Second Blair ministry
2001–2005
Tony Blair in 2002.jpg
Blair in 2002
Date formed8 June 2001 (2001-06-08)
Date dissolved6 May 2005 (2005-05-06)
People and organisations
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MinisterTony Blair
Prime Minister's history1997–2007
Deputy Prime MinisterJohn Prescott
Member party
  •   Labour Party
Status in legislatureMajority
412 / 659 (63%)
Opposition cabinet
Opposition party
Opposition leader
History
Election(s)2001 general election
Outgoing election2005 general election
Legislature term(s)53rd UK Parliament
Budget(s)
PredecessorFirst Blair ministry
SuccessorThird Blair ministry

The second Blair ministry lasted from June 2001 to May 2005. Following the financial crisis in Japan at the end of the 1990s, there was a brief recession in other parts of the developed world including Germany,[1] Italy and France in the early-2000s, but the UK avoided recession and continued to maintain a strong economy and low unemployment.[2]

By the time the next general election was on the horizon, Labour were looking well positioned for a record third successive term in government. Unemployment remained low and the economy remained strong with more than a decade of unbroken growth, and education and healthcare had changed for the better as a result of expenditure by Labour.

However, the Labour government had attracted controversy by sending British troops to fight in Afghanistan in the aftermath of the 11 September terrorist attacks on the United States in 2001, and even more so when it joined the American-led invasion of Iraq eighteen months later – particularly when it emerged that the ousted Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's alleged weapons of mass destruction were never found, and serious questions were raised about the issue of going to war. Although the regimes in both of these countries were swiftly ended by British and American troops, the remaining British forces were not withdrawn from Iraq until 2009 and not from Afghanistan until 2014.

Soon after the controversial invasion of Iraq in 2003, Labour support in the opinion polls fell and the Conservatives drew level with them in at least one poll during 2003. However, this did little to end speculation about the future of their unpopular leader Iain Duncan Smith and in October 2003, he lost a vote of no confidence and was replaced by Michael Howard, who stood unopposed for the leadership role and took control without a leadership contest.

Cabinet

Portfolio Minister Term
Cabinet ministers
Prime Minister
First Lord of the Treasury
Minister for the Civil Service
Tony Blair MP 1997–2007
Deputy Prime Minister
First Secretary of State
John Prescott MP 1997–2007
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Second Lord of the Treasury
Gordon Brown MP 1997–2007
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain The Lord Irvine of Lairg PC QC 1997–2003
The Lord Falconer of Thoroton PC QC 2003–2007
Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs The Lord Falconer of Thoroton PC QC 2003–2007
Leader of the House of Commons Robin Cook MP 2001–2003
John Reid MP 2003
Peter Hain MP 2003–2005
Lord President of the Council Robin Cook MP 2001–2003
John Reid MP 2003
The Lord Williams of Mostyn PC QC 2003
The Baroness Amos PC 2003–2007
Leader of the House of Lords The Lord Williams of Mostyn PC QC 2001–2003
The Baroness Amos PC 2003–2007
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal The Lord Williams of Mostyn PC QC 2001–2003
Peter Hain MP 2003–2005
Chief Secretary to the Treasury Andrew Smith MP 1999–2002
Paul Boateng MP 2002–2005
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Jack Straw MP 2001–2006
Secretary of State for the Home Department David Blunkett MP 2001–2004
Charles Clarke MP 2004–2006
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Margaret Beckett MP 2001–2006
Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions Stephen Byers MP 2001–2002
Secretary of State for Transport Alistair Darling MP 2002–2006
Secretary of State for Health Alan Milburn MP 1999–2003
John Reid MP 2003–2005
Secretary of State for Defence Geoff Hoon MP 1999–2005
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions Alistair Darling MP 2001–2002
Andrew Smith MP 2002–2004
Alan Johnson MP 2004–2005
Secretary of State for Education and Skills Estelle Morris MP 2001–2002
Charles Clarke MP 2002–2004
Ruth Kelly MP 2004–2006
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
President of the Board of Trade
Minister for Women
Patricia Hewitt MP 2001–2005
Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport Tessa Jowell MP 2001–2007
Secretary of State for International Development Clare Short MP 1997–2003
The Baroness Amos PC 2003
Hilary Benn MP 2003–2007
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland John Reid MP 2001–2002
Paul Murphy MP 2002–2005
Secretary of State for Scotland Helen Liddell MP 2001–2003
Alistair Darling MP 2003–2006
Secretary of State for Wales Paul Murphy MP 1999–2002
Peter Hain MP 2002–2008
Minister without Portfolio
Chairman of the Labour Party
Charles Clarke MP 2001–2002
John Reid MP 2002–2003
Ian McCartney MP 2003–2006
Also attending cabinet meetings
Chief Whip
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
Hilary Armstrong MP 2001–2006
Attorney General for England and Wales The Lord Goldsmith PC QC 2001–2007

