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Federal Transit Administration
US-FederalTransitAdministration-Logo.svg
Agency overview
FormedJuly 9, 1964
HeadquartersWashington, D.C.
Agency executives
Parent agencyDepartment of Transportation
Websitewww.transit.dot.gov Edit this at Wikidata

The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) is an agency within the United States Department of Transportation (DOT) that provides financial and technical assistance to local public transportation systems. The FTA is one of ten modal administrations within the DOT. Headed by an Administrator who is appointed by the President of the United States, the FTA functions through Washington, D.C headquarters office and ten regional offices which assist transit agencies in all states, the District of Columbia, and the territories. Until 1991, it was known as the Urban Mass Transportation Administration (UMTA).

Public transportation includes buses, subways, light rail, commuter rail, monorail, passenger ferry boats, trolleys, inclined railways, and people movers. The federal government, through the FTA, provides financial assistance to develop new transit systems and improve, maintain, and operate existing systems. The FTA oversees grants to state and local transit providers, primarily through its ten regional offices. These providers are responsible for managing their programs in accordance with federal requirements, and the FTA is responsible for ensuring that grantees follow federal mandates along with statutory and administrative requirements.

History

In 1962, President John F. Kennedy sent a major transportation message to the U.S. Congress. It called for the establishment of a program of federal capital assistance for mass transportation. Said President Kennedy: "To conserve and enhance values in existing urban areas is essential. But at least as important are steps to promote economic efficiency and livability in areas of future development. Our national welfare therefore requires the provision of good urban transportation, with the properly balanced use of private vehicles and modern mass transport to help shape as well as serve urban growth."

President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964 into law, which passed the House by a vote of 212-129 and cleared the Senate 52–41, creating the Urban Mass Transportation Administration.[3] The agency was charged with providing federal assistance for mass transit projects, including an initial $375 million in capital assistance over three years as mandated by the act. In 1991, the agency was renamed the Federal Transit Administration.[4]

Administrators

The current Administrator is Nuria I. Fernandez, having assumed the post in 2021 as Acting Administrator, before being subsequently confirmed to the position by the Senate in June of 2021.[5] Below is a list of past administrators.[6]

Notable programs

References

  1. ^ "Government Officials at the US Department of Transportation | US Department of Transportation". www.transportation.gov. Archived from the original on 2019-12-21. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  2. ^ "Federal Transit Administration Announces Veronica Vanterpool as Deputy Administrator | FTA". www.transit.dot.gov. Archived from the original on 2022-07-17. Retrieved 2022-05-12.
  3. ^ "The Beginnings of Federal Assistance for Public Transportation". Federal Transit Administration. Archived from the original on July 17, 2022. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  4. ^ "Urban Transportation Planning In the United States: An Historical Overview". U.S. Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
  5. ^ "President Biden Announces his Intent to Nominate Key Members for the Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Labor, Department of Energy, and Department of Transportation". 9 April 2021. Archived from the original on 17 July 2022. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Heads of the Operating Administrations, U.S. Department of Transportation". Office of the Historian, U.S. DOT. March 1, 2009. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  7. ^ Metropolitan & Statewide Planning (5303, 5304, 5305). Federal Transit Administration.
  8. ^ Urbanized Formula Funding (5307). Federal Transit Administration.
  9. ^ Clean Fuels Grant Program (5308) Archived 2022-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  10. ^ Major Capital Investments (New Starts & Small Starts) (5309(b)(1)) Archived 2022-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  11. ^ Fixed Guideway Modernization (5309 (b)(2)) Archived 2022-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  12. ^ Transportation for Elderly Persons and Persons with Disabilities (5310). Federal Transit Administration.
  13. ^ Formula Grants for Other than Urbanized Areas (5311) Archived 2018-08-28 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  14. ^ Public Transportation on Indian Reservations (5311(c)). Federal Transit Administration.. Federal Transit Administration.
  15. ^ Rural Transit Assistance Program (5311(b)(3)). Federal Transit Administration.
  16. ^ Transit Cooperative Research Program (5313) Archived 2018-08-28 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  17. ^ National Research & Technology Program (5314). Federal Transit Administration.
  18. ^ Job Access and Reverse Commute Program (5316) Archived 2022-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  19. ^ New Freedom Program (5317) Archived 2018-08-28 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  20. ^ Bus and Bus Facilities (5309, 5318) Archived 2018-08-28 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  21. ^ Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Program (5320) Archived 2022-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  22. ^ Alternatives Analysis (5339) Archived 2022-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  23. ^ University Transportation Centers Program (TEA-21 5505) Archived 2022-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  24. ^ Over-the-Road Bus Program Archived 2022-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  25. ^ "Better Utilizing Investments to Leverage Development (BUILD) Transportation Grants Program (formerly TIGER)". United States Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration. Archived from the original on 6 June 2022. Retrieved 23 June 2022.
  26. ^ TIGER (USDOT). Federal Transit Administration.
  27. ^ TIGGER Program Archived 2022-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.
  28. ^ Veterans Transportation and Community Living Initiative Capital Grants Program Archived 2022-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Federal Transit Administration.