Eintracht Frankfurt
Full nameEintracht Frankfurt e.V.
Nickname(s)
  • SGE (Sportgemeinde Eintracht)
  • Die Adler (The Eagles)
  • Launische Diva (Moody Diva)
  • Schlappekicker (Slipper Kickers)
  • Die Diva vom Main (The Diva From the Main)
Founded8 March 1899; 122 years ago (1899-03-08)
GroundDeutsche Bank Park
Capacity51,500
ChairmanPeter Fischer (club)
Markus Krösche (plc)
Oliver Frankenbach (plc)
Axel Hellmann (plc)
ManagerOliver Glasner
LeagueBundesliga
2020–21Bundesliga, 5th of 18
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Eintracht Frankfurt e.V. (German pronunciation: [ˈaɪntʁaxt ˈfʁaŋkfʊʁt]) is a German professional sports club based in Frankfurt, Hesse, that is best known for its football club, currently playing in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. The club was founded in 1899 and have won one German championship, five DFB-Pokals, one UEFA Cup and once finished as runner-up in the European Cup. The team was one of the founding members of the Bundesliga at its inception[1] and has spent a total of 51 seasons in the top division, thus making them the seventh longest participating club in the highest tier of the league.

The club's first matches from 1899 to 1906 were played on the former Hundswiese field, whose present day location would be near Hessischer Rundfunk. Following new regulations that pitches needed to be surrounded by a fence for the purpose of official games, the team established a new pitch by the Eschersheimer Landstraße called Victoriaplatz in 1906, for which they purchased stands at a price of 350 marks in 1908. From 1912 the team moved to a new ground at Roseggerstraße in Dornbusch with more facilities, before relocating to the former Riederwaldstadion in 1920 following the fusion of Frankfurter FV and Frankfurter Turngemeinde von 1861.[2] Since 1925 their stadium has been the Waldstadion, which was renamed Deutsche Bank Park for sponsorship reasons.[3]

Eintracht Frankfurt have enjoyed some success in the Bundesliga, having either won or drawn more than three-quarters of their games as well as having finished the majority of their seasons placed in the top half of the table,[4] but also having the highest number of losses in the league (657).[5] With an average attendance of 47,942 since 2013[6] the team also boasts one of the highest attendance ratings in the world and the eighth highest out of the 36 Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga teams. The player with the highest number of appearances (602) in the Bundesliga, Charly Körbel,[7] spent his entire senior career as a defender for Eintracht Frankfurt. The club's primary rival is local club Kickers Offenbach, although due to spending most of their history in different divisions, the two have only played two league matches within the last 40 years.[8]

History

Club origins

The first team of Frankfurter Fußball-Club Victoria in 1899
The first team of Frankfurter Fußball-Club Victoria in 1899

The origins of the club go back to a pair of football clubs founded in 1899: Frankfurter Fußball-Club Viktoria von 1899 – regarded as the original team in the club's history – and Frankfurter Fußball-Club Kickers von 1899. Both clubs were founding members of the new Nordkreis-Liga in 1909. These two teams merged in May 1911 to become Frankfurter Fußball Verein (Kickers-Viktoria), an instant success, taking three league titles from 1912 to 1914 in the Nordkreis-Liga and qualifying for the Southern German championship in each of those seasons. In turn, Frankfurter FV joined the gymnastics club Frankfurter Turngemeinde von 1861 to form TuS Eintracht Frankfurt von 1861 in 1920. (The German word Eintracht means 'harmony, concord,' and Eintracht X is the equivalent of X United in English in the names of sports teams.[9])

Pre-Bundesliga history

Oberliga Süd match in 1946: Karlsruher FV v Eintracht Frankfurt
Oberliga Süd match in 1946: Karlsruher FV v Eintracht Frankfurt

At the time, sports in Germany was dominated by nationalistic gymnastics organizations, and under pressure from that sport's governing authority, the gymnasts and footballers went their separate ways again in 1927, as Turngemeinde Eintracht Frankfurt von 1861 and Sportgemeinde Eintracht Frankfurt (FFV) von 1899.