Changes

List of ministers

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2016)

Members of the Cabinet are in bold face.

Prime Minister, the Cabinet Office and non-Departmental ministers

Cabinet Office
Tony Blair June 2001 – May 2005
John Prescott June 2001 – May 2005
The Lord Macdonald of Tradeston June 2001 – June 2003
Douglas Alexander June 2003 – September 2004
Alan Milburn September 2004 – May 2005
Minister of State for the Cabinet Office Baroness Morgan of Huyton (also Deputy Minister for Women) June 2001 - November 2001
Barbara Roche (also Deputy Minister for Women) June 2001 – May 2002
Douglas Alexander May 2002 – June 2003
Ruth Kelly September 2004 - December 2004
David Miliband December 2004 - May 2005
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain The Lord Irvine of Lairg June 2001 – June 2003
The Lord Falconer of Thoroton June 2003 – May 2005
Lord President of the Council Robin Cook June 2001 – March 2003
John Reid March 2003 – June 2003
The Lord Williams of Mostyn June 2003 – September 2003
The Baroness Amos September 2003 – May 2005
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal The Lord Williams of Mostyn June 2001 – June 2003
Peter Hain June 2003 – May 2005
Charles Clarke June 2001 – October 2002
John Reid October 2002 – April 2003
Ian McCartney April 2003 – May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Chris Leslie June 2001 - May 2002

