Labyrinth 149, Redbridge
Labyrinth 149, Redbridge

Labyrinth is a 2013 artwork by the British artist Mark Wallinger which marks the 150th anniversary of the London Underground.

The artwork consists of 270 (now 272) enamel plaques of unique unicursal labyrinth designs, one for every station on the Underground.[1] Although the individual shape of each labyrinth is unique, the design language of the labyrinths is identical (black on a white square of vitreous enamel, with a red cross).[1] Each is numbered according to its order in the route taken by the contestants in the 2009 Guinness World Record Tube Challenge.[2] Each labyrinth is located in a publicly accessible part of the station, such as a ticket hall, platforms or waiting room.[3][4]

The permanent artwork was commissioned by Art on the Underground, the contemporary art programme of Transport for London (TfL), as part of the 150th anniversary of London Underground.[1] The artworks were manufactured by the same company that builds London Underground's signage.[5] The first works were unveiled at stations in February 2013, with all 270 installed by the end of 2013.[6]

Labyrinth 232, Green Park
Labyrinth 232, Green Park

As part of the 150th anniversary celebrations, Art on the Underground worked with the Royal College of Art and Mark Wallinger to create artistic workshops and events for young people, TfL staff and passengers - based around the Labyrinths.[7]

In October 2014, Art/Books published Labyrinth: A Journey Through London's Underground by Mark Wallinger, a comprehensive photographic book of all 270 labyrinth designs in situ in the Underground stations.[8][9]



  1. ^ a b c "Labyrinth". Art on the Underground. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  2. ^ Brown, Mark (7 February 2013). "Tube celebrates 150th birthday with labyrinth art project". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Mark Wallinger, Labyrinth, London Underground Tube Stations, London". The Independent. 11 February 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  4. ^ "Artist Mark Wallinger creates Labyrinth for the Underground". Evening Standard. 9 January 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Magazine, Wallpaper* (7 February 2013). "Mark Wallinger's 'Labyrinth' artworks for the London Underground". Wallpaper*. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Mark Wallinger unveils labyrinth Tube art". BBC News. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Labyrinth". Royal College of Art. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  8. ^ "Art/Books – Publishers of fine illustrated books – Labyrinth".
  9. ^ "ART BOOK : Turner Prize winning artist Mark Wallinger presents Labyrinth: A Journey Through London's Underground,". FAD Magazine. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2021.