Historical chart of Eintracht Frankfurt league performance after WWII
Historical chart of Eintracht Frankfurt league performance after WWII

Through the late 1920s and into the 1930s, Eintracht won a handful of local and regional championships, first in the Kreisliga Nordmain, then in the Bezirksliga Main and Bezirksliga Main-Hessen. After being eliminated from the national level playoffs after quarterfinal losses in 1930 and 1931, they won their way to the final in 1932 where they were beaten 0–2 by Bayern Munich, who claimed their first ever German championship. In 1933, German football was re-organized into sixteen Gauligen under the Third Reich and the club played first division football in the Gauliga Südwest, consistently finishing in the upper half of the table and winning their division in 1938.

Eintracht picked up where they left off after World War II, playing as a solid side in the first division Oberliga Süd and capturing division titles in 1953 and 1959. Their biggest success came on the heels of that second divisional title as they went on to a 5–3 victory over local rivals Kickers Offenbach to take the 1959 German national title and followed up immediately with an outstanding run in the 1960 European Cup. Eintracht lost 3–7 to Real Madrid in an exciting final that was widely regarded as one of the best football matches ever played,[10] which included a hat-trick by Alfredo Di Stéfano and four goals by Ferenc Puskás.

Founding member of the Bundesliga

The side continued to play good football and earned themselves a place as one of the original 16 teams selected to play in the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league, formed in 1963. Eintracht played Bundesliga football for 33 seasons, finishing in the top half of the table for the majority of them.

Their best Bundesliga performances were five third-place finishes: they ended just two points behind champion VfB Stuttgart in 1991–92.

The team also narrowly avoided relegation on several occasions. In 1984, they defeated MSV Duisburg 6–1 on aggregate, and in 1989 they beat 1. FC Saarbrücken 4–1 on aggregate, in two-game playoffs. Eintracht finally slipped and were relegated to 2. Bundesliga for the 1996–97 season. At the time that they were sent down alongside 1. FC Kaiserslautern, these teams were two of only four sides that had been in the Bundesliga since the league's inaugural season. It looked as though they would be out again in 1998–99, but they pulled through by beating defending champions Kaiserslautern 5–1, while 1. FC Nürnberg unexpectedly lost at home to give Eintracht the break they needed to stay up. The following year, in another struggle to avoid relegation, the club was "fined" two points by the German Football Association (DFB) for financial misdeeds, but pulled through with a win by a late goal over SSV Ulm on the last day of the season. The club was plagued by financial difficulties again in 2004 before once more being relegated.

Between 1997 and 2005, Eintracht bounced regularly between the top two divisions.

The 2010–11 season ended with the club's fourth Bundesliga relegation. After setting a new record for most points in the first half of the season, the club struggled after the winter break, going seven games without scoring a goal. Despite winning the next game, Frankfurt sacked coach Michael Skibbe, replacing him with Christoph Daum.[11] The change in coaches did little to improve Eintracht's fortunes. Frankfurt achieved only three draws from the last seven games of the season and were relegated on the 34th matchday.[12]

One year later, Eintracht defeated Alemannia Aachen 3–0 on the 32nd matchday of the 2011–12 season, securing promotion to the Bundesliga.[13]

In 2018–19, Eintracht had the 21st highest attendance in Europe, ahead of such prominent clubs as Olympique Lyonnais, Paris Saint-Germain and Valencia CF.

Success outside the Bundesliga

Main article: Eintracht Frankfurt in European football

Eintracht Frankfurt before the Europa League match at FC Salzburg on 28 February 2020
Eintracht Frankfurt before the Europa League match at FC Salzburg on 28 February 2020

The club has enjoyed considerable success in competition outside the Bundesliga. Eintracht famously lost the European Cup final to Real Madrid on 18 May 1960 at Hampden Park 7–3 in front of 127,621 spectators. In the match, Alfredo Di Stéfano scored three and Ferenc Puskás scored the other four in Madrid's victory.

In 1967, Eintracht won the Intertoto Cup after beating Inter Bratislava in the final.

