
  • Pitt reappointed
  • Accession of George III (25 Oct 1760)
The Duke of Newcastle Whig
George III
1761 – 1762 Bute–Newcastle coalition
Tory Whig
1762 – 1763 Bute ministry Resignation of Newcastle The Earl of Bute
16 Apr 1763 – 13 Jul 1765 Grenville ministry [data unknown/missing] George Grenville
13 Jul 1765 – 30 Jul 1766 First Rockingham ministry [data unknown/missing] The Marquess of Rockingham Whig
30 Jul 1766 – 14 Oct 1768 Chatham ministry The Earl of Chatham Whig Tory
14 Oct 1768 – 28 Jan 1770 Grafton ministry [data unknown/missing] The Duke of Grafton
28 Jan 1770 – 27 Mar 1782 North ministry [data unknown/missing] Lord North Tory Whig
Tory
27 Mar 1782 – 1 Jul 1782 Second Rockingham ministry [data unknown/missing] The Marquess of Rockingham Whig
4 Jul 1782 – 26 Mar 1783 Shelburne ministry Fall of the North ministry and death of Rockingham The Earl of Shelburne Whig Tory
2 Apr 1783 – 18 Dec 1783 Fox–North coalition [data unknown/missing] The Duke of Portland
19 Dec 1783 – 14 Mar 1801 First Pitt ministry [data unknown/missing] William Pitt the Younger Tory (minority)
Tory
Tory Whig
17 Mar 1801 – 10 May 1804 Addington ministry
Henry Addington Tory
10 May 1804 – 23 Jan 1806 Second Pitt ministry [data unknown/missing] William Pitt the Younger
11 Feb 1806 – 31 Mar 1807 Ministry of All the Talents
The Lord Grenville Whig Tory
31 Mar 1807 – 4 Oct 1809 Second Portland ministry [data unknown/missing] The Duke of Portland Tory (minority)
1807 general election Tory
4 Oct 1809 – 11 May 1812 Perceval ministry [data unknown/missing] Spencer Perceval
8 Jun 1812 – 9 Apr 1827 Liverpool ministry The Earl of Liverpool
George IV
Apr 1827 – Aug 1827 Canning ministry Cerebral haemorrhage of Liverpool George Canning Canningite Tories Whig
Sep 1827 – Jan 1828 Goderich ministry Death of Canning The Viscount Goderich
22 Jan 1828 – 16 Nov 1830 Wellington–Peel ministry
The Duke of Wellington Tory
William IV
1830 general election Tory (minority)
15 Nov 1830 – Jul 1834 Grey ministry Defeat of the Wellington–Peel ministry The Earl Grey Whig (minority)
Whig
Jul 1834 – Nov 1834 First Melbourne ministry [data unknown/missing] The Viscount Melbourne
14 Nov 1834 – 10 Dec 1834 Wellington caretaker ministry Melbourne was dismissed and Peel, who was to be appointed, was out of the country. The Duke of Wellington Tory (caretaker)
10 Dec 1834 – 8 Apr 1835 First Peel ministry Appointed to lead a short-lived Conservative minority. Robert Peel Conservative (minority)
Apr 1835 – Sep 1841 Second Melbourne ministry The Viscount Melbourne Whig
Victoria
30 Aug 1841 – 29 Jun 1846 Second Peel ministry 1841 general election Robert Peel Conservative
Jul 1846 – Feb 1852 First Russell ministry Lord John Russell Whig (minority)
28 Feb 1852 – 17 Dec 1852 Who? Who? ministry Fall of the Whig government The Earl of Derby Conservative (minority)
1852 – 1852 1852 general election Conservative
19 Dec 1852 – 30 Jan 1855 Aberdeen ministry [data unknown/missing] The Earl of Aberdeen Coalition (minority)
6 Feb 1855 – 1857 First Palmerston ministry [data unknown/missing] The Viscount Palmerston Whig (minority)
1857 – 19 Feb 1858 1857 general election Whig
20 Feb 1858 – 11 Jun 1859 Second Derby–Disraeli ministry [data unknown/missing] The Earl of Derby Conservative (minority)
12 Jun 1859 – 18 Oct 1865 Second Palmerston ministry The Viscount Palmerston Liberal
18 Oct 1865 – 26 Jun 1866 Second Russell ministry [data unknown/missing] The Earl Russell
28 Jun 1866 – 27 Feb 1868 Third Derby–Disraeli ministry [data unknown/missing] The Earl of Derby Conservative (minority)
