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Victoria in a Punch cartoon, 1876

Queen Victoria has been portrayed or referenced many times.


In 1937 Lord Chamberlain the Earl of Cromer ruled that no British sovereign may be portrayed on the British stage until 100 years after his or her accession. For this reason, Laurence Housman's play Victoria Regina (1935), which had earlier appeared at the Gate Theatre Studio in London with Pamela Stanley in the title role, could not have its British premiere until the centenary of Queen Victoria's accession, 20 June 1937. This was a Sunday, so the new premiere took place the next day, at the Lyric Theatre. Pamela Stanley reprised the title role at Housman's request, and Carl Esmond played Prince Albert.[1] The play later appeared on Broadway, where Helen Hayes portrayed the Queen, with Vincent Price in the role of Prince Albert.

Vaughan Wilkins' novel And So-Victoria (1937) focuses on Victoria's life.[2]

Queen Victoria appears in Alan Moore and Eddie Campbell's graphic novel From Hell, where she is depicted as instigating the Whitechapel murders.

A Royal Diaries book was written, documenting her childhood between 1829 and 1830: Victoria, May Blossom of Britannia by Anna Kirwan.

The Victorian age is experienced through the eyes of the fictional Morland family in The Abyss, The Hidden Shore, The Winter Journey, The Outcast, The Mirage, The Cause, The Homecoming and The Question, Volumes 18–25 respectively of The Morland Dynasty, a series of historical novels by author Cynthia Harrod-Eagles. One of the characters becomes Victoria's devoted lady-in-waiting.

Cynthia Harrod-Eagles also wrote I Victoria, a fictional autobiography of Queen Victoria.

There is a Sanskrit poem named Cakravarttini gunamanimala, written by T. Ganapati Sastri on Queen Victoria.[3]

Another Sanskrit poem, titled Victoria Carita Sangraha, was written by scholar Keralavarman on the occasion of the Golden Jubilee of the coronation of Queen Victoria.[4]

Although she did not live to see the Victorian age, Letitia Elizabeth Landon (L. E. L.) wrote a number of poetic tributes to the young princess and queen. These are:


On screen, Victoria has been portrayed by:

She also makes appearances in Around the World in 80 Days (in which a newspaper detailing Phileas Fogg's progress is taken to the Queen, and what is presumably the royal hand is seen eagerly taking it up), in the 2004 anime movie Steamboy, inaugurating The Great Exhibition, and in the 2013 Oggy and the Cockroaches: The Movie. The 1941 Nazi film Ohm Krüger notoriously portrays her as a whisky-soaked drunk.[15] Her daughter-in-law, the Princess of Wales, reads a letter from Victoria to London Hospital governors, showing her concern for John Merrick, in the 1980 film The Elephant Man.


On television, Victoria has been portrayed by:

Monty Python's Flying Circus portrays Queen Victoria as a slapstick prankster and includes a sketch in which she says "We are not amused" in German accented English. Another Monty Python sketch contains a footrace in which all the contestants are dressed as Queen Victoria.

In a series of sketches portraying the Phantom Raspberry Blower, the Two Ronnies dress an entire squad of policemen as Queen Victoria to act as body doubles for protection from the PRB.

In the 2006 series of Doctor Who, Queen Victoria appears in the episode "Tooth and Claw", where she is played by Pauline Collins. In the episode, set in 1879, she is threatened by a werewolf that wants to infect her and take control of her empire. It is suggested that a scratch from the werewolf is the source of haemophilia in many of her descendants. Rose Tyler makes a bet with the Doctor for £10 that she can get the Queen to say "We are not amused". At the episode's conclusion, she founds the Torchwood Institute, an integral feature of the spin-off series Torchwood, with various (fictional) speeches and proclamations by her available on the Torchwood Institute website. An image of Collins as Victoria was later displayed prominently in the 2017 episode "Empress of Mars", set during the later years of Victoria's reign (coincidentally, the episode guest-starred Ferdinand Kingsley, who at the time was co-starring with Jenna Coleman in the ITV series based on Victoria's life). In 2008, the Doctor's former companion Sarah Jane Smith, notes Her Majesty's awareness of aliens in The Sarah Jane Adventures episode, "Enemy of the Bane", to which her young apprentice Rani Chandra responds, "I'll bet she wasn't amused."