Eintracht won the DFB-Pokal in 1974, 1975, 1981, 1988 and in 2018, and took the UEFA Cup over another German team, Borussia Mönchengladbach, in 1980. Also, Eintracht were the losing finalists in the 2005–06 DFB-Pokal. Their opponents in the final, that year's Bundesliga champions Bayern Munich, previously qualified to participate in the Champions League. As a result, Eintracht, received the DFB-Pokal's winner's place in the UEFA Cup, where they advanced to the group stage. In 2017 DFB-Pokal, they were defeated in the final match by Borussia Dortmund and made it the next year again into the final, which they won 3–1 against Bayern Munich. In 2018–19 UEFA Europa League, Eintracht reached the semi-finals of the competition, only losing on penalties to the eventual champions, Chelsea.[14]

Besides playing friendlies against famous clubs from all of the world, Eintracht also played friendly matches against national teams from the following countries: Argentina,[15][16] Austria,[17][18] Belgium,[19] Colombia,[20] Czechoslovakia,[21] Egypt,[22][23] France,[24] Germany,[25][26] Hungary,[27] Israel,[28][29] Ivory Coast,[30] Kenya,[31][32] Kosovo,[33] Kuwait,[34] Luxembourg,[35] Malaya,[36] Mexico,[37] Netherlands,[38] Poland,[39] Romania,[40] South Korea,[41][42][43] Tunisia[44] and Vietnam.[45]

Colours, crest and nicknames

Eintracht's crest is based on the city coat of arms.
Eintracht's crest is based on the city coat of arms.

The club crest derives from the coat of arms of the city of Frankfurt, which itself is a reference to the one-headed imperial eagle of the 13th century.[46]

The crest has evolved slowly over time, showing little significant change until 1980, when a stylized eagle in black and white was chosen to represent the team.[47] In Eintracht's centennial year of 1999, the club decided to re-adopt a more traditional eagle crest. Since 2005, Eintracht has had a living mascot, a golden eagle named Attila from the nearby Hanau Zoo,[48] who has currently been present at over 200 different games.[49]

Centennial kit in 1999–2000

The official club colours of red, black, and white have their origins in the colours of the founding clubs Frankfurter FC Viktoria and Frankfurter FC Kickers, which sported red and white and black and white respectively. Red and white are the colours of the city coat of arms, and black and white the colours of Prussia.[50] When the clubs merged, officials decided to adopt the colours of both sides. Since local rival Kickers Offenbach sport the colours red and white, Eintracht avoids playing in such a kit, preferring to play in black and red, or in black and white.

Eintracht's eagle (Adler) over the years: the logo of Frankfurter FV 1911, the red eagle of TuS Eintracht Frankfurt 1920, Sportgemeinde Eintracht Frankfurt 1967, and the predominantly black crest in use ca. 1980–1999 before today's more traditional style logo was adopted.
Eintracht's eagle (Adler) over the years: the logo of Frankfurter FV 1911, the red eagle of TuS Eintracht Frankfurt 1920, Sportgemeinde Eintracht Frankfurt 1967, and the predominantly black crest in use ca. 1980–1999 before today's more traditional style logo was adopted.

The club is nicknamed "Die Adler" ("The Eagles"), which derives from their crest. A nickname still popular among supporters is SGE, taken from the club's old official name Sportgemeinde Eintracht (Frankfurt), which roughly translates into English as "Sports Community Harmony."

The nickname Launische Diva ("Moody Diva") was heard most often in the early 1990s when the club would comfortably defeat top teams only to surprisingly lose to lesser clubs.[51][52][53]

The nickname Schlappekicker ("Slipper Kickers") has been around since the 1920s, when J. & C. A. Schneider, a local manufacturer of shoes and especially slippers (called Schlappe in the regional Hessian dialect) was a major financial backer of the club and helped propel it to national relevance.[54]

Since June 2021 the executive board consists of Axel Hellmann (head of marketing and fan relations), Markus Krösche (head of sports) and Oliver Frankenbach (head of finances).[55]

Honours

Main article: List of Eintracht Frankfurt records and statistics § Honours and achievements

National

International

Regional

League results

Recent seasons

Bundesliga2. BundesligaBundesliga2. BundesligaBundesliga2. BundesligaBundesliga2. BL

All time


Green denotes the highest level of football in Germany; yellow the second highest.

Players

Current squad

For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers summer 2021 and List of German football transfers winter 2021–22.

