From 1754 to 1756 the Duke of Newcastle headed the government of Great Britain. After the death of the previous prime minister, his brother Henry Pelham, Newcastle had formed a fresh administration of Whigs. He remained in power until 1756, when his government collapsed following the fall of Minorca and the fierce criticism that he had come under for his handling of the Seven Years' War that was engulfing Europe.

Among the most influential members of the first Newcastle ministry was Henry Fox, who served as Leader of the House of Commons from November 1755, having initially entered the Cabinet in his earlier position of Secretary at War in December 1754.


It is unclear who was a member of the Cabinet.

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office
The Duke of Newcastle*1754 (1754)1756 (1756)
Chancellor of the Exchequer[2]Sir William Lee1754 (1754)1754 (1754)
Henry Bilson-Legge1754 (1754)1755 (1755)
Sir George Lyttelton1755 (1755)1756 (1756)
Second Lord of the TreasuryThe Earl of Darlington1754 (1754)1755 (1755)
Sir George Lyttelton1755 (1755)1756 (1756)
Lord Chancellor[3]The Earl of Hardwicke1754 (1754)1756 (1756)
Lord President of the Council[4]The Earl Granville1754 (1754)1756 (1756)
Lord Privy Seal[5]The 1st Earl Gower1754 (1754)1755 (1755)
The Duke of Marlborough1755 (1755)1755 (1755)
The 2nd Earl Gower1755 (1755)1756 (1756)
Thomas Robinson1754 (1754)1755 (1755)
Henry Fox1755 (1755)1756 (1756)
Secretary of State for the Northern Department[6]The Earl of Holderness1754 (1754)1756 (1756)
Master-General of the Ordnance[7]Vacant1754 (1754)1755 (1755)
The Duke of Marlborough1755 (1755)1756 (1756)
First Lord of the Admiralty[8]The Lord Anson1754 (1754)1756 (1756)
Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland[9]The Duke of Argyll1754 (1754)1756 (1756)
Lord Chamberlain of the Household[10]The Duke of Grafton1754 (1754)1756 (1756)
Lord Steward of the HouseholdThe Duke of Marlborough1754 (1754)1755 (1755)
The Duke of Rutland1755 (1755)1756 (1756)
Chancellor of the Duchy of LancasterThe Lord Edgcumbe1754 (1754)1756 (1756)
Lord Lieutenant of IrelandThe Duke of Dorset1754 (1754)1755 (1755)
The Duke of Devonshire1755 (1755)1756 (1756)
Master of the Horse[11]Marquess of Hartington1754 (1754)1755 (1755)
The Duke of Dorset1755 (1755)1756 (1756)
Paymaster of the ForcesWilliam Pitt1754 (1754)1755 (1755)
The Earl of Darlington
Viscount Dupplin
1755 (1755)1756 (1756)

See also



  • Browning, Reed (2004), "Holles, Thomas Pelham-, duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and first duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1693–1768)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.), Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21801 (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Cook, Chris; John Stevenson (1988), British Historical Facts: 1688–1760, Palgrave Macmillan UK, p. 43, ISBN 978-1-349-02369-1
  • Haydn, Joseph (1851), The Book of Dignities, London: Longmans, Brown, Green, and Longmans
Preceded byBroad Bottom ministry Government of Great Britain16 March 1754 – 11 November 1756 (1754-03-16 – 1756-11-11) Succeeded byPitt–Devonshire ministry