Equestrian statue of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
ArtistJoseph Edgar Boehm
MediumBronze (sculpture) and granite (plinth)
LocationHyde Park Corner, London
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameWellington Monument
Designated14 January 1970
Reference no.1231514[1]

An equestrian statue of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, stands on the north side of Hyde Park Corner, London. The open space in which it stands, now the centre of a large roundabout, was once called Wellington Place.

Description and history

The statue portrays the Iron Duke on a campaign, mounted on his horse Copenhagen, with all hooves planted on the ground. It was executed in bronze by the sculptor Joseph Boehm and unveiled in 1888. The figures at the corners of the pedestal representative British soldiers, a Grenadier, a Scottish Highlander, an Irish Dragoon and a Welsh Fusilier. Wellington has a telescope in his right hand.

The statue faces Apsley House, which was Wellington's London home.[2][3] This gives the unintended impression that the Duke's back is turned on the processional way that runs through the open space in which the statue stands. The bronze statue stands on a plinth of pink Peterhead granite from Stirlinghill quarry, near Boddam, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. The grey dais forming the base is made of Aberdeen granite from the Rubislaw quarry, Aberdeen.[4] The bronze came from captured French cannons. On one side of the plinth is inscribed WELLINGTON and on the other 1769–1852 in raised bronze characters.

An earlier, 1846 equestrian statue of the Duke, by Matthew Cotes Wyatt, once surmounted the nearby Wellington Arch. It was considered to be too large for the arch and was removed in 1882–83. It is now located at Aldershot Camp, Hampshire. Boehm's statue was commissioned to compensate for the removal of Wyatt's. The current statue is not to be confused with the nearby Wellington Monument, the first monument to the Duke of Wellington, which stands 150 metres away in Hyde Park.


  1. ^ Historic England. "Wellington Monument (1231514)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 July 2023.
  2. ^ The Green Park Arch, Wellington Place, Victorian London. Originally published in The Queen's London: a Pictorial and Descriptive Record of the Streets, Buildings, Parks and Scenery of the Great Metropolis, 1896. Accessed September 2014
  3. ^ London Travel Guide. 2014. p. 198.
  4. ^ Siddall, Ruth; Clements, Di. Urban Geology: The War Memorials at Hyde Park Corner and Green Park Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, University College London, January 2013. Accessed September 2014