As of 20 January 2022[58]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Germany GER Kevin Trapp
2 DF France FRA Evan Ndicka
3 MF Austria AUT Stefan Ilsanker
6 MF Croatia CRO Kristijan Jakić (on loan from Dinamo Zagreb)
7 MF Australia AUS Ajdin Hrustic
8 MF Switzerland  SUI Djibril Sow
9 FW Netherlands NED Sam Lammers (on loan from Atalanta)
10 MF Serbia SRB Filip Kostić
13 DF Austria AUT Martin Hinteregger (vice-captain)
15 MF Japan JPN Daichi Kamada
17 MF Germany GER Sebastian Rode (captain)
18 DF France FRA Almamy Touré
19 FW Colombia COL Rafael Santos Borré
20 MF Japan JPN Makoto Hasebe (3rd captain)
21 FW Germany GER Ragnar Ache
22 DF United States USA Timothy Chandler
No. Pos. Nation Player
23 MF Norway NOR Jens Petter Hauge (on loan from AC Milan)
24 DF Germany GER Danny da Costa
25 DF Germany GER Christopher Lenz
27 MF Morocco MAR Aymen Barkok
29 MF Denmark DEN Jesper Lindstrøm
31 GK Germany GER Jens Grahl
35 DF Brazil BRA Tuta
36 MF Germany GER Ansgar Knauff (on loan from Borussia Dortmund)
37 DF Germany GER Erik Durm
38 FW Spain ESP Enrique Herrero
39 FW Portugal POR Gonçalo Paciência
40 GK Germany GER Diant Ramaj
45 MF Slovenia SVN Martin Pečar
46 MF Cyprus CYP Antonio Foti
47 DF Germany GER Jan Schröder
48 FW Germany GER Gianluca Schäfer

Players out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK Germany GER Elias Bördner (at Germany Viktoria Köln until 30 June 2022)
DF Germany GER Fynn Otto (at Germany Hallescher FC until 30 June 2022)
MF Germany GER Dominik Kohr (at Germany Mainz 05 until 30 June 2022)
MF Uruguay URU Rodrigo Zalazar (at Germany Schalke 04 until 30 June 2022)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF Switzerland  SUI Steven Zuber (at Greece AEK Athens until 30 June 2022)
FW Turkey TUR Ali Akman (at Netherlands NEC Nijmegen until 30 June 2022)
FW Germany GER Igor Matanović (at Germany FC St. Pauli until 30 June 2023)

Kit history

Historic
0
Current

Sponsoring

Season Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1974–75 Adidas Remington
1975–76 Adidas / Admiral
1976–77 Admiral / Adidas
1977–78 Samson
1978–79 Adidas / Erima Minolta
1979–80
1980–81
1981–82 Infotec
1982–83 Adidas
1983–84
1984–85 Portas
1985–86
1986–87 Hoechst
1987–88 Puma
1988–89
1989–90
1990–91
1991–92 Samsung
1992–93
1993–94 Tetra Pak
1994–95
1995–96
1996–97 Mitsubishi Motors
1997–98
1998–99 VIAG Interkom
1999–00
2000–01 Puma / Fila Genion
2001–02 Fila Fraport
2002–03
2003–04 Jako
2004–05
2005–06
2006–07
2007–08
2008–09
2009–10
2010–11
2011–12
2012–13 Krombacher
2013–14 Alfa Romeo
2014–15 Nike
2015–16
2016–17 Krombacher
2017–18 Indeed.com
2018–19
2019–20
2020–21

Current club staff

Manager Austria Oliver Glasner
Assistant managers Austria Michael Angerschmid
Austria Ronald Brunmayr
Goalkeeping coach Germany Jan Zimmermann
Physiotherapists Germany Maik Liesbrock
Medical staff Japan Koichi Kurokawa
Osteopath Germany Thorsten Ammann
Fitness coaches Germany Markus Murrer
Germany Martin Spohrer
Germany Andreas Beck
Austria Andreas Biritz
Equipment managers Italy Franco Lionti
Germany Susanne Ramseier
Ukraine Igor Simonov
Team doctors Germany Dr. Florian Pfab
Germany Christian Haser
Academy manager Germany Charly Körbel
Head Scout Equatorial Guinea Ben Manga

Club presidents

Managers/head coaches

Manager Paul Oßwald (right) led Eintracht Frankfurt to the German championship in 1959 and the European Cup final in 1960.
Manager Paul Oßwald (right) led Eintracht Frankfurt to the German championship in 1959 and the European Cup final in 1960.