Departments of state

Treasury
Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown June 2001 – May 2005
Chief Secretary to the Treasury Andrew Smith June 2001 – May 2002
Paul Boateng May 2002 – May 2005
Paymaster General Dawn Primarolo June 2001 – May 2005
Financial Secretary to the Treasury Paul Boateng June 2001 – May 2002
Ruth Kelly May 2002 – September 2004
Stephen Timms September 2004 – May 2005
Economic Secretary to the Treasury Ruth Kelly June 2001 – May 2002
John Healey May 2002 – May 2005
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Jack Straw June 2001 – May 2005
Minister of State for the Middle East The Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean (also Minister for Trade jointly with Trade and Industry June 2001 - June 2003) June 2001 – May 2005
Minister of State for Europe Peter Hain June 2001 – October 2002
Denis MacShane October 2002 – May 2005
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Balkans and Latin America Denis MacShane June 2001 – October 2002
Minister for Trade Mike O'Brien (jointly with Trade and Industry) June 2003 - September 2004
Douglas Alexander (jointly with Trade and Industry) September 2004 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Ben Bradshaw June 2001 - May 2002
Baroness Amos June 2001 - May 2003
Mike 0'Brien May 2002 - June 2003
Bill Rammell October 2002 - May 2005
Chris Mullin June 2003 - May 2005
Home Office
Home Secretary David Blunkett June 2001 – December 2004
Charles Clarke December 2004 – May 2005
Minister of State for Policing John Denham June 2001 – June 2003
Hazel Blears June 2003 – May 2005
Minister of State for Prisons Keith Bradley June 2001 – May 2002
Hilary Benn May 2002 – May 2003
The Baroness Scotland of Asthal June 2003 – May 2005
Minister of State for Immigration, Citizenship and Counterterrorism The Lord Rooker June 2001 – May 2002
Beverley Hughes May 2002 – April 2004
Des Browne April 2004 – May 2005
Minister for Criminal Policy Lord Falconer May 2002 - June 2003
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Beverley Hughes June 2001 - May 2002
Bob Ainsworth June 2001 - June 2003
Angela Eagle June 2001 - May 2002
Lord Filkin May 2002 - June 2003
Michael Wills May 2002 - July 2003
Paul Goggins May 2003 - May 2005
Caroline Flint June 2003 - May 2005
Fiona MacTaggart June 2003 - May 2005
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Margaret Beckett June 2001 – May 2005
Minister of State for the Environment Michael Meacher June 2001 – June 2003
Elliot Morley June 2003 – May 2005
Minister of State for Rural Affairs Alun Michael June 2001 – May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Elliot Morley June 2001 - June 2003
Lord Whitty June 2001 - May 2005
Ben Bradshaw June 2003 - May 2005
Baroness Ashton of Upholland (jointly with Constitutional Affairs) September 2004 - May 2005
Defence
Secretary of State for Defence Geoff Hoon June 2001 – May 2005
Minister of State for the Armed Forces Adam Ingram June 2001 – May 2005
Minister for Defence Procurement The Lord Bach June 2001 – May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Veterans Lewis Moonie June 2001 - June 2003
Ivor Caplin June 2003 - May 2005
Education and Skills
Secretary of State for Education and Skills Estelle Morris June 2001 – October 2002
Charles Clarke October 2002 – December 2004
Ruth Kelly December 2004 – May 2005
Minister of State for Schools Stephen Timms June 2001 – October 2002
David Miliband October 2002 – December 2004
Stephen Twigg December 2004 – May 2005
Minister for Higher Education Margaret Hodge June 2001 – June 2003
Alan Johnson June 2003 – September 2004
Kim Howells September 2004 – May 2005
Minister for Children Margaret Hodge June 2003 – May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Early Years & School Standards (jointly with Work & Pensions from June 2003) Baroness Ashton of Upholland June 2001 - September 2004
Lord Filkin September 2004 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Adult Skills John Healey June 2001 - May 2002
Ivan Lewis May 2002 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Young People & Learning Ivan Lewis June 2001 - May 2002
Stephen Twigg May 2002 - December 2004
Health
Secretary of State for Health Alan Milburn June 2001 – June 2003
John Reid June 2003 – May 2005
Minister of State for Health Services Jacqui Smith June 2001 – June 2003
Rosie Winterton June 2003 – May 2005
Minister for Health John Hutton June 2001 – May 2005
Minister for Public Health Yvette Cooper June 2001 - May 2002
David Lammy May 2002 - June 2003
Melanie Johnson June 2003 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Lord Hunt of Kings Heath June 2001 - March 2003
Hazel Blears June 2001 - June 2003
Stephen Ladyman June 2003 - May 2005
Lord Warner June 2003 - May 2005
Work and Pensions
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions Alistair Darling June 2001 – May 2002
Andrew Smith May 2002 – September 2004
Alan Johnson September 2004 – May 2005
Minister of State for Pensions Ian McCartney June 2001 – April 2003
Malcolm Wicks June 2003 – May 2005
Minister of State for Work Nick Brown June 2001 - June 2003
Des Browne June 2003 - April 2004
Jane Kennedy April 2004 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Baroness Hollis of Heigham June 2001 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Disabled People Maria Eagle June 2001 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Work Malcolm Wicks June 2001 - June 2003
Chris Pond June 2003 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Sure Start (jointly with Education) Baroness Ashton of Upholland June 2003 - September 2004
