The Broad Bottom ministry was the factional coalition government of Great Britain between 1744 and 1754.[1] It was led by the two Pelham brothers in Parliament, Prime Minister Henry Pelham in the House of Commons and the Duke of Newcastle in the House of Lords.

Early in 1746 the King wished a change of prime minister, and Pelham lost power, but only briefly. Returning to office he put in place a strengthened broad coalition of Whigs. The second Broad Bottom administration lasted from Pelham's resumption of power until his death in 1754.[3]

Ministry

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office
*1744 (1744)1754 (1754)
Lord Chancellor[6]1744 (1744)1754 (1754)
Lord President of the Council[7]1744 (1744)1745 (1745)
1745 (1745)1751 (1751)
1751 (1751)1754 (1754)
Lord Privy Seal[8]1744 (1744)1754 (1754)
Secretary of State for the Southern Department[9]*1744 (1744)1748 (1748)
1748 (1748)1751 (1751)
1751 (1751)1754 (1754)
Secretary of State for the Northern Department[9]
The Earl of Harrington
1744 (1744)1746 (1746)
1746 (1746)1748 (1748)
The Duke of Newcastle
*
1748 (1748)1754 (1754)
Master-General of the Ordnance[10]1744 (1744)1749 (1749)
Vacant
1749 (1749)1754 (1754)
First Lord of the Admiralty[11]
The Duke of Bedford
1744 (1744)1748 (1748)
1748 (1748)1751 (1751)
1751 (1751)1754 (1754)
Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland[12]1744 (1744)1754 (1754)
Secretary of State for Scotland[13]1744 (1744)1746 (1746)
Lord Chamberlain of the Household[14]1744 (1744)1754 (1754)
Master of the Horse[15]1744 (1744)1750 (1750)
Vacant
1750 (1750)1751 (1751)
1751 (1751)1754 (1754)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Colley 1985, p. 243 closed access
  2. ^ Kulisheck 2004 closed access
  3. ^ Beyond the more senior ministers listed (see below), other significant figures in the ministry from 1746 include Henry Fox as Secretary at War and William Pitt as Paymaster of the Forces.[2]
  4. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 112 icon of an open green padlock
  5. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 168 icon of an open green padlock
  6. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 105 icon of an open green padlock
  7. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 119 icon of an open green padlock
  8. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 147 icon of an open green padlock
  9. ^ a b Haydn 1851, p. 172 icon of an open green padlock
  10. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 192 icon of an open green padlock
  11. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 160 icon of an open green padlock
  12. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 401 icon of an open green padlock
  13. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 409 icon of an open green padlock
  14. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 206 icon of an open green padlock
  15. ^ Haydn 1851, p. 209 icon of an open green padlock

References

  • Colley, Linda (1985), In Defiance of Oligarchy: The Tory Party 1714–60, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-31311-7
  • Cook, Chris; John Stevenson (1988), British Historical Facts: 1688–1760, Palgrave Macmillan UK, p. 42, ISBN 978-1-349-02369-1
  • Haydn, Joseph (1851), The Book of Dignities, London: Longmans, Brown, Green, and Longmans
  • Kilburn, Matthew (2007), "Broad-bottom ministry (act. 1744–1746)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.), Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/95199
  • Kulisheck, P. J. (2004), "Pelham, Henry (1694–1754)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.), Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21789 (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Preceded byCarteret ministry Government of Great Britain 24 November 1744 – 10 February 1746 (1744-11-24 – 1746-02-10) Succeeded byShort-lived ministry Preceded byShort-lived ministry Government of Great Britain 14 February 1746 – 6 March 1754 (1746-02-14 – 1754-03-06) Succeeded byFirst Newcastle ministry