Records

Main article: List of Eintracht Frankfurt records and statistics

Charly Körbel has the most appearances in Eintracht Frankfurt and Bundesliga history
Charly Körbel has the most appearances in Eintracht Frankfurt and Bundesliga history

Recent top scorers

Season Player's name Nationality Goals
2015–16 Alexander Meier  Germany 12
2016–17 Marco Fabián  Mexico 7
2017–18 Sébastien Haller  France 9
2018–19 Luka Jović  Serbia 17
2019–20 André Silva  Portugal 12
2020–21 André Silva  Portugal 28

Stadium information

Main article: Waldstadion (Frankfurt)

The ground was inaugurated as Waldstadion ("Forest Stadium") in 1925 with the German championship final match between FSV Frankfurt vs. 1. FC Nürnberg. The facility was renovated for the FIFA World Cup 2006 in Germany. For Bundesliga fixtures the maximum capacity is 51,500 as on the East Stand next to the visitor's terrace some spaces are held free for security purposes.

Though the media usually refer to the ground by the official name, Deutsche Bank Park, Eintracht faithful typically use the original name, Waldstadion.

Reserve team

Main article: Eintracht Frankfurt II

Eintracht Frankfurt U23 was the reserve team of Eintracht Frankfurt. The team played as U23 (Under 23) to emphasize the character of the team as a link between the youth academy and professional team and competed until 2013–14 in the regular league system in the fourth tier, the Regionalliga Süd, until the club board decided to dissolve the team.

Rivalries and friendships

The club's main rival is from across the Main river, the side Kickers Offenbach. The clubs played the 1959 German championship final, which Eintracht won.

Eintracht also maintain rivalries with 1. FSV Mainz 05, 1. FC Kaiserslautern and Darmstadt 98, known as the Hesse derby.[59]

The club's original rival was Frankfurt city-rival FSV Frankfurt. In both clubs' early years, there used to be a fierce rivalry, but after World War II Eintracht proved to be the stronger club and the ways parted and the rivalry deteriorated due to lack of contact. Nowadays, the fan relations tend to be friendly.[60] The 2011–12 season saw Eintracht play FSV in a league match for the first time in almost 50 years. The last league game between the two had been played on 27 January 1962, then in the Oberliga Süd. For the first of the two matches, FSV's home game on 21 August 2011, the decision was made to move to Eintracht's stadium as FSV's Bornheimer Hang only holds less than 11,000 spectators.[61] Eintracht won 4–0. The second match on 18 February 2012 ended in another victory for Eintracht, a 6–1 rout.

A friendship between two Eintracht fan clubs and supporters of English club Oldham Athletic has lasted for over 30 years after fans from each club met at an international football tournament. Small sections of each club's support will pay a visit to the other's ground at least once a season.[62] Eintracht supporters also have an international friendship with supporters of Italian club Atalanta.[63][64]

Other sections within the club

Indoor court of Eintracht's tennis section in Seckbach
Indoor court of Eintracht's tennis section in Seckbach

The sports club Eintracht Frankfurt e.V. is made up of nineteen sections:

  1. Gymnastics (since 22 January 1861)
  2. Football (since 8 March 1899)
  3. Athletics (since 1899)
  4. Field hockey (since 1906 as "1.Frankfurter Hockeyclub )
  5. Boxing (since 1919)
  6. Tennis (since spring 1920)
  7. Handball (since 1921)
  8. Rugby (since summer 1923 – see Eintracht Frankfurt Rugby)
  9. Table tennis (since November 1924)
  10. Basketball (since 4 June 1954)
  11. Ice stock sport (since 9 December 1959)
  12. Volleyball (since July 1961)
  13. Football supporter's section (since 11 December 2000)
  14. Ice hockey (1959–91 and again since 1 July 2002)
  15. Darts (since 1 July 2006)
  16. Triathlon (since January 2008)
  17. Ultimate (since 2015)
  18. Table football (since July 2016)
  19. Esports (since June 2019)
Betty Heidler while being honoured in Osaka.
Betty Heidler while being honoured in Osaka.

The most famous athlete of Eintracht Frankfurt is Betty Heidler, the hammer thrower world champion of 2007. Other Eintracht athletes include the 2008 Olympians Andrea Bunjes, Ariane Friedrich, Kamghe Gaba and Kathrin Klaas.

The club's rugby union section twice reached the final of the German rugby union championship, in 1940 and 1965.[65]

Within the football section, the sports club directly manages only the youth system and the reserve team. The professional footballers are managed as a separate limited corporation, Eintracht Frankfurt Fußball-AG, which is a subsidiary of the parent club.

See also

References

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  65. ^ Die Deutschen Meister der Männer Archived 25 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine DRV website – German rugby union finals. Retrieved 29 December 2008