Culture, Media and Sport
Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport Tessa Jowell June 2001 – May 2005
Minister for the Arts The Baroness Blackstone June 2001 – June 2003
Estelle Morris June 2003 – May 2005
Minister for Sport Richard Caborn June 2001 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Kim Howells June 2001 - June 2003
Lord McIntosh of Haringey June 2003 - May 2005
Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions
Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions Stephen Byers June 2001 – May 2002
Secretary of State for Transport Alistair Darling May 2002 – May 2005
Minister of State for Transport John Spellar June 2001 – June 2003
Kim Howells June 2003 – September 2004
Tony McNulty September 2004 – May 2005
Minister for Local Government Nick Raynsford (also Minister for London) June 2001 - May 2002
Minister for Housing and Planning Lord Falconer of Thoroton June 2001 - May 2002
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Sally Keeble June 2001 - May 2002
Alan Whitehead June 2001 - May 2002
David Jamieson June 2001 - May 2005
Tony McNulty June 2003 - September 2004
Charlotte Atkins September 2004 - May 2005
Department for Constitutional Affairs
Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs The Lord Falconer of Thoroton June 2003 – May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Chris Leslie June 2003 - May 2005
David Lammy June 2003 - May 2005
Lord Filkin June 2003 - September 2004
Anne McGuire (Scotland) June 2003 - May 2005
Don Touhig (Wales) June 2003 - May 2005
Baroness Ashton of Upholland (jointly with Environment) September 2004 - May 2005
Department of Trade and Industry
Minister for Women Patricia Hewitt June 2001 – May 2005
Minister of State for E-Commerce & Competitiveness Douglas Alexander June 2001 - May 2002
Stephen Timms May 2002 - September 2004
Minister of State for Energy & E-Commerce Mike O'Brien September 2004 - May 2005
Minister of State for Trade & Investment Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean (jointly with Foreign Office) June 2001 - June 2003
Mike O'Brien (jointly with Foreign Office) June 2003 - September 2004
Douglas Alexander (jointly with Foreign Office) September 2004 - May 2005
Minister of State for Industry & Energy Brian Wilson June 2001 - June 2003
Jacqui Smith (also Deputy Minister for Women) June 2003 - May 2005
Minister of State for Employment Relations & the Regions Alan Johnson June 2001 - June 2003
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Science & Innovation Lord Sainsbury of Turville June 2001 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Competition, Consumers & Markets Melanie Johnson June 2001 - June 2003
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Small Business Nigel Griffiths June 2001 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Employment Relations & Consumer Affairs Gerry Sutcliffe June 2003 - May 2005
International Development
Secretary of State for International Development Clare Short June 2001 – May 2003
The Baroness Amos May 2003 – October 2003
Hilary Benn October 2003 – May 2005
Minister of State Hilary Benn May 2003 - October 2003
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Hilary Benn June 2001 - May 2002
Sally Keeble May 2002 - June 2003
Gareth Thomas June 2003 - May 2005
Northern Ireland Office
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland John Reid June 2001 – October 2002
Paul Murphy October 2002 – May 2005
Minister of State Jane Kennedy June 2001 - April 2004
John Spellar June 2003 - May 2005
Ian Pearson April 2004 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Des Browne June 2001 - June 2003
Baroness Smith of Basildon October 2002 - May 2005
Ian Pearson October 2002 - April 2004
Barry Gardiner April 2004 - May 2005
Scotland Office
Secretary of State for Scotland Helen Liddell June 2001 – June 2003
Alistair Darling June 2003 – May 2005
Minister of State Baron Foulkes of Cumnock June 2001- May 2002
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Anne McGuire May 2002 - May 2005
Wales Office
Secretary of State for Wales Paul Murphy June 2001 – October 2002
Peter Hain October 2002 – May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Don Touhig June 2001 - May 2005
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, Secretary of State for Local Government and the Regions John Prescott May 2002 - May 2005
Minister of State for Local Government and the Regions Nick Raynsford (also Minister for London May 2002 - March 2003) May 2002 - May 2005
Minister of State for Housing and Planning Lord Rooker May 2002 - June 2003
Keith Hill (also Minister for London) June 2003 - May 2005
Minister for Social Exclusion, Regional Co-ordination (also Deputy Minister for Women) Barbara Roche May 2002 - June 2003
Minister of State for Regeneration & Regional Development Lord Rooker June 2003 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Housing, Planning and Regeneration Tony McNulty (also Minister for London March 2003 - June 2003) May 2002 - June 2003
Phil Hope June 2003 - May 2005
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Local Government & the Regions Chris Leslie May 2002 - June 2003
Yvette Cooper June 2003 - May 2005
Lord Chancellors Department
Lord Chancellor Lord Irvine of Lairg June 2001 - June 2003
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Baroness Scotland of Asthal June 2001 - June 2003
Michael Wills June 2001 - May 2002
Rosie Winterton June 2001 - June 2003
Yvette Cooper May 2002 - June 2003

