North ministry
1770–1782
Date formed28 January 1770 (1770-01-28)
Date dissolved27 March 1782 (1782-03-27)
People and organisations
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterLord North
Total no. of members33 appointments
Member parties
Status in legislature
Opposition partyRockingham Whigs
History
Election(s)
Legislature term(s)
PredecessorGrafton ministry
SuccessorSecond Rockingham ministry

Lord North was appointed to lead the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain by George III from 1770 to 1782. His ministry oversaw the Falklands Crisis (1770), the Gordon Riots (1780) and the outbreak of the American War of Independence.[3]

Ministers

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Lord North*28 January 1770 (1770-01-28)27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) Tory
Lord ChancellorThe Earl Bathurst23 January 1771 (1771-01-23)3 June 1778 (1778-06-03) Tory
The Lord Thurlow3 June 1778 (1778-06-03)7 April 1783 (1783-04-07) Tory
Lord President of the CouncilThe Earl Gower22 December 1767 (1767-12-22)24 November 1779 (1779-11-24) Tory
The Earl Bathurst24 November 1779 (1779-11-24)27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) Tory
Lord Privy SealThe Earl of Halifax26 February 1770 (1770-02-26)22 January 1771 (1771-01-22) Tory
The Earl of Suffolk22 January 1771 (1771-01-22)12 June 1771 (1771-06-12) Independent
The Duke of Grafton12 June 1771 (1771-06-12)4 November 1775 (1775-11-04) Whig
The Earl of Dartmouth4 November 1775 (1775-11-04)27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) Independent
Lord StewardThe Earl Talbot1761 (1761)27 April 1782 (1782-04-27) Independent
Lord ChamberlainThe Earl of Hertford1766 (1766)1782 (1782) Independent
Secretary of State for the Southern DepartmentThe Viscount Weymouth21 October 1768 (1768-10-21)12 December 1770 (1770-12-12) Tory
The Earl of Rochford19 December 1770 (1770-12-19)9 November 1775 (1775-11-09) Independent
The Viscount Weymouth9 November 1775 (1775-11-09)24 November 1779 (1779-11-24) Tory
The Earl of Hillsborough24 November 1779 (1779-11-24)27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) Independent
Secretary of State for the Northern DepartmentThe Earl of Rochford21 October 1768 (1768-10-21)19 December 1770 (1770-12-19) Independent
The Earl of Sandwich19 December 1770 (1770-12-19)12 January 1771 (1771-01-12) Whig
The Earl of Halifax22 January 1771 (1771-01-22)6 June 1771 (1771-06-06) Tory
The Earl of Suffolk12 June 1771 (1771-06-12)7 March 1779 (1779-03-07) Independent
The Viscount Stormont27 October 1779 (1779-10-27)27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) Independent
Secretary of State for the ColoniesThe Earl of Hillsborough27 February 1768 (1768-02-27)27 August 1772 (1772-08-27) Independent
The Earl of Dartmouth27 August 1772 (1772-08-27)10 November 1775 (1775-11-10) Independent
Lord George Germain10 November 1775 (1775-11-10)February 1782 (1782-02) Independent
Welbore EllisFebruary 1782 (1782-02)8 March 1782 (1782-03-08) Independent
Chancellor of the Duchy of LancasterJames Smith-Stanley13 December 1762 (1762-12-13)14 June 1771 (1771-06-14) Independent
The Earl of Clarendon14 June 1771 (1771-06-14)17 April 1782 (1782-04-17) Whig
First Lord of the AdmiraltySir Edward Hawke1766 (1766)1771 (1771) Independent
The Earl of Sandwich1771 (1771)1782 (1782) Whig
Master-General of the OrdnanceThe Viscount TownshendOctober 1772 (1772-10)March 1782 (1782-03) Independent
Lord Lieutenant of IrelandThe Viscount Townshend19 August 1767 (1767-08-19)29 October 1772 (1772-10-29) Independent
The Earl Harcourt29 October 1772 (1772-10-29)7 December 1776 (1776-12-07) Independent
The Earl of Buckinghamshire7 December 1776 (1776-12-07)29 November 1780 (1780-11-29) Independent
The Earl of Carlisle29 November 1780 (1780-11-29)8 April 1782 (1782-04-08) Independent

Notes

  1. ^ Volo 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Thomas 1991, pp. 2–4.
  3. ^ Whiteley 1996.

References

  • Cook, Chris; Stevenson, John (28 February 1980). British Historical Facts: 1760–1830. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-0-333-21512-8.
  • Thomas, Peter David Garner (1991). Tea Party to Independence: The Third Phase of the American Revolution, 1773–1776. Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-19-820142-7.
  • Volo, James M. (19 July 2012). "Tories and Whigs". The Boston Tea Party: The Foundations of Revolution: The Foundations of Revolution. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-39875-9.
  • Whiteley, Peter (1 July 1996). "Introduction". Lord North: The Prime Minister Who Lost America. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8264-3493-7.
Preceded byGrafton ministry Government of Great Britain1770–1782 Succeeded bySecond Rockingham ministry