Queen and Empress Victoria

Queen Victoria was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Empire from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. At the start of her reign, responsible government outside of the United Kingdom itself was unknown, but starting in the 1840s this would change.

During her reign Victoria was served by well over 33 prime ministers: 15 from New Zealand, 10 from the United Kingdom, 7 from the Dominion of Canada and 1 from Australia.

Australia

Commonwealth of Australia
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office
Electoral mandates
Party Ministry
Edmund Barton crop.PNG
The Right Honourable
Sir Edmund Barton
GCMG MP KC

(1849–1920)
1 January
1901
24 September
1903
Protectionist Barton
1901

Canada

Pre-Confederation

Further information: List of Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada

New Brunswick

Premiers of the Colony of New Brunswick (1854–1867)
CharlesFisher23.jpg
1st Charles Fisher[1]
(1st time of 2)
1 November 1854
May 1856
16th Elected June 1854
John Hamilton Gray.jpg
2nd John Hamilton Gray[2] 21 June 1856
June 1857
17th Elected 24 June 1856
CharlesFisher23.jpg
Charles Fisher[1]
(2nd time of 2)
1 June 1857
19 March 1861
18th Elected 8 May 1857
Resigned 19 March 1861
Samuel Leonard Tilley 1864.jpg
3rd Samuel Leonard Tilley 19 March 1861
March 1865
Designated 19 March 1861
19th Elected 6 June 1861
Albert James Smith.jpg
4th Albert James Smith[3]
(Anti-Confederation, unofficially)
21 September 1865
14 April 1866
20th Elected 24 June 1865
Resigned 14 April 1866
Peter Mitchell.jpg
5th Peter Mitchell[4]
(Confederation Party, unofficially)
14 April 1866
August 1867
Designated 14 April 1866
21st
...
Elected May 1866
Resigned August 1867

Newfoundland

Philip Francis Little1st premier of Newfoundland
Philip Francis Little
1st premier of
Newfoundland
Premiers of the Colony of Newfoundland (1854–1901)
Philip Francis Little 7 May 1855 15 July 1858
John Kent 16 July 1858 March 1861
Hugh Hoyles March 1861 March 1865
Frederick Carter 1 April 1865 14 February 1870
Charles Fox Bennett February 1870 1874
Frederick Carter 31 January 1874 1 April 1878
William Whiteway 1 April 1878 12 October 1885
Robert Thorburn 12 October 1885 December 1889
Whiteway December 1889 April 1894
Augustus F. Goodridge April 1894 12 December 1894
Daniel Joseph Greene December 1894 1895
William Whiteway 1895 1897
James Spearman Winter 1897 15 March 1900
Robert Bond 15 March 1900 22 January 1901

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia became the very first colony to have permanent responsible government in the history of the British Empire.

  Confederation Party   Nova Scotia Liberal Party   Nova Scotia New Democratic Party   Progressive Conservative Association of Nova Scotia

Premiers of the Colony of Nova Scotia (1848–1867)
Premier
(party)
Period Assembly Length of tenure
James Boyle Uniacke.jpg
1st James Boyle Uniacke
(Liberal)
2 February 1848
3 April 1854
18th[N 1] 6 years, 60 days
19th
Hall-WilliamYoung.jpg
2nd William Young
(Liberal)
(1st of 2 non-consecutive terms)
4 April 1854
20 February 1857
2 years, 322 days
20th
James William Johnston.jpg
3rd James William Johnston
(Conservative)
(1st of 2 non-consecutive terms)
24 February 1857
7 February 1860
2 years, 348 days
22nd[N 2]
Hall-WilliamYoung.jpg
William Young
(Liberal)
(2nd of 2 non-consecutive terms)
10 February 1860
3 August 1860
175 days
Joehowe.JPG
4th Joseph Howe
(Liberal)
3 August 1860
5 June 1863
2 years, 306 days
James William Johnston.jpg
James William Johnston
(Conservative)
(2nd of 2 non-consecutive terms)
11 June 1863
11 May 1864
23rd 335 days
Sir charles tupper.jpg
5th Charles Tupper
(Confederation Party)
11 May 1864
3 July 1867
3 years, 53 days