Law officers

Law Officers
Attorney General for England and Wales Peter Goldsmith June 2001 – May 2005
Solicitor General for England and Wales Harriet Harman June 2001 - May 2005
Advocate General for Scotland Baroness Clark of Calton June 2001 - May 2005
Lord Advocate Baron Boyd of Duncansby June 2001 - May 2005
Solicitor General for Scotland Baron Davidson of Glen Cova June 2001 - November 2001
Elish Angiolini November 2001 - May 2005

Parliament

Parliament
Leader of the House of Commons Robin Cook June 2001 – March 2003
John Reid March 2003 – June 2003
Peter Hain June 2003 – May 2005
Deputy Leader of the House of Commons Stephen Twigg June 2001 - May 2002
Ben Bradshaw May 2002 - June 2003
Phil Woolas June 2003 - May 2005
Leader of the House of Lords The Lord Williams of Mostyn June 2001 – September 2003
The Baroness Amos September 2003 – May 2005
Deputy Leader of the House of Lords Baroness Symons June 2001 - May 2005

Whips

Whips
Hilary Armstrong June 2001 – May 2005
Treasurer of HM Household (Deputy Chief Whip) Keith Hill June 2001 - June 2003
Bob Ainsworth June 2003 - May 2005
Comptroller of HM Household Thomas McAvoy June 2001 - May 2005
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Gerry Sutcliffe June 2001 - June 2003
Jim Fitzpatrick June 2003 - May 2005
Junior Lords of the Treasury
Whips
Anne McGuire June 2001 - May 2002
John Heppell June 2001 - May 2005
Tony McNulty June 2001 - May 2002
Nick Ainger June 2001 - May 2005
Graham Stringer June 2001 - May 2002
Ian Pearson May 2002 - June 2003
Jim Fitzpatrick May 2002 - June 2003
Phil Woolas May 2002 - June 2003
Bill Rammell Oct 2002
Jim Murphy June 2003 - May 2005
Joan Ryan June 2003 - May 2005
Derek Twigg June 2003 - December 2004
Gillian Merron December 2004 - May 2005
Assistant Whips Ian Pearson June 2001 - May 2002
Fraser Kemp June 2001 - May 2005
Baroness Smith of Basildon June 2001 - October 2002
Ivor Caplin June 2001 - June 2003
JIm Fitzpatrick June 2001 - May 2002
Phil Woolas June 2001 - May 2002
Dan Norris June 2001 - June 2003
Charlotte Atkins October 2002 - May 2005
Gillian Merron October 2002 - December 2004
Vernon Coaker June 2003 - May 2005
Paul Clark June 2003 - May 2005
Margaret Moran June 2003 - May 2005
Bridget Prentice June 2003 - May 2005
Tom Watson September 2004 - May 2005
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms
Chief Whip
Baron Carter June 2001 - May 2002
Lord Grocott May 2002 - May 2005
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
Deputy Chief Whip
Lord McIntosh of Haringey June 2001 - June 2003
Lord Davies of Oldham June 2003 - May 2005
Lord and Baronesses-in-Waiting
Whips
Baroness Farrington of Ribbleton June 2001 - May 2005
Lord Davies of Oldham June 2001 - June 2003
Lord Grocott June 2001 - May 2002
Lord Filkin June 2001 - May 2002
Lord Bassam of Brighton June 2001- May 2005
Baroness Crawley January 2002 - May 2005
Baroness Andrews January 2002 - May 2005
Lord Evans of Temple Guiting June 2003 - May 2005
Lord Triesman December 2003 - May 2005

References

  1. ^ "Germany's recession ends". BBC News. 23 May 2002.
  2. ^ "French economy in trouble". BBC News. 20 August 2003.

General