27 Feb 1868 – 1 Dec 1868 Resignation of Derby due to ill health Benjamin Disraeli
3 Dec 1868 – 17 Feb 1874 First Gladstone ministry 1868 general election William Ewart Gladstone Liberal
20 Feb 1874 – 21 Apr 1880 Second Disraeli ministry 1874 general election Benjamin Disraeli[nb 5] Conservative
23 Apr 1880 – 9 Jun 1885 Second Gladstone ministry 1880 general election William Ewart Gladstone Liberal
23 Jun 1885 – 28 Jan 1886 First Salisbury ministry The Marquess of Salisbury Conservative (caretaker)[nb 6]
1 Feb 1886 – 20 Jul 1886 Third Gladstone ministry First Salisbury defeat William Ewart Gladstone Liberal (minority)
25 Jul 1886 – 11 Aug 1892 Second Salisbury ministry The Marquess of Salisbury Conservative (minority) Liberal Unionist
15 Aug 1892 – 2 Mar 1894 Fourth Gladstone ministry 1892 vote of no confidence in the Salisbury ministry William Ewart Gladstone Liberal (minority)
5 Mar 1894 – 22 Jun 1895 Rosebery ministry Resignation of Gladstone over the rejection of his Home Rule Bill The Earl of Rosebery
25 Jun 1895 – 24 Oct 1900 Third Salisbury ministry [data unknown/missing] The Marquess of Salisbury Conservative (minority)
1895 general election Conservative (minority) Liberal Unionist
24 Oct 1900 – 11 Jul 1902 Fourth Salisbury ministry
Edward VII
12 Jul 1902 – 4 Dec 1905 Balfour ministry [data unknown/missing] Arthur Balfour
5 Dec 1905 – 1906 Campbell-Bannerman ministry [data unknown/missing] Henry Campbell-Bannerman Liberal (minority)
1906 – 5 Apr 1908 1906 general election Liberal
5 Apr 1908 – 9 Feb 1910 First Asquith ministry [data unknown/missing] H. H. Asquith
9 Feb 1910 – 19 Dec 1910 Second Asquith ministry January 1910 general election Liberal (minority) George V
19 Dec 1910 – 25 May 1915 Third Asquith ministry December 1910 general election
25 May 1915 – 5 Dec 1916 Asquith coalition ministry [data unknown/missing] Coalition
6 Dec 1916 – 14 Dec 1918 Lloyd George war ministry [data unknown/missing] David Lloyd George
14 Dec 1918 – 19 Oct 1922 Second Lloyd George ministry 1918 general election
23 Oct 1922 – 20 May 1923 Law ministry Bonar Law Conservative
22 May 1923 – 22 Jan 1924 First Baldwin ministry Stanley Baldwin
22 Jan 1924 – 4 Nov 1924 First MacDonald ministry Defeat of the Baldwin ministry Ramsay MacDonald Labour (minority)
4 Nov 1924 – 4 Jun 1929 Second Baldwin ministry Stanley Baldwin Conservative
5 Jun 1929 – 24 Aug 1931 Second MacDonald ministry 1929 Lib–Lab pact Ramsay MacDonald Labour (minority)
24 Aug 1931 – 27 Oct 1931 First National Government [data unknown/missing] National
27 Oct 1931 – 7 Jun 1935 Second National Government 1931 general election
7 Jun 1935 – 28 May 1937 Third National Government
Stanley Baldwin
Edward VIII
George VI
28 May 1937 – 3 Sep 1939 Fourth National Government Resignation of Baldwin Neville Chamberlain
3 Sep 1939 – 10 May 1940 Chamberlain war ministry Restructing for World War II
10 May 1940 – 23 May 1945 Churchill war ministry Fall of Chamberlain after the Norway Debate Winston Churchill Coalition
23 May 1945 – 26 Jul 1945 Churchill caretaker ministry Coalition broke up over whether it should remain through Japanese defeat in World War II National (caretaker)
26 Jul 1945 – 23 Feb 1950 First Attlee ministry 1945 general election Clement Attlee Labour
23 Feb 1950 – 26 Oct 1951 Second Attlee ministry 1950 general election
26 Oct 1951 – 5 Apr 1955 Third Churchill ministry
Winston Churchill Conservative
Elizabeth II
6 Apr 1955 – 9 Jan 1957 Eden ministry
Anthony Eden