Became part of Canada in 1867

Prince Edward Island

Colony of Prince Edward Island (1851–1873)
George Coles.jpg
1st George Coles
(Liberal)
(1st time of 3)
24 April 1851
1854
... Designated 24 April 1851
John Holl.jpg
2nd John Holl
(Conservative)
1854
1855
19th
20th
...
Elected 1854
Re-elected 1854
Resigned 1855
George Coles.jpg
George Coles
(Liberal)
(2nd time of 3)
1855
1859
... Designated 1855
Edward Palmer.jpg
3rd Edward Palmer
(Conservative)
1859
1863
21st Elected 1859
John Hamilton Gray (1811-1887).jpg
4th John Hamilton Gray
(Conservative)
1863
1865
22nd
...
Elected 1863
Resigned 1865
JamesColledgePope.jpg
5th James Colledge Pope
(Conservative)
(1st time of 2)
1865
1867
... Designated 1865
George Coles.jpg
George Coles
(Liberal)
(3rd time of 3)
1867
1869
23rd
24th
...
Elected 1867
Re-elected 1867
Resigned 1869
Joseph Hensliey.jpg
6th Joseph Hensley
(Liberal)
1869
1869
...
...
Designated 1869
Resigned 1869
Robert Poore Haythorne.jpg
7th Robert Poore Haythorne
(Liberal)
(1st time of 2)
1869
1870
...
...
Designated 1869
Resigned 1870
JamesColledgePope.jpg
James Colledge Pope
(Conservative)
(2nd time of 2)
1870
1872
...
25th
...
Designated 1870
Re-elected 1871 to a coalition
Resigned 1872
Robert Poore Haythorne.jpg
Robert Poore Haythorne
(Liberal)
(2nd time of 2)
1872
April 1873
... Designated 1872 to a coalition

Became Part of Canada in 1873

Post-Confederation 1867-1901

Canada
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office
Electoral mandates
Party Ministry
Sir John A. Macdonald square.png
John A. Macdonald
(1815–1891)
1 July
1867
5 November
1873
Liberal-Conservative 1st
1867 · 1872
Alexander mackenzie.jpg
Alexander Mackenzie
(1822–1892)
7 November
1873
8 October
1878
Liberal 2nd
1874
Sir John A. Macdonald square.png
John A. Macdonald
(1815–1891)
17 October
1878
6 June
1891
Liberal-Conservative 3rd
1878 · 1882 · 1887 · 1891
Sir John Abbott square.png
John Abbott
(1821–1893)
16 June
1891
24 November
1892
Liberal-Conservative 4th
Sir John S.D. Thompson.jpg
John Thompson
(1845–1894)
5 December
1892
12 December
1894
Liberal-Conservative 5th
Sir Mackenzie Bowell square.png
Mackenzie Bowell
(1823–1917)
21 December
1894
27 April
1896
Conservative
(historical)
6th
Charles Tupper face.JPG
Charles Tupper
(1821–1915)
1 May
1896
8 July
1896
Conservative
(historical)
7th
The Honourable Sir Wilfrid Laurier Photo C (HS85-10-16873) - tight crop.jpg
Wilfrid Laurier
(1841–1919)
11 July
1896
6 October
1911
Liberal 8th
1896 · 1900 · 1904 · 1908

Cape Colony

Prime Minister Cecil John Rhodes
Prime Minister Cecil John Rhodes
Colony of the Cape of Good Hope
No. Portrait Name Term of office Party
1
John Charles Molteno.png
Sir John Charles Molteno 1 December
1872
5 February
1878
Independent
2
SirJohnGordonSprigg.jpg
Sir John Gordon Sprigg 6 February
1878
8 May
1881
Independent
3
Prime Minister Thomas C Scanlen.jpg
Thomas Charles Scanlen 9 May
1881
12 May
1884
Independent
4
Cape Premier Thomas Upington - Ht Volksblad 1883 WH Schroder.png
Thomas Upington 13 May
1884
24 November
1886
Independent
SirJohnGordonSprigg.jpg
Sir John Gordon Sprigg 25 November
1886
16 July
1890
Independent
5
Cecil Rhodes ww.jpg
Cecil John Rhodes 17 July
1890
12 January
1896
Independent
SirJohnGordonSprigg.jpg
Sir John Gordon Sprigg 13 January
1896
13 October
1898
Independent
6
William Philip Schreiner00.jpg
William Philip Schreiner 13 October
1898
17 June
1900
Independent
SirJohnGordonSprigg.jpg
Sir John Gordon Sprigg 18 June
1900
21 February
1904
Progressive