The BBC series Blackadder Goes Forth, set in World War I, alludes humorously to Queen Victoria's heritage. Captain Blackadder interrogates Captain Kevin Darling whom he suspects to be a German spy. Captain Darling claims that he is "as British as Queen Victoria", to which Captain Blackadder replies: "So your father's German, you're half German and you married a German?"


Main article: List of statues of Queen Victoria

Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll's statue of Queen Victoria at Kensington Palace
Statue of Queen Victoria in front of the Queen Victoria Building in Sydney, Australia
Queen Victoria Square and statue Sturt Street, Ballarat
Statue of Victoria by Louis-Philippe Hébert on Parliament Hill. Ottawa, Canada.

One of Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll's works as a sculptor is her marble statue of her mother at Kensington Palace, and a bronze version erected in front of the Royal Victoria College, McGill University in Montreal.[16]

The prominent Victoria Memorial stands in Kolkata (Calcutta), and in Bangalore the statue of the Queen stands at the beginning of MG Road, one of the city's major roads.[17] In the town of Cape Coast, Ghana, a bust of the Queen presides, rather forlornly, over a small park where goats graze around her.[18] In Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, a statue toward the harbour from the centre of Kent and Cambridge Terraces. There is also a Queen Victoria Statue in the heart of Valletta, Malta's capital.

Victoria Jubilee Town Hall in Trivandrum is still one of city's most sought after theatres for live entertainment and is considered a prestigious landmark by both locals and tourists alike.

In Hong Kong, a statue of Queen Victoria is located on the east side of Victoria Park in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong Island. The statue once sat in Statue Square in Central but was removed and sent to Tokyo to be destroyed at the time of Japanese occupation of the territory, during World War II. With Japan's defeat and subsequent retreat in 1945, The United Kingdom recovered Hong Kong, and the statue was retrieved and placed in the park.

In Pietermaritzburg, capital of the South African province of KwaZulu Natal, formerly the British colony of Natal before formation of the Union of South Africa, there is a statue of Victoria in front of the provincial legislature building, the former parliament building of the colony of Natal. There is also a statue of Queen Victoria in front of the South African Parliament.

Most of the large cities in Australia that prospered during the Victorian era feature prominent statues of Queen Victoria. Sydney, the capital city of New South Wales has several. There is one statue (re-sited from the forecourt of the Irish Parliament building in Dublin) dominating the southern entrance to the Queen Victoria Building that was named in her honour in 1898. Another Sydney statue of Queen Victoria stands in the forecourt of the Federal Court of Australia building on Macquarie Street, looking across the road to a statue of her husband, inscribed "Albert the Good". In Melbourne, the capital of Victoria, the Queen Victoria Gardens named after her also features a large memorial statue in marble and granite. In Perth, capital city of Western Australia a marble statue stands in King's Park overlooking the city. In Adelaide, capital city of the state of South Australia, the Queen Victoria Square, named after her also has a large statue of her.[19] In Brisbane, capital city of the state of Queensland, there is a statue of her in Queens Square, also named for her;.[20] Ballarat, a boomtown in Victoria has a statue of Queen Victoria in the main street directly opposite its town hall. A small bust of the Queen is in the Queen Victoria Gardens in Burnt Pine, the largest town in the Australian territory of Norfolk Island.

Statues erected to Victoria are common in Canada, where her reign included the original confederation of the country and the addition of three more provinces and two territories. A bas-relief image of Victoria is on the wall of the entrance to the Canadian Parliament, and her statue is in the Parliamentary library as well as on the grounds.[21]

Musical theatre

In 1972 Charles Strouse wrote a musical, I and Albert,[22] which was presented in the West End at the Piccadilly Theatre on 6 November 1972. The musical was not a success and did not transfer as planned to Broadway. It remains notable chiefly as Sarah Brightman's stage debut.


English rock band The Kinks honour Queen Victoria and her empire in their 1969 song "Victoria". The song has since been covered by English rock band The Kooks, English post-punk band The Fall, American alternative rock band Cracker, and American rock band Sonic Youth. Both The Kinks' and The Fall's versions were UK Top 40 hits.