9 Jan 1957 – 8 Oct 1959 First Macmillan ministry [data unknown/missing] Harold Macmillan
8 Oct 1959 – 18 Oct 1963 Second Macmillan ministry 1959 general election
19 Oct 1963 – 16 Oct 1964 Douglas-Home ministry [data unknown/missing] Alec Douglas-Home[nb 7]
16 Oct 1964 – 31 Mar 1966 First Wilson ministry 1964 general election Harold Wilson Labour
31 Mar 1966 – 19 Jun 1970 Second Wilson ministry 1966 general election
19 Jun 1970 – 4 Mar 1974 Heath ministry 1970 general election Edward Heath Conservative
February 1974 general election Conservative (caretaker)[nb 6]
4 Mar 1974 – 5 Apr 1976 Third Wilson ministry Failure of the Heath ministry Harold Wilson Labour (minority)
Fourth Wilson ministry October 1974 general election Labour
5 Apr 1976 – 4 May 1979 Callaghan ministry 1976 Labour Party leadership election James Callaghan
1977 Lib–Lab pact (Mar 1977) Labour (minority)
4 May 1979 – 10 Jun 1983 First Thatcher ministry 1979 general election Margaret Thatcher Conservative
10 Jun 1983 – 11 Jun 1987 Second Thatcher ministry 1983 general election
11 Jun 1987 – 28 Nov 1990 Third Thatcher ministry 1987 general election
28 Nov 1990 – 10 Apr 1992 First Major ministry 1990 Conservative Party leadership election John Major
10 Apr 1992 – 13 Dec 1996 Second Major ministry 1992 general election
13 Dec 1996 – 2 May 1997 1996 Barnsley East by-election Conservative (minority)
2 May 1997 – 8 Jun 2001 First Blair ministry 1997 general election Tony Blair Labour
8 Jun 2001 – 6 May 2005 Second Blair ministry 2001 general election
6 May 2005 – 27 Jun 2007 Third Blair ministry 2005 general election
28 Jun 2007 – 11 May 2010 Brown ministry Resignation of Blair and 2007 Labour Party leadership election Gordon Brown
2010 general election Labour (caretaker)[nb 6]
11 May 2010 – 8 May 2015 Cameron–Clegg coalition 2010 government formation David Cameron Conservative Liberal Democrat
8 May 2015 – 13 Jul 2016 Second Cameron ministry 2015 general election Conservative
13 Jul 2016 – 8 Jun 2017 First May ministry 2016 Conservative Party leadership election Theresa May
8 Jun 2017 – 11 Jun 2017 2017 general election Conservative (caretaker)[nb 6]
11 Jun 2017 – 24 Jul 2019 Second May ministry Conservative–DUP agreement Conservative (minority)
24 Jul 2019 – 16 Dec 2019 First Johnson ministry 2019 Conservative Party leadership election Boris Johnson
16 Dec 2019 – present Second Johnson ministry 2019 general election Conservative

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Appointment, general elections, Act, etc.
  2. ^ From 1711 he was Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer.
  3. ^ From 1742 he was Earl of Orford.
  4. ^ In 1746 the Earl of Bath formed a short-lived ministry. He was ultimately unsuccessful, and is not gradually included in lists of British prime ministers.
  5. ^ From 1876 he was Earl of Beaconsfield (and Viscount Hughenden).
  6. ^ a b c d The incumbent government briefly continues in an acting capacity, due to the election producing a hung parliament.
  7. ^ For the first five days of his ministry, until he had renounced his peerage, Douglas-Home was known as the Earl of Home.

Notes

References

  1. ^ Wilding & Laundy n.d. icon of an open green padlock
  2. ^ Part 6 – Historical information on the Australian Parliament (PDF), Parliament of Australia, 31 October 2014, retrieved 6 March 2017
  3. ^ Ministers of the Crown, Parliament of Canada, retrieved 4 May 2012
  4. ^ "First Lord of the Treasury", gov.uk, UK Government, archived from the original on 20 May 2013, retrieved 3 September 2017

Bibliography