New Zealand

Henry Sewell, 1860 cropped.jpg
Henry Sewell 7 May 1856 – 20 May 1856
Sir William Fox, ca 1890.jpg
William Fox 20 May 1856–2 June 1856
12 July 1861–6 August 1862
28 June 1869–10 September 1872
3 March 1873 – 8 April 1873
Edward William Stafford.jpg
Edward Stafford 2 June 1856–12 July 1861
16 October 1865–28 June 1869
10 September 1872 – 11 October 1872
Alfred Domett.jpg
Alfred Domett 6 August 1862 – 30 October 1863
Frederick Whitaker.jpg
Frederick Whitaker 30 October 1863 – 24 November 1864
Frederick Weld.jpg
Frederick Weld 24 November 1864–16 October 1865
21 April 1882 – 25 September 1883
George Marsden Waterhouse.jpg
George Waterhouse 11 October 1872 – 3 March 1873
Julius Vogel, ca 1870s.jpg
Julius Vogel 8 April 1873–6 July 1875
15 February 1876 – 1 September 1876
Daniel Pollen, ca 1873.jpg
Daniel Pollen 6 July 1875 – 15 February 1876
Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, ca 1885.jpg
Harry Atkinson 1 September 1876–13 October 1877
25 September 1883–16 August 1884
28 August 1884–3 September 1884
8 October 1887 – 24 January 1891
George Grey, 1885.jpg
George Grey 13 October 1877 – 8 October 1879
Sir John Hall, ca 1880.jpg
John Hall 8 October 1879 – 21 April 1882
Robert Stout, 1885.jpg
Robert Stout 16 August 1884–28 August 1884
3 September 1884 – 8 October 1887
John Ballance 1880.jpg
John Ballance 24 January 1891 – 27 April 1893
Richard Seddon, 1903.jpg
Richard Seddon 27 April 1893 – 22 January 1901

United Kingdom

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, painted by John Partridge.jpg
William Lamb
The Viscount Melbourne
20 June 1837 – 30 August 1841
Robert Peel.jpg
Sir Robert Peel 30 August 1841 – 29 June 1846
Lord john russell.jpg
Lord John Russell 30 June 1846 – 21 February 1852
29 October 1865 – 26 June 1866
14th Earl of Derby.jpg
Edward Smith-Stanley
The Earl of Derby
23 February 1852 – 17 December 1852
20 February 1858 – 11 June 1859
28 June 1866 – 25 February 1868
4th Earl of Aberdeen.jpg
George Hamilton-Gordon
The Earl of Aberdeen
19 December 1852 – 30 January 1855
Palmerston.jpg
Henry John Temple
The Viscount Palmerston
6 February 1855 – 19 February 1858
12 June 1859 – 18 October 1865
Disraeli.jpg
Benjamin Disraeli 27 February 1868 – 1 December 1868
20 February 1874 – 21 April 1880
Gladstone.jpg
William Ewart Gladstone 3 December 1868 – 17 February 1874
23 April 1880 – 9 June 1885
1 February 1886 – 20 July 1886
15 August 1892 – 2 March 1894
3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
The Marquess of Salisbury
23 June 1885 – 28 January 1886
25 July 1886 – 11 August 1892
25 June 1895 – 22 January 1901
RoseberyMillais - 2.png
Archibald Primrose
The Earl of Rosebery
5 March 1894 – 22 June 1895

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Fisher, Charles (Hon.)" (PDF). Government of New Brunswick. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
  2. ^ "John Hamilton Gray" (PDF). Government of New Brunswick. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Albert J. Smith" (PDF). Government of New Brunswick. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
  4. ^ "Peter Mitchell" (PDF). Government of New Brunswick. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
  1. ^ Before Nova Scotia had its own system of responsible government, 17 assemblies had already existed.
  2. ^ There was no 21st Assembly. Due to an error made in 1860, the 21st Assembly was referred to as the 22nd, and this mistake has been perpetuated in the numbering of future assemblies.