Canadian singer Leonard Cohen refers to her in a mostly non-factual way in his 1964 poem "Queen Victoria and Me", and again in the 1972 song "Queen Victoria" (based on the poem). The song was later covered by Welsh musician John Cale.

In 2006, the Comics Sherpa online comic service started carrying a comic strip titled The New Adventures of Queen Victoria using cut-out photographs and portraits of the Queen and others.[23]

In the Japanese anime and manga series Kuroshitsuji (Black Butler), she appears as Ciel Phantomhive's primary boss.

Queen Victoria's reign features in the 2003 Paradox Interactive grand strategy game, Victoria: An Empire Under the Sun. In this game a player guides a country through colonisation, the Industrial Revolution, warfare and various historic events.[24]

She makes an appearance in the 2015 action-adventure video game Assassin's Creed: Syndicate developed by Ubisoft Quebec.[25]

Queen Victoria leads the English civilization in the 2016 4X video game Civilization VI developed by Firaxis Games.[26][27]

Queen Victoria is revealed to be watching the climactic trial in the video game The Great Ace Attorney 2: Resolve, and uses her authority to strip the main villain of his position as chief justice. Rather than appearing in person, another character reads her proclamation to the court.


  1. ^ All the Best People ...: The Pick of Peterborough 1929–1945, George Allen & Unwin, 1981; p. 139
  2. ^ Stanley Kunitz and H. W. Wilson Twentieth Century Authors: A Biographical Dictionary of Modern Literature. Supplement, Volume 1. New York, 1955. (p. 1083)
  3. ^ The contribution of Kerala to Sanskrit Literature; K.Kunjunni Raja; University of Madras 1980; page 257
  4. ^ The contribution of Kerala to Sanskrit Literature; K.Kunjunni Raja; University of Madras 1980; p. 255
  5. ^ Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (1831). "picture". Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1832. Fisher, Son & Co.Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (1831). "poetical illustration". Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1832. Fisher, Son & Co.
  6. ^ Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (1836). "poetical illustration". Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1837. Fisher, Son & Co.Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (1836). "picture". Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1837. Fisher, Son & Co.
  7. ^ Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (1857). "page 258-261". Complete Works of L. E. Landon. Phillips, Sampson & Co.
  8. ^ Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (1837). "poem". Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1838. Fisher, Son & Co.
  9. ^ Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (1837). "to Victoria". Flowers of Loveliness, 1838. University of Virginia Library.
  10. ^ Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (1838). "review". The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, 1838. J. Limbird, Strand.
  11. ^ "The Victoria Cross (1912)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Disraeli (1929)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Emily Blunt Interview THE YOUNG VICTORIA". Collider. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  14. ^ "Exclusive! New Pirates! Trailer". Empire. 25 October 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  15. ^ Hull, David Stewart (1973) [1969]. Film in the Third Reich. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-21486-9.
  16. ^ Morgan, Henry James, ed. (1903). Types of Canadian Women and of Women who are or have been Connected with Canada. Toronto: Williams Briggs. p. 1.
  17. ^ "Striving for musical freedom". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 14 September 2008.[dead link]
  18. ^ Marshall, Dorothy. The Life and Times of Queen Victoria. George Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd, 1972.
  19. ^ "Adelaide – Statues and Memorials". State Library South Australia. Archived from the original on 1 October 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2008.
  20. ^ "Valour of the visionary". The Australian. 21 July 2008. Archived from the original on 7 September 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2008.
  21. ^ Taylor, Bill (17 May 2008). "Sun never sets on Queen Victoria statues". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 14 September 2008.
  22. ^ "Charles Strouse – Broadway composer of Annie, Bye Bye Birdie, Applause, Golden Boy, and Rags". Archived from the original on 14 October 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  23. ^ "More about The New Adventures of Queen Victoria". GoComics. Archived from the original on 24 September 2016. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  24. ^ "Victoria: An Empire Under the Sun Review". GameSpot. 4 December 2003. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  25. ^ "Assassin's Creed Syndicate London Stories - Queen Victoria Memories". Prima Games. 30 October 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  26. ^ "Civilization VI: Victoria Leads England". Official Civilization Website. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  27. ^ "Queen Victoria will make England great again in 'Civilization VI'". Digital Trends. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 